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Understanding the Assignment of Mortgages: What You Need To Know

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A mortgage is a legally binding agreement between a home buyer and a lender that dictates a borrower's ability to pay off a loan. Every mortgage has an interest rate, a term length, and specific fees attached to it.

Attorney Todd Carney

Written by Attorney Todd Carney .  Updated November 26, 2021

If you’re like most people who want to purchase a home, you’ll start by going to a bank or other lender to get a mortgage loan. Though you can choose your lender, after the mortgage loan is processed, your mortgage may be transferred to a different mortgage servicer . A transfer is also called an assignment of the mortgage. 

No matter what it’s called, this change of hands may also change who you’re supposed to make your house payments to and how the foreclosure process works if you default on your loan. That’s why if you’re a homeowner, it’s important to know how this process works. This article will provide an in-depth look at what an assignment of a mortgage entails and what impact it can have on homeownership.

Assignment of Mortgage – The Basics

When your original lender transfers your mortgage account and their interests in it to a new lender, that’s called an assignment of mortgage. To do this, your lender must use an assignment of mortgage document. This document ensures the loan is legally transferred to the new owner. It’s common for mortgage lenders to sell the mortgages to other lenders. Most lenders assign the mortgages they originate to other lenders or mortgage buyers.

Home Loan Documents

When you get a loan for a home or real estate, there will usually be two mortgage documents. The first is a mortgage or, less commonly, a deed of trust . The other is a promissory note. The mortgage or deed of trust will state that the mortgaged property provides the security interest for the loan. This basically means that your home is serving as collateral for the loan. It also gives the loan servicer the right to foreclose if you don’t make your monthly payments. The promissory note provides proof of the debt and your promise to pay it.

When a lender assigns your mortgage, your interests as the mortgagor are given to another mortgagee or servicer. Mortgages and deeds of trust are usually recorded in the county recorder’s office. This office also keeps a record of any transfers. When a mortgage is transferred so is the promissory note. The note will be endorsed or signed over to the loan’s new owner. In some situations, a note will be endorsed in blank, which turns it into a bearer instrument. This means whoever holds the note is the presumed owner.

Using MERS To Track Transfers

Banks have collectively established the Mortgage Electronic Registration System , Inc. (MERS), which keeps track of who owns which loans. With MERS, lenders are no longer required to do a separate assignment every time a loan is transferred. That’s because MERS keeps track of the transfers. It’s crucial for MERS to maintain a record of assignments and endorsements because these land records can tell who actually owns the debt and has a legal right to start the foreclosure process.

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Assignment of Mortgage Requirements and Effects

The assignment of mortgage needs to include the following:

The original information regarding the mortgage. Alternatively, it can include the county recorder office’s identification numbers. 

The borrower’s name.

The mortgage loan’s original amount.

The date of the mortgage and when it was recorded.

Usually, there will also need to be a legal description of the real property the mortgage secures, but this is determined by state law and differs by state.

Notice Requirements

The original lender doesn’t need to provide notice to or get permission from the homeowner prior to assigning the mortgage. But the new lender (sometimes called the assignee) has to send the homeowner some form of notice of the loan assignment. The document will typically provide a disclaimer about who the new lender is, the lender’s contact information, and information about how to make your mortgage payment. You should make sure you have this information so you can avoid foreclosure.

Mortgage Terms

When an assignment occurs your loan is transferred, but the initial terms of your mortgage will stay the same. This means you’ll have the same interest rate, overall loan amount, monthly payment, and payment due date. If there are changes or adjustments to the escrow account, the new lender must do them under the terms of the original escrow agreement. The new lender can make some changes if you request them and the lender approves. For example, you may request your new lender to provide more payment methods.

Taxes and Insurance

If you have an escrow account and your mortgage is transferred, you may be worried about making sure your property taxes and homeowners insurance get paid. Though you can always verify the information, the original loan servicer is responsible for giving your local tax authority the new loan servicer’s address for tax billing purposes. The original lender is required to do this after the assignment is recorded. The servicer will also reach out to your property insurance company for this reason.  

If you’ve received notice that your mortgage loan has been assigned, it’s a good idea to reach out to your loan servicer and verify this information. Verifying that all your mortgage information is correct, that you know who to contact if you have questions about your mortgage, and that you know how to make payments to the new servicer will help you avoid being scammed or making payments incorrectly.

Let's Summarize…

In a mortgage assignment, your original lender or servicer transfers your mortgage account to another loan servicer. When this occurs, the original mortgagee or lender’s interests go to the next lender. Even if your mortgage gets transferred or assigned, your mortgage’s terms should remain the same. Your interest rate, loan amount, monthly payment, and payment schedule shouldn’t change. 

Your original lender isn’t required to notify you or get your permission prior to assigning your mortgage. But you should receive correspondence from the new lender after the assignment. It’s important to verify any change in assignment with your original loan servicer before you make your next mortgage payment, so you don’t fall victim to a scam.

Attorney Todd Carney

Attorney Todd Carney is a writer and graduate of Harvard Law School. While in law school, Todd worked in a clinic that helped pro-bono clients file for bankruptcy. Todd also studied several aspects of how the law impacts consumers. Todd has written over 40 articles for sites such... read more about Attorney Todd Carney

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Buying and Selling Real Estate Notes

Not as Simple as One Might Think by David J. Willis J.D., LL.M.


Investors often buy and sell real estate lien notes, either singly or in a package, a transaction that is customarily effected by a Sale & Assignment of Notes and Liens . This transfer instrument is referred to in this article simply as an assignment.

The idea of buying or selling a note seems simple until one delves into it. Is the assignment to be made “as is” with all faults that may exist in the note and the lien instrument? Will there be representations and warranties made by the parties and, if so, how extensive? How long will they last? Will recourse provisions apply if the note goes into default, and if so what is the recourse mechanism? Will indemnities be included? The closer one looks the more questions arise.

Our focus in this article is on the final assignment instrument signed by the parties at closing of the transfer rather than preliminary agreements that may come before closing.

The Assignment Process

In the case of real estate lien notes, a completed assignment involves not just a transfer of a note but the liens securing payment as well, which is why the assignment instrument is referred to as an assignment of note and liens. Two liens may be involved: the vendor’s lien retained in the deed from the seller to the borrower and the lien granted by a deed of trust.

One must distinguish between an absolute assignment of a note (a permanent transfers to a new owner and holder) versus a collateral assignment (made to a lender as collateral for a loan). Notes may be assigned in either way.

This discussion addresses absolute assignments. Steps in the process are usually: (1) an initial letter of intent or preliminary contract phase when basic terms are agreed to—similar to an earnest money contract for real estate—with “outs” for the prospective buyer; (2) a due-diligence or inspection period when a prospective buyer studies and evaluates the note (or package of notes) along with the lien instrument(s) and supporting documentation; (3) a cure period for objections, if any, raised by the buyer; (4) a closing document negotiation phase in which the terms of the final assignment instrument are hammered out and agreed to; and (5) a closing where a final sale and assignment of note and liens is executed, the purchase price paid, and the original note and loan file are delivered to the buyer-assignee.


