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Writing is the last section you’ll complete on the TOEFL. You’re so close to finishing, yet you still have two essays to write before you can celebrate completing the exam. In order to finish the test on a high note, you’ll need to be prepared for this section.

In this guide, we explain the ins and outs of the Writing section and the materials you need to do well. We then go over all the best TOEFL Writing practice resources available , including free and official practice Writing topics. We'll end with final tips to keep in mind in order to ace the TOEFL Writing section.

Overview of TOEFL Writing

The TOEFL Writing section is 50 minutes long (broken into two parts) and contains two tasks: Integrated Writing and Independent Writing. You’ll type both essays on the computer.

The Integrated Writing task requires you to use listening, reading, and writing skills. For this task, you will have three minutes to read a short passage, then you will listen to a short (approximately two-minute long) audio clip of a speaker discussing the same topic the written passage covers. You will have 20 minutes to plan and write a response that references both of these sources. You won’t discuss your own opinion.

For the Independent Writing task, you’ll receive a question on a particular topic or issue. You’ll have 30 minutes to plan and write a response to that topic that explains your opinion on it. You’ll need to give reasons that support your decision.

Each essay will receive a score from 0-5. The sum will then be scaled to a score from 0-30, which is your official Writing score. The Writing section makes up 25% of your total TOEFL score (from 0-120).

What You’ll Need to Be Prepared for the TOEFL Writing Section

As you likely expect, you’ll spend most of your time on the TOEFL Writing section, well, writing. However, you’ll also need to have solid reading and listening skills for the Integrated task. Since the Writing section requires multiple skills, you’ll need multiple study tools in order to be completely prepared. Some of the most important things you’ll need to prepare for TOEFL Writing include:

  • Complete practice Writing sections
  • Individual practice questions or TOEFL Writing topics
  • Opportunities to practice your writing skills
  • Opportunities to practice your listening skills

In the next section, we'll go over the best TOEFL Writing practice tests and questions.

The Best TOEFL Writing Practice Materials

This section contains links to the top practice materials to use while preparing for TOEFL Writing. What makes a practice material the best?

  • First, the practice questions must be similar in content and format to the real TOEFL Writing section to give you the best preparation for the real exam.
  • Second, it’s a major plus if the practice questions come with answer explanations that help you understand how to answer an essay prompt well.
  • Finally, prep materials that include useful tips and strategies for answering Writing questions are useful because they give you advice on how to raise your score on this section.

Official Prep Materials

Official resources are the best to use since you can be confident they’ll be very similar to the real TOEFL Writing section. The topics will be much more realistic in format and content.

Below are all the official TOEFL Writing practice materials available, both free and paid resources. ETS doesn’t provide just Writing questions, so each of these resources also have practice resources for the other sections of the TOEFL. Be sure to include at least some of these materials in your studying. The next section has more tips on how to make the most of official practice resources.

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TOEFL iBT Sampler

The TOEFL iBT Sampler is a program you can download with official practice questions, and it’s a great free and official resource to use. In addition to other TOEFL sections, it includes a complete TOEFL iBT Writing practice section (two tasks). Sample answers for both tasks are included so you can get an idea of what a good essay looks like. Unfortunately, the Sampler only works with Windows; you can’t download it with a Mac.

TOEFL iBT Sample Questions

This PDF is another free and official resource. In addition to other question types, it includes two Writing tasks: one TOEFL Integrated Writing practice question and one Independent Writing practice question. Each sample TOEFL Writing topic is followed by a sample essay as well as an in-depth score explanation, which is a great tool for studiers.

TOEFL iBT Quick Prep

The Quick Prep contains four different volumes, each of which contains one or two Writing prompts. The first volume is the best for TOEFL iBT Writing practice, since it contains two tasks (the others each only contain one) and also has an in-depth explanation of what your essays should include. The other three volumes only contain the essay rubrics without any advice on how to answer the specific essay prompt given.

TOEFL Practice Online (TPO) Tests

TPO tests are retired TOEFL exams now offered for test prep. They give the closest experience to the real TOEFL, and, because of that, they aren’t cheap. You’ll have to pay $45 for each complete TOEFL you buy (you can’t just buy individual TOEFL iBT Writing practice sections).

Your exam will be automatically graded after you finish it, although I was not particularly impressed with how the Writing section was graded when I took it. For the actual TOEFL, two human graders and a computer program review your essays and assign grades to each one. For this exam, a computer grades your Writing section within less than a minute of you completing the exam, and there is no explanation of how that grade was determined.

This is a useful resource, but if you don’t want to spend that much money on a practice test, it’s completely possible to do well just using the above practice resources.

Official TOEFL Prep Books

There are several official TOEFL prep books for sale by ETS. The Official Guide to the TOEFL Test , in addition to explaining the types of questions on the test, contains numerous practice questions and three full-length exams.  This is also the only official prep book that includes sample essays of varying scores along with scoring explanations, which can be a big help if you’re trying to guess what score your essays would get.

There’s also the Official TOEFL iBT Tests Volumes 1 and 2. Each of these books contains five unique practice tests, available on paper and the computer. However, no sample responses are given for Writing questions, which make them a less useful resource compared to The Official Guide to the TOEFL Test.

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Unofficial Prep Materials

You have to be more careful when using unofficial prep resources since not all of them are reliable. Some are high-quality and very similar to the TOEFL, others are not. For the Writing section in particular, because it’s so easy to make up essay prompts, there are many sites that claim to offer TOEFL Writing practice when their practice questions are actually low-quality. Below are some of the top unofficial prep resources out there. All of them (except the prep books, if you buy them) are free.

English Club

This site contains one TOEFL Integrated Writing practice task and five Independent Writing practice tasks. All six TOEFL Writing topics are similar to the real test, and the Integrated task as well as one of the Independent tasks have sample responses you can compare your answers to. At the bottom of the web page is a checklist of things your essays should include to help give you a guideline of what you should be aiming for when you write.

Magoosh offers one TOEFL Integrated Writing practice task. That’s not a lot of practice, but it is a high-quality question that includes a sample response. Magoosh also offers three complete TOEFLs, so you can use those Writing questions as well.

Good Luck TOEFL

This site has a huge number (several hundred) of Independent Writing tasks, separated into five different categories depending on question type. Some of the questions are more simplistic than you’ll see on the real TOEFL , and there’s no scoring information or sample responses, but there are a good source if you need more TOEFL Writing topics to write about.

Beat the Test

This site contains 155 Independent Writing tasks. Like Good Luck TOEFL, some of these TOEFL Writing topics are easier than you’ll find on the TOEFL, and there are no sample responses included, but they do give you the opportunity to practice writing.

Unofficial Prep Books

Prep books, even unofficial ones, often are a great resource for practice questions. Most books include sample Writing questions, along with scoring explanations , and then contain one or more complete practice TOEFLs at the end of the book. You can learn all about the best TOEFL prep books by reading our guide .

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Other TOEFL Writing Practice Materials

There are other ways to practice besides just answering sample Writing questions. TOEFL Writing is designed to measure how strong your English writing skills are, so, any practice you get writing English will help you with this section, even if you’re not directly answering practice exam questions. There are many ways to get writing practice; several of them are described below.

Duolingo is a popular free language-learning site. Users answer different types of questions, including writing questions. You can’t choose to only answer writing questions, so this isn’t the best resource for targeted writing practice, bu t it’s a good way to strengthen your overall English skills.

For advanced English learners, many of Duolingo’s beginning problem sets will likely be too easy, but you can take a quiz to figure out where in the program you should start.

Free Writing

Finally, you can also practice writing about topics that have nothing to do with the TOEFL. As long as you’re writing in English, you’re getting good practice. Writing about something that interests you can also encourage you to write more. Some ideas for free writing include:

  • Keeping a journal
  • Getting an English-speaking pen pal
  • Starting a blog about a topic that interests you

How to Get the Most Out of Your TOEFL Writing Practice

Now that you’re an expert on the best practice resources for TOEFL Writing, the next step is to put those materials to use in the most effective way in order to see results on test day. Follow these four tips in order to get the most out of your practice.

Practice Writing in English Regularly

The most important thing you can do to practice for the Writing section of the TOEFL is to practice writing English regularly. If you can practice every day, that would be ideal, but at the very least you should aim to practice writing 1,000 words in English a week.

Remember, this writing practice doesn’t only have to consist of answering TOEFL Speaking questions; any free writing, even just jotting down what you did that day in your diary, counts as writing practice.

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Make Use of Official Materials

As mentioned above, official TOEFL resources have the best practice questions out there, so you want to make the most of them. Spread these questions throughout your TOEFL studying; don’t use them all up at the beginning or save them all for the end. You want to be regularly seeing these questions as you prepare.

Also, when you answer official practice questions, make sure you set enough time aside to devote your full attention to them. Practice them in a quiet room with no distractions, and carefully compare your responses to the sample responses. These aren’t the questions to practice when you have a few minutes to spare and need some quick practice while scrolling through your phone.

Time Yourself When Writing Practice Essays

When you are writing practice essays, you should also time yourself. Give yourself 20 minutes to plan and write each Integrated Writing task and 30 minutes for each Independent Writing task.

Timing yourself when you write will help you be better prepared for test day because you’ll have practice planning and writing essays within a limited time frame. When you first begin writing practice essays, it can be easy to spend too much time preparing and run out of time before you finish writing. Taking timed practice essays will help you avoid this. You should also count how many words each of your essays contain after you’ve finished writing them. Integrated tasks should be 150-225 words and Independent tasks should be at least 300 words.

Review Your Practice Essays

After you write each TOEFL practice essay, you should also review it and think about how well it answered the question. This is easier to do if the practice question comes with sample answers that you can compare your answer to, but you should do this step for all practice essays you write, even if they don’t come with any answer explanation. You can also assign your essays a score or have a tutor or friend who’s also studying for the TOEFL score your essay.

It’s tempting to take a break from TOEFL studying as soon as you’ve finished your essays, but it’s important to do this step because it will get you thinking about what great essays look like and how yours can be improved. The ETS provides the rubric it uses to grade TOEFL writing tasks which you can use to evaluate your essays.

Conclusion: Getting the Most Out of Your TOEFL Writing Practice

In order to write two awesome essays for the TOEFL Writing section, you’ll likely have to put in some practice. Once you know what to expect from this section and how you’ll be graded, use a variety of official and unofficial practice resources during your studying.

As you’re preparing for the Writing section, you should also practice writing in English regularly, use official resources wisely, time yourself when writing practice essays, and review your essays after you write them.

What's Next?

Looking for more information on the TOEFL Writing section? Learn all the tips you need to know in order to ace TOEFL Writing !

What score should you be aiming to get on the TOEFL? Learn what a good TOEFL score is based on the schools you're interested in attending.

Looking for a great TOEFL prep book? A good prep book can be the most important study tool you use, and we have information on all the best TOEFL prep books you should consider .

Need to boost your TOEFL score?   We have the industry's leading TOEFL prep program. Built by Harvard grads and SAT full scorers, our program offers individual review, interactive lessons, and realistic online practice, at an affordable price. It's the fastest way to get your target TOEFL score.   And the best part? You can try it out for 5 days absolutely free of charge!

Christine graduated from Michigan State University with degrees in Environmental Biology and Geography and received her Master's from Duke University. In high school she scored in the 99th percentile on the SAT and was named a National Merit Finalist. She has taught English and biology in several countries.

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TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: 100 Prompts + Model Answers

I created  100 writing practice tests + model answers. These tasks give you practice writing for an online discussion. In addition, after each practice test, I include a model response of how you could answer. If you want me to score your practice tests, join my TOEFL Speaking and Writing Feedback Service . To learn more about TOEFL Writing Task 2, CLICK HERE . Get some tips and tricks on how to effectively reply by going here . Good luck!

TOEFL writing practice tests

Table of Contents

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 1

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in biology. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

  • express and support your personal opinion
  • meaningfully contribute to the discussion

Professor Smith: Over the last couple of classes, we have been discussing the theory of evolution, which posits that all living organisms have descended from common ancestors through natural selection and genetic variation. While widely accepted within the scientific community, it faces opposition from some religious and creationist groups who interpret religious texts as offering an alternative explanation for the origins of life.

In fact, some believe that the religious view for the origins of life should also be taught as an alternative view. However, others argue that, since the religious views lacks empirical evidence to either prove or disprove it, universities should not allow the religious version which stipulates that a supreme being God is the creator of all life. Please share in a post with your classmates which view you support and why.

James: In my opinion, teaching creationism alongside evolution in a secular educational setting just doesn’t make sense. Creationism doesn’t have solid evidence or scientific backing like evolution does. Science classes should totally be about evidence-based stuff that helps us think critically and understand the world around us. 

Emma: While I get that science should be all about evidence, mentioning creationism in a science course could help us understand different beliefs and cultural perspectives. It’s essential to acknowledge that not everyone thinks the same way and be open to diverse ideas, even if they aren’t scientifically supported.

  • Write your 100-word response in the comment box at the bottom of this web page.
  • Read model responses of how you could effectively reply to these TOEFL writing practice tests.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 2

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in Calculus. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Johnson:  While standardized tests are often used to assess students’ mathematical abilities and overall academic performance, there are debates about their effectiveness and fairness. Critics argue that standardized tests may not accurately measure a student’s true understanding of mathematics and can lead to teaching strategies that focus on test preparation rather than fostering a deeper understanding of the subject. Additionally, there are concerns about the potential for these tests to perpetuate inequalities, as students from disadvantaged backgrounds may face additional challenges in performing well on standardized math tests.

In your discussion post for this week, answer the following question, “Should math standardized tests be allowed at universities to measure students’ academic abilities?”

Olivia: Yes, math standardized tests should be allowed at universities to measure students’ academic abilities. These tests provide a standardized and objective way to assess a student’s mathematical proficiency, ensuring fair evaluation across diverse backgrounds. For example, universities can use these tests to determine students’ readiness for advanced math courses, helping them match students with appropriate academic programs.

John: No, math standardized tests should not be allowed at universities to measure students’ academic abilities. These tests may not fully capture a student’s mathematical potential and could lead to a narrow evaluation of their capabilities. For example, some students may experience test anxiety, which can hinder their performance, resulting in an inaccurate representation of their true mathematical skills.

  • Write your 100-word response in the comment box below this post.

TOEFL Writing Practice TestsOnline Discussion Writing Practice Test 3

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in American History. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Williams: Reparations refer to the act of providing compensation or redress to individuals or groups who have suffered harm or injustice in the past. So far in this course, we have discussed this topic in the context of historical injustices, such as slavery, colonization, or systemic discrimination. Reparations aim to acknowledge and rectify the lasting impact of these past wrongs on affected communities. The forms of reparations can vary, including financial restitution, social programs, educational opportunities, or other initiatives designed to address historical inequalities. The idea of reparations remains a contentious and complex topic, as opinions differ on the necessity, scope, and practicality of implementing such measures.

Write a post this week addressing the following, “What type of reparations do you think society should provide African Americans for the historical injustices that they have faced?”

Robert: As an individual, I believe that providing free access to high-quality education and job training programs for African Americans would be a meaningful reparation for historical injustices. This initiative could help address the longstanding disparities caused by slavery, segregation, and discrimination. By investing in education and skills development, we can empower African Americans with the tools to overcome systemic barriers and pursue better opportunities.

Ava: I think it’s important to provide better healthcare and mental health support for African American communities as a way to make up for the unfair treatment they’ve experienced in the past. In the past, they didn’t have the same access to good healthcare, which made their health worse. By making sure everyone has equal access to good healthcare, we can start to fix these past wrongs and help African Americans be healthier. Also, giving them mental health resources that understand their culture can help them deal with the emotional pain caused by historical oppression and make their community stronger and more resilient.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 4

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in World Literature. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Jones: One controversial topic in world literature is the portrayal of race, ethnicity, and cultural identity. Some literary works have been criticized for perpetuating stereotypes or using cultural elements inappropriately. Critics argue that such portrayals can reinforce harmful biases and contribute to cultural appropriation. On the other hand, defenders assert that literature should reflect diverse perspectives and that exploring different cultures is essential for understanding the complexities of the world. The debate raises questions about artistic freedom, responsibility, and the impact of literature on shaping societal attitudes. Authors and readers continue to grapple with finding a balance between artistic expression and respecting cultural sensitivity in world literature.

As you prepare to write a post this week online, consider that some have gone as far as suggesting a ban on literature materials that promote stereotypes and racial bias. Others argue that these types of literature bans violate free speech which is a constitutional guarantee in the United States. Which opinion do you agree with and why?

