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History of English Literature

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Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age Class 8 Notes

The history of English Literature begins with the Germanic tradition of the Anglo-Saxon settlers. Beowulf is the earliest and most popular work in Old English Literature . As the Normans conquered England, Middle English replaced Old English and was used by the father of English Literature, Geoffrey Chaucer in his famous work, The Canterbury Tales. William Shakespeare came to be considered the most iconic and greatest writer in the history of English Literature as he is revered for his legendary plays and sonnets. Continue reading the blog article below to explore more about the exciting history and evolution of the greatest literary works and to download the History of  English  Literature PDF.

english literature pdf notes

This Blog Includes:

Periods of english literature, history of english literature summary, 8 periods in the history of english literature, the history of english literature pdf, history of english literature books, old english literature: 5th-14th century, medieval english literature: 14th to 15th century, elizabethan age a.k.a. the golden age of english literature: (16th century to early 17th century), restoration age (17th-18th century), the 18th century english literature, the romantic period: from 19th century, 20th century literature, history of indian english literature, love english lit prove it by acing this basic english test.

Periods of English Literature

Looking for history of English Literature notes? We have summarized the long history of English Literature in its important 8 periods. Let’s explore some of these major periods of the English Literature in further detail:

  • Old English Literature: 5th – 14th Century
  • Elizabethan Age or The Golden Age of English Literature: 16th Century to Early 17th Century

The oldest English literature was in Old English which is the earliest form of English and is a set of Anglo-Frisian dialects. The history of English Literature is spread over different eras including Old English or Anglo-Saxon, The Renaissance, the Victorian Era, the Modern Era, Postmodern era, amongst others.

What are the 8 Periods of English Literature? The most important 8 periods of English Literature are:

  • Old English (Anglo-Saxon Period): 450–1066
  • Middle English Period : 1066-1500
  • Renaissance: 1500-1600
  • Neoclassical Period : 1600-1785
  • Romantic Period: 1785-1832
  • Victorian Age : 1832-1901
  • Edwardian Period : 1901-1914
  • Georgian Period : 1910-1936
  • Modern Period : Early 20th century
  • Postmodern Period : Mid-20th century

Geoffrey Chaucer is considered the father of English Literature.

There are many prominent texts to study the history of English Literature and understand its different literary periods and historical timeline. Here are some of the best History of English Literature Books:

Check Out: Poetic Devices

An Outline History of English Literature

Here is a detailed outline of the History of English Literature from its beginning from the Classical Period to the Post-Modern Age:

Anglo-Saxon Literature

The history of English Literature starts with the Germanic tradition of Anglo-Saxon settlers which were around 5th to 11th century AD and the first long narrative poems in the history of English Literature were Beowulf and Widsith . These two were highly narrative poems of this early period of the history of English Literature. Beowulf is be considered as the first English Epic poem and some of the other famous works produced during the Old English Literature include, Genesis, Exodus, The Wanderer, Wife’s lament, Husband’s message, The battle of Maldon etc. Earlier, to understand the temperament of readers, writers would make use of alteration rather than a rhyming scheme. Moreover, some of the famous writers of old English literature were Cynewulf and Caedmon. 

Our Top Read: MA English Syllabus

Also referred to as the Later Middle English Literary Period, the Medieval English Literature comprises of a diverse range of works as the population of England during this time was literate and a considerable portion was also bilingual and trilingual. Geoffrey Chaucer is amongst the highly regarded poets within the period of 1342 to 1400 and was renowned for his courtly love poetry including the famous “ Canterbury Tales” though it was left incomplete; “The House of Fame”, and ‘ The Book of the Duchess’ . He became one of the core political servants in Britains’s court. William Langland’s famous religious works including “Piers Plowman” also deserves a crucial mention as it represents another popular genre of this period of English Literature which was secular and religious prose. 

During the era of Medieval English Literature, the most esteemed works also include morality plays, miracle plays and interludes. ‘Everyman’ was a noted Morality play of the time and Miracle plays were taken from the Bible and were frequently performed in churches. 