Negotiable instruments.

A properly written and endorsed real estate lien note is a negotiable instrument for purposes of Business & Commerce Code Section 3.201 et seq. Specific requirements of negotiability are listed in Section 3.104:

Bus. & Com. Code Sec. 3.104(a). NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENT. Except as provided in Subsections (c) and (d), “negotiable instrument” means an unconditional promise or order to pay a fixed amount of money, with or without interest or other charges described in the promise or order, if it:

(1) is payable to bearer or to order at the time it is issued or first comes into possession of a holder;

(2) is payable on demand or at a definite time; and

(3) does not state any other undertaking or instruction by the person promising or ordering payment to do any act in addition to the payment of money, but the promise or order may contain: (A) an undertaking or power to give, maintain, or protect collateral to secure payment; (B) an authorization or power to the holder to confess judgment or realize on or dispose of collateral; or (C) a waiver of the benefit of any law intended for the advantage or protection of an obligor.

A real estate note that does not qualify as a negotiable instrument may still be valid and enforceable, and it may still be sold and assigned, but common law rules relating to the assignment of contracts will apply—the negotiable instrument rules of the Business & Commerce Code will not.

The resale value of a note that is non-negotiable is likely to be discounted.

Statutory Warranties

Business & Commerce Code Section 3.416 provides minimal warranties for notes that are negotiable instruments. These are automatically in place unless the assignment instrument disclaims them:

Bus. & Com. Code Sec. 3.416(a). TRANSFER WARRANTIES. A person who transfers an instrument for consideration warrants to the transferee and, if the transfer is by indorsement, to any subsequent transferee that:

(1) the warrantor is a person entitled to enforce the instrument;

(2) all signatures on the instrument are authentic and authorized;

(3) the instrument has not been altered;

(4) the instrument is not subject to a defense or claim in recoupment of any party that can be asserted against the warrantor;

(5) the warrantor has no knowledge of any insolvency proceeding commenced with respect to the maker. . . .

Unless contradicted or disclaimed in the assignment, these statutory warranties co-exist with contractual representations and warranties of the parties (discussed below).


Are the note and lien valid.

Determining the validity and enforceability of a real estate note and the lien(s) securing it is the core due-diligence task of any prospective buyer—who should obtain the whole loan file not just a copy of the note itself. A complete file will include (at least) the note; a copy of a recorded deed of trust; a copy of a recorded deed into the name of the property owner (the borrower); and a payment history. Even if only copies are being reviewed, the original note should exist and be available for inspection.

For a note to be valid, there must be consideration extended—money that is actually loaned. Hughes v. Belman , 239 S.W.2d 717, 720 (Tex.App.—Austin 1951, writ ref’d n.r.e.); and Bus. & Com. Code Sec. 3.303.

Generally, a note offered for sale should:

(1) be correct as to all material information including clearly identifying borrower and lender as well as the security property; (2) recite an unconditional promise to pay a sum-certain debt (and the numerical portion must match the written portion); (3) contain authentic signatures of all debtors and be dated; (4) provide clear terms of repayment; (5) be secured by a valid, recorded, and unreleased deed of trust; (6) contain the signature of both spouses if the property is homestead; (7) not contain any provisions that are illegal such as requiring usurious interest; (8) not be in default (monetary of technical) or the subject of any dispute with the borrower; (9) not be in litigation or bankruptcy whether existing, threatened, or anticipated; (10) not be the subject of any interest or claim by third parties; and (11) not have been previously sold or transferred in whole or in part.

This is a partial list. Sensible note purchasers will also want to perform minimal due diligence as to the value and condition of the security property since such factors may influence future note payment and performance. Does the property exist? Is it owner-occupied or occupied by renters? Is it in a state of good repair or is it underwater as a result of a recent flood?

If the parties to the note are registered entities (LLCs, corporations, or limited partnerships) it is important to verify that they are in good standing with the Secretary of State and the Texas Comptroller. If not, they do not have the legal capacity to do business, whether it is selling or buying notes or anything else.

All of the foregoing factors affect the quality of the note or notes being considered—and quality affects price.

The importance of thorough due diligence cannot be over-emphasized. A prospective buyer should engage an experienced attorney to assist in determining the validity and enforceability of the loan documents before substantial funds are committed.

Even when a note is being transferred entirely “as is” a prospective buyer-assignee should insist on an adequate due diligence/inspection period before closing.


Beyond statutory minimum warranties.

A well-drafted assignment may (and should) go beyond minimum statutory warranties to include contractual representations and warranties by the parties. It is possible for the assignment to include extensive reps and warranties, limited reps and warranties, or no reps and warranties at all—in which case the assignment is made “as is” and almost always without recourse. These terms should be expressly stated in the assignment instrument.

The goal of the seller-assignor is to minimize ongoing liability by limiting the number of reps and warranties. The buyer-assignee will instead prefer a longer list of assurances concerning note quality and completeness of the loan file.

Core representations and warranties of the seller-assignor include assurances that the note and lien(s) contain correct information and are legally valid and enforceable; that they are secured by a lawful vendor’s lien retained in a recorded general or special warranty deed plus a valid first-lien recorded deed of trust against the security property; that payments are current and there is no threat of monetary or technical default; that no adverse litigation is pending or threatened; and that the assignor is the sole owner and holder of the debt with power to transfer the note and liens.

There may be many more seller reps and warranties that a careful buyer will want to include. An example: if the seller-assignor was the original payee on a real estate note, and the note arose from seller financing, the buyer-assignee should want a specific warranty that the SAFE Act and Dodd Frank were fully complied with in the course of the original transaction.

There is the question of how long reps and warranties will survive closing (if at all)—30 days? 90 days? Forever?

Obtaining adequate reps and warranties from the seller-assignor does not substitute for thorough due diligence by a prospective buyer-assignee.


Assignments made “as is”.

What if the transaction is entirely “as is,” with no reps and warranties? There is certainly a market for this although the sales price of the note(s) will be discounted as a result. The key element in the assignment (for the seller-assignor) will be an effective “as is” clause similar to ones found in earnest money contracts and warranty deeds. Drafting these clauses can be tricky. Simplistic, one-liner “as is” clauses will not suffice since the seller-assignor needs not only to disclaim assurances regarding the note being transferred but also any reps or warranties concerning the condition and value of the security property.

Disclosure by the Seller-Assignor

Notwithstanding that an assignment is being made and accepted “as is,” a buyer should seek to obtain an agreement by the seller to make full disclosure of material facts. A sample clause might be: Assignor covenants and agrees to fully disclose to Assignee, prior to expiration of the inspection period, any and all material facts, conditions, and circumstances pertaining to the note(s), the lien(s), and the security property that could reasonably be expected to affect the Assignee’s decision to buy or not buy, even if this assignment is agreed to be “as is,”in present condition with all faults and without recourse.