Marco: I strongly believe that literature materials promoting stereotypes and racial bias should be banned because they can perpetuate harmful beliefs and attitudes. Such books can contribute to prejudice and discrimination, negatively impacting individuals and communities. Reading materials should encourage empathy, understanding, and respect for diverse cultures and backgrounds. When literature promotes stereotypes, it can lead to unfair treatment and misunderstandings among people of different races and ethnicities. Banning these materials can promote a more inclusive and tolerant society, where everyone feels valued and represented. Instead, we should focus on reading materials that foster empathy, challenge stereotypes, and promote positive intercultural relationships.

Isabella: I believe that literature materials promoting stereotypes and racial bias should not be banned because it’s essential to understand and learn from history, even if it includes unpleasant aspects. These books can serve as a reminder of past mistakes and the need for progress. Instead of banning them, we should encourage critical thinking and discussions around the problematic content. By engaging with these materials, we can develop a better understanding of how stereotypes and biases have shaped society and work towards overcoming them. It’s through open dialogue and education that we can challenge harmful beliefs and promote a more inclusive and accepting world.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 5

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in psychology. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Brown: In addition to nurture, others support the nature perspective in psychology which posits that fundamental aspects of human behavior, cognition, and personality are predominantly shaped by genetic inheritance and innate biological factors. It emphasizes the role of hereditary influences in defining an individual’s psychological traits, highlighting the significance of one’s inherent predispositions and biological makeup.

Keeping the idea of nurture in mind, reflect upon the following assertion and answer the subsequent question:

Criminals are deviant by nature, so, once they commit a crime, they should face the maximum sentences allowed, especially since there is little or no chance or rehabilitating them in prison. If these criminals commit murder, for example, they should never be allowed out of prison for the rest of their lives. Do you agree or disagree with this statement?

William: Well, you know, saying that all criminals are just born deviant and can never change is not really fair or true. People turn to crime for all kinds of reasons – it’s a mix of biology, psychology, and the environment they grow up in. Sure, some folks might have certain inclinations, but that doesn’t mean they’re stuck that way forever. Rehab programs can actually work wonders by tackling the root causes, helping them change their ways, and reducing repeat offenses. So, let’s give people a chance to turn their lives around, huh? Compassion and understanding can go a long way in the justice system.

Ava:  Some criminals can be really tough nuts to crack when it comes to rehabilitation. It’s not always as simple as slapping on some therapy or classes. Some of them have deep-seated issues, like severe personality disorders or a history of violent behavior, that can make it super challenging to change their ways. In some cases, I believe that some of the criminals were actually born that way. Moreover, some criminals might not even want to change – they’re kinda set in their criminal lifestyle. And let’s face it, not all rehab programs are top-notch, so not everyone gets the help they really need. It’s a messy mix of factors that can make rehab success difficult for certain individuals.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 6

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in microeconomics. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Davis: One of the controversial topics in microeconomics is the minimum wage. It’s a hot debate that revolves around determining the appropriate level for the minimum wage and its impact on the economy. Supporters argue that raising the minimum wage can reduce poverty, increase workers’ purchasing power, and improve their standard of living. On the other hand, critics argue that higher minimum wages may lead to job losses, especially for low-skilled workers, as businesses may struggle to afford higher labor costs. This contentious issue sparks debates on the trade-offs between income equality and potential negative consequences on employment and small businesses.

In your view, what is the most important advantage or disadvantage of raising the minimum wage in our society?

Isabella: One significant advantage of increasing the minimum wage is its potential to enable workers to meet their essential needs more effectively. By raising their income, individuals gain greater access to necessities such as food, housing, and healthcare, alleviating financial strain and promoting a higher quality of life. Additionally, a higher minimum wage fosters a sense of economic security and empowerment among workers, encouraging them to pursue personal growth, increased productivity, and job satisfaction. Consequently, implementing a higher minimum wage can be considered a mutually beneficial strategy, positively impacting both the workforce and the broader economy.

David: One drawback of increasing the minimum wage is its potential impact on small businesses. When the minimum wage rises, these businesses face higher labor costs, which can be burdensome, especially for those operating on narrow profit margins. To cope, some may resort to reducing employee hours, cutting jobs, or even closing down altogether. This could lead to job losses and limited employment opportunities, particularly for entry-level and less experienced workers. Balancing the benefits for workers with the challenges faced by small businesses becomes essential when considering minimum wage adjustments. Finding an equilibrium that supports both workers and economic sustainability is crucial.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 7

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in chemistry. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Miller: Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are being used more and more in agriculture. GMOs are organisms whose genetic material has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally. In agriculture, GMOs are engineered to have desirable traits such as resistance to pests, diseases, and herbicides. Proponents argue that GMOs can increase crop yields, reduce the use of pesticides, and potentially help address global food shortages. However, opponents raise concerns about potential risks to human health and the environment. They argue that long-term effects of GMO consumption are still uncertain, and there is a risk of unintended consequences on non-GMO crops and biodiversity. The debate over GMOs continues to be a contentious issue worldwide.

Should GMOs be used in agriculture? Why or why not?

Richard: One reason why GMOs should be used in agriculture is their potential to increase crop yields. Through genetic modification, crops can be engineered to be more resistant to pests, diseases, and environmental stresses. This enhanced resistance can result in higher crop productivity, leading to greater food production. With the world’s population steadily increasing, GMOs offer a promising solution to meet the growing demand for food and help ensure global food security. By producing more food on existing agricultural land, GMOs can contribute to reducing pressure on natural ecosystems, thus supporting sustainable farming practices.

Sophia:  I believe that GMOs should not be used in agriculture because of the concern over potential long-term effects on human health and the environment. While some studies have shown no immediate adverse health effects from consuming GMOs, critics argue that the long-term impact is still uncertain and warrants caution. Additionally, the use of genetically modified crops can lead to unintended consequences, such as the development of resistance in pests and weeds, and potential harm to non-GMO crops through cross-pollination. A study published in the journal “Environmental Sciences Europe” in 2014 reported that the widespread adoption of GMO crops has led to an increase in herbicide use, contributing to environmental concerns. As such, a precautionary approach is necessary when considering the widespread use of GMOs in agriculture.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 8

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in environmental science. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Wilson: As we have discussed over the last two classes, large-scale hydroelectric dams are being constructed in several countries. These projects are lauded for their capacity to generate renewable energy and aid in climate change mitigation, providing a stable power supply and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. However, their construction often involves extensive land clearing, which can lead to habitat destruction, loss of biodiversity, and displacement of local communities. Furthermore, altered water flow and sediment transport can negatively impact downstream ecosystems, disrupting aquatic life and affecting traditional fishing practices. At the very least, striking a balance between energy needs and ecological preservation requires rigorous environmental impact assessments and inclusive stakeholder engagement to address the potential ecological and social consequences of such projects.

Some believe that these large structures should no longer be built since they cause so much habitat destruction. Others, in contrast, contend that the benefits of the dams’ renewable energy production far outweigh any negative environmental effects. Which opinion do you prefer and why? 

Joseph: One significant benefit of hydroelectric dams is their capacity to generate clean and renewable energy. By harnessing the force of flowing water, hydroelectric power plants produce electricity without burning fossil fuels, thereby reducing greenhouse gas emissions and mitigating climate change. This sustainable energy source contributes to global efforts to transition away from polluting and finite energy resources, providing a reliable power supply to meet growing energy demands. Additionally, hydroelectric dams offer a stable and consistent power output, which aids in grid stability and enhances energy security, thereby promoting sustainable development and supporting a more environmentally responsible energy generation system.

Mia: One drawback of hydroelectric dams is their significant environmental impact on aquatic ecosystems. The construction of large dams often leads to the alteration of natural river flows, disrupting fish migration routes and hindering sediment transport. This disruption can negatively affect fish populations and biodiversity downstream, leading to the decline of certain species. Furthermore, the altered river flow can change the landscape and alter habitats, potentially displacing local communities and disrupting traditional livelihoods. Addressing these environmental concerns necessitates careful planning, monitoring, and implementing mitigation measures to minimize the adverse effects of hydroelectric dams on the surrounding ecosystems and communities.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 9

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in international relations. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Moore:  Consider the idea of humanitarian intervention. The ethical dilemma arises when considering whether external actors should intervene militarily in a sovereign state to protect civilian populations from gross human rights violations or atrocities. While proponents argue for the moral obligation to prevent humanitarian crises, critics raise concerns about potential violations of state sovereignty, unintended consequences, and the risk of exacerbating conflicts. Debates surrounding the legitimacy, effectiveness, and practicality of humanitarian intervention underscore the complexities of balancing humanitarian principles with respect for state sovereignty, necessitating a nuanced understanding of international law, ethics, and geopolitical dynamics in addressing such crises.

Should the United States or some other capable country employ military intervention in another country in order to protect its people from gross human rights violations?  Why or why not?

Amelia: Yes, there are instances where military intervention by a capable country can be justified to protect people from gross human rights violations. For example, during the Rwandan genocide in 1994, the United States and other countries faced a moral imperative to intervene militarily to prevent the mass killings of Tutsis by the Hutu-led government. The failure to take decisive action resulted in the loss of hundreds of thousands of lives. In such extreme cases, when all diplomatic efforts have failed and the international community can prevent widespread atrocities, military intervention may be a justifiable measure to uphold the principles of human rights and humanitarian responsibility.

Charles: No, military intervention by a capable country to protect people from gross human rights violations can be highly contentious and fraught with complexities. An example illustrating this is the Iraq War in 2003, where the United States and its allies justified intervention based on claims of preventing human rights abuses and weapons of mass destruction. However, the lack of concrete evidence for these claims and the subsequent destabilization of the region resulted in significant loss of life, increased sectarian tensions, and prolonged conflict. This example highlights the potential risks and unintended consequences associated with military intervention in such situations, necessitating cautious consideration and exploration of alternative approaches in addressing human rights crises.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 10

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in cultural anthropology. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Taylor: One controversial topic in cultural anthropology is the practice of cultural relativism versus universal human rights. Cultural relativism emphasizes understanding and interpreting cultural practices within their own context, without imposing external judgments. However, critics argue that this approach may overlook human rights violations and cultural practices that oppress vulnerable groups, such as women or minority populations. Striking a balance between cultural sensitivity and upholding universal human rights requires nuanced ethical considerations. Anthropologists grapple with the challenge of respecting cultural diversity while addressing harmful practices, questioning whether universal ethical standards can coexist with the idea of cultural relativism in the pursuit of a more equitable and just society.

In some rural communities in Africa,  female genital mutilation, a deeply entrenched tradition, is considered an essential rite of passage or a way to preserve purity and marriageability. What should the United Nations human rights advocates do regarding this practice?

Thomas: United Nations human rights advocates should approach the issue of female genital mutilation (FGM) with sensitivity and respect for the cultural context. Instead of imposing external judgments, they should strive to understand the underlying reasons behind the practice within these rural African communities. Engaging in dialogue with local leaders, community members, and women’s groups would be essential to comprehend the cultural significance and beliefs surrounding FGM. The goal would be to foster open conversations, encouraging the communities to critically reflect on the practice and potentially initiate internal discussions about its continuation or modification, while also supporting the preservation of their cultural identity and autonomy.

Harper:United Nations human rights advocates should take a firm stance against female genital mutilation (FGM) as it violates fundamental human rights, particularly the rights of women and girls. The UN should engage in targeted efforts to raise awareness about the harmful physical and psychological effects of FGM, advocating for its eradication through legal measures and community education programs. Collaborating with local NGOs and governments, the UN should work towards empowering women and girls, promoting gender equality, and challenging the patriarchal norms that perpetuate this practice. It is crucial to ensure that human rights principles prevail over cultural relativism in combating FGM and safeguarding the rights and dignity of affected individuals.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 11

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in marketing. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Anderson: Social media platforms collect user data for personalized advertising. When users engage with social media, their actions, interests, and behaviors are tracked and analyzed to create detailed profiles. These profiles enable companies to deliver highly targeted advertisements based on individual preferences and behaviors. While some consumers appreciate the convenience of relevant ads, others feel uncomfortable with the level of intrusion into their privacy. Moreover, there have been instances of data breaches and misuse, where sensitive user information has been accessed without proper consent. This example exemplifies the ethical concerns surrounding the use of personal data for marketing purposes, highlighting the need for robust regulations and transparent practices to protect consumer privacy.

Should social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter be allowed to collect user data for personalized advertising? Why or why not?

Christopher: Yes, social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter should be allowed to collect user data for personalized advertising, provided that it is done, as our professor has pointed out, ethically and transparently. Personalized advertising enhances user experience by presenting relevant content and products, increasing engagement and revenue for businesses. Moreover, it allows advertisers to reach their target audience more effectively. As long as users are informed about data collection practices, given control over their preferences, and consent is obtained appropriately, the benefits of personalized advertising can be balanced with respect for user privacy and autonomy. This approach fosters a thriving digital economy while respecting individual rights and preferences.

Evelyn: No, social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter should not be allowed unrestricted access to collect user data for personalized advertising. Such practices raise significant privacy concerns, compromising users’ personal information without their informed consent. The indiscriminate gathering of data can lead to potential misuse, data breaches, and targeted manipulation of users. Moreover, it undermines individual autonomy and erodes trust in these platforms. Instead, stringent data protection regulations and opt-in consent mechanisms should be enforced, ensuring that user privacy is safeguarded, and personalized advertising is carried out responsibly and with explicit user permission.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 12

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in physics. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Thomas: Time travel has captured the imagination of many, thanks to popular movies and books. Some theories in physics, like Einstein’s theory of general relativity, suggest that time travel might be theoretically possible. However, it’s important to note that these theories involve complex concepts like wormholes and time dilation, which are not currently feasible with our current technology. While time travel is a fascinating topic to explore in theory, practical challenges and the absence of concrete evidence make it a subject of speculation rather than a proven reality.

If time travel were possible, what would be its most valuable contribution to our civilization?  

Daniel: If time travel were possible, one potential benefit would be the opportunity to gain invaluable insights into history and its unfolding events. Time travelers could directly witness significant historical moments, access lost knowledge, and learn from past mistakes to shape a more enlightened future. By observing the past firsthand, researchers could resolve historical uncertainties and fill gaps in our understanding of ancient civilizations and cultures. Moreover, lessons from history could inform present-day decisions, potentially leading to more informed and thoughtful choices for the betterment of society. However, it is essential to consider the ethical implications and potential consequences of time travel to ensure responsible and ethical usage of such technology.

Abigail: Another potential benefit of time travel, if possible, would be the advancement of scientific knowledge and technological innovation. Time travelers could visit advanced civilizations or distant future societies, witnessing advanced technologies and scientific breakthroughs that may not be accessible in their present time. By studying these futuristic developments, scientists could gain new insights, ideas, and inspiration to accelerate progress and enhance human understanding of the universe. Additionally, time travel might offer opportunities for researchers to validate and refine current scientific theories, as well as explore uncharted territories like the far reaches of the cosmos or the mysteries of black holes. However, such endeavors would require careful consideration of ethical implications and potential impacts on the timeline.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 13

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in political science. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Jackson: Affirmative action refers to policies and programs aimed at addressing historical discrimination and promoting diversity by giving preferential treatment to certain groups, such as racial minorities or women, in areas like education and employment. Supporters argue that it helps level the playing field and fosters inclusivity, while opponents believe it can lead to reverse discrimination and undermine the principle of meritocracy. Debates surrounding affirmative action often involve questions of fairness, equal opportunity, and the appropriate means to achieve social justice in society.

Some say colleges should use affirmative action as part of its admission policies with new students. Others, on the other hand, claim that affirmative action should no longer be used as a way to select new students. Which opinion do you prefer and why?

Emily: Yes, colleges should use affirmative action to admit new students. Affirmative action is a valuable tool to address historical disadvantages and promote diversity, fostering a more inclusive and equitable learning environment. By considering race, gender, and other factors, colleges can create opportunities for underrepresented groups and contribute to a richer exchange of ideas and perspectives. It helps dismantle systemic barriers, allowing talented individuals from marginalized backgrounds to access higher education, ultimately benefiting society as a whole through a more diverse and culturally aware workforce and citizenry.

Daniel: No, colleges should not use affirmative action to admit new students. While the intention behind affirmative action may be to promote diversity and address historical disadvantages, it can lead to reverse discrimination, where some individuals may be unfairly disadvantaged based on their race or gender. Merit should be the primary criterion for college admissions, ensuring that the most qualified applicants are accepted. Affirmative action may also create a sense of tokenism, undermining the principle of equal opportunity. Instead, colleges should focus on providing equal access to quality education for all, irrespective of their background, to foster a truly fair and merit-based system.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 14

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in comparative religions. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor White: The issue of religious secularism revolves around the relationship between religion and the state, particularly the extent to which religious beliefs and practices should influence or be excluded from public affairs and governance.