Bringing a distinctive paradigm shift in the history of English Literature, the Elizabethan Age represents the brilliant century of all the periods and is also known as the Golden Age. Sir Thomas Wyatt and Henry Howard (Earl of Surrey) has a massive contribution to this age. Thomas introduced Sonnets to Great Britain and the Earl of Surrey brought the use of blank verse which was later utilised by celebrated Elizabethan writers like Shakespeare, Christopher Marlow, John Milton, to name a few. ‘Tottel’s Miscellany’ is considered as the first printed book amongst the different poetry works of this period. 

The Golden Age in the history of English Literature brought a gallery of authors of genius and literary masterpieces. It was a dynamic age filled with intellectual and religious revolutions and upheavals. As the new humanism surged, there were many significant works like Sir Thomas Hoby’s Castiglione and Sir Thomas North’s Plutarch. Edmund Spenser is another prolific names in Golden age who is also known as the poet’s poet. His famous poem in 1579, ‘The Shapaheardes Calander’ under 89 sonnets got highly popular. Sir Philip Sidney’s ‘ Archadia’, ‘Michel Drayton’, ‘Sir Walter Raleigh’, ‘Ben Johnson’ are some of the important names in the medieval English literature. There was a famous group in the Golden age which was known as the ‘University Wits.’ This group would include noted alumni writers from the University of Cambridge and University of Oxford . John Lyly, Christopher Marlow, Thomas Nashe, George Peele were some of the celebrated names under this group. 

John Donne also played a greater role in metaphysical poetry and beautiful sonnets of the Elizabethan age. Sir Francis Bacon popularized the scientific method of analysis and wrote many intellectual and analytical essays in this period. Moreover, Literary Dramas have a crucial role to play in making this age Golden. The first comedy play under this age was ‘Ralph Roister Doister’ by Nicholas Udall. From ‘Hamlet’, ‘King Lear’, ‘Othello’ and ‘Julius Ceasar’ to ‘A Midsummer Night’s Dream’ , ‘As You Like It’ and ‘Romeo and Juliet’ , William Shakespeare contributed many historical dramas and tragedies as well as romantic plays and comedies to the Golden Age. Notable writers of the Elizabethan era also include John Milton, John Webster, Thomas Kyd, George Peele, Ben Jonson, amongst others.

Also Read: MA English Literature

Another revolutionary change in the history of English literature was brought forward by the Restoration Age which immensely reflected the political conflict of the late 17th century. John Dryden emerged as one of the prominent literary figures of this age. He wrote a famous heroic poem, ‘ Astra Radix’ and was also known for ‘ Mac Flecknoe’. To attack his contemporaries, he wrote mock poems and wrote ‘essay on criticism’ Oliver Goldsmith’s The traveller and the deserted village was highly popular in this era. Another prominent writer for the Restoration Literature was John Milton, a well-known controversialist who wrote the famous Paradise Lost, Paradise Regained and Samson Agonistes . Thomas Gray, William Blake, Robert Burns are unavoidable names whose literary work has been highly acclaimed. The eminent philosopher of this era was John Locke who wrote many essays like ‘The Essay Concerning Human Understanding’ and most of his works delved deeper into the unravelling the workings of the civil society as well as debate and explorations on the human intelligence.

We challenge you to test your knowledge of English Literature with this English Quiz !

Concluding the Restoration period of the history of English Literature, the 18th century witnessed the publication of political literature as well as the advent of novels. Robert Harley, Daniel Defoe and Jonathan Swift were amongst the major political writers of this era. During the mid 18th and late 18th century, novels were introduced in the world. Daniel Defoe experimented with the prose narrative and wrote a novel called ‘Robinson Crusoe’. He was one of the esteemed and prominent writers to introduce novel writing to the literary world. In prose writing, Richard Steel and Jonathan Swift are also some of the popular names in prose writing as they were renowned for their satirical style of writing.

Quick Read: How to Learn Spoken English?

The Romantic age of the history of English literature experimented with the earlier forms of poetry and brought many interesting genres of prose fiction. The key feature of the poetry of this period was the emphasis laid on individual thought and personal feeling. William Blake, William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge were the brilliant poetry geniuses of this era as they curated glorious works rooted in nature, love, romance as well as contemporary thought. The later Romantics were Shelley, Keats and Byron who carried on the legacy in the 20th century. The novels of this era were written as a form of entertainment to the now literate public and were a stern commentary on many prominent events such as the French Revolution. The Gothic novel is an important invention in prose fiction and some of its prominent writers were Horace Walpole, Matthew Lewis, Ann Radcliffe and Mary Shelley. On the other hand, Jane Austen stood by the conservation form of prose fiction through popular romantic novels like Pride and Prejudice, Emma, Persuasion, Northanger Abbey , to name a few.