Recourse by the Buyer-Assignee

Notes are sold with or without recourse by the buyer-assignee against the seller-assignor. Recourse comes in three varieties: none, full, or limited.

No recourse means what it says: if the borrower defaults then the buyer-assignee is stuck with a non-performing note (a near-worthless asset) and is solely responsible for pursuing the debtor and foreclosing on the security property.

Full recourse means that the buyer-assignee gets to give the note back to the seller-assignor if the debtor defaults. One of two things generally happen: (1) the buyer-assignee gets a credit or refund or (2) the buyer-assignee can substitute another note that is current and performing. There are other variations.

Limited recourse is, contractually speaking, all over the place. There are as many different provisions for limited recourse as there are creative attorneys to write them. Limited recourse provisions may state that there will be some sharing of effort and expense in collection or foreclosure, possibly with a reckoning after foreclosure sale of the security property. Remedies may be different when a batch of notes is involved: for example, if 100 notes are sold, the assignment might provide that the first 10 problematic notes will be full recourse, but the remaining 90 will not. In either case, there may be a hard limit on the total monetary amount of recourse available against the seller-assignor.

The availability of recourse—whether none, full, or limited—may also be contained within a specific time period. The availability of recourse is seldom indefinite.

Indemnity Provisions

If possible, the seller-assignor will want an indemnity clause holding him harmless against issues that may later arise in connection with the legality, enforceability, or collectability of the note. As with sellers of anything, the goal is no comebacks after closing.

Note buyers, on the other hand, resist not only taking the heat for defects in what they are purchasing but also paying the cost of defending against lawsuits arising from those defects. As with so many issues in real estate it comes down to quality and price. A seller-assignor may be able to get an indemnity provision included but it may be costly when it comes to the assignment sales price.

Indemnity provisions, although important, may be overrated since they are not self-executing. After all, the terms of an assignment can do nothing to prevent a borrower from suing both the seller-assignor and the buyer-assignee at some later time, resulting in inescapable up-front defense costs. One party to the assignment is left with a claim against the other based on the indemnity provision, often resulting in a second lawsuit.

As is the case with many other types of contracts, it is often beneficial to include a mandatory mediation clause in the assignment.

Drafting Considerations Generally

An assignment of note and lien(s) should be a comprehensive document. (If it is one page or less, something is amiss.) All obligations should be express. Nothing should be implied. No one should be allowed to assume anything or rely on anything unless expressly stated in writing. Oral statements should be disclaimed. A poorly-written assignment that involves unwritten assumptions and reliance on oral statements can easily form the basis for future litigation.

The foregoing discussion is by no means intended to be an exhaustive list of possible provisions that can be included in an assignment of note and liens. (Such documents can easily run 10 to 20 pages.) It merely hits the highlights.


Endorsement and delivery of the note.

The note itself should be marked or stamped appropriately and the endorsement (or indorsement as it is referred to in the Business & Commerce Code) signed by the seller-assignor. The endorsement should include wording appropriate to the circumstances such as “payable to assignee without representations, warranties, or recourse” and would include the effective date.

Where does one place the endorsement? “For an instrument to be negotiable, indorsements must be written on the instrument or on a paper so firmly affixed thereto as to become a part thereof [sometimes called an allonge ]. An allonge is a piece of paper annexed to a negotiable instrument or promissory note, on which to write endorsements for which there is no room on the instrument itself.” Failure to properly endorse a note when it is transferred may impair its negotiability, resulting in the recipient being a mere transferee rather than having the superior status of a holder in due course [see Bus. & Com. Code Sec. 3.302].” Federal Fin. Co. v. Delgado, 1 S.W.3d 181, 185-86 (Tex.App.—Corpus Christi 1999, no pet.).

The original note(s) should be delivered to the buyer-assignee at closing.

Execution and Recording of the Assignment

Both the seller-assignor and the buyer-assignee should sign the assignment in order to indicate mutual assent to its terms and conditions. A properly-drafted assignment is not merely a unilateral transfer but represents a complex contract between the parties. The assigning party’s signature is not enough.

It is usually advisable for the buyer-assignee to record the assignment in the real property records of the county where the security property is located, so the assignment should be prepared in recordable form.


Notes are financial assets and their acquisition can be a part of an investor’s long-term buy-and-hold strategy. Like rents, a portfolio of mixed-age performing notes can produce a stream of income; however, unlike real property, there is no underlying equity that appreciates over time. In fact, the value of note assets depreciates so a stable portfolio requires continual replenishment. As notes age and mature new notes must be acquired in their stead if the income stream is to be maintained.

It is, of course, possible to acquire notes for other reasons. One aggressive strategy is to buy a secured note in default with the specific intention of foreclosing on the security property. A long-term hold is not the objective; acquiring the property is the objective. This scenario contemplates more of an “as is” approach to the note since its price is likely to be heavily discounted. In such cases, thorough due diligence is necessary in order to ensure that both the note and deed of trust are valid and enforceable with no obvious defenses available to the debtor.

Information in this article is provided for general informational and educational purposes only and is not offered as legal advice upon which anyone may rely. The law changes. No attorney-client relationship is created by the offering of this article. This firm does not represent you unless and until it is expressly retained in writing to do so. Legal counsel relating to your individual needs and circumstances is advisable before taking any action that has legal consequences. Consult your tax advisor as well.

Copyright © 2023 by David J. Willis. All rights reserved. Mr. Willis is board certified in both residential and commercial real estate law by the Texas Board of Legal Specialization. More information is available at his website, www.LoneStarLandLaw.com .

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A Deed of Trust can be Assigned Apart from the Note, and that often occurs just before a foreclosure. But What Does That Mean? Not Much, the Deed of Trust is Inseparable from the Note

Notes and Deeds of Trust are often assigned to different parties. The question posed is what happens if the Deed of Trust alone is assigned ? A typical assignment of the Deed of Trust alone will purport to assign “all beneficial interest under that certain Deed of Trust dated xyz..” But the long-established law in California is clear: the beneficial interest under a Deed of Trust is held by the party who holds the Note (or is entitled to enforce it), without regard to the assignment of the Deed of Trust .


