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  1. What Happened to Phineas Gage?

    The case of Phineas Gage has been of huge interest in the field of psychology and is a largely speculated phenomenon. Gage suffered a severe brain injury from an iron rod penetrating his skull, which he miraculously survived. After the accident, Gage's personality was said to have changed as a result of the damage to the frontal lobe of his brain.

  2. Phineas Gage: Biography, Brain Injury, and Influence

    Kendra Cherry, MS, is a psychosocial rehabilitation specialist, psychology educator, and author of the "Everything Psychology Book." Phineas Gage suffered a terrible accident that made him one of the most famous cases of traumatic brain injury. Learn Gage's story and its impact on psychology.

  3. Phineas Gage

    Phineas P. Gage (1823-1860) was an American railroad construction foreman remembered for his improbable: 19 survival of an accident in which a large iron rod was driven completely through his head, destroying much of his brain's left frontal lobe, and for that injury's reported effects on his personality and behavior over the remaining 12 years of his life‍—‌effects sufficiently ...

  4. Uncovering the Impact of Phineas Gage's Accident on Psychology

    Uncovering the Impact of Phineas Gage's Accident on Psychology. October 1, 2023 by Leo. Phineas Gage is a name that has become synonymous with studying psychology. His case has greatly interested researchers and students alike for years. Gage experienced a traumatic brain injury in 1848 when an iron rod was driven through his skull ...

  5. Phineas Gage: Neuroscience's Most Famous Patient

    In time, Gage became the most famous patient in the annals of neuroscience, because his case was the first to suggest a link between brain trauma and personality change. In his book An Odd Kind of ...

  6. Phineas Gage's great legacy

    The case of Phineas Gage is an integral part of medical folklore. His accident still causes astonishment and curiosity and can be considered as the case that most influenced and contributed to the nineteenth century's neuropsychiatric discussion on the mind-brain relationship and brain topography. It was perhaps the first case to suggest the ...

  7. Lessons of the brain: The Phineas Gage story

    The resultant change in Gage's personality — when he went from being well-liked and professionally successful to being "fitful, irreverent, and grossly profane, showing little deference for his fellows" and unable to keep his job — is widely cited in modern psychology as the textbook case for post-traumatic social disinhibition.

  8. Phineas Gage: History, Facts, & Importance in Psychology

    Born in 1823 in Lebanon, New Hampshire, Phineas P. Gage led a relatively ordinary life until a fateful day in 1848 catapulted him into scientific prominence. Prior to the accident, Gage was an even-tempered and reliable 25-year-old man. He had a promising career as a railroad foreman and was considered a good leader.

  9. Phineas Gage: The man with a hole in his head

    6 March 2011. A metre-long iron rod travelled through Phineas Gage's head, emerging out of the top of his skull. By Claudia Hammond & Dave Lee. BBC World Service. "Phineas Gage had a hole in his ...

  10. Phineas Gage

    At 25 years of age Phineas Gage was the foreman of a railway construction gang building the bed for the Rutland and Burlington Railroad in central Vermont in the USA. He and his gang were blasting a cutting through a large rocky outcrop about three quarters of a mile south of the town of Cavendish. It was Gage who decided where holes would be ...

  11. Phineas Gage: A Neuropsychological Perspective of a Historical Case

    Abstract. The case of Phineas Gage is one of the most frequently cited cases from 19th century medical literature and represents the first of a series of famous cases involving the brain and behavior.

  12. Phineas Gage's story : The University of Akron, Ohio

    After Phineas regained his health he was anxious to work and found it on a farm in Santa Clara County, south of San Francisco. In February 1860, he began to have epileptic seizures and, as we know from the Funeral Director's and cemetery interment records, he was buried on 23rd May 1860. (Although Harlow gives the year as 1861, the records show ...

  13. Everything You Know About Phineas Gage Is Wrong

    Transcript. It was a lovely September day in 1848. A construction foreman named Phineas Gage was helping lay track for a railroad company in Vermont. Some boulders were blocking the railroad's path, so the company hired a gang of rowdy Irishmen to blast their way through. As foreman, Gage supervised the Irishmen.

  14. 1.3: The Case of Phineas Gage- Connecting Brain to Behavior

    The case of Phineas Gage is worthy of expanded coverage as his tragic accident establishes a clear connection between the brain and who we are. Gage, a 25-year-old man, was employed in railroad construction at the time of the accident. As the company's most capable employee, with a well-balanced mind and a sense of leadership, he was directing ...

  15. Phineas Gage: A Neuropsychological Perspective of a Historical Case

    Lewandowski, Alan G., and others, 'Phineas Gage: A Neuropsychological Perspective of a Historical Case Study', in William B. Barr, and Linas A. Bieliauskas (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the History of Clinical Neuropsychology, Oxford Library of Psychology (2024; online edn, Oxford Academic, 2 June 2016), https://doi-org.libproxy.ucl.ac.uk/10. ...

  16. Phineas Gage

    Strengths of the study. Weaknesses of the study. You may have already heard of Phineas Gage, such is his infamous history with psychology. He was working on a railway line in the USA when there was an explosion, which resulted in an iron rod being fired through his head. He survived the accident even though there were serious injuries to his ...

  17. Why Brain Scientists Are Still Obsessed With The Curious Case Of

    The man was Phineas Gage, and he died 157 years ago today. Gage became famous for surviving an accident that drove an iron rod through his head. NPR's Jon Hamilton looks at why doctors and ...

  18. The Neuroscience of Behavior: Five Famous Cases

    Source: By Henry Jacob Bigelow; Ratiu et al. Phineas Gage. In 1848, John Harlow first described the case of a 25-year-old railroad foreman named Phineas Gage. Gage was a "temperate" man ...

  19. What has really happened to Phineas Gage?

    Phineas Gage was a railway worker in the 1800s. On the 13 th September, 1848 he suffered a traumatic brain injury when an iron rod went through his entire skull, destroying a large section of his brain (Cherry, 2015). The fact, that he not only survived but was also able to speak and walk after the accident, made him one of the most famous ...

  20. Psychology's Most Famous Case Study

    If you have ever studied psychology, you probably know the name "Phineas Gage." He was an American railway worker whose life changed dramatically on September 13, 1848.

  21. Why Brain Scientists Are Still Obsessed With The Curious Case Of

    It took an explosion and 13 pounds of iron to usher in the modern era of neuroscience. In 1848, a 25-year-old railroad worker named Phineas Gage was blowing up rocks to clear the way for a new rail line in Cavendish, Vt. He would drill a hole, place an explosive charge, then pack in sand using a 13-pound metal bar known as a tamping iron.

  22. The Return of Phineas Gage: Clues About the Brain from the ...

    Abstract. When the landmark patient Phineas Gage died in 1861, no autopsy was performed, but his skull was later recovered. The brain lesion that caused the profound personality changes for which his case became famous has been presumed to have involved the left frontal region, but questions have been raised about the involvement of other ...