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After the end of the victorian age, the modern history of English literature began with the beginning of the 20th century. Rudyard Kipling is considered as one of the greatest writers in this century. He was born in India and then moved to Lahore and was a supporter of colonization. His main works include Kim, Life’s handicap , apart from the significant book ‘the Jungle Book’. Some prominent contributions to the 20th-century literature were EM Foster’s ‘ A Passage to India’, H. G Wells, The Time Machine, The Invisible Man, First Man on the Moon’ etc.

D.H Lawrance has the greatest contribution to this century. James Joyce, Virginia Woolf, George Orwell, William Golding, John Galsworthy, George Bernard Shaw, Harold Pinter, T.S Elliot are some of the prolific names which were popular for their 20th-century dramas. In poetry literature of the 20th century, William Butler Yeats, T.S Eliot, W.H Auden, Thomas Hardy, G.M Hopkins, Dylan Thomas, are some of the resounding names of poetry landscape in this era of the history of English literature. Some of the prolific war poets include Rupert Brooke, Siegfried Sassoon & Wilfred Owen. 

Also Read: English Literature Courses

The history of Indian English literature originally started with poets and writers like Henry Louis Vivian Derozio, Rabindranath Tagore and Sri Aurobindo . While most of the Indian writers continued to write in their native languages, these authors adopted English and marked a beginning to what we can now call the history of Indian English literature. Here are some of the key features of the history of Indian English literature:

  • The history of Indian English literature gets a bit complicated, especially during the period which marked the freedom struggle for independence and the period following independence. English being the language of colonisers, the Indian writers who adopted English were highly criticised for their choice. 
  • During these conflicts, many writers came forth to justify the use of English. One such writer was Sujit Mukherjee who said that English acts as a “link language” in the Indian subcontinent . What he meant by this is that India is a linguistically diverse land not many people understood the regional languages. Like Hindi was not understood by the majority of people from the southern and northeastern parts of India. In such a scenario, a language was needed which could connect the masses and English became that language. As a result, Indian English literature started gaining the prominence that it has today. 
  • Writers like R.K. Narayan and Salman Rushdie brought out their own version of English by incorporating certain Indian words into their otherwise English texts. Later this came to be known as “chutnification”. And this is how Indian writers made a foreign language into their own. 
  • With time, Indian English literature became the lens through which the outside world looked at India. They become carriers of a collective history. For instance, in “Malgudi days”, R.K. Narayan paints the picture of the Indian rural community with all their beliefs and traditions. 
  • Writers like Salman Rushdie and Khushwant Singh tried to capture the horrors of partition in their writings. In a sense, with time Indian English writing became the common ground on which various histories were inscribed. And this process continues even today. 
  • One other significant part of the history of English Literature in India is the period when writers started translating their works. For example, Rabindranath Tagore decided to translate “Gitanjali” which was written in Bengali into English. And this translation process leads to the creation of a separate branch called Indian writing in translation. 
  • When we look at contemporary Indian English fiction like those of authors like Arundhati Roy, Aravind Adiga , to name a few, we realise that Indian writing in English still remains as a cultural artefact that tells compelling stories about the various cultures of India. It still is a medium through which we could get a better understanding of the cultures and beliefs of the people of India.

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The history of English Literature starts with the Anglo-Saxons and Germanic settlers in Anglo-Saxon England in the 5th century, c.450. The oldest English literature was in Old English which is the earliest form of English and is a set of Anglo-Frisian dialects. Beowolf is the earliest and most popular work in Old English Literature.