Should religion be separated from the government of a country? Why of why not?

Matthew: No, religion should not be separated from the government of a country. Many argue that religious principles can provide a strong moral foundation for governance and societal values. Integrating religion into the government allows for policies aligned with shared beliefs, fostering a cohesive society. However, this approach raises concerns about religious freedom, as it may marginalize minority religions or lead to discrimination. It also risks compromising the principle of a secular state that treats all citizens equally, irrespective of their religious beliefs. Striking a balance that respects religious diversity while upholding the principles of inclusivity and non-discrimination is essential for a thriving and harmonious society.

Elizabeth: Yes, religion should be separated from the government of a country. A secular government ensures religious freedom, allowing individuals to practice any faith or belief without fear of discrimination or persecution. This separation prevents religious bias in governance and promotes equal treatment for all citizens, regardless of their religious affiliations. It fosters a diverse and inclusive society, encouraging dialogue and cooperation among people from different religious backgrounds. By keeping religion separate from the state, the government can focus on the welfare and rights of all citizens, creating an environment that respects individual liberties and promotes social harmony.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 15

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in statistics. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Martin: Random sampling and convenience sampling are two approaches used to survey data from a population, but they differ significantly in terms of representativeness and bias. Random sampling involves selecting a subset of individuals from the population entirely at random, giving every member an equal chance of being chosen. This method ensures that the sample closely represents the entire population, making it more reliable for drawing accurate conclusions. On the other hand, convenience sampling involves selecting participants who are readily available or easy to reach. While convenient, this approach can introduce bias since it may not adequately represent the broader population, potentially leading to skewed or inaccurate results. The debate centers around which sampling method is more appropriate for different research scenarios and how the choice of sampling method can impact the validity and generalizability of statistical findings.

Whether you use random or convenience sampling, explain one benefit of using surveys in research papers.

Sophia: One benefit of using surveys in research papers, whether employing random or convenience sampling, is the ability to collect large amounts of data efficiently. Surveys can reach a diverse and geographically dispersed audience, providing a wide range of responses and perspectives on a particular topic. This data abundance enhances the statistical power of the research, enabling researchers to draw more robust and comprehensive conclusions.

Anthony: Another benefit of using surveys in research papers, as mentioned earlier, is the potential for enhanced representativeness. When random sampling is employed, surveys can offer a more accurate portrayal of the broader population. By ensuring that each member has an equal chance of being selected, random sampling reduces biases and ensures that the sample is a fair reflection of the population’s characteristics. This enhances the external validity of the research findings, allowing researchers to generalize the results with greater confidence to the larger target population. By obtaining a representative sample, research papers can yield more reliable and applicable insights, making them valuable resources for understanding various social, economic, and behavioral phenomena.

TO EFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 16

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in art history. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Harris:  A rtistic censorship around the question of whether certain artworks should be restricted, altered, or banned due to their content, themes, or political implications. Supporters of censorship argue that some artworks may promote violence, offend cultural or religious sensibilities, or perpetuate harmful stereotypes. On the other hand, opponents believe in artistic freedom, asserting that censoring art infringes upon creativity, hampers freedom of expression, and restricts critical dialogue. This debate raises important questions about the balance between artistic expression and social responsibility, challenging us to grapple with complex ethical and cultural considerations in the art world.

Should offensive artwork be banned or censored? Why or why not?

Donald: Yes, offensive artwork should be subject to censorship or potential banning. While artistic freedom is crucial, there are instances where certain artworks can perpetuate hate, incite violence, or perpetrate harmful stereotypes. Censorship of offensive art aims to protect vulnerable communities from harm, ensuring a more inclusive and respectful society. Implementing reasonable limits on artistic expression does not curtail creativity but instead fosters responsible art that can inspire positive change. Striking a balance between artistic freedom and protecting societal values allows for a more constructive and empathetic dialogue, promoting cultural understanding and fostering a harmonious coexistence among diverse communities.

Avery: No, offensive artwork should not be banned or censored. While it is essential to acknowledge that some artworks may provoke discomfort or disagreement, art plays a crucial role in challenging societal norms and encouraging critical thinking. Banning offensive art risks infringing upon freedom of expression, stifling creativity, and limiting artistic exploration. Instead, society should engage in open dialogue and constructive criticism to address controversial artworks. Emphasizing education and promoting diverse perspectives can foster a more inclusive and tolerant society where differing viewpoints are respected while safeguarding the right to artistic freedom and expression.

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in human anatomy and physiology. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Martin: In human anatomy and physiology is the debate surrounding “nature vs. nurture in the development of mental health disorders.” This topic explores the relative contributions of genetic factors (nature) and environmental influences, such as upbringing, experiences, and trauma (nurture), in the development of conditions like depression, anxiety, and schizophrenia. Proponents of the nature perspective argue that certain mental health disorders have a significant genetic basis, and individuals may be more predisposed to them due to their family history. On the other hand, those supporting the nurture perspective emphasize the impact of environmental stressors and life experiences in triggering or exacerbating mental health issues.

Over the last week, we have discussed how a person’s family history may make them more susceptible to mental illnesses such as depression. Do you believe that depression is more influenced by genetics than by the environment?

Ella: Yes, research suggests that genetics plays a significant role in influencing depression. Studies have found that individuals with a family history of depression are more likely to develop the condition, indicating a hereditary component. Twin and family studies also support the idea that genetic factors contribute to depression vulnerability.

Mark: No, depression is not solely influenced by genetics; the environment also plays a significant role. While there may be a genetic predisposition for some individuals, environmental factors such as traumatic experiences, childhood adversity, social support, and lifestyle choices can profoundly impact depression development. Despite what Ella says, Twin and family studies also demonstrate that even in genetically similar individuals, differences in environment can lead to varying depression outcomes. Moreover, the global prevalence of depression varies across cultures and societies, indicating the strong influence of environmental and socio-cultural factors. Understanding the complex interaction between genetics and the environment is essential to comprehensively address and treat depression.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 18

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in macroeconomics. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Martinez: One controversial topic that we have discussed is “government intervention in the economy.” This debate centers around the extent to which governments should intervene in economic activities to achieve desired outcomes. Proponents of government intervention argue that it can promote economic stability, address market failures, and reduce income inequality through policies like fiscal stimulus, regulation, and welfare programs. On the other hand, opponents assert that excessive government intervention can lead to inefficiencies, distortions, and reduced incentives for private sector growth. This topic raises fundamental questions about the role of government in shaping the economy and sparks ongoing discussions about finding the right balance between intervention and free-market principles.

During a recession, some economists believe the government should use taxpayer dollars to rescue large companies that are going out of business. Conversely, other believe that these companies should be allowed to fail without government intervention. Which opinion do you agree with?

Paul: Regarding the first position, I believe that the government should use taxpayer dollars to rescue large companies during a recession. Such interventions can prevent widespread economic turmoil, preserve jobs, and stabilize critical industries. The potential negative consequences of letting these companies fail could outweigh the short-term cost of intervention.

Scarlett: I think that such interventions may create moral hazard, as companies may take excessive risks knowing that the government will bail them out. Letting inefficient or mismanaged companies fail allows for market correction and the reallocation of resources to more productive sectors. Moreover, using taxpayer dollars to rescue large companies can raise concerns about fairness and exacerbate income inequality. Instead, government intervention should focus on supporting individuals and small businesses directly affected by economic downturns, rather than propping up failing corporations. They advocate for targeted and transparent economic stimulus measures to foster long-term economic growth and stability.

I acknowledge Paul’s position that government intervention can prevent economic turmoil and stabilize critical industries during a recession. However, I agree with Scarlett’s argument that such interventions may create moral hazard and raise concerns about fairness and income inequality.

As a personal example, during the 2008 financial crisis, my family’s small business faced significant challenges. While we struggled to keep the business afloat, some large corporations received substantial government bailouts. This raised questions about the fairness of the assistance provided, as many smaller businesses like ours did not receive the same level of support. Witnessing this disparity firsthand reinforced my belief in the importance of targeted and transparent economic stimulus measures that prioritize supporting individuals and small businesses directly affected by economic downturns. By focusing on these measures, governments can foster long-term economic growth and stability while minimizing moral hazard and promoting a more equitable recovery.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 19

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in computer science. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Robinson: A controversial topic in computer science is “artificial intelligence and its ethical implications.” This debate centers around the development and application of AI technologies, raising concerns about privacy, security, bias, and the potential impact on the job market. Some argue that AI can revolutionize industries, improve efficiency, and solve complex problems. However, critics express fears of AI displacing human jobs, exacerbating inequality, and lacking accountability in decision-making. The ethical dilemmas arise when AI systems are entrusted with critical tasks such as autonomous vehicles, healthcare diagnostics, and law enforcement. Striking a balance between AI’s potential benefits and ethical considerations is crucial for ensuring responsible and equitable integration of these technologies into society.

In your view, what is Artificial Intelligence’s greatest contribution to society?

Grace: In my view, Artificial Intelligence’s greatest contribution to society is its potential to revolutionize healthcare. AI-powered technologies can enhance medical diagnoses, treatment plans, and drug discovery processes, leading to more accurate and personalized patient care. Machine learning algorithms can analyze vast amounts of medical data, enabling early detection of diseases and predicting patient outcomes. Additionally, AI-driven robotic surgery and virtual health assistants can improve surgical precision and provide timely medical support. By harnessing the power of AI in healthcare, we can improve patient outcomes, reduce medical errors, and make healthcare more accessible and cost-effective for everyone.

Steven: Another significant benefit of Artificial Intelligence is its potential to optimize transportation systems. AI can enhance traffic management, leading to reduced congestion and improved traffic flow in cities. Autonomous vehicles powered by AI have the potential to increase road safety and reduce accidents caused by human error. Additionally, AI can enable predictive maintenance for public transportation systems, ensuring timely repairs and minimizing service disruptions. AI-powered navigation apps provide real-time traffic updates, optimizing travel routes for users. By leveraging AI in transportation, we can create more efficient and sustainable mobility solutions, easing the burden on existing infrastructure and promoting greener and more accessible transportation options for people worldwide.

TOEFL Writing Practice TestsOnline Discussion Writing Practice Test 20

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in classical music appreciation. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Clark: One controversial topic in classical music appreciation is the debate over historical performance practices. This controversy centers around whether classical music should be performed with instruments and techniques consistent with the era in which the composition was written or if modern interpretations are acceptable. Advocates of historical performance argue that using period instruments and stylistic approaches provides a more authentic representation of the composer’s intentions. On the other hand, proponents of modern interpretations believe that applying contemporary techniques and instruments allows for artistic freedom and innovation. The debate raises questions about the balance between historical accuracy and creative interpretation in preserving and presenting classical music for modern audiences.

Should modern interpretations of classical music be accepted? Why or why not?

Andrew: Modern interpretations of classical music should not be universally accepted. While artistic freedom is essential, straying too far from the composer’s original intentions can compromise the integrity of the music. Classical masterpieces carry historical and cultural significance, and adhering to their intended styles, instruments, and techniques preserves their authenticity. Modern interpretations may dilute the essence of the compositions and misrepresent the composers’ artistic visions. By embracing historical performance practices, we pay homage to the rich tradition of classical music, ensuring its timeless beauty resonates with audiences as intended by the great composers.

Chloe: Modern interpretations of classical music should be embraced as they breathe new life into timeless compositions. Classical music has evolved over centuries, and contemporary approaches allow for creativity and innovation. Embracing modern instruments, technology, and stylistic elements can make classical music more accessible and appealing to diverse audiences. Artistry should not be constrained by historical practices, and each generation of musicians adds its unique perspectives to the music. Modern interpretations maintain the spirit of classical works while inviting fresh interpretations that resonate with modern sensibilities. Embracing innovation fosters the growth of classical music, ensuring its continued relevance and appreciation in today’s dynamic cultural landscape.

While Andrew raises valid concerns about preserving the authenticity of classical music, it’s essential to recognize that artistic interpretation has always been a part of the evolution of this genre. Composers like Bach and Beethoven were known for improvising and adding their own flair to their works. Similarly, modern interpretations can breathe new life into classical compositions, making them relevant to contemporary audiences without compromising their essence.

Consequently, I agree with Chloe’s idea that modern interpretations of classical music should be embraced. As a personal example, I attended a concert where a contemporary pianist performed a famous Chopin piece with a unique blend of classical and jazz elements. The performance brought a fresh perspective to the timeless composition and resonated with the audience, captivating both classical music enthusiasts and those less familiar with the genre. Embracing innovation in classical music ensures its continued appreciation and relevance in today’s diverse and dynamic cultural landscape.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 21

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in social media marketing. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Rodriguez: Influencer marketing involves collaborating with individuals who have a significant following on social media to promote products or services. While many brands find success in influencer partnerships, debates arise over issues like transparency, authenticity, and the potential for deceptive practices. Critics argue that some influencers may not fully disclose sponsored content, leading to a lack of transparency for their audience. Additionally, concerns about the authenticity of recommendations arise, with some influencers endorsing products they may not genuinely use or believe in. Striking the right balance between ethical influencer collaborations and maintaining consumer trust remains a hotly debated topic in the social media marketing industry.

What is the most important contribution that you think influencers make to social media marketing?

Victoria: The most important contribution that influencers make to social media marketing is their ability to build authentic and engaged communities around specific niches. Influencers often have dedicated followings who trust their opinions and recommendations. By leveraging their influence, brands can tap into these niche communities and reach a highly targeted audience that is genuinely interested in their products or services. This level of engagement and authenticity can lead to higher conversion rates and brand loyalty. Additionally, influencers provide a more personal and relatable touch to marketing efforts, fostering a sense of connection with consumers, which traditional advertising methods may struggle to achieve.

Kenneth: Another benefit that influencers bring to social media marketing is their ability to create compelling and engaging content. Influencers are experts at crafting captivating posts that resonate with their followers. They understand the nuances of the platform and know how to use visual elements, storytelling, and relatable language to capture their audience’s attention. This talent for creating authentic and entertaining content is invaluable for brands, as it can help them cut through the noise of social media and stand out in a crowded digital landscape. Leveraging influencers’ content creation skills allows brands to connect with their target audience in a more meaningful and memorable way, driving brand awareness and customer engagement.

TOEFL Writing Practice TestsOnline Discussion Writing Practice Test 22

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in genetics. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Lewis: One controversial topic in genetics is the use of gene editing technologies, such as CRISPR-Cas9, in human embryos and germline cells. While these technologies hold immense promise for treating genetic diseases and improving human health, ethical concerns arise regarding their potential misuse for genetic enhancement or designer babies. The ability to edit the genetic code of embryos raises questions about the long-term consequences and unintended side effects on future generations. Some argue for strict regulations to prevent unethical applications, while others advocate for unrestricted research to harness the full potential of gene editing. Balancing scientific progress with ethical considerations remains a challenging and contentious issue in the field of genetics.

Some say gene editing technologies should not be used for genetic enhancement or designer babies, while others argue that parents should be able to use this technology when they decide to have children. Which opinion do you prefer and why?

George: Parents should be allowed to genetically edit their babies because it offers the potential to prevent hereditary diseases and improve overall health outcomes. Gene editing technologies like CRISPR-Cas9 hold promise in eliminating harmful genetic mutations, reducing the risk of debilitating conditions in newborns. Allowing parents access to such technology empowers them to make informed decisions about their child’s future, promoting reproductive autonomy. Proper regulation and ethical guidelines can ensure responsible use, addressing concerns of misuse. Embracing genetic editing for disease prevention offers the opportunity for healthier and happier lives for future generations, ultimately advancing human health and well-being on a global scale.

Riley: Using gene editing technologies for genetic enhancement or designer babies raises significant ethical concerns. Allowing parents to manipulate the genetic makeup of their children raises questions about the value of diversity and individuality. It may perpetuate societal inequalities by favoring those who can afford such technologies, creating a divide between genetically enhanced and non-enhanced individuals. Additionally, unintended consequences and unforeseen risks may arise from altering human genes, leading to potential harm for future generations. Emphasizing responsible research and focusing on using gene editing to address hereditary diseases, rather than pursuing enhancement, is crucial to uphold ethical standards and ensure that this powerful technology is used for the collective benefit of humanity.