The subject was again addressed by the California Courts in Domarad v. Fisher & Burke, Inc. (1969) 270 Cal. App. 2d 543 ). The Court noted that a deed of trust is a mere incident of the debt it secures and that an assignment of the debt carries with it the security. “The deed of trust is inseparable from the debt and always abides with the debt, and it has no market or ascertainable value, apart from the obligation it secures and that a deed of trust has no assignable quality independent of the debt, it may not be assigned or transferred apart from the debt, and an attempt to assign the deed of trust without a transfer of the debt is without effect. (emph. added)”


In Stockwell v. Barnum ((1908) 7 Cal. App. 413) the Court stated that this Code “is wholly foreign to deeds of trust, which, instead of creating a lien only, as in the case of a mortgage, passes the legal title to the trustee, thus enabling him in executing the trust to transfer to the purchaser a marketable record title. It is immaterial who holds the note. The transferee of a negotiable promissory note, payment of which is secured by a deed of trust whereby the title to the property and power of sale in case of default is vested in a third party as trustee, is not an incumbrancer to whom power of sale is given…” Stockwell @ 417.

And more recently “it has been established since 1908 that this statutory requirement that an assignment of the beneficial interest in a debt secured by real property must be recorded in order for the assignee to exercise the power of sale applies only to a mortgage and not to a deed of trust.” ( Calvo v. HSBC Bank USA, N.A. (2011) 199 Cal.App.4th 118 , 122.)

Why is that? There is a technical difference between the two security instruments. The mortgage only involves two parties –the borrower who grants the power of sale to the lender, and the lender who then holds the beneficial interest in the mortgage plus the power of sale. A deed of trust, on the other hand, involves three parties: the borrower, the lender, and the trustee who is granted conditional title to the encumbered property as well as the power of sale.


Thus, the deed of trust may thus be assigned one or multiple times over the life of the loan it secures. But if the borrower defaults on the loan, only the current beneficiary may direct the trustee to undertake the nonjudicial foreclosure process. “[O]nly the ‘true owner’ or ‘beneficial holder’ of a Deed of Trust can bring to completion a nonjudicial foreclosure under California law.” Yvanova v. New Century Mortgage (62 Cal. 4th 919) (2016)

An Alternative The Commercial Code also provides a mechanism for recording an assignment of the security if there has been an off-record transfer of the note but no recorded assignment of the deed of trust or mortgage. The buyer of the note can record a copy of the transfer agreement whereby the note was acquired, together with a sworn statement that a default has occurred, and in that event may proceed with a nonjudicial foreclosure. ( Cal. Com. Code, § 9607, subd. (b))

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Mortgage Assignment Laws and Definition

(This may not be the same place you live)

  What is a Mortgage Assignment?

A mortgage is a legal agreement. Under this agreement, a bank or other lending institution provides a loan to an individual seeking to finance a home purchase. The lender is referred to as a creditor. The person who finances the home owes money to the bank, and is referred to as the debtor.

To make money, the bank charges interest on the loan. To ensure the debtor pays the loan, the bank takes a security interest in what the loan is financing — the home itself. If the buyer fails to pay the loan, the bank can take the property through a foreclosure proceeding.

There are two main documents involved in a mortgage agreement. The document setting the financial terms and conditions of repayment is known as the mortgage note. The bank is the owner of the note. The note is secured by the mortgage. This means if the debtor does not make payment on the note, the bank may foreclose on the home. 

The document describing the mortgaged property is called the mortgage agreement. In the mortgage agreement, the debtor agrees to make payments under the note, and agrees that if payment is not made, the bank may institute foreclosure proceedings and take the home as collateral .

An assignment of a mortgage refers to an assignment of the note and assignment of the mortgage agreement. Both the note and the mortgage can be assigned. To assign the note and mortgage is to transfer ownership of the note and mortgage. Once the note is assigned, the person to whom it is assigned, the assignee, can collect payment under the note. 

Assignment of the mortgage agreement occurs when the mortgagee (the bank or lender) transfers its rights under the agreement to another party. That party is referred to as the assignee, and receives the right to enforce the agreement’s terms against the assignor, or debtor (also called the “mortgagor”). 

What are the Requirements for Executing a Mortgage Assignment?

What are some of the benefits and drawbacks of mortgage assignments, are there any defenses to mortgage assignments, do i need to hire an attorney for help with a mortgage assignment.

For a mortgage to be validly assigned, the assignment document (the document formally assigning ownership from one person to another) must contain:

  • The current assignor name.
  • The name of the assignee.
  • The current borrower or borrowers’ names. 
  • A description of the mortgage, including date of execution of the mortgage agreement, the amount of the loan that remains, and a reference to where the mortgage was initially recorded. A mortgage is recorded in the office of a county clerk, in an index, typically bearing a volume or page number. The reference to where the mortgage was recorded should include the date of recording, volume, page number, and county of recording.
  • A description of the property. The description must be a legal description that unambiguously and completely describes the boundaries of the property.

There are several types of assignments of mortgage. These include a corrective assignment of mortgage, a corporate assignment of mortgage, and a mers assignment of mortgage. A corrective assignment corrects or amends a defect or mistake in the original assignment. A corporate assignment is an assignment of the mortgage from one corporation to another. 

A mers assignment involves the Mortgage Electronic Registration System (MERS). Mortgages often designate MERS as a nominee (agent for) the lender. When the lender assigns a mortgage to MERS, MERS does not actually receive ownership of the note or mortgage agreement. Instead, MERS tracks the mortgage as the mortgage is assigned from bank to bank. 

An advantage of a mortgage assignment is that the assignment permits buyers interested in purchasing a home, to do so without having to obtain a loan from a financial institution. The buyer, through an assignment from the current homeowner, assumes the rights and responsibilities under the mortgage. 

A disadvantage of a mortgage assignment is the consequences of failing to record it. Under most state laws, an entity seeking to institute foreclosure proceedings must record the assignment before it can do so. If a mortgage is not recorded, the judge will dismiss the foreclosure proceeding. 

Failure to observe mortgage assignment procedure can be used as a defense by a homeowner in a foreclosure proceeding. Before a bank can institute a foreclosure proceeding, the bank must record the assignment of the note. The bank must also be in actual possession of the note. 

If the bank fails to “produce the note,” that is, cannot demonstrate that the note was assigned to it, the bank cannot demonstrate it owns the note. Therefore, it lacks legal standing to commence a foreclosure proceeding.

If you need help with preparing an assignment of mortgage, you should contact a mortgage lawyer . An experienced mortgage lawyer near you can assist you with preparing and recording the document.

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Assigning Loan Documents: Practical Reminders

The recent Supreme Court of Delaware case  J.M. Shrewsbury v. The Bank of New York Mellon ,   CA No. N15L-03-108 (Del. 2017), provides a reminder of the importance of clearly documenting the assignment of loan documents. The Court’s holding requires that prior to the assignee of a mortgage loan filing suit on the note or mortgage, the assignee must have received both an allonge/assignment of the note and an assignment of the mortgage. The case is a reminder of the importance of maintaining a precise chain of title when assigning loan documents. The facts of the case as described below demonstrate the need to make sure that you “don’t leave the note behind.”