The most important 8 periods of English Literature are: 1. Old English (Anglo-Saxon Period): 450–1066 2. Middle English Period: 1066-1500 3. The Renaissance: 1500-1600 4. The Neoclassical Period: 1600-1785 5. The Romantic Period: 1785-1832 6. The Victorian Age: 1832-1901 7. The Edwardian Period: 1901-1914 8. The Georgian Period: 1910-1936 9. The Modern Period: Early 20th century 10. The Postmodern Period: Mid-20th century

Geoffrey Chaucer is referred to as the father of English Literature and was renowned for his courtly love poetry including the famous “ Canterbury Tales” though it was left incomplete; “The House of Fame”, and ‘ The Book of the Duchess’ .

The first historical period of English Literature is the Old English Period or The Anglo-Saxon Period (450-1066).

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I am happy to read the information like this .we need more such as the details of the social , and political background of each era .

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Introduction To History Of English Literature | Notes and PDF Download


Table of Contents

English literature.

Literature comes from the Latin word ‘litaritura’ meaning “writing organized with letters”. We classify literature according to language, origin, historical period, genre, and subject matter.

Initially, literature was a form of entertainment for the people. Over time, it attained the purpose of reform – a medium to draw the audience’s attention. The higher type of literature helps the reader to escape from trivial reality into significant reality. 

To understand the History of English Literature (or any other literature) we must also understand the general history of the world side by side.Therefore, I’ve added short background points in description of each of the 8 Periods that English Literature is divided into.


The major eight periods in the history of English literature are:

  • The Anglo-Saxon or Old English Period (450–1066)
  • The Anglo-Norman or Middle English period (1066–1500)
  • The Renaissance Period (1500–1660)
  • The Neoclassical Period (1660–1798)
  • The Romantic Period (1798–1837)
  • The Victorian Period (1837–1901)
  • The Modern Period (1901-1945)
  • The Contemporary Period (1945–Today)


Anglo-saxon or old english period (450-1066 ad).

  • Angles and Saxons were the ancestors of the English race. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the early 5th Century, three Germanic tribes—the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes—saw an opportunity to fill in the power gap and started migrating to Britain.
  • The language brought by these Anglo-Saxon settlers together with some Latin and Celtic words became Old English.
  • Poetry:  Heroic poetry elements, Christian ideals, Synecdoche, Metonymy. and Irony.  (After embracing Christianity, the Anglo-Saxon poets began to write religious poetry. Thus, the majority of Anglo-Saxon poetry encompasses religion)
  • 1st English writer :  Cædmon . His only surviving work is ‘Cædmon’s Hymn.’
  • Decline  of Anglo-Saxons after Norman Conquest of 1066. After the defeat of Harold, the last of Saxon kings, by William

Anglo-Norman or Middle English Period (1066-1500 AD)

  • Norman conquest  brought a radical change in English culture, law, language, and character. English became the language spoken only by the poor and powerless. While Norman-French became the language of the rich. Anglo-Saxons’ hostility towards the Norman elites also turned into national unity.
  • Romance:  In contrast to the courage, seriousness, and savagery of the Anglo-Saxon literature, the Normans introduced romantic tales of love and adventure in literature. This made the Anglo-Norman period to be chivalric rather than a heroic one.
  • Mystery and Miracle:  Mystery plays were based on subjects taken from the Bible while the Miracle plays depicted the lives of saints. chronicles became a well-established form of writing.
  • Chronicles  recorded the history of kings.
  • Father Of English Literature: Geoffrey Chaucer  (1343 to 1450). His most famous work is  Canterbury Tales .
  • Decline:  After Chaucer there came a decline in English poetry for about 100 years. The period from 1400 to the Renaissance was bereft of quality literature.

Renaissance Period (1500–1660)  a.k.a The ‘Golden Age’ 