TOEFL Writing Practice TestsOnline Discussion Writing Practice Test 23

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in environmental ethics. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Lee: A controversial topic in environmental ethics is the concept of anthropocentrism versus ecocentrism. Anthropocentrism places human interests and well-being as the central focus, often prioritizing human needs over the environment. It views nature as a resource to be exploited for human benefit. On the other hand, ecocentrism advocates for valuing the intrinsic worth of all living beings and ecosystems, considering the interconnectedness of life. It emphasizes the need to protect and preserve the environment for its own sake, not merely for human utility. This debate raises profound questions about humanity’s relationship with nature and the responsibilities we have towards the natural world.

Do you believe that human interests should be prioritized over the environment? Why are why not?

Aria: Yes, human interests should be prioritized over the environment to a certain extent. While the environment is undoubtedly crucial for our well-being, the survival and thriving of humanity depend on meeting our basic needs and advancing our societies. Responsible environmental stewardship is essential, but we must strike a balance between human needs and environmental protection. By prioritizing human interests, we can address pressing issues such as poverty, healthcare, and education, ensuring a sustainable and equitable future for all. However, this approach should be coupled with a commitment to sustainable practices and environmental conservation to guarantee the well-being of both present and future generations.

Joshua: No, human interests should not be prioritized over the environment. The environment sustains all life on Earth, including humans, and plays a vital role in our well-being and survival. Neglecting the environment can lead to severe consequences such as climate change, biodiversity loss, and environmental degradation, impacting both current and future generations. Focusing solely on short-term human interests without considering the long-term health of the planet can result in irreversible damage to ecosystems and threaten the delicate balance of nature. It is essential to prioritize environmental protection and sustainability to ensure a habitable and healthy planet for all living beings.

Aria’s argument acknowledges the importance of responsible environmental stewardship but suggests prioritizing human interests to meet pressing needs. However, it is essential to recognize that neglecting the environment can have severe consequences for human well-being and survival in the long run.

Joshua’s perspective highlights the vital role the environment plays in sustaining life and emphasizes the need for prioritizing environmental protection. I agree with Joshua’s view, as safeguarding the environment is crucial for ensuring a habitable planet for future generations. As a personal example, I have witnessed the impact of deforestation in my community, leading to soil erosion, reduced biodiversity, and adverse weather patterns. This experience emphasizes the significance of prioritizing the environment to maintain ecological balance and secure a sustainable future for humanity.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 24

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in international business. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Walker: One controversial topic in international business is the issue of outsourcing and offshoring. While these practices can lead to cost savings and increased efficiency for companies, they are often criticized for their impact on local economies and employment. Outsourcing involves hiring external companies to perform specific tasks, sometimes resulting in job losses in the home country. Offshoring involves relocating business operations to other countries, which can lead to the exploitation of cheap labor and disregard for environmental regulations. Critics argue that these practices contribute to income inequality and the erosion of domestic job markets, while proponents maintain that they promote global economic integration and provide access to new markets. Balancing the economic benefits and social implications of outsourcing and offshoring remains a complex and contentious issue in international business.

Is it a good idea for companies to outsource and offshore their business? Why or why not?

Kevin: Yes, it can be a good idea for companies to outsource and offshore their business under certain circumstances. Outsourcing and offshoring can lead to cost savings, increased efficiency, and access to specialized skills or resources not available locally. It can facilitate the expansion of companies into new markets and foster economic growth in developing countries. Additionally, outsourcing allows companies to focus on core competencies and strategic activities. However, careful consideration should be given to potential social and ethical implications, such as job displacement and labor exploitation. Responsible outsourcing and offshoring practices, guided by ethical principles and fair labor standards, can harness the benefits while mitigating the challenges, making it a valuable strategy for companies seeking global competitiveness.

Lily: No, it is not always a good idea for companies to outsource and offshore their business. While these practices can offer cost savings and access to specialized resources, they can also lead to negative consequences. Offshoring may result in job losses and harm local economies in the home country. Additionally, outsourcing to regions with lax labor and environmental regulations can perpetuate exploitation and contribute to unethical practices. It can also lead to a loss of control over quality and intellectual property. Companies must carefully consider the potential social, economic, and ethical impacts before deciding to outsource and offshore their operations.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 25

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in world geography. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Hall: From a world geography perspective, smart cities refer to urban areas that utilize advanced technologies and data-driven solutions to enhance efficiency, sustainability, and the overall quality of life for their inhabitants. These cities integrate various systems, such as transportation, energy, waste management, and public services, to optimize resource use and minimize environmental impact. Geographic factors, such as urban planning, spatial distribution, and infrastructure development, play a crucial role in shaping the implementation of smart city initiatives. Smart cities aim to address global urbanization challenges, create resilient communities, and foster innovation in urban spaces, contributing to a more sustainable and interconnected world.

What will be the most important contribution smart cities will make to our civilization?

Brian: The most important contribution smart cities will make to our civilization is fostering sustainable development. By integrating innovative technologies, data-driven decision-making, and efficient resource management, smart cities can reduce carbon emissions, optimize energy consumption, and promote eco-friendly transportation options. This approach will lead to a more environmentally conscious and resilient urban lifestyle. Smart cities’ commitment to sustainability will not only enhance the well-being of their residents but also set a precedent for other urban areas to follow, ultimately contributing to a more sustainable and livable planet for future generations.

Zoey: Another significant contribution of smart cities to our civilization is the improvement of overall urban livability and quality of life. Through the seamless integration of technology and infrastructure, smart cities can enhance public services, healthcare facilities, and emergency response systems. Advanced transportation networks and real-time data accessibility can reduce traffic congestion and commuting times, leading to increased productivity and reduced stress for residents. Moreover, smart city initiatives often focus on promoting inclusivity and accessibility, ensuring that all citizens can benefit from these advancements. By prioritizing residents’ well-being and convenience, smart cities create more vibrant and cohesive communities.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 26

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in Shakespearean studies. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Allen: The question of whether Shakespeare’s writing should no longer be used is a contentious and multifaceted issue. Shakespeare’s works are considered some of the most significant and influential in English literature and have shaped the course of literary history. They offer valuable insights into human nature, emotion, and societal complexities. However, critics argue that some aspects of Shakespeare’s writing may perpetuate outdated or harmful ideas related to race, gender, and other social issues. They contend that using his works without critical examination might reinforce negative stereotypes or contribute to the marginalization of certain groups.

Some say Shakespeare’s writing should no longer be studied, while others argue that his works should continue to be studied and celebrated. Which opinion do you agree with and why?

Hannah: I agree with the opinion that Shakespeare’s works should continue to be studied and celebrated. Shakespeare’s writing represents a cornerstone of English literature and has contributed significantly to the evolution of dramatic arts. His plays delve into the complexities of human nature, emotions, and societal issues, offering timeless insights that remain relevant today. By studying Shakespeare, we gain a deeper understanding of historical contexts, linguistic richness, and cultural heritage. Moreover, his works provide ample opportunities for critical analysis and contemplation of universal themes. Appreciating and preserving Shakespeare’s literary legacy enriches our collective understanding and appreciation of the arts throughout the ages.

Edward: Shakespeare’s works should no longer be studied and celebrated due to several reasons. His plays and poems reflect a bygone era and perpetuate outdated ideologies, including sexist and racist elements. Continuing to elevate Shakespeare, in my view, as a literary icon may overshadow other diverse voices and contributions in literature. Moreover, dedicating too much attention to his works could limit the exploration of contemporary and culturally relevant pieces. Advocates for this perspective propose emphasizing modern and inclusive literary works, allowing for a more representative and relevant curriculum that addresses current societal concerns and perspectives.

While Edward raises valid concerns about outdated ideologies in Shakespeare’s works, it’s essential to approach them with a critical lens, acknowledging the historical context in which they were written. Shakespeare’s enduring impact on literature and theater cannot be ignored, and studying his works provides valuable insights into human nature and societal complexities. Moreover, the study of Shakespeare does not necessarily preclude the exploration of contemporary and inclusive literature. By striking a balance between traditional and modern works, educators can create a comprehensive curriculum that addresses both historical significance and present-day societal concerns.

Agreeing with Hannah’s point, I believe that studying Shakespeare’s works enriches our understanding of the human experience. For instance, in “Macbeth,” Shakespeare explores the destructive nature of unchecked ambition. This theme remains relevant today as we observe the consequences of ambition and power in contemporary politics and leadership. By critically analyzing his works, we can draw parallels between past and present, fostering a deeper appreciation for the timeless relevance of Shakespeare’s literary legacy.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 27

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in cognitive neuroscience. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Young: Researchers have found that sleep plays a vital role in consolidating and strengthening memories. During specific stages of sleep, the brain processes and stores information acquired during wakefulness, aiding in memory retention and recall. Undergraduate students can investigate how different aspects of sleep, such as sleep duration, sleep quality, and the timing of sleep, impact memory performance. Understanding the importance of sleep in memory consolidation can have implications for optimizing learning strategies and memory enhancement.

Do you believe that having a good night’s sleep will help you perform better as a student? Why or why not?

Ronald: Yes, having a good night’s sleep will undoubtedly help you perform better as a student. Quality sleep is crucial for cognitive functioning, memory consolidation, and learning retention. During sleep, the brain processes and organizes information acquired during the day, enhancing problem-solving abilities and critical thinking skills. Adequate rest promotes alertness, focus, and creativity, which are essential for academic performance. Additionally, a well-rested mind is more receptive to new knowledge and better equipped to handle stress. Making sleep a priority ensures that students can approach their studies with improved concentration, increased productivity, and overall enhanced academic success.

Lillian: No, having a good night’s sleep will not necessarily help you perform better as a student. While sleep is essential for overall health and well-being, academic performance is influenced by a combination of factors, including study habits, motivation, and effective time management. Some individuals might thrive on less sleep and still excel academically due to their personal adaptability and resilience. Moreover, academic success often depends on the individual’s abilities, learning style, and the complexity of the subject matter. While sleep can contribute to optimal functioning, it is not the sole determinant of academic performance.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 28

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in behavioral economics. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Hernandez: One simple, well-known policy in behavioral economics is the concept of “opt-out” vs. “opt-in” defaults in retirement savings plans. Traditional retirement plans require individuals to actively opt-in by signing up to participate. In contrast, behavioral economics suggests using an “opt-out” default, where employees are automatically enrolled in the retirement plan unless they actively choose not to participate.

This policy leverages the behavioral bias of inertia, as people tend to stick with the default option. By making enrollment automatic, more employees end up saving for retirement, improving overall savings rates. This approach has been widely adopted and proven effective in increasing retirement plan participation, highlighting the power of behavioral nudges to drive positive financial behaviors.

What is the most important benefit of employees having an opt-out retirement savings program?

Timothy: The most important benefit of employees having an opt-out retirement savings program is a significant increase in overall retirement plan participation. Behavioral economics has shown that people tend to favor the path of least resistance, leading them to stick with default options. By implementing an opt-out default, employees are automatically enrolled in the retirement plan, removing the inertia and hesitation associated with actively opting in. As a result, a larger number of employees start contributing to their retirement savings, fostering a culture of long-term financial planning and security.

Addison: Beyond higher participation rates, an opt-out retirement savings program also encourages consistent and disciplined saving behavior. Once enrolled, employees are more likely to maintain their contributions over time due to the inertia effect. This regular savings habit can lead to substantial retirement nest eggs, enhancing employees’ financial resilience during their post-working years. It also ensures a smoother transition into retirement, reducing the burden on social welfare systems and promoting individual financial independence.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 29

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in contemporary sociology. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor King: A specific example of the controversy surrounding cultural relativism in the United States is the debate over certain cultural practices within some immigrant communities. For instance, there have been discussions about the tradition of arranged marriages in certain cultural groups. Cultural relativism suggests that we should understand and respect this practice within the context of the culture it originates from, recognizing it as a valid expression of their values and norms.

Even though certain aspects of arranged marriages may conflict with principles of individual autonomy and consent, which are highly valued in Western societies, should arranged marriages be accepted cultural practices in the United States?

Aubrey: Arranged marriages should be accepted as cultural practices in the United States, albeit with some caveats. While it is essential to uphold the principles of individual autonomy and consent, we must also recognize the significance of cultural diversity and respect the customs of various immigrant communities. Instead of outright rejection, we can work towards educating individuals about their rights and ensuring they have the freedom to make informed choices within the context of their traditions. By fostering open dialogue and understanding, we can strike a balance between preserving cultural heritage and safeguarding individual liberties.

Jason: I respectfully disagree with the acceptance of arranged marriages in the United States. While cultural diversity is vital, some aspects of arranged marriages can perpetuate inequality and limit personal agency. The emphasis on individual autonomy and consent should not be compromised in the name of cultural relativism. It is crucial to prioritize the protection of fundamental rights and prevent situations where individuals, particularly women, may be coerced into marriages against their will. Society should instead focus on promoting equality and empowering individuals to make their own life choices, regardless of cultural background.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 30

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in philosophy. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Wright: A controversial topic in philosophy is the concept of moral relativism versus moral objectivism. Moral relativism suggests that moral principles and values are not universally fixed but vary depending on cultural, social, or individual perspectives. In this view, what is considered morally right or wrong can differ between societies or even among individuals within the same society. On the other hand, moral objectivism asserts that there are objective moral truths that exist independently of human beliefs or opinions. According to objectivists, certain actions are inherently right or wrong, regardless of cultural context or individual perspectives.

Which view do you feel best fits you: moral relativism or moral objectivism? 

Jeffrey: As a moral relativist, I believe that moral principles are not absolute and fixed, but rather dependent on cultural, societal, and individual perspectives. What is considered morally right or wrong can vary across different cultures and times, and no one moral framework should be imposed universally. This approach promotes cultural understanding and avoids cultural imperialism, respecting the diverse range of ethical beliefs and practices that enrich humanity.

Layla: As a moral objectivist, I hold that certain moral truths exist independently of subjective beliefs. While cultures and individuals may have varying interpretations, some actions are inherently right or wrong based on objective standards. Objectivism provides a foundation for making moral judgments that are not subject to cultural relativism, ensuring consistency and universality in ethical principles. This view guards against the potential for moral chaos and relativism’s inclination to tolerate harmful practices under the guise of cultural sensitivity.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 31

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in English composition. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Lopez: Some professors prefer to use trigger warnings in academic settings and literature. Trigger warnings are brief notices given before course materials or literary works that may contain distressing content. Proponents argue that trigger warnings promote a safe learning environment for students with trauma or sensitivities. Critics worry it may stifle free speech and academic freedom, leading to self-censorship and limited exploration of diverse perspectives. The debate revolves around balancing sensitivity and inclusivity with academic rigor, addressing how to respect students’ emotional well-being while upholding critical thinking and intellectual growth.

What value do you think trigger warnings bring to a composition classroom?

Ryan: In my view, trigger warnings in a composition classroom bring negative value by fostering an environment of overprotection and coddling. College is a place for intellectual growth and challenging ideas, but trigger warnings shield students from discomfort and shield them from exposure to diverse perspectives. This can lead to echo chambers where students only encounter ideas that align with their pre-existing beliefs, limiting their ability to engage critically with differing viewpoints. Instead of nurturing resilience and open-mindedness, trigger warnings encourage avoidance of discomfort, which is counterproductive to the learning process.

Natalie: I agree with Ryan, and I also believe that trigger warnings may lead to self-censorship among instructors and students. Professors might avoid teaching certain texts or topics altogether, fearing potential backlash or emotional distress. This results in a watered-down curriculum that omits essential discussions on complex and controversial issues. Furthermore, students might hesitate to express their authentic opinions or explore challenging subjects in their writing, fearing negative reactions from peers or faculty. As a result, intellectual growth is hindered, and academic freedom takes a hit.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 32

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in applied linguistics. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Hill: One controversial topic in applied linguistics is the question of language standardization and linguistic prescriptivism. Language standardization involves creating a set of rules and conventions to govern a language’s usage, often used in education, media, and official documentation. However, linguistic prescriptivism can be criticized for imposing a “correct” form of language and dismissing natural variations, leading to linguistic discrimination and marginalization of certain dialects or languages. This debate revolves around issues of linguistic diversity, cultural identity, and power dynamics. Some argue for a more descriptive approach, acknowledging the legitimacy of all language varieties, while others advocate for standardization to maintain linguistic clarity and unity in communication.

In the first paragraph, in about 100 words, Brooklyn will answer yes to the question. In the second paragraph, Gary will acknowledge Brooklyn’s idea and then in about 100 words refute her argument.  Finally, in the third paragraph, I will acknowledge Brooklyn’s ideas and then refute her. In addition, I will agree with Gary and add to his idea by providing a personal experience as supporting evidence. Here is the question everyone will answer:

Do you believe that a country should officially recognize a standard form of its language?