In 2007, J.M. Shrewsbury and Kathy Shrewsbury signed a promissory note in favor of Countrywide Home Loans, Inc. Concurrently, the Shrewburys were granted a mortgage to secure their obligations under the note, which mortgage encumbered real property in Delaware. In 2011, the mortgage was assigned to The Bank of New York Mellon (Bank). In 2013, the Shrewsburys requested and received a copy of the original note, which contained no indication that the note had been assigned. Neither party disputed the fact that the Shrewsburys stopped making mortgage payments in 2010.

The Bank commenced a mortgage foreclosure action in 2015 in the Superior Court of the State of Delaware,  Bank of N.Y. Mellon v. Shrewsbury , C.A. No. N15L-03-108 CLS (Del. Super. Ct. Feb. 17, 2016). In holding in favor of the Bank, the Superior Court found that the Bank need only show that it had a valid assignment of the mortgage to enforce its rights. The Shrewsburys appealed the decision to the Court.

In reversing and remanding the decision of the Superior Court, the Court followed its reasoning in Iowa-Wisconsin Bridge Co. v. Phoenix Finance Corporation, Iowa-Wisconsin Bridge Co. v. Phoenix Finance Corporation , 25 A.2d 383, 389 (Del. 1942), stating that a debt is an essential requisite to a mortgage. While persuaded by wide-ranging case law and other respected authorities, the Court’s decision relied most heavily on the United States Supreme Court case  Carpenter v. Longan,  83 U.S. 271 (1872), holding that the “note and mortgage are inseparable; the former as essential, the latter as an incident. An assignment of the note carries the mortgage with it, while an assignment of the latter alone is a nullity.”

Practical Reminders

While this case involved a residential transaction, important considerations can be applied in commercial mortgage transactions whether in connection with construction, bridge or permanent mortgage financing, a loan sale, a transfer of a loan to an affiliate of the original lender, or other assignment of the loan.

Practical reminders include:

  • Make sure that the chain of title is precise when assigning the mortgage, the note and other collateral documents such as assignments of leases and rents, guarantees and UCC’s. Don’t leave the note “behind.”
  • Assign and endorse the note by allonge so that the chain of title is complete. Firmly affix the allonge(s) to the underlying note.
  • Keep good records of all documentation, including recorded ( i.e. the mortgage an assignment of mortgage) and unrecorded documents. Retain originals in a safe place (such as under the control of a custodian or servicer or in a vault) and copies of all loan documents including assignment documents.
  • When the loan is assigned, always deliver the original note along with the original allonge.

Members of our Real Estate and Finance Groups regularly handle commercial real estate financing and sales transactions throughout the country. If you have questions or would like further information, please contact Tim Davis ( davist@whiteandwilliams.com ; 215.864.6829) or Pat Haggerty ( haggertyp@whiteandwilliams.com ; 215.864.6811).


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The Texas Real Estate Lien Note

Lien Notes in Texas

Typically drafted at the same time as the Deed of Trust , the Texas Real Estate Lien Note is a one-way agreement in which the signer makes a promise to pay someone a specific sum of money at a specific time. This article will discuss the different elements and sections of a Texas Lien Note.

The Elements of the Lien Note

Included in a Real Estate Lien Note are the following three sections: The name of the person making the Note, the payee, and the note terms, which include the amount, the interest rate, the number of payments, and any additional discretionary clauses. The Grantor in the Deed of Trust is also the Maker/Borrower/Obligor in a Texas Lien Note. Additionally, if the purpose of the Note is financing the purchase of real estate, the Grantee in the Deed is the same as Maker/Borrower/Obligor in the Note and the Grantor in the Deed of Trust. Other important elements included in the Note are the promise to pay, the debtor’s signature, the amount owed and interest rate, as well as how the money is payable, by when, and to whom. The Note includes interest and is secured by a Deed of Trust.


A Note is amortized when payments occur in regular installments, usually monthly. Payments include both principal and interest, which is figured based on the balance of the principal. The amount of interest is determined by the amount of the principal and decreases each month in a fully amortized loan. The maturity date in a note is the date the note terminates. If a buyer has a 15-year mortgage, for example, the periodic payments toward that mortgage will result in its maturing, or being repaid, in 15 years. Because a Note must amortize by its maturity date, an amortization schedule is helpful in calculating principal and interest. A Lien Note may or may not amortize, however. Some Notes, for example, pay only toward interest and not toward principal.

Other Terms to Know

A Balloon Note is one in which the payments do not fully amortize the value of the Note before its due date. When that happens, the principal sum (the balloon) is due at maturity. Notes paid off before the maturity date can be charged a Prepayment Penalty , usually a percentage of the principal (although in Texas, the practice is not typical, and most notes may be prepaid without penalty). An Interest Only Note is one where the periodic payments are toward interest only. The principal amount is repaid in one payment.

Real Property Sales

The Real Estate Lien Note is typically used in conjunction with a Deed of Trust and Warranty Deed with a Vendor’s Lien. The three documents comprise a standard package for a typical financed sale of real estate in Texas.

Given the complexities, penalties, and legal implications of a Real Estate Lien Note, hiring a qualified real estate lawyer is crucial to a successful transaction.

All information provided on Silblawfirm.com (hereinafter "website") is provided for informational purposes only, and is not intended to be used for legal advice. Users of this website should not take any actions or refrain from taking any actions based upon content or information on this website. Users of this site should contact a licensed Texas attorney for a full and complete review of their legal issues.

  • « Understanding The Texas Warranty Deed
  • Letters Testamentary in Texas »

Lien Assignment Process and Procedure

The lien assignment process almost always begins with the owner’s mortgage lender (i.e. bank) commencing a foreclosure on its first deed of trust.  Prior to the bank proceeding to foreclosure sale, it must submit a bid to the Public Trustee’s office.  At that time, investors review the bank’s bid and determine if they would be interested in paying off the bank in exchange for acquiring the property.  This is usually about the same time that investors obtain title work on the property and contact the association, its management company or our office to inquire about the potential purchase of the association’s lien.  Most investors realize that even if no recorded lien exists, the association  still may have an assignable lien by operation of Colorado Common Interest Ownership Act.

Assuming the investor gets in touch with our office (whether directly or following a referral from the manager or association), our firm will contact the board or management company for an updated ledger on the property.  We then review the ledger and add in any time that may have been written off because of a bankruptcy and additional attorney fees that are not yet reflected on the ledger.  We use this information to formulate a lien sale price.  In some instances we will attempt to sell the lien for more than the total amount owed, but we always assign the lien for at least payment in full through the current month.  Following an agreement with an investor to purchase the lien, our office processes the lien sale through the execution of a lien assignment document.  This document sets forth the legal rights and obligations between the investor and the association and allows the investor to acquire property through a redemption process.