  • Renaissance  actually started Italy by Dante, Boccaccio, and Petrarch. However, it became popular in Europe during the Elizabethan Period. The darkness of the middle ages was replaced by the enlightenment and ‘Revival of Learning’.
  • Focus: humanism, enhanced sensitivity to aesthetics and beauty, classical philosophy, love, art, rediscovery of external universe
  • Rise of dramatists  like William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe, Ben Johnson, Lyly, George Peele, Thomas Kyd, Robert Greene etc. The main themes of Elizabethan dramas were – revenge themes, internal conflicts, good versus evil, melodramatic scenes, hero-villain protagonists, tragic-comedy, presence of supernatural beings such as ghosts and witches
  • Father of English Drama: William Shakespeare . His famous works include – The Merchant of Venice, Richard II, Henry IV, King John, Henry V, Part I and II, Much Ado About Nothing, The Training of the Shrew, As You Like It, The Merry Wives of Windsor, and Twelfth Night, Anthony and Cleopatra, Winter’s Tale, The Tempest, etc.
  • ‘Child of Renaissance’ :  Christopher Marlowe  (1564-1593). Also called “the Father of English Dramatic Poetry.” His works include – The Jew of Malta., The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus, Edward II, etc.
  • William Tyndale  :  ‘The Father of English Prose’
  • John Milton (1608-1674) wrote Paradise Lost, Paradise Regained, and Samson Agonistes
  • Other writers: Francis Bacon, Milton, Robert Burton, Jeremy Tayler, Sir Thomas Brown and Clarendon.
  • Puritan movement in literature is also called the  second Renaissance  because of the  revival of man’s moral nature

Neoclassical Period (1660-1798)

  • Puritans finally defeated and  monarchy was restored in England , and Charles II came back to England from his exile in France and became the King. All restraints and discipline were casted away, and a tide of indecency and frivolity swept the country. Since Charles II and his followers had enjoyed a gay life during their exile in France, they introduced same foppery and looseness in England as well. 
  • Also known as the  Age of Dryden  because Dryden was the most significant literary figure of the age. He wrote Doctrinal Poems, Political Satires, and The Fables
  • Realism  and preciseness were the main features of literature.
  • Called  Age of Reason  or the  Age of Good Sense : precision and realism were carried to further perfection.
  • Famous writers include – efoe, Richardson, Smollet, Fielding, and others
  • Mother of English Literature: Francis Burney
  • Classical Age is further divided into two distinct periods–the Age of Pope (1700-1744) and the Age of Johnson (1744-1784)
  • Age of Pope:  Alexander Pope, Matthew Prior, John Gay, Edward Young, Daniel Defoe, Jonathan Swift, Joseph Addison etc.
  • Age of Johnson:  Dr. Samuel Johnson, James Thomson, William Blake, Thomas Gray, William Cowper, William Collins, and George Crabbe, Samuel Johnson, Edmund Burke, and Edward Gibbon.

Romantic Period (1798-1837)

  • Most fluorished period! Star women authors!
  • Romanticism:  Romantic poets proved that if the trivial aspects of nature and the common things of life are treated in the right way, they could be as interesting and significant as the grand aspects of nature and life. 
  • Gothic Literature:  elements such as supernatural, gloomy settings and bizarre situations. E.g.: Frankenstein by Mary Shelly
  • Famous writers: Jane Austen, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Southey, Shelley, Keats, and Byron 

Victorian Period (1837–1901)

  • Unique amalgamation of two opposites—Romanticism and Classicism
  • Background setting: Industrialisation, colonialism, social and economic unrest
  • Early Victorian Period (1837-1870):  Robert Browning, Alfred Tennyson, Charles Dickens, Matthew Arnold, Carlyle, Thackeray and Ruskin
  • Later Victorian Period (1870-1901):  Christiana Rossetti, Charles Swinburne, George Eliot, William Morris, Thomas Hardy, Oscar Wilde, Pater and others. In poetry, Morris, Swinburne and Rossetti

Modern Period (1901-1945)

  • Themes:  Serious topics like World Wars political unrest, racism , end of colonialism, socialism etc.
  • Famous writers: Karl Marx, Engles, Ruskin, Oscar Wilde, George Bernard Shaw, WB Yeats, TS Eliot, James Joyce, Virginia Woolf, Adlous Huxley, D. H. Laurence etc.
  • Father of Modern Drama :  Henrik Ibsen

Contemporary Period (1945–Today)

  • Setting:  End of World War II, post-colonialism, Cold war, political and economic unrest, mental health, feminism, LGBTQ representation, post-globalisation world, etc.
  • Rise of Sci-fi and Fantasy literature : Harry Potter, Lord of Flies and others. Also several other genres like crime, thriller, mystery.
  • Diversified group of writers, not just from England or Europe but from rest of the world. E.g.: Haruki Murakami, Ocean Vuong, Arundhati Roy, Jhumpa Lahiri etc.