Brooklyn: Yes, I believe a country should officially recognize a standard form of its language. Standardization provides a common foundation for communication, promoting national unity and understanding among citizens. Having a recognized language standard aids in education, administration, and cultural preservation. It also facilitates international communication, trade, and diplomacy. While we should respect linguistic diversity, a standardized language ensures clarity and prevents misunderstandings in vital sectors.

Gary: I understand Brooklyn’s point, and a standardized language does have its merits. However, I disagree that it should be the sole officially recognized form. Imposing linguistic prescriptivism can lead to marginalization of other linguistic varieties and hinder cultural expression. Embracing linguistic diversity is essential for a country’s identity and inclusivity. A more inclusive approach could involve recognizing multiple standard forms or adopting a descriptive stance that respects various linguistic expressions while promoting understanding between communities.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 33

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in quantum mechanics. Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Scott: A practical realization of quantum mechanics is the development and implementation of quantum computing. Quantum computing harnesses the unique principles of quantum mechanics, such as superposition and entanglement, to perform computations that are exponentially faster than classical computers for specific tasks. In a quantum computer, data is represented using quantum bits or qubits. Unlike classical bits, which can be either 0 or 1, qubits can exist in a superposition of both states simultaneously, allowing for parallel processing of information. Additionally, qubits can be entangled, meaning that the state of one qubit is directly related to the state of another, even if they are physically separated. By leveraging these quantum properties, quantum computers have the potential to revolutionize fields like cryptography, optimization, and drug discovery, tackling complex problems that are practically infeasible for classical computers. However, building and maintaining stable quantum systems pose significant challenges due to the delicate nature of quantum states, making practical quantum computing a cutting-edge area of research and development.

In your opinion, what is the most important contribution of quantum computing?

Jacob: One crucial contribution of quantum mechanics is the understanding of electron behavior in semiconductors. The band theory, a cornerstone of condensed matter physics, explains how electrons form energy bands within a material. At absolute zero temperature, electrons occupy the lowest energy levels, creating a valence band, while higher energy levels remain unoccupied, forming a conduction band. The energy gap between these bands determines a material’s conductivity. By manipulating electron behavior through doping or external stimuli, scientists developed semiconductor devices like transistors and diodes, leading to the revolution of modern electronics and computing.

Savannah: Building upon Jacob’s insights, another key contribution of quantum mechanics lies in its application to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology. Quantum mechanics elucidated the principles behind nuclear spins in atoms, which underlie MRI’s functioning. When a patient is exposed to a strong magnetic field and radio waves, certain atomic nuclei align with the magnetic field and then perturb when subjected to the radio waves. This behavior reveals precise spatial information of the body’s internal structures. MRI has revolutionized medical diagnostics, providing non-invasive and detailed images without harmful ionizing radiation, making it a vital tool in healthcare.

TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 34

Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in human resource management.  Write a post responding to the professor’s question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following:

Professor Green: One controversial topic in human resource management is the use of pre-employment assessments, particularly personality tests, during the hiring process. While proponents argue that these assessments help identify candidates with the right fit for the company culture and job requirements, critics raise concerns about their reliability, potential bias, and invasion of privacy. Some question the validity of such tests in predicting job performance, as they may not capture the full complexity of an individual’s capabilities. Additionally, there are worries about how these assessments might disproportionately impact certain groups, leading to discrimination and unfair hiring practices. Striking a balance between effectively assessing candidates and safeguarding their rights remains a challenging and debated aspect in HR management.

Some believe that personality tests help companies choose employees who have the right fit. Others argue that personality tests should not be used during the hiring process since they can be discriminatory and biased. Which opinion do you agree with and why?

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Sample Essays for the Writing Section of the TOEFL® Test

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Sample Essays for the Writing Section of the TOEFL Test ( document.write(new Date().getFullYear()) )

Did you hear about the updated TOEFL iBT Writing section?

On July 26, 2023, ETS introduced a new TOEFL Writing question : Writing for an Academic Discussion.

That’s right. The Independent Writing question has been retired from the official TOEFL iBT test.

Before we get into the topics and sample essays for the new TOEFL Writing question, let’s start with the first task, which hasn’t changed, the Integrated Writing.

TOEFL Integrated Writing Topics

In the TOEFL Writing Section, there are two questions you must respond to. The first question is called the TOEFL Integrated Writing task. The second question is called the TOEFL Writing for an Academic Discussion task.

The integrated question presents a reading and listening passage, followed by a question, which is a bit more complicated.

Integrated Writing: Task Breakdown

The writing section instructions will be read aloud. You can skip this introduction.
You will be given an academic passage to read. This passage will contain between 250-300 words. When the clock starts, you will have three minutes to read the passage. After that, the passage disappears and an audio lecture starts. However, the reading passage will return when it's time to write.
A lecture that addresses the content of the reading will start to play. The lecture will last for two to three minutes.
After the passage finishes, you will be asked a question. The question is almost always something like:
The clock starts. You will have approximately 20 minutes to write an essay of at least 250 words. You must answer the question and report on the most important points from both the reading and listening.

Simple, right?

No? Still confused.

No worries. The best way to understand something better is through examples.

Let’s do one together.

This TOEFL integrated writing topic deals with the use of  Corn Ethanol .

Give yourself three minutes to read it:

The chemical compound, ethanol, has risen in recent years as the most viable alternative to fossil fuels. Ethanol is a renewable fuel made from crops, mainly from corn in the United States, which can power engines. There are many who argue that corn ethanol should replace fossil fuel gas as the primary source for running cars.

One major benefit of using corn ethanol is that it uses less energy than gasoline. Using less energy means that people can get better gas mileage while driving these more fuel-efficient cars. In the long-run, this will be cheaper for consumers because they can drive further than they do now with fossil-fueled cars. People will spend less money on gas because they won’t have to stop to fill up as frequently.

Another advantage of switching to corn ethanol is that it helps the American economy become less reliant on energy sources from other countries. Petroleum is not readily available in the U.S., so it must be imported from other countries. Depending on foreign relations with those countries, fuel becomes a political issue. Corn is a crop that America has in abundance. By using corn ethanol instead, the cost of gas will decrease because now the import taxes on fossil fuels are calculated into the price. This also means that we will be putting the money into our own economy, thus helping local corn farmers.

One of the most attractive aspects of corn ethanol is how environmentally friendly is when compared to current automobile gasoline. Fossil fuels release carbon that has been stored for years from the earth. Burning biofuels, like corn ethanol, is better for the environment because it releases less greenhouse gas emissions. Lessening the amount of carbon emissions will help prevent global warming and all of the other negative effects of climate change.

Once three minutes have ended, listen to a conversation about the same topic

Now, it’s time to write your TOEFL essay.

Stop reading.

Start writing.

Write your essay before you look at this TOEFL Writing sample. You will learn a lot more if you actually write the essay and then compare this to your own.

Here’s an expert TOEFL teacher’s sample essay to this particular TOEFL Writing topic.

The article introduces the topic of corn-based ethanol. More specifically, the writer discusses the advantages of switching from fossil fuels to this alternative energy source. The lecturer in the listening passage disagrees. He believes that the benefits the author mentions are misleading and attacks each of the claims made in the reading.

In the reading, the author begins by stating that drivers will get better gas mileage on corn ethanol than on fossil fuels, and therefore save money on gas. The speaker, however, disagrees. He states that the production of corn ethanol is very expensive. He says that in order to make for the costs to create and distribute this biofuel, the price of ethanol gas will increase.  Therefore, it will not be any cheaper for consumers in the long run.

The writer also claims that making the switch to corn ethanol will help the American economy because it will make the United States less dependent on foreign oil. Again, the lecturer believes there are flaws in the writer’s argument. He holds instead that mass use of corn-based ethanol will hurt the economy. He elaborates this by point out that the inevitable competition for corn by multiple consumers, including beef and dairy farmers, will drive the price of corn up.

Another reason why the author feels that moving from traditional gasoline to corn ethanol is a good idea is that they are more environmentally friendly than fossil fuels. The professor in the listening passage is doubtful that this is accurate. He suggests that as more farmlands are created to support the demands for more corn, more carbon will be absorbed by the land. This means that these emissions will still be released to negatively affect the environment.

As you can see the author and speaker hold very different views about the use of corn ethanol.

The author here clearly defined the main idea, organized the supporting points from both the reading and listening passage, and showed how they differ from each other. 

I know it may seem a bit difficult, which is why I recommend that you start off with a TOEFL Writing template for both the Writing for an Academic Discussion task and Integrated essay.

toefl ibt essay topics with answers

Looking for more example essays?

Download our TOEFL Writing 24+ Guide if you would like more sample essays. It includes extra tips, tricks, and strategies you will not find anywhere else. Download it for free here

Too complicated? Don’t worry.

I will share TOEFL writing templates for the Integrated Writing question, which will make your life a whole lot easier.

We have to talk about the Writing for an Academic Discussion question.

Writing for an Academic Discussion Question

You will have 10 minutes to complete the Writing for an Academic Discussion question .

For this task, you will participate in an online discussion. After you read the question and student responses, you will have to write a response that adds to the conversation.

Here’s the breakdown:

Writing for an Academic Discussion
Time Management

Scan the discussion and plan
Write your response
Edit your response

This question is straightforward, but let’s do a sample together.

When the question appears on the screen, take two minutes to scan the passage and the student’s opinions.

toefl ibt essay topics with answers

Start to write your response. Be sure to add to the discussion and avoid repeating the same points as the other students.

Aim to write at least 120 words.

toefl ibt essay topics with answers

Get peace of mind with these TOEFL Writing Templates

Now that you have a few TOEFL Writing topics and sample essays to study from, you may want to use a writing template to help guide your writing.

A TOEFL template is basically a pre-organized set of words and phrases that you can use in almost any TOEFL Writing response.

Here’s TST Prep’s template for the integrated TOEFL Writing question (question one) :

The article introduces the topic of (general topic). More specifically, the writer discusses (stance of the author on the topic). The lecturer in the listening passage disagrees. He believes that (stance of the professor on the topic) and attacks each of the claims made in the reading.

In the reading, the author begins by stating that (first point made to support stance). The lecturer, however, disagrees. He states that (first counterargument by the professor). He goes on to say that (additional detail about first counterargument).

The author also claims that ( second point made to support stance). Again, the lecturer believes there are flaws in the writer’s argument. The speaker holds that (two sentences about the professor’s second counter-argument).

Another reason why the author feels that (restate stance of author ) is that ( third point made to support stance). The professor in the listening passage is doubtful that this is accurate. He suggests that (two sentences about the professor’s third counter argument ).

To sum up, both the writer and professor hold conflicting views about (general topic). It’s clear that they will have trouble finding common ground on this issue.

And here’s our template for the independent TOEFL Writing for an Academic Discussion (question two) :

.

BASIC TEMPLATE: QUESTION 2 (Writing for an Academic Discussion)

opinion on the topic , globalization is a positive force in the world today.
is that when nations interact together, it leads to less suffering. , people who suffer from natural catastrophes can import goods and services to help mitigate their losses and recover quickly. Citizens of nations who may be going through war or famine can flee to neighboring countries for shelter.

I totally agree with _____ point about ____, and I would like to add _______.
Alex's cultural homogenization, . Much of the food found in grocery stores around the world is imported. Our very diet is due to the international trade partnerships and alliances forged over the last half of the 20th century.
it is crucial to maintain our current global policies for a safer world with a higher standard of living.

You will notice that the sample essays in this article differ from the templates.

You do not have to use templates, it’s up to you. Some people prefer to write in their own unique fashion for the entire exam. However, you will notice that the structure of the templates is similar to the TOEFL example essays.

These templates follow the exact organization and structure you are expected to use on test day, so don’t hesitate to use them in your writing.

Also, don’t forget to download the free 24+ TOEFL Writing Guide if you would like more example essays, templates, and exclusive tips to help you earn the best possible TOEFL Writing score on test day.

If you read this far, it means you are serious about your TOEFL studies. Don’t hesitate to send us an email and let us know how we can help you earn the TOEFL score of your dreams – [email protected]

Did we forget anything? Please comment and let us know how we can improve our TOEFL Writing advice (or if you want to just say hi that would be great too).

Other articles

Ten Awsome Tips for the Writing Section of the TOEFL Test

100 Free Questions for the Listening Section of the TOEFL Test

Check other articles on TOEFL

111 Comments

Ruth

Hi, Josh. I have a question about copying and pasting in TOEFL writing. I heard some TOEFL teachers say it should be avoided because ETS will consider it a potential form of plagiarism in future academic study.

Could you please provide some suggestions in terms of this issue? Is it ok to copy and paste, since it saves a lot of time in writing, especially on the test day. Thank you!

Josh

Great question. The copy-and-paste feature will not work at the test center, and I do not believe it works on the Home Edition either. Regardless, copying and pasting or manually copying the exact words should be avoided. You are always better off putting the answer into your own words.

Abdul Siyar Azizi

Hello Josh, I have a question regarding how we can write an advanced writing that will be scored 25+?

Thanks very much for your question. We do have some templates that can help to increase your score. However, to give you a more detailed answer, I would suggest you consider doing an essay evaluation with us so we can help you determine specific areas for improvement. In the meantime, here are some articles that can help.

https://tstprep.com/articles/toefl/ten-awesome-tips-for-the-writing-section-of-the-toefl-test/

https://tstprep.com/articles/toefl/sample-essays-for-the-writing-section-of-the-toefl-test/

Ireen

Hi Josh! For the academic writing, I only gave my reason for the topic, and I forgot to mention the opinion of the other student. I checked my word count. It is already past 100 words, and I do not want it to be too long. Do we really need to mention the other students’ opinion?

Hi Ireen. Great question! We often suggest mentioning one of the other students, but it is not required. As long as what you said was on topic, you “added to the discussion,” and gave specific reasons and examples, you should be okay with the 100 words you wrote.

Sarah

Hello, I have a question about the independent writing: Is it a problem if I just give one reason in my essay (but detailed enough)? Thank you

Hi there and thank you for your question. There are no specific grading criteria that say you MUST give two reasons for your opinion, so, in theory, yes, you can just give one reason. I don’t think you will be marked down for it. If possible, try to give two though. It will make your word count higher.

Lobna

Hello Josh, I was wondering if you have more integrated writing questions that we could do for practice, do you know where to find them?

Hi there and thank you for your question. If you search “TOEFL Writing Practice test” on Youtube you will find 2-3 TST Prep practice videos with an Integrated Writing practice question. I’m sure there will be tests from other providers as well.

Ashina

Hey Josh, I have been following your YouTube channel for my TOEFL preparation, where I learned a lot. My question is that I got stuck between 15-17 scores in the reading section and could not figure out what I would do to enhance my scores. Any suggestions?

Hi there Ashina, and thank you for your question.

It is, indeed, a difficult question to answer. Here are two pieces of advice on how to practice at home and how to improve time management:

HOW TO DO A PASSAGE

I am going to breakdown the process you should go through when you do a TOEFL Reading passage:

1. Copy the test conditions (set a timer to complete the passage and all the questions in 18 minutes)

2. Check your answers

3. Identify the reason you got a specific question wrong (or didn’t understand why you were correct) and write down what you can do to avoid the same mistake next time. Step #3 is the most important and the one often overlooked because most test-takers are pretty tired after reading and answering questions. This will help you notice patterns in incorrect choices and apply what you have learned later.

4. (Optional) Do the same passage again two weeks later. (You will remember much of what you did before, but it should help remind you of what you have learned)

TIME MANAGEMENT

My advice is pretty simple here, practice with LESS TIME. If it is not too stressful, try to complete a passage and all of the questions in 16 minutes (instead of 18). This usually does the trick for most students over time.

I hope you find some of this helpful. Good luck, and let me know if you need anything.

Kiba

Hey Josh, in the Reading section the last question holds two marks where we are asked to pick three choices. I have always have a hard time getting the perfect score here. any suggestions, please…

Hi Kiba, this is a popular complaint. I posted a video about summary questions here. You might find it helpful.

Joud

Hey Josh, I have a question. If the question is saying a good essay is between 200 and 300, and I wrote more than 300, is this okay? Or should I make it only as maximum as they are saying?

Hi Joud and great question. Definitely write MORE. There is a direct correlation between test scores and word count, so the more you write the better. Of course, that doesn’t mean you should write as much as possible as fast as possible, but anything between 350-450 words would be great.

Aziz

Hey Josh, I think I do well in my writing section, but my score doesn’t improve. Is there anything that I can do to know my mistakes from the ETS?