If the lien is sold, the association receives payment in full (or occasionally, more than payment in full) and the investor receives all rights associated with the association’s lien.  The investor takes the completed lien assignment to the Public Trustee and files what is known as an Intent to Redeem.  This document tells the Public Trustee that the investor has purchased the association’s lien and corresponding right to redeem at the Public Trustee’s sale.  The investor then tenders payment to the Public Trustee for all amounts owed to the foreclosing lender.  This process is known as redemption.

Following a successful redemption, the investor will take title to the property and will be issued a Public Trustee’s Deed.  This Deed confirms that the investor now owns the property.  It is important to remember that the Public Trustee’s Deed is sometimes issued several weeks after the investor actually takes legal title to a property.  Technically, legal title transfers once all applicable redemption periods expire.  Associations should contact our office if there are any questions about the actual date that a title transferred to an investor.

Usually, investors that acquire association liens through the lien assignment process are interested in rehabilitating the property and reselling it relatively quickly.   However, during the time the investor owns the property, he or she is subject to all the same covenants as any other owner, including the obligation to pay assessments.

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Collateral Assignment

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A collateral assignment involves granting a security interest in the asset or property to a lender. It is a lawful arrangement where the borrower promises an asset or property to the lender to guarantee the debt repayment or meet a financial obligation. Moreover, in a collateral assignment, the borrower maintains asset ownership, the lender holds the security interest, and the lender has the right to seize and sell the asset in event of default. This blog post will discuss a collateral assignment, its purpose, essential considerations, and more.

Key Purposes of a Collateral Assignment

Collateral assignment concerns allocating a property's ownership privileges, or a specific interest, to a lender as loan collateral. The lender retains a security interest in the asset until the borrower entirely settles the loan. If the borrower defaults on loan settlement, the lender can seize and market the collateral to recover the unpaid debt. Below are the key purposes of a collateral assignment.

  • Enhanced Lender Protection: The primary purpose of the collateral assignment is to provide lenders with an added layer of security and assurance. Also, by maintaining a claim on the borrower's properties, lenders lower their risk and improve the probability of loan settlement. In case of default, the lender can sell the collateral to recover the unpaid balance. This security authorizes lenders to offer loans with lower interest rates, as the threat associated with the loan is reduced.
  • Favorable Loan Terms: Collateral assignment allows borrowers to access financing on more favorable terms than unsecured loans . However, the terms of the loan will vary depending on the borrower’s creditworthiness and the value of the collateral. Generally, lenders are more willing to extend larger loan amounts and lower interest rates when they have collateral to fall back on. The presence of collateral reassures lenders that they have a viable means of recouping their investment, even in case of default. This increased confidence often leads to more competitive loan offers for borrowers.
  • Unlocking Asset Value: Collateral assignment enables borrowers to leverage the value of their assets, even if those assets are not readily convertible into cash. For instance, a business owner with valuable machinery can assign it as collateral to secure a business loan. This arrangement allows the borrower to continue utilizing the asset for operational purposes while accessing the necessary funds for expansion or working capital. Collateral assignment, thus, enables the efficient allocation of resources. However, the collateral will still be considered in determining the loan amount and terms.
  • Access to Higher Loan Amounts: When borrowers promise collateral against a loan, lenders can present greater loan amounts than for other unsecured loans. The worth of the collateral serves as a reassurance to lenders that they can recover their investment even if the borrower fails to settle the loan. Therefore, borrowers can obtain higher loans to finance important endeavors such as purchasing property, starting a business, or funding major projects.
  • Diversification of Collateral: Collateral assignment offers flexibility for borrowers by allowing them to diversify their collateral base. While real estate is commonly used as collateral, borrowers can utilize other valuable assets such as investment portfolios, life insurance policies, or valuable personal belongings. This diversification allows borrowers to access financing without limiting themselves to a single asset, thereby preserving their financial flexibility.

Steps to Execute a Collateral Assignment

A collateral assignment is a financial procedure that involves utilizing an asset as security for a loan or other responsibilities. Below are the essential steps involved in the collateral assignment process.

  • Assess the Need for Collateral Assignment. The initial step in collateral assignment is determining whether collateral is necessary. Lenders or creditors may require collateral to mitigate the risk of default or ensure repayment. Evaluating the value and marketability of the proposed collateral is crucial to ascertain if it meets the lender's requirements.
  • Select Appropriate Collateral. The next step involves choosing a suitable asset for collateral assignment. Common classifications of collateral comprise stocks, real estate, bonds, cash deposits, and other valuable assets. The collateral's value should be sufficient to cover the loan amount or the obligation being secured.
  • Understand Lawful and Regulatory Requirements. Before proceeding with collateral assignment, it is essential to comprehend the lawful and regulatory provisions specific to the jurisdiction where the transaction happens. Collateral assignment laws can vary, so seeking advice from legal professionals experienced in this area is advisable to ensure compliance.
  • Negotiate Provisions. Once the collateral is recognized, the collateral assignment provisions must be negotiated among the concerned parties. It includes specifying the loan amount, interest rates, repayment terms, and any further duties or limitations associated with the collateral assignment.
  • Prepare the Collateral Assignment Agreement. The collateral assignment agreement is a lawful document that typically includes details about the collateral, the loan or obligation being secured, and the rights and responsibilities of both parties. It is highly advised to engage the services of a legal specialist to prepare or review the contract.
  • Enforce the Collateral Assignment Agreement. After completing the collateral assignment agreement, it must be executed by all involved parties. This step ensures that all necessary signatures are obtained and copies of the agreement are distributed to each individual for record-keeping objectives.
  • Notify Relevant Parties. To ensure proper recognition and recording of the collateral assignment, it is important to notify all relevant parties. It may involve informing the lender or creditor, the custodian or holder of the collateral, and any other pertinent stakeholders. Sufficient documentation and communication will help prevent potential disputes or misunderstandings.
  • Record the Collateral Assignment. Depending on the nature of the collateral, it may be necessary to record the collateral assignment with the appropriate government authority or registry. This step provides public notice of the assignment and establishes priority rights in case of multiple claims on the same collateral. Seeking guidance from legal professionals or relevant authorities can determine if recording the collateral assignment is required.
  • Monitor and Maintain the Collateral. Throughout the collateral assignment term, it is crucial to monitor and maintain the value and condition of the collateral. This includes ensuring insurance coverage, property maintenance, and compliance with any ongoing obligations associated with the collateral. Regular communication between all parties involved is essential to address concerns or issues promptly.
  • Terminate the Collateral Assignment. Once the loan or obligation secured by the collateral is fully satisfied, the collateral assignment can be terminated. This involves releasing the collateral from the assignment, updating relevant records, and notifying all parties involved. It is important to follow proper procedures to ensure the appropriate handling of the legal and financial aspects of the termination.

assignment of note and lien

Key Terms for Collateral Assignments

  • Security Interest: It is the legal right granted to a lender over the assigned collateral to protect their interests in case of borrower default.
  • Collateral Valuation: The process of determining the worth or market value of the assigned collateral to assess its adequacy in securing the loan.
  • Release of Collateral: The action taken by a lender to relinquish its claim over the assigned collateral after the borrower has fulfilled the loan obligations.
  • Subordination Agreement : A legal document that establishes the priority of multiple creditors' claims over the same collateral, typically in the case of refinancing or additional loans.
  • Lien : A legal claim or encumbrance on a property or asset, typically created through a collateral assignment, that allows a lender to seize and sell the collateral to recover the loan amount.