  • George Sampson’s The Cambridge History of English Literature
  • Andrew Sanders’s Short Oxford History of English literature
  • The Routledge History of Literature in English   >>> Get PDF
  • A short History of English Literature (Pramod K. Nayar)
  • William Henry Hudson’s An outline history of English literature  >>> Get PDF

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english literature pdf notes



In this Part One, various forms of oral literature have been discussed widely. Illustrative examples have been plentifully provided; some terms have also been nourished by pictures and diagrams.

O ral literature is a type of literature that is handed down or presented orally through the word of mouth from one generation to another. Historically, this form of literature, oral expression, was practiced much before the invention of writings. Until today, oral literature is still dominant in various societies.

(1) Folktales

These are the traditional stories about animals or human beings that are usually passed down from one generation to another in a particular society. For example, many English and Swahili folktales begin with the phrase ‘once upon a time’ and end with ‘they lived happily ever after’. The story of ‘Cinderella’ is one of the examples of folktales. 

Fables are animal stories that try to teach people how to behave. They are a particular type of narrative in which animals, plants, or similar characters are anthropomorphized or made to seem as if they were human. The best known collection of fables is ‘Aesop’s Fables’ although it is uncertain whether a historical Aesop ever existed. Examples of fables The Hare and the Tortoise , The Lion and the Mouse and others.


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  • Part Three: Analysis of ‘Eat More’   
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UGC NET English Literature Notes PDF Download_00.1

UGC NET English Literature Notes PDF Download

UGC NET English Literature Notes PDF Download_20.1

Utilizing UGC NET English Literature notes for the UGC English Exam offers a range of advantages to aspirants. These meticulously crafted study materials provide a comprehensive overview of key literary concepts, historical contexts, and critical theories, enhancing candidates’ understanding and analysis of English literature.

UGC NET English notes aid in efficient revision by condensing vast syllabi into concise, focused content, facilitating retention and quick recall. They also enable candidates to grasp intricate topics, identify important themes, and engage with diverse literary genres, ultimately fostering a deeper comprehension of the subject matter and thereby boosting their performance and confidence during the UGC English Exam.

UGC NET English Literature Notes

The UGC NET English Notes is designed to help the candidates preparing for the national level exam to excel with flying colors. These meticulously curated notes cover the entire syllabus and are designed by experienced educators who have a deep understanding of the subject matter. With Adda247’s UGC NET English Notes, you can enhance your preparation and gain a comprehensive understanding of various topics, literary theories, and critical analysis techniques. Study Hard with smart notes and techniques to level up your exam readiness and boost your confidence.

UGC NET English Study Notes PDF

Here is a list of Important UGC NET English Study Notes PDF on which the candidates will find in-depth notes and study material. There are many English topics for the UGC NET Mains exam or 2nd paper. We have added the most appropriate English Literature topics that is the most expected for UGC NET Exam.

UGC NET English Literature

UGC NET English Literature is a highly competitive exam that requires comprehensive preparation to secure a remarkable score. To assist candidates in their journey toward success, high-quality study notes play a pivotal role. These study notes are meticulously crafted by subject matter experts, ensuring thorough coverage of the vast and diverse syllabus. With their organized and easy-to-understand format, candidates can grasp complex literary theories, historical contexts, and critical analysis techniques more effectively.

Moreover, these notes act as a valuable quick-reference resource during last-minute revisions, saving time and boosting confidence. By offering in-depth insights into various literary periods, renowned authors, and significant works, these study notes empower candidates to approach the UGC NET English Literature exam with heightened proficiency.

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UGC NET English Notes in PDF format have become a boon for aspirants preparing for this challenging exam. These comprehensive study materials cover a wide range of essential topics, allowing candidates to delve deep into the subject matter. Some important UGC NET English Notes include notes on literary criticism and theory, covering major critical perspectives such as formalism, structuralism, post-structuralism, and feminist criticism.

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UGC NET English Study Materials hold immense importance for candidates preparing for UGC NET 2023. In the competitive landscape of this examination, having access to authentic study materials is crucial for effective preparation. Authentic study materials provide accurate and up-to-date content, ensuring that candidates are well-informed about the latest syllabus and exam pattern.