Hi Aziz, good question, and unfortunately, no, they do not release that information. The best you can do is work with an experienced teacher who can point out your weaknesses and work on them at home before test day.

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One common requirement is an English language proficiency exam. You have probably heard about the TOEFL iBT® before, but there is a chance you might be able to take a new test: the Duolingo English Test®

toefl ibt essay topics with answers

Ten Awesome Tips for the Writing Section of the TOEFL® Test

We know it can feel impossible to write two complete essays in under 40 minutes! But that’s exactly what you have to do in the TOEFL Writing section.

That’s why we have compiled a list of ten of our best TOEFL Writing tips so you feel cool and confident on test day.

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TOEFL writing practice test - improve your TOEFL score

TOEFL Writing Practice: Improve Your Writing Skills with Free TOEFL Writing Sample Essays & Lessons

In this guide you can start a free TOEFL writing practice test with sample essays and learn some basic and advanced independent & integrated writing lessons to help improve your writing skills and successfully prepare you for your TOEFL writing test. This page contains everything you need to know and the essential skills for a high writing score.

First off, if you're looking to take a free TOEFL writing practice test or are just curious what taking an official TOEFL writing test is like, then click the START TOEFL writing SAMPLE TEST button below.

Next up is a list of all our TOEFL writing questions where you can study each question at your own pace. To start a free TOEFL writing test question, click the Mock Test 1 link.

TOEFL writing practice questions - integrated writing Task

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TOEFL writing practice questions - academic discussion Task

writing Mock Test 37 - 48
writing Mock Test 49 - 60
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Table Of Contents

Toefl writing introduction, toefl integrated writing task, toefl academic discussion writing task.

  • How the TOEFL Writing Section is Scored
  • TOEFL Writing Preparation

The writing section is the fourth section of the TOEFL iBT test and takes about 50 minutes to complete. It consists of two separate tasks: an Integrated Writing task and an Academic Discussion Writing task . The Independent task requires you to write an opinionated essay based on your own knowledge and experience, whereas the Integrated task requires you to write a response synthesizing a lecture and a reading passage. Below, we examine the two TOEFL Writing tasks in detail.

Writing Task Details
Integrated Writing Task You are given 3 minutes to read an academic passage. After reading the passage, you then listen to a lecture on the same topic. You then write an essay summarizing the lecture and the reading passage and showing the relationship between them. You should not express your own opinion of the issues and you should not bring in any information form outside the passage and the lecture.

Academic Discussion Writing Task You read a prompt (a topic) and express your opinions in your response. Your response is based entirely on your own knowledge and experience.

When you start the TOEFL Integrated writing task, you will be given 3 minutes to read an academic passage. After reading the passage, you will then listen to a lecture on the same topic. You’ll have a total of 20 minutes to write your response. Your response should be around 150-225 words . During this time, you may reread the passage; however, you may not listen to the lecture again.

The reading passage may or may not have a different point of view from the lecture. There are a total of two different scenarios that you can encounter.

  • Contradiction: The lecture contradicts or casts doubt on the key points in the reading passage.
  • Supporting with Examples: The lecture supports the key points in the reading passage.

It doesn’t matter which scenario you encounter. Your response must summarize the key points discussed in the lecture and explain how these points relate to the reading.

In this task, taking good notes is critical.

When taking notes for the reading passage, make sure to write down the position or opinion of the author and the main supporting reasons for that position or opinion. In most cases, there will be three main supporting ideas. Note that the reading passage are always presented in a point-by-point fashion. That is, the article begins with a main statement, followed by three paragraphs, each of which gives a main point supporting the main statement.

For the lecture, it’s the same basic idea as the reading passage. The lecture follows the same pattern, with the main points matching up with the main points in the reading passage. In other words, the main points directly support or refute the points made in the article, usually in the same order. You must be aware of this in order to take appropriate notes. One more thing! The lecture might include information that is not related to the reading. Remember this! You don’t need to write irrelevant information down in your notes!

In addition to taking good notes, you’ll need to write at least 5 paragraphs that synthesize the main points of the reading passage and lecture . You should also paraphrase when you write your response. DO NOT copy the exact words from the reading passage or lecture. Your score will suffer, if you do.

Here is the breakdown of your essay structure:

  • Introduction

The introductory paragraph should contain the following:

  • The main topic of both the reading passage and the lecture
  • A paraphrase of the question describing the number of points made that were used to cast doubt on the reading passage.

Each body paragraph should cover one main point from the listening and explain in detail how it relates to the main points in the reading passage.

Finally, the conclusion paragraph should summarize the introductory paragraph ...and yes...you guessed it...you should paraphrase . Do not use the same wording you used in the introduction paragraph.

Now, let’s examine the two scenarios ("Contradiction" and "Supporting with Examples") in more detail. In the following section, we will provide you with TOEFL writing sample questions, sample writing responses, and useful writing templates for each of them.

TOEFL Integrated Writing Task: Scenario 1 - Contradiction

This scenario is the most common scenario. In this scenario, the lecture will contradict or cast doubt on the key points in the reading passage. Here is a TOEFL Integrated Writing Task sample question:

Question: Summarize the points made in the lecture and explain how the speaker casts doubt on specific points made in the reading passage.

As you can see, the main points of the lecture contradict the main points in the reading passage. The passage states that pollution was the cause of the declining population of sea otters, while the lecture states that the predation is the most likely cause of the decrease in sea otter populations. Here is the sample essay:

TOEFL Integrated Writing Template: Scenario 1 - Contradiction

Now, let's look at the writing template for scenario 1 - Contradiction.

TOEFL Integrated Writing Task: Scenario 2 - Supporting with Examples

In this scenario, the main points of the lecture are examples that support the key points in the reading passage. Here is a TOEFL Integrated Writing Task sample question:

Question: Summarize the points in the lecture, being sure to explain how they address the specific concerns for social media described in the reading passage.

To learn how to tackle this scenario, sign up for a 7 day free trial.

When you start the TOEFL academic discussion writing task, you will be asked a question. Your job is to plan and write an essay in response to this question. It’ll help if you understand the different types of writing questions you may encounter. Let’s take a look at them now.

TOEFL Academic Discussion Writing Task Type: Agree or Disagree

The first independent question type on our list is “Agree or Disagree“ . An "Agree or Disagree" question will give you a statement of opinion and ask you whether you agree or disagree with the statement. You will also have to provide specific reasons and examples to support your position. Here are examples:

  • Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? All students should be required to study art and music in secondary school. Use specific reasons to support your answer.
  • Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? High schools should allow students to study the courses that students want to study. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.
  • When people succeed, it is because of hard work. Luck has nothing to do with success.” Do you agree or disagree with the quotation above? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position.

TOEFL Academic Discussion Writing Task Type: Support or Oppose

This type of question is very similar to the Agree or Disagree question. However, Instead of asking you to agree or disagree with the statement, the “Support or Oppose” question will ask you to support or oppose a situation. Here is an example:

  • It has recently been announced that a new restaurant may be built in your neighborhood. Do you support or oppose this plan?

TOEFL Academic Discussion Writing Task Type: Preference

"Preference" questions give you a choice between two options and ask which option you prefer. You must provide specific reasons and examples to explain why you prefer the option you choose. Here are two examples:

  • Some people prefer to live in a small town. Others prefer to live in a big city. Which place would you prefer to live in? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.
  • Some people spend their entire lives in one place. Others move a number of times throughout their lives, looking for a better job, house, community, or even climate. Which do you prefer: staying in one place or moving in search of another place? Use reasons and specific examples to support your opinion.

TOEFL Academic Discussion Writing Task Type: If / Imaginary

"If / Imaginary" questions give you a hypothetical – or imagined – situation and ask what you would do or what you would choose. Rather than choosing between two things or two opinions, you are typically not limited in your choice. That is, you can choose anything that fits the situation. Here are three examples:

  • Imagine that you are preparing for a trip. You plan to be away from your home for a year. In addition to clothing and personal care items, you can take one additional thing. What would you take and why? Use specific reasons and details to support your choice.
  • If you were asked to send one thing representing your country to an international exhibition, what would you choose? Why? Use specific reasons and details to explain your choice.
  • If you could invent something new, what product would you develop? Use specific details to explain why this invention is needed.

TOEFL Academic Discussion Writing Task Type: Description or Explanation

A "Description or Explanation" question will ask you to describe a certain type of person – especially the good qualities of a person – or explain something in the world. You might have to choose something to explain, or you might be given something specific to explain. You might have to explain why something is beneficial, important, or significant, or you might have to explain the reasons for or effects of something. Here are three examples:

  • How do movies and television influence people's behavior.? Give reasons and examples to support your answer.
  • Some people say that computers have made life easier and more convenient. Other people say that computers have made life more complex and stressful. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
  • Neighbors are the people who live near us. In your opinion, what are the qualities of a good neighbor? Use specific details and examples in your answer.

TOEFL Academic Discussion Writing Task Type: Compare and Contrast

This is our last question type on our list and is a little tricky. The “Compare and Contrast" Question can be fool you, so you need to pay attention to what it’s really asking. Generally speaking, you will see 2 variations of this type of question.

First, the question might give you two subjects and could ask you to compare and contrast them. That is, to show the similarities and differences between them. However, the question might ask you to compare the advantages and disadvantages of only one subject, so read the question carefully.

Both variations could also ask you to state your personal opinion or your personal preference.

Here are examples of the first variation:

  • It has been said, “Not everything that is learned is contained in books.” Compare and contrast knowledge gained from experience with knowledge gained from books. In your opinion, which source is more important? Why?
  • Some people trust their first impressions about a person’s character because they believe these judgments are generally correct. Other people do not judge a person’s character quickly because they believe first impressions are often wrong. Compare these two attitudes. Which attitude do you agree with? Support your choice with specific examples.
  • Some people believe that the best way of learning about life is by listening to the advice of family and friends. Other people believe that the best way of learning about life is through personal experience. Compare the advantages of these two different ways of learning about life. Which do you think is preferable? Use specific examples to support your preference.

Here are examples of the second variation:

  • Some young children spend a great amount of their time practicing sports. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
  • A company has announced that it wishes to build a large factory near your community. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this new influence on your community. Do you support or oppose the factory? Explain your position.

So! Can you see the difference between them? When you write a comparison and contrast essay, you need to be aware of what the question is asking. Is it asking for the comparison of two different things or is it asking you to describe advantage and disadvantage of one thing? Okay! Let’s look at the essay structure of both variations.

Introductory paragraph Gives an overview of comparison and your personal opinion if the question asks you. Gives an overview of advantage and disadvantage and your personal opinion if the question asks you.
Body paragraph A Compare and contrast both two subject in one aspect. Discuss the advantage of the subject.
Body paragraph B Compare and contrast both two subject in another aspect. Discuss the disadvantage of the subject.
Conclusion paragraph Give a summary of comparisons between two opinions and restate your personal opinion if the question asks you. Summarize the advantage and disadvantage, and include a reinstatement of your personal opinion if the question asks you.

As you can see, the major difference is how you write your two body paragraphs.

When the question is asking you to compare aspects of two subjects, each body paragraph compares and contrasts two subjects in one aspect.

When the question is asking you to compare pros and cons of one subject, your first body paragraph discusses the advantage and your second body paragraph discusses the disadvantages.

TOEFL Academic Discussion Essay Structure

Introduction The introductory paragraph contains and . includes your main opinion on the essay topic and a preview of your key points which you will be developing in the body paragraphs. We’ll cover how to write an introductory paragraph in another lesson.
Body A
Body B
Body C
Each body paragraph is used to explain one key point you introduced in the introduction paragraph. Generally speaking, a high scoring essay has 3 body paragraphs, but if you find yourself running out of time, you can just write 2. After you complete your body paragraphs, it’ll be time to write your conclusion. We’ll cover how to write a body paragraph in another lesson.
Introduction The conclusion paragraph summarize each of your key points. It contains a restatement of the thesis statement you wrote in your introduction and a brief summary of your main ideas. We’ll cover how to write a conclusion paragraph in another lesson.

This 5 paragraph structure approach can be used for 5 out of the 6 essay question types. The “Compare and Contrast” question type is the only essay question that will require a different structure.

How to Write a High-scoring TOEFL Academic Discussion Writing Essay

Now, let's learn how to write a good introductory, body, and conclusion paragraph for the TOEFL Academic Discussion Writing Task.

How to write a high-scoring introductory paragraph - Part 1

How to write a high-scoring introductory paragraph - part 2, how to write a high-scoring body paragraph, how to write a high-scoring conclusion paragraph.

Sign up for a 7 day free trial to access this lesson.

How is the TOEFL Writing Section Scored?

When you complete your TOEFL test, your writing must be evaluated. This is done by a combination of human readers and a computer program called e-rater®. Each of your essays is given a score from 0 to 5. Your combined essay scores are converted to a section score of 0 to 30.

There are four basic criteria on which your essay is evaluated. These four criteria are:

  • How well you address the topic .
  • How well you develop and support your ideas.
  • How well you organize the essay and connect your ideas.
  • How well you use the English language , including grammar, vocabulary, and writing conventions.

"Writing conventions" are the special rules of writing in English, including spelling, punctuation, and capitalization.

As for the TOEFL Integrated Writing Task, here are four basic criteria on which your essay is evaluated. These four criteria are:

  • How well you select important information from the lecture.
  • How well you relate the lecture points to the reading points.
  • How well you organize the essay and provide details

How to Prepare for the TOEFL Writing Test

It takes time to develop good writing skills. Chances are a good English writer already has years of experience writing English and using English in their daily life. If you are not a good English writer, do not get frustrated.

The good news is that you only need to be able to write well on TOEFL independent and integrated tasks. Here are a few things we suggest you do in order to complete the TOEFL Writing section in the most effective manner.

  • To write well, first you need to read good essays so your brain has a database of good English structures and vocabulary you can use when writing. That being said, we recommend that you read and learn from our sample essays as much as possible. When learning these sample essays, do not just memorize them, but study how a paragraph is formed with different sentence structures, what words are used, and what main ideas are included. Ask yourself “Can I write similar sentence structures?” and “Can I form a sentence with these vocabulary words?”. The more you study, the more your writing skills will improve. The next time you write about a similar topic, you will be able to utilize them in your writing and add your own ideas.
  • If you are not a good writer, spend at least an hour a day practicing academic discussion writing and integrated writing tasks.
  • Spend some time brainstorming ideas for all academic discussion writing essays.
  • Complete our writing lessons to ensure you know what characteristics a high-scoring TOEFL essay should have. In short, the following are key factors in scoring well on the TOEFL Writing section
  • Understand the different types of prompts that appear in the academic discussion writing section.
  • Write a clear opinion or position on an issue.
  • Write a good introduction and a good conclusion paragraph.
  • Write 3 main body paragraphs. Each body paragraph should consist of a main idea and specific examples with details that support the main idea.
  • Make good use of transition words to connect your ideas.
  • Use a variety of words, both common and academic, correctly and appropriately.
  • Use a variety of sentence structures correctly and appropriately.
  • Master paraphrasing, synthesising, citing, and note-taking skills.
  • Utilize all of our writing lessons

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TOEFL Prep Online Guides and Tips

How to ace the toefl writing section: 7 expert tips.

toefl ibt essay topics with answers

Want to know all the information you need to write two great essays and ace the TOEFL Writing section?

This guide has all the tips you need to do well on TOEFL Writing. We’ll explain exactly what you can expect to see in this section, then give TOEFL Writing tips tips on how to answer both essay types, how you should study, and what you should do on test day to make sure you ace this section.

Overview of the TOEFL Writing Section

The TOEFL Writing section lasts 50 minutes and contains two tasks: Integrated Writing and Independent Writing. It’s the final section of the TOEFL. After this, you’re done!

You’ll have 20 minutes to plan and write the Integrated Writing Task and 30 minutes to plan and write the Independent Writing Tasks. Both essays will be written on the computer. We’ll discuss the tasks and what you’re expected to write in more detail in the next section.

After you complete the exam, your essays will be graded by several (typically four) graders. Each essay will receive a score from 0-5. The sum of those two scores will then be scaled to a score from 0-30, which is your official Writing score. The Writing section makes of 25% of your total TOEFL score (from 0-120).

What Types of Questions Are on TOEFL Writing?

The Writing section contains two tasks. In this section, we’ll explain the format and content of the tasks and give an official example question and response tips for each question type.

By the way: we have built the world's best online TOEFL course . Get online practice (TPO-sytle!) and individual grading and feedback on Speaking and Writing.