Final Thoughts on Collateral Assignments

A collateral assignment is a valuable instrument for borrowers and lenders in securing loans or obligations. It offers borrowers access to profitable terms and more extensive loan amounts while reducing the risk for lenders. Nevertheless, it is essential for borrowers to thoughtfully assess the terms and threats associated with collateral assignment before proceeding. Seeking professional guidance and understanding the contract can help ensure a successful and beneficial financial arrangement for all parties involved.

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Meet some of our Collateral Assignment Lawyers

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Attorney Yu represents clients in business and real estate transactions and has successfully handled more than 200 cases. She has experience in corporate law, including forming legal entities, employment law and workers’ compensation law matters pertaining to wage and hour violations, industrial injuries, misclassifications, and other employment-related torts and contracts. Attorney Yu works with employers to address employee relationship issues, develop effective policies and craft employment agreements. Attorney Yu regularly advises clients on the legal and business aspects of potential investments, ongoing business operations, debt collections, shareholders and partners disputes, business purchase agreements, risk assessment, intellectual property disputes, and potential contract disputes. She regularly handles real estate law matters such as landlord-tenant disputes, lease agreements, buy-sell disputes, title disputes, and construction disputes. She also has substantial experience settling debts, and she drafts, reviews and negotiates settlement agreements. Attorney Yu conducts extensive legal research and provides on-point legal advice to both corporate and individual clients.

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Attorney licensed to practice in both California and New York, Josiah is focused on helping people understand what's in their contracts, and do business with confidence.

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I am an experienced in house counsel and have worked in the pharmaceutical, consumer goods and restaurant industry. I have experience with a variety of agreements, below is a non-exhaustive list of types of agreements I can help with: Supply Agreements Distribution Agreements Manufacture Agreements Service Agreements Employment Agreements Consulting Agreements Commercial and residential lease agreements Non-compete Agreements Confidentiality and Non-Disclosure Agreements Demand Letters Termination notice Notice of breach of contract My experience as in house counsel has exposed me to a wide variety of commercial matters for which I can provide consulting and assistance on. I have advised US, Canadian and International entities on cross-functional matters and have guided them when they are in different countries and jurisdictions as their counterparties. I can provide assistance early on in a business discussion to help guide you and make sure you ask the right questions even before the commercial agreement needs to be negotiated, but if you are ready to put a contract in place I can most definitely help with that too.

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Jeff Colerick has been practicing law for over 30 years and has devoted his professional career to providing clients with intelligent representation and personal care. His experience as a lawyer involving complex matters has resulted in a long history of success. Jeff has built a practice based on a deep understanding of real estate assets and corporate activities. He combines his industry knowledge with a practical and collaborative approach to problem solving. Jeff’s client relationships are strong because they are built on mutual respect. Jeff talks the language of real estate and understands that it is a vehicle to deliver your business strategy. Jeff provides practical, responsive, and strategic advice related to real estate acquisition, construction, leasing, and sale of a wide range of real property types, including office, retail, medical, industrial, industrial flex-space, mixed-use condominium, multifamily and hospitality. As leader of the Goodspeed Merrill real estate practice group, Jeff represents clients with commercial and residential transactions, purchases and sales, land acquisition and development, real estate investment and financing, financing liens and security interests, and commercial leasing and lease maintenance, including lease enforcement support and advice. The firm represents clients in matters concerning construction, lending, developers, contractors and subcontractors, cell site leasing, property and boundary disputes, common interest community law, and residential condominiums and planned communities.

Harrison K. on ContractsCounsel

Harrison K.

Harrison Kordestani is an executive with over twenty-five years experience in entertainment and media, energy, technologies, and start-ups. Mr. Kordestani has also developed a specialized legal and strategic consulting practice representing select entertainment, oil and gas, mortgage lending, and technology start-up clientele. He is also deeply passionate about new technologies and has also actively worked in building companies in the video-on-demand, wearable tech, information of things, demand prediction and app-marketing spaces. As an attorney, Mr. Kordestani's focus has been on transactional drafting and negotiation and providing ongoing legal counsel, corporate compliance, and contract interpretation to numerous private individuals as well as companies in varied fields.

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Business-in-a-Box's Assignment of Lien Template

Assignment of Lien Template

Document description.

This assignment of lien template has 1 pages and is a MS Word file type listed under our legal agreements documents.

Sample of our assignment of lien template:

ASSIGNMENT OF LIEN This Assignment of Lien (the �Assignment�) is made and effective [DATE], BETWEEN: [YOUR COMPANY NAME] (the "Assignor"), a corporation organized and existing under the laws of the [State/Province] of [STATE/PROVINCE], with its head office located at: [YOUR COMPLETE ADDRESS] AND: [ASSIGNEE NAME] (the "Assignee"), a corporation organized and existing under the laws of the [State/Province] of [STATE/PROVINCE], with its head office located at: [COMPLETE ADDRESS] RECITALS In consideration of [AMOUNT], receipt of which is hereby acknowledged, the Assignor does hereby assign to Assignee the mecha

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  1. What's the difference between a mortgage assignment and an ...

    Whether a written, recorded assignment is needed depends on state law. Endorsements of Promissory Notes. When a loan changes hands, the promissory note is endorsed (signed over) to the new owner of the loan. In some cases, the note is endorsed in blank, which makes it a bearer instrument under Article 3 of the Uniform Commercial Code.

  2. Understanding the Assignment of Mortgages: What You Need To Know

    This office also keeps a record of any transfers. When a mortgage is transferred so is the promissory note. The note will be endorsed or signed over to the loan's new owner. In some situations, a note will be endorsed in blank, which turns it into a bearer instrument. This means whoever holds the note is the presumed owner.

  3. Buying and Selling Real Estate Notes

    Two liens may be involved: the vendor's lien retained in the deed from the seller to the borrower and the lien granted by a deed of trust. One must distinguish between an absolute assignment of a note (a permanent transfers to a new owner and holder) versus a collateral assignment (made to a lender as collateral for a loan). Notes may be ...

  4. The Difference Between a Mortgage Assignment and a Note ...

    While a mortgage (or deed of trust) is a vital document in taking out a home loan, a promissory note defines the terms and details of the loan and creates the obligation for the homeowner to repay the loan. A mortgage, on the other hand, is a type of security instrument and is discussed in more detail below. When an investor purchases a loan ...