They cover all the essential topics in English literature, language, and linguistics, enabling candidates to grasp the subject comprehensively. Additionally, authentic study materials often include practice questions and mock tests, giving candidates valuable opportunities to assess their knowledge and improve their performance. With reliable UGC NET English Study Materials, candidates can build a strong foundation and boost their confidence, increasing their chances of success in the UGC NET 2023 exam and achieving their academic and professional goals.

UGC NET English Literature Notes PDF Download_30.1

What is the purpose of UGC NET English Notes?

The UGC NET English Notes are designed to help candidates preparing for the national-level exam excel with flying colors. These meticulously curated notes cover the entire syllabus and provide a comprehensive understanding of various topics, literary theories, and critical analysis techniques.

What does UGC NET English Literature cover?

UGC NET English Literature is a highly competitive exam that covers various literary periods, critical theories, historical contexts, and renowned authors' works.

How do UGC NET English Study Materials play a pivotal role in exam preparation?

UGC NET English Study Materials, designed by subject matter experts, provide comprehensive coverage of the vast syllabus and help candidates grasp complex literary theories and critical analysis techniques more effectively.

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CBSE Class 10 English Practice Paper 2024 with Solutions: Best for Last Minute Revision

Cbse class 10 english practice paper 2024: check the cbse class 10 english practice paper with solutions to prepare for the upcoming board exam. this practice paper is as per the latest exam pattern and based on the full syllabus. download the practice paper and solutions in pdf..

Gurmeet Kaur

CBSE Class 10 English (Language & Literature) Practice Paper 2024

Section A: Reading Skills  (20 Marks)

1.Read the given text:   10   M arks

(1) Starting Monday, the country's low-cost Mars mission with the red planet for an extended period will enter the blackout phase snapping communication with the satellite. From June 8 to 22 the Sun will block Mars from the Earth snapping communication with the satellite.

(2)A senior Indian Space Research Organization official said. "That will be for the first time that there will be communication break for such a long period of about 15 days. During this period there will be no communication with the satellite, he added.

(3)Expressing confidence about regaining control over the satellite once the blackout phase is over, he said, "the scenario had been tested and the line of communication will be established" The spacecraft's life has been extended for another six months in March due to surplus fuel.

(4)Stating that the spacecraft has been "configured for the blackout, the ISRO official said, "we are not sending any commands to the spacecraft now; till 8 June few hours of signals will be sent by the spacecraft that will be for about two to three hours per day" In May next year, the mission will have to go through a similar phase once there is another extension of mission life when the Earth will come between the Sun and Mars.

(5)Scripting  space history, India on September 24 last successfully placed its low-cost Mars spacecraft in orbit around the red planet in its very first attempt, breaking into an elite club of three countries.

Based on your understanding of the extract, answer the questions below:

(i) Infer one reason for the following based on information in paragraph 1:

The blackout phase is significant---------------------

(ii) Choose the appropriate option to fill in the blank.

From paragraph 1&2, we can infer that there will be………………….

1.no communication with the people.

2. blackout phase

3. satellite will get no communication

4. moon will block the earth

5. the communication break will be for 15 days

(A) 1.2&3

(B) 1,3&4

(C) 2,3&5

(D) 3,4&5

(iii) According to ISRO official till 8 June, when Sun will block Mars……………. Signal/signals per day will be sent to the spacecraft

(B) considerable

(C) indefinite

(D) only few

(iv) Complete the following sentence.

(iv) The ISRO officials are............. about their control over the spacecraft after the blackout phase.

(A) Doubtful

(B) Apprehensive

(C) Confident

(D) jittery

(v) The spacecraft's life was extended by six months because of

(A) extra fuel

(B) incomplete work

(C) lack of communication amongst ISRO officials

(D) technical problems in its landing

(vi) Read the following sentence:

(a) The blackout was a sudden development.

(b) Because of this, the officials are very nervous about the success of the spacecraft.

(A) Both (A) & (B) are true

(B) Both (A) & (B) are false.

(C) (A) is true and (B) is false.

(D) (A) is false and (B) is true.

(vii) Find the word  in the 1st para which means the same as ‘a sudden break’…………..

(viii) Throw light on India's script in space history in about 40 words.

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  1. History of English Literature PDF, Outline, Notes, Books

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