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TOEFL Integrated Writing

The TOEFL Integrated Writing task requires you to use listening, reading, and writing skills. For this task, you will have three minutes to read a short passage, then you will listen to a short (approximately two-minute long) audio clip of a speaker discussing the same topic the written passage covers.  You will have 20 minutes to plan and write a response that references both of these sources. You won’t discuss your own opinion.

During the writing time, you’ll be able to look at the written passage again, but you won’t be able to re-hear the audio clip. You’ll be able to take notes while you listen to it though.  The suggested response length for this task is 150-225 words. You’ll be graded on the quality of your writing as well as how well your response represents the main points of the audio clip and written passage and how they relate to each other.

Sample TOEFL Integrated Writing Question

(On the real TOEFL, the lecture would be an audio clip instead of a transcript.)

writing_1

TOEFL Writing Tips for Answering

  • Frequently refer back to the audio clip and written passage when making an argument. A key part of your grade is how well you show you understood the information these two pieces contained.
  • However, don’t just copy portions of the audio clip or passage into your essay; that doesn’t show your English skills. Always rewrite the main ideas in your own words.
  • When answering this question, pay careful attention to any differences between the information in written passage and the information in the audio clip. These differences are often an important part of your response.
  • Take good notes when the audio clip is playing. You won’t have an opportunity to listen to it again.
  • Don’t inject your own opinion. Only discuss what the audio clip and passage are saying. You’ll only discuss your own opinion on the Independent Writing Task.

body_writing

TOEFL Independent Writing

For the Independent Writing task, you’ll receive a question on a particular topic or issue. You’ll have 30 minutes to plan and write a response to that topic that explains your opinion on it. You’ll need to give reasons that support your decision.

It’s recommended that your response to this task be at least 300 words, and you’ll be graded on how well you develop your ideas, how well your essay is organized, and how accurately you use English to express your ideas.

Sample TOEFL Independent Writing Question

writing_4

  • Don’t be afraid to make things up. This essay is all about creating a strong argument for your opinion on a topic. If you don’t really care about the topic you’re supposed to write about, choose whichever side you can write a stronger essay for, and act like that’s your opinion.
  • Make your opinion clear within the first paragraph of your essay. There should be no doubt as to how you feel about the topic.
  • Longer isn’t always better. The minimum recommended length for this essay is 300 words. If you have spare time and points you still want to make, keep writing, but don’t feel like your essay needs to be 600 words. Aim for your essay to be at least 300 words, but if it’s only, say, 320 words, it’s still possible for it to get a top score if you’ve written it well.

TOEFL Writing Study Strategies

You should absolutely study the TOEFL Writing section and do practice essays before exam day. Below are some tips to help you get the most out of your studying.

Study Strategy 1: Study the 2 Essay Types

The two essays you need to write for this section are more different than they may appear at first glance, and it’s important to be aware of those differences to understand how to get top scores for both essays.

For the Integrated essay, you should not give your own opinion on the topic, and you’ll need to refer to specific points in the audio and written passages to back up your claims. For the Independent essay, you will have to give your own opinion, along with specifics to back it up.

Completing practice essays will help you become more familiar with what the prompts will look like (see next section), and you should also look at the rubrics TOEFL graders will use when grading your essays so you get a better understanding of what you need for a high score.

Study Strategy 2: Take TOEFL Writing Practice Essays

Any writing you do in English can help strengthen your skills and help you do better on TOEFL Writing, but it’s especially important to take practice TOEFL essays. Completing practice essays will help you become more familiar with the different essay prompts, strengthen your writing skills, and learn how to manage your time when writing essays.

We have a guide to all the best TOEFL Writing practice resources, including numerous free and official practice essays. Check it out to get some great study materials for the Writing section.

body_practice

Study Strategy 3: Time Yourself When Writing Practice Essays

When you’re doing practice essays, you should also be sure to time yourself. Give yourself 20 minutes to plan and write an Integrated Writing essay and 30 minutes to write an Independent Writing essay.

Timing yourself when you write will help you be more prepared for test day since you’ll get practice planning and writing essays within a limited time frame. When you first start writing your practice essays, it can be easy to spend too much time preparing which will cause you to run out of time before you finish writing. Completing timed practice essays will help you avoid this.

You should also count how many words your essays contain after you’ve finished writing them. Integrated Tasks should be 150-225 words and Independent Tasks should be at least 300 words.

Study Strategy 4: Review Your TOEFL Writing Practice Essays

After you write each practice essay, you should also review it and think about how well it answered the question. This is easier to do if the practice question comes with sample answers that you can compare your answer to, but you should do this step for all practice essays you write, even if they don’t come with any answer explanation. You can also assign your essays a score or have a tutor or friend who’s also studying for the TOEFL score your essay.

It’s tempting to take a break from TOEFL studying as soon as you’ve finished your essays, but it’s important to do this step because it will get you thinking about what great essays look like and how yours can be improved.

TOEFL Writing Tips for Acing the Section on Test Day

The last step in acing TOEFL Writing is having a great exam day. Follow these TOEFL writing tips to help ensure everything goes smoothly while you’re completing the Writing section.

Test Tip 1: Take a Few Minutes to Plan Your Essays

Since you only have a limited amount of time to complete your essays, it can be tempting to start writing the second your time starts. You want to avoid doing this, however. Spending just a few minutes planning your essay can help keep your writing focused and on topic, and it can often help you write faster because you know what you’ll be discussing next.

Spend a max of two to three minutes writing a basic outline for your essay. It should include:

  • Your thesis statement (the main point you’re making and will discuss throughout the essay)
  • The main point of each paragraph you’ll have in your essay
  • Any specific examples you can quickly think of (either from the included passages or your own opinion, depending on the essay) to back up your claim

Before you begin writing, reread the essay prompt again to make sure your outline answers the question well (see next section for more details).

Test Tip 2: Keep Referring Back to the Question

Even if you craft a beautiful essay with perfect English, you won’t get a good score if you don’t answer the question properly.  It can be easy to go off on a tangent or begin to discuss something other than what the question is asking.

For example, the Independent Writing sample question above asks you to explain whether it’s more important for teachers to relate well to students or have excellent knowledge of the subject they’re teaching. In your essay, you might include an example of a great teacher you had and spent the majority of the essay explaining why that teacher was your favorite. Even if your writing is flawless, you wouldn’t get a good score because you’re not discussing the question the essay prompt is asking.

This is something practice and making an outline before you begin writing can help you avoid, so be sure to do both, and remember to reread the prompt as you write your essay to make sure you’re on track.

body_review

Test Tip 3: Leave Some Time to Review Your Essays

After you’ve finished writing your essay, it’s helpful if you can spend a little bit of time looking it over.  Even setting aside 60 seconds can give you enough time for you skim your essay and catch and spelling or grammar errors or any sentences that aren’t clear. F ixing these little mistakes can help you from losing points when your essays are scored. Doing practice essays will help you get better at managing your time so it’ll become easier to finish your essays with some time to spare for reviewing.

Acing TOEFL Writing: What You Need to Know

In order to do well on the TOEFL Writing section, it’s important to first learn exactly what types of essays you’ll be expected to write, what they should include, and how you’ll be graded on them. While you’re studying for this section, be sure to study the two essay types, take practice essays, time yourself when writing essays, and review your practice essays.

On exam day, during the Writing section you should outline your essays before you begin writing, refer back to the essay prompts regularly, and leave yourself a bit of time at the end to review what you’ve written. Keep these TOEFL Writing tips in mind, and you’ll be well on your way to writing great essays. And remember, this is the last section of the TOEFL. Once you finish the Writing section, you’re done!

What’s Next?

Not sure what TOEFL score you should be aiming for?  Learn what a good TOEFL score is based on the schools you’re interested in.

Want more tips on how to prepare for TOEFL Writing questions? Check out our guide to the best ways to practice for TOEFL Writing!

Once you’ve taken the TOEFL, how do you send your scores to schools?   Learn the six tips you need to know for sending your TOEFL Scores.

Ready to improve your TOEFL score by 15 points?

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Author: Christine Sarikas

Christine graduated from Michigan State University with degrees in Environmental Biology and Geography and received her Master's from Duke University. In high school she scored in the 99th percentile on the SAT and was named a National Merit Finalist. She has taught English and biology in several countries. View all posts by Christine Sarikas

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  • Free Sample TOEFL Essays

Learning to write well is a skill, like any other. This skill is important not only on your TOEFL exam, but also in your academic and professional career. The TOEFL Writing section consists of two parts:

  • Integrated Writing , which includes reading, listening and then writing a summary/ comparison piece of 250 word in 20 minutes
  • Independent Writing , which involves writing a four to five-paragraph essay of 300-350 words in 30 minutes

The following free sample TOEFL essays illustrate how to get a high score on the independent writing section of the iBT. By reading through the essays, you can learn how to:

  • develop any topic into a well-organized, logical answer
  • use synonyms to paraphrase the question
  • use a variety of sentence structures & grammatical forms
  • begin with a simple, strong introduction
  • create body paragraphs that flow logically
  • develop unity by linking the body paragraphs
  • end with a memorable conclusion

Try to write an essay each day. The added practice will enable you to complete a strong essay, with ease, confidence, and speed, on the day of your TOEFL exam and throughout your life.

  • Free Sample TOEFL Essay #1 "Doing Unenjoyable Things"
  • Free Sample TOEFL Essay #2 "Money & Success"
  • Free Sample TOEFL Essay #3 "Studying Abroad"
  • Free Sample TOEFL Essay #4 "Family or Friends More Important?"
  • Free Sample TOEFL Essay #5 "Virtual or Real University"
  • Free Sample TOEFL Essay #6 "Children & Formal Education"
  • Free Sample TOEFL Essay #7 "Household Tasks for Children"

1. TOEFL BASICS

Toefl overview.

  • TOEFL Exam Details
  • Registration
  • Administration

TOEFL iBT Format

2. toefl skills, primary skills.

  • Reading Skills
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  • Writing Skills
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Secondary Skills

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Support Skills

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  • Synthesizing

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Toefl books, in-class training.

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5. TOEFL Videos

6. toefl blog.

TOEFL iBT ®

The premier test of academic English communication

Learn more by selecting any step in your TOEFL iBT ®  journey.

TOEFL iBT Test Writing Section

The TOEFL iBT test Writing section measures your ability to write in English in an academic setting, and to present your ideas in a clear, well-organized way.

There are two writing tasks.

  • Integrated writing task (20 minutes) — read a short passage and listen to a short lecture, then write in response to what you read and listened to.
  • Writing for an Academic Discussion task (10 minutes) — state and support an opinion in an online classroom discussion.

You'll type your responses on a computer keyboard.

Test time:  It should take about 29 minutes to complete the Writing section.

Scoring: Writing tasks are scored based on the  Writing Scoring Guides (Rubrics) (PDF)  by a combination of AI scoring and certified human raters. Raw scores are converted to a scaled section score of 0–30.

Practice Your Writing Skills

Explore a variety of official prep offerings to practice your English-writing skills with TOEFL ® TestReady ™ . Get insights and feedback on your grammar, usage, mechanics and more.

Writing videos

Watch these videos to learn about the questions in the Writing section, plus helpful tips.

Video About Integrated Writing

Question 1: Integrated Writing

Read a passage and listen to a lecture. Then write a response comparing them.

View Transcript

Video About Independent Writing

Question 2: Writing for an Academic Discussion

Share your opinion in an online discussion with a professor and other students.

Do you need to be an expert on the topics?

The writing tasks measure your English proficiency, so you don't need deep knowledge on a specific topic to get a high score. Score raters recognize that each essay is a first draft, and you can receive a high score with an essay that contains some errors.

Enjoy this post? Rate it!

TOEFL integrated writing

TOEFL integrated writing task 2023 | Examples and sample essay.

Want to excel in the toefl writing task elevate your skills with the most up-to-date examples, carefully crafted sample essays, and insights in 2023. maximize your potential to succeed in the integrated writing task., table of contents, introduction, toefl integrated writing task structure and format , toefl writing task topics , toefl writing task sample , toefl writing task pdf and other resources , strategies for toefl integrated writing task , scoring criteria for toefl writing task , key tips for success , example 1: environmental conservation , example 2: technological advancements in medicine , introduction: , body: , key takeaways .

TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) is a critical stepping stone for students who aspire to study in English-speaking universities. The TOEFL writing task is one part of this examination that can often become a cause for concern. It not only tests your ability to understand English but also your ability to express thoughts, ideas, and opinions in a clear and precise manner. 

In this comprehensive guide, we will explore various aspects of the TOEFL writing task, including topics, samples, format, and specific answers to common questions. The information provided is tailored to the 2023 edition of the test, ensuring relevance and applicability to your preparation. So, if you’re planning to take on this challenge in 2023, let’s begin by understanding the structure and requirements of the TOEFL writing task. 

The TOEFL integrated writing task is the first of the two writing tasks in the TOEFL exam. It’s designed to assess your ability to combine listening and reading skills to write a coherent and well-structured essay. Here’s a detailed breakdown: 

  • Reading passage : A passage around 200-250 words long is provided. You’ll have three minutes to read it. 
  • Listening clip : A short lecture related to the reading passage is played. You’ll be given time to take notes to remember the content better. 
  • Writing task : You will have 20 minutes to write a response of about 150-225 words, summarizing the points made in the lecture and explaining how they relate to specific points in the reading passage. 

The topics for the TOEFL integrated writing task are generally academic and range from subjects like history, science, art, and social sciences. Here’s an example of how the topics will be given: 

  • Reading passage : An excerpt will be provided about Renaissance art and its influence. 
  • Listening clip : A lecture discussing a specific Renaissance painting. 
  • Writing task : Compare and contrast the information in the reading passage and the lecture.

Practicing in advance by working on such topics will help you write and format your writing tasks better. Here’s a sample for you to practice: 

TOEFL integrated writing

  • Reading passage: Brief description of climate change and its effects. 
  • Listening clip : A lecture discussing various solutions to combat climate change.
  • Writing task : Summarize the solutions from the lecture and relate them to the problems mentioned in the reading passage. 

To support your preparation, TOEFL writing task PDF materials, containing practice questions and samples are available online. These resources often include: 

  • Guides on TOEFL writing format 
  • Collection of TOEFL writing samples with answers PDF 
  • TOEFL writing task 1 sample answers and TOEFL writing task 2 sample answers 
  • Practice tests for TOEFL writing task 2 

These materials are instrumental in understanding the pattern and honing your skills to succeed in the TOEFL writing task. 

  • Understanding the structure : Familiarize yourself with the TOEFL writing format, including reading, listening, and writing phases. 
  • Time management: Allocate time for reading, note-taking, and writing, keeping in mind the 20-minute time limit for the writing task. 
  • Note-taking skills : Practice jotting down crucial points from both the reading passage and the listening clip. Focus on the main ideas, supporting details, and the relationship between the reading and listening parts. 
  • Creating an outline : Before diving into writing, create a rough outline to organize your thoughts. This helps in maintaining coherence and connection between various sections of the essay. 
  • Practicing with samples : Utilize the TOEFL writing task sample, TOEFL writing task 1 sample answers, and TOEFL writing task 2 sample answers for regular practice. 

Understanding the scoring can guide you in preparing effectively. The TOEFL integrated writing task is scored on a scale of 0-5 based on the following criteria: 

  • Content : Accuracy, completeness, and connection between reading and listening. 
  • Organization : Logical progression, clear introduction, body, and conclusion. 
  • Language use : Grammar, vocabulary, sentence structure, and overall fluency.
  • Use transitional phrases : Transitional words like “however,” “in addition,” and “therefore” can help in maintaining the flow. 
  • Avoid repetition : While using keywords is vital, avoid unnecessary repetition. Make sure your content is varied and engaging. 
  • Proofread : Reserve some time at the end for revising and correcting errors.
  • Access Quality Resources : Consider TOEFL writing samples with answers PDF, TOEFL writing task PDF guides, and practice tests for well-rounded preparation.
  • Tables, quizzes, and other interactive elements: Incorporating tables and quizzes can be an excellent way to enhance the learning experience. For instance, a table comparing different TOEFL writing task topics or a quiz testing understanding of TOEFL writing format can be included in online learning platforms or books. 

TOEFL integrated writing

Examples of TOEFL integrated writing task 

The TOEFL integrated writing task presents a unique challenge to assess your ability to analyze information from both a reading passage and a lecture. In this task, you must demonstrate your comprehension of the material and your capacity to connect ideas between the text and the spoken content. To give you a clearer picture, let’s dive into a few illustrative examples of TOEFL-integrated writing tasks:

Reading passage : Description of deforestation and its impact on biodiversity.

Listening Clip : A lecture discussing various conservation methods employed globally. 

Writing task: 

  • Reading: The passage highlights the critical loss of forests, leading to a decline in biodiversity and environmental balance. 
  • Listening: The speaker introduces multiple conservation techniques such as reforestation, wildlife corridors, and legal enforcement. 
  • Essay: The essay must summarise the conservation methods mentioned in the lecture and relate them to the problems of deforestation and biodiversity loss detailed in the reading passage. 

Reading passage: An overview of the traditional medical practices and their limitations. 

Listening clip: A lecture elaborating on recent technological advancements in medical diagnostics and treatments. 

Writing task : 

  • Reading: The passage outlines traditional medical practices, emphasizing their limitations in accuracy and efficiency. 
  • Listening : The lecturer elaborates on cutting-edge technologies like AI-powered diagnostics, robotic surgeries, and personalized medicine.
  • Essay : The essay should connect the advancements discussed in the lecture with the limitations outlined in the reading passage, showcasing how technology is revolutionizing medical practice. 

In-depth Analysis of a Sample Essay | Environmental conservation 

The essay must have a good flow and cohesiveness. This makes it easier to understand and leave a good impression. Here is the in-depth analysis of an essay on environmental conservation.

“The loss of forests and biodiversity has long been a global concern. However, modern conservation methods, as described in the lecture, offer promising solutions to the challenges outlined in the reading passage.” 

  • Paragraph 1: Discuss reforestation, its importance, and how it directly addresses deforestation. 
  • Paragraph 2: Explore wildlife corridors and their role in preserving biodiversity. 
  • Paragraph 3 : Explain legal enforcement, international agreements, and their impact on conservation efforts. 
  • The TOEFL-integrated writing task involves reading, listening, and writing. Understand the flow and practice each part. 
  • Make use of TOEFL writing samples with answers PDF, TOEFL writing task PDF guides, and various other materials for practice. 
  • Your essay should logically connect the reading and listening parts, maintaining a clear and concise structure. 

The innovative conservation techniques described in the lecture provide a comprehensive approach to combating the grave issues of deforestation and biodiversity loss mentioned in the reading passage. These methods signify hope and progress in environmental preservation. 

We hope you found this article insightful. If you have any more queries please reach out to us and get them solved quickly!

Liked this blog? Read: TOEFL requirements 2023 | Documents and minimum requirements guide. 

1. How much time do I have for the TOEFL Integrated Writing Task? 

Ans. You have 3 minutes to read the passage, a listening time for the clip, and 20 minutes to write the essay. 

2. Can I take notes during the listening part of the TOEFL Writing Task? 

Ans. Yes, taking notes is allowed and advisable during the listening portion.

3. What types of topics are covered in the TOEFL Writing Task Topics? 

Ans. Topics are typically academic, ranging from history, science, art to social sciences. 

4. Where can I find TOEFL Writing Task 1 sample answers and TOEFL Writing Task 2 sample answers? 

Ans. Various online platforms, prep books, and official TOEFL guides provide these samples.

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Toefl Essay Topics

toefl essay topics

All of the topics we’ll list out in this article are included in the Official Guide to the TOEFL (fourth edition). The Official Guide to the TOEFL is a book that enjoys a distinguished reputation. In our opinion, anyone who wants to take this exam should get their hands on it! That said, take a look at our list of questions for the TOEFL.

  • Question no. 1 In our modern society, due to the overwhelming utilization of the internet, it is much easier for us to acquire information in comparison to the previous generations. In which way does this expand the accessibility of data? How does this impact our everyday existence?
  • Question no. 2 A large number of students feel more excited about classes in which they can openly talk to the teacher, and the lectures are at a minimum. On the other hand, some students believe that a class that includes more lectures and less open discussions is a better idea. In your opinion, which of the two alternatives is the best? To substantiate your response, utilize precise motivations and instances.
  • Question no. 3 Take a look at the following assertion: Research is better conducted by utilizing printed sources, like publications or articles, rather than internet websites. Do you approve or disapprove of such judgment? To substantiate your response, utilize precise motivations and instances.
  • Question no. 4 Take a look at the following assertion: grades urge students to study. Do you approve or disapprove of this? To advocate your point of view, make use of precise motivations and instances.
  • Question no. 5 The individuals who live in our proximity are referred to as neighbors. From your perspective, what are the traits that define a good neighbor? When providing your response, utilize precise details and instances.
  • Question no. 6 Do you believe that people who reside in North America have become too reliant on cars for locomotion?
  • Question no. 7 Imagine that you have the possibility of staying abroad of your own choice for a period of 2 weeks. Which foreign state would you prefer traveling to? To justify your option, offer precise motivations and details.
  • Question no. 8 While some individuals prefer traveling with other people, others enjoy traveling by themselves. Into which category do you fall? To justify your option, make use of precise motivations and instances.
  • Question no. 9 Think of the following situation: A firm needs to choose between spending a certain amount of money on supporting artists and allocating those funds to environmental protection. In your opinion, which of the two alternatives should the firm opt for? To substantiate your response, utilize precise motivations and instances.
  • Question no. 10 What is your strategy when it comes to fixing issues? In what way does this accomplish the desired results? To substantiate your answer, utilize precise details.
  • Question no. 11 Make a comparison and pinpoint the similarities and differences between your lifestyle and that of your parents. In your opinion, which of the two lifestyles would be more gratifying for the generations to come?
  • Question no. 12 As a rule, nowadays humans have lengthier lives. Talk about the factors that generate this phenomenon. When drafting your paper, utilize precise motivations and details.
  • Question no. 13 Some people prefer spending their money on things they like right after they receive it, while others think it’s a better idea to save it for the future. In your opinion, which of the two is the best approach? To substantiate your perspective, utilize particular motivations and details.
  • Question no. 14 Individuals become college or university students due to a lot of distinct motives (for instance, to experience new things, to train for a career or to gain new skills). In your opinion, what is the reason for which individuals become students?
  • Question no. 15 In what way are one's actions shaped by films or TV shows? To substantiate your response, utilize motivations and precise instances.
  • Question no. 16 What significant aspect regarding your hometown would you like to change, provided that you had that possibility? To substantiate your response, make use of motivations and precise instances.
  • Question no. 17 Ponder on the following assertion: The popularization of television is responsible for ruining communication between people. Do you approve or disapprove of such judgment? To substantiate your perspective, utilize precise motivations and instances.
  • Question no. 18 While some individuals wish to reside in a tiny settlement, others enjoy big city life the most. Into which category do you fall? To substantiate your response, utilize precise motivations and details.
  • Question no. 19 Take a look at the following statement: Humans can only be successful as a result of hard work. Success cannot be achieved by luck. Do you approve or disapprove of this idea? To justify your standpoint, make use of precise motivations and instances.
  • Question no. 20 Take a look at the following assertion: Colleges ought to allocate the same percentage of their funds to sports activities as they grant their college libraries. Do you approve or disapprove of the statement? To substantiate your viewpoint, utilize precise motivations and examples.
  • Question no. 21 A lot of individuals go to museums every time they find themselves in new locations. In your opinion, what are the reasons why people like museums? To substantiate your response, utilize precise motivations and instances.
  • Question no. 22 Do you approve or do you disapprove of the following statement? It is preferable to raise kids in a village, rather than in a large urban area. When drafting your paper, utilize precise motivations and instances.
  • Question no. 23 A large number of individuals think that our endeavors are destroying our planet. On the other hand, others believe that our endeavors are on the whole beneficial to our planet. Which of the two standpoints do you embrace? To substantiate your response, make use of particular motivations and instances.
  • Question no. 24 People usually get jobs because they require money to sustain themselves. Can you identify other motives for which individuals get jobs? Talk about one or more of these motives. To substantiate your response, utilize precise instances and details.
  • Question no. 25 People engage in a lot of distinct actions to preserve their health. What actions do you undertake to stay healthy? To substantiate your response, utilize precise motivations and instances.
  • Question no. 26 Imagine the following scenario: you have recently found out that a big mall may be constructed in your district. Do you approve of this project or do you not? Explain why, and utilize precise motivations and details to substantiate your response.
  • Question no. 27 While some students find it better to study with other people, others are more productive when they study by themselves. Which of the two perspectives do you adopt? To justify your response, use precise motivations and instances.
  • Question no. 28 While some individuals enjoy dining out at restaurants or fast food joints, others feel better when they cook and eat their own meals at home. Which of the two categories do you fall under? To substantiate your response, utilize precise motivations and instances.
  • Question no. 29 While some individuals think that class attendance ought to be mandatory for college students, others share the belief that it ought to be facultative. Which of the two viewpoints do you embrace? To justify your response, utilize precise motivations and details.
  • Question no. 30 A large number of individuals believe that studying is best done alone as opposed to having a professor. On the other hand, other people think that studying with a professor is a much better idea. Which of the two points of view do you agree with? When drafting your paper, make use of precise motivations.
  • Question no. 31 In your opinion, which would be some of the most significant traits that a good overseer (employer) should have? To justify the significance of these traits, utilize precise details and instances.
  • Question no. 32 As a rule, humans enjoy longer lives nowadays. Talk about the reasons behind this. Utilize particular motivations and details in your paper (second version).
  • Question no. 33 When we get a job, we inevitably need to collaborate with a lot of distinct types of individuals. From your point of view, what are the most significant traits a work colleague (a person you collaborate closely with) should possess? To justify the significance of these traits, use motivations and precise instances.
  • Question no. 34 Take a look at the following assertion: In two decades, people will own a smaller number of vehicles than they do today. Do you approve or disapprove of this opinion?
  • Question no. 35 Take a look at the following assertion: nowadays humans tend to spend more time on entertaining themselves rather than doing what needs to be done. Do you approve or disapprove of this statement?
  • Question no. 36 Take a look at the following assertion: Life nowadays is considerably simpler and more pleasant in comparison to the lives our grandparents had when they were young. Do you approve or disapprove of this statement?
  • Question no. 37 Take a look at the following assertion: We can draw more valuable lessons from individuals who are at a superior level compared to us (such as professors) than from our peers. Do you approve or disapprove of this statement?
  • Question no. 38 Take a look at the following assertion: One should never adopt a significant measure by themselves. Do you approve or disapprove of this opinion?
  • Question no. 39 Consider the following situation: you have recently found out that a new restaurant may be constructed somewhere in your area. Do you approve or disapprove of this? Explain your viewpoint and utilize precise motivations and details to substantiate your response.
  • Question no. 40 Take a look at the following assertion: In some situations, it is preferable to lie. Do you approve or disapprove of this statement? To substantiate your response, use precise motivations and details.

Synthesis Essay Topics

  • How to Write an ACT Essay
  • How to Write the Harvard Supplemental Essays
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  • How to Write a Thesis Proposal
  • How To Write Your Dissertation Conclusion

toefl ibt essay topics with answers

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Format, Types and Syllabus of TOEFL

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TOEFL Free Study Materials

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Cutoff and Scores of TOEFL

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Tips for TOEFL Exam

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  • When to Start Preparing for IELTS or TOEFL?

TOEFL 2024 Exam Practice Tests FREE- Download TOEFL Mock Test PDF

TOEFL 2024 practice tests are vital for non-native English speakers aiming to study or work in English-speaking countries. These TOEFL exam sample tests simulate the actual exam, helping you build the skills needed for a high score. Taking TOEFL mock tests in PDF format familiarizes you with the exam structure, identifies strengths and weaknesses, and improves time management. Regular practice with these tests boosts confidence and ensures you are well-prepared on test day.

Incorporate free TOEFL 2024 practice tests into your study routine to simulate real test conditions, understand question types, and develop effective strategies. Using TOEFL exam sample tests as part of your preparation will help you achieve the best possible score and succeed in your academic or professional goals.

TOEFL-2024-Exam-Practice-Tests-FREE

TOEFL 2024 Exam Practice Tests FREE

TOEFL 2024 Practice Tests FREE

To help you prepare effectively, we offer comprehensive TOEFL exam sample tests. These mock tests closely mimic the actual exam, providing a realistic practice experience. Each TOEFL exam sample test includes detailed answer explanations and performance analysis to help you identify areas for improvement.

Regularly taking these TOEFL exam sample tests will build your confidence, enhance your test-taking skills, and increase your chances of achieving a high score. Start your preparation today with our TOEFL exam sample tests and move closer to your academic and professional goals. Utilizing these sample tests as part of your study routine will ensure you are well-prepared for the TOEFL exam in 2024.

How GeeksforGeeks’s Free Practice Papers Help You to Score Higher Marks in TOEFL Exam?

Achieving a high score in the TOEFL exam is crucial for many students, and our TOEFL exam sample tests are a powerful tool to help you reach that goal. These practice tests are meticulously designed to replicate the actual TOEFL exam’s format and difficulty, providing an authentic practice experience.

  • Firstly, practicing with our TOEFL exam sample tests familiarizes you with the test structure, timing, and question types. This preparation reduces test-day anxiety and boosts confidence, as you will know exactly what to expect.
  • Secondly, our sample tests cover all four sections of the TOEFL exam: Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing. Regular practice helps you identify your strengths and areas needing improvement, allowing you to focus your study efforts more effectively for balanced preparation.
  • Additionally, each sample test includes detailed answers and explanations, offering insights into the correct responses and highlighting common pitfalls. This feedback is essential for understanding your mistakes and learning from them, helping you to improve continuously.
  • Finally, practicing under timed conditions helps you develop essential time management skills. This ensures you can complete each section within the allotted time, maximizing your performance. With our TOEFL exam sample tests, you’re not just practicing; you’re strategically preparing to excel in the TOEFL exam, setting yourself up for success.

Why TOEFL Exam Practice Tests are Important?

Familiarize yourself with the test format.

The TOEFL exam consists of four sections: Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing. Taking TOEFL exam practice tests helps you understand the structure and types of questions in each section, giving you a clear idea of what to expect on the actual test day.

Identify Your Strengths and Weaknesses

Practice tests are crucial for highlighting your strengths and pinpointing areas that need improvement. This allows you to focus your study efforts more effectively and enhance your overall performance.

Improve Time Management

The TOEFL exam is a timed test. Regularly taking TOEFL exam practice tests helps you develop effective time management skills, ensuring that you can complete each section within the allotted time without feeling rushed.

Build Confidence

The more you practice, the more confident you’ll become. Familiarity with the test format and question types through TOEFL exam practice tests will make you feel more prepared and confident on the test day.

Reduce Test Anxiety

Knowing what to expect on the test can significantly reduce your anxiety. Regular practice with TOEFL exam practice tests helps you stay calm and focused during the actual exam, allowing you to perform at your best.

How to Use TOEFL Exam Practice Tests Effectively?

Simulate real test conditions.

When taking TOEFL exam practice tests, ensure you are in a quiet environment free from interruptions. Time yourself exactly as you would during the actual TOEFL exam. This will provide a realistic experience and help you manage your time more effectively during the real test.

Review Your Answers

After completing each practice test, take the time to review your answers thoroughly. Understand why you got certain questions wrong and learn from your mistakes. This step is crucial for improving your accuracy and performance in the TOEFL exam.

Analyze Your Performance

Evaluate your overall performance and identify patterns. Are there specific types of questions or sections where you consistently struggle? Use this analysis to focus your study efforts on these weaker areas, enhancing your readiness for the TOEFL exam.

Set Realistic Goals

Set achievable goals for each TOEFL exam practice test. Aim to improve your score with each subsequent test. This gradual improvement will not only build your confidence but also ensure steady progress in your preparation.

Incorporate Feedback

If you have access to teachers, tutors, or peers, seek their feedback on your practice tests. They can provide valuable insights and strategies to help you improve your performance on the TOEFL exam. Constructive feedback can significantly enhance your preparation.

TOEFL mock practice tests are an essential tool for anyone preparing for the TOEFL exam. They help you understand the test format, identify areas for improvement, manage your time effectively, build confidence, and reduce test anxiety. By regularly taking and reviewing these practice tests, you can significantly enhance your chances of achieving a high TOEFL score.

Take advantage of our expertly designed TOEFL mock practice tests to maximize your preparation and boost your confidence. With dedication and the right resources, you can achieve the TOEFL score you need to reach your academic and professional goals.

TOEFL 2024 Exam Practice Tests- FAQs

How frequently should i practice with mock papers to improve my toefl scores.

Practicing with mock papers at least two to three times a week is ideal. This frequency allows for consistent progress tracking, helps identify areas needing improvement, and reinforces your skills without causing burnout.

Are the mock papers designed to accurately reflect the actual TOEFL exam