  5. Understanding How Assignments of Mortgage Work

    Mortgages are assigned using a document called an assignment of mortgage. This legally transfers the original lender's interest in the loan to the new company. After doing this, the original lender will no longer receive the payments of principal and interest. However, by assigning the loan the mortgage company will free up capital.

  6. A Deed of Trust can be Assigned Apart from the Note, and that often

    An assignment of the note carries the mortgage with it, while an assignment of the latter alone is a nullity. That the debt is the principal thing and the mortgage an accessory. ... instead of creating a lien only, as in the case of a mortgage, passes the legal title to the trustee, thus enabling him in executing the trust to transfer to the ...

  7. Assignment of Mortgage Laws and Definition

    An assignment of a mortgage refers to an assignment of the note and assignment of the mortgage agreement. Both the note and the mortgage can be assigned. To assign the note and mortgage is to transfer ownership of the note and mortgage. Once the note is assigned, the person to whom it is assigned, the assignee, can collect payment under the ...

  8. What Is Assignment Of Mortgage?

    An assignment of mortgage is a legal term that refers to the transfer of the security instrument that underlies your mortgage loan − aka your home. When a lender sells the mortgage on, an investor effectively buys the note, and the mortgage is assigned to them at this time. The assignment of mortgage occurs because without a security ...

  9. PDF Mortgage Loan Assignments

    note, but can't fmd it. Often a copy of the lost note, from the lender's fIles, will . accompany the affidavit, and the assignor . will . certify that the copy is accurate. The affidavit . will . also in­ clude the assigning lender's indemnity against any loss suffered if someone else turns out to own the note. The assignee of a promissory ...

  10. Pledge vs Hypothecation vs Lien vs Mortgage vs Assignment

    The difference between pledge, hypothecation, lien, mortgage, and assignment lies in the security charge that can be created on any asset held by a lender against the money lent (usually called the collateral). The type of asset charge defines whether the agreement can be classified as a pledge, lien, or mortgage. Let us see in detail the ...

  11. Foreclosure Defenses: Is Your Mortgage Properly Assigned?

    It endorses the promissory note (signs it over) to the new loan owner. The promissory note owner is the only party with the legal right (called "standing") to collect payment on the debt. Assignment. The seller also prepares an assignment of mortgage to the new entity and, usually, records the assignment in the county records.

  12. Assigning Loan Documents: Practical Reminders

    The recent Supreme Court of Delaware case J.M. Shrewsbury v.The Bank of New York Mellon, CA No. N15L-03-108 (Del. 2017), provides a reminder of the importance of clearly documenting the assignment of loan documents.The Court's holding requires that prior to the assignee of a mortgage loan filing suit on the note or mortgage, the assignee must have received both an allonge/assignment of the ...

  13. Real Estate Lien Notes in Texas

    The Texas Real Estate Lien Note. Philip Silberman May 18, 2021. Typically drafted at the same time as the Deed of Trust, the Texas Real Estate Lien Note is a one-way agreement in which the signer makes a promise to pay someone a specific sum of money at a specific time. This article will discuss the different elements and sections of a Texas ...

  14. Assignment of Promissory Note and Liens

    Description Promissory Note Form Template. This form is used when Lienholder assigns, conveys, and transfers to Transferee, all of Lienholder's interest in the Note and Liens. Lienholder warrants that the Liens are valid, in force and effect, and the unpaid principal on the Note transferred is no less than the amount stated.

  15. Lien Assignment Process and Procedure

    Posted September 17, 2011. Tweet. The lien assignment process almost always begins with the owner's mortgage lender (i.e. bank) commencing a foreclosure on its first deed of trust. Prior to the bank proceeding to foreclosure sale, it must submit a bid to the Public Trustee's office. At that time, investors review the bank's bid and ...

  16. Assignment of Notes and Liens Definition

    Examples of Assignment of Notes and Liens in a sentence. The Prior Loan Agreement and all Loan Documents and Security Instruments (as defined in the Prior Loan Agreement) referred to therein have, as of the Closing, been assigned from Bank One, Texas, N.A., as the sole lender under the Prior Loan Agreement, to Bank One, Texas, N.A., as Agent hereunder, for the benefit of the Banks and the LC ...

  17. Assignment Note Lien Form

    Assignment Note Lien Form. This agreement serves to assign a lender's interest in promissory note, secured by collateral, to a third-party. This document is used when the third-party purchases the note rights from the lender, or otherwise pays off the lender in exchange for the right to collect all future payments from the underlying borrower.

  18. Assignment Note Lien Form

    Assignment Note Lien Form. Do you need an Assignment Note Lien Form? This agreement serves to assign a lender's interest in promissory note, secured by collateral, to a third party. This document is used when the third party purchases the note rights from the lender, or otherwise pays off the lender in exchange for the right to collect all ...

  19. Texas Collateral Assignment of Note and Liens (Security Agreement

    This form assigns the current Debtors/lenders security interest in a promissory note backed by a previously recorded Deed of Trust Lien, with all rights, titles, equities and interest securing the same as described in that certain Deed of Trust. This collateral is assigned to a Secured Party to protect a Security Agreement made between the ...

  20. Cracking the Mortgage Assignment Shell Game

    Twenty-five years ago, a partner asked me to prepare an assignment of mortgage. The assignment itself was a simple fill-in-the-blanks form, which was executed and recorded. The assignee then took possession of the original mortgage and note, which was endorsed to its order or, using the statutory verbiage, "indorsed."1 That simple form still works, but with the demands of high finance, it ...

  21. Collateral Assignment: All You Need to Know

    Lien: A legal claim or encumbrance on a property or asset, typically created through a collateral assignment, that allows a lender to seize and sell the collateral to recover the loan amount. Final Thoughts on Collateral Assignments A collateral assignment is a valuable instrument for borrowers and lenders in securing loans or obligations.

  22. Texas Assignment of Note and Liens

    Choose a preferred format to save the file (.pdf or .docx). Now you can open the Texas Assignment of Note and Liens template and fill it out online or print it and get it done by hand. Take into account sending the papers to your legal counsel to be certain everything is filled out appropriately. If you make a mistake, print and complete sample ...


    ASSIGNMENT OF NOTE. THIS ASSIGNMENT is entered into effective this 18 th day of March, 2008 by and between Astraea Investment Management, LP., ("Assignor") and Global Casinos, Inc., a Utah corporation ("Assignee").. WITNESSETH. WHEREAS, Casinos U.S.A. Inc executed a Promissory Note originally payable to Assignee in the principal amount of Two Hundred Forty-Nine Thousand Four Hundred Eighteen ...

  24. Assignment of Lien Template

    Business in a Box templates are used by over 250,000 companies in United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Australia, South Africa and 190 countries worldwide. Quickly create your Assignment of Lien Template - Download Word Template. Get 3,000+ templates to start, plan, organize, manage, finance and grow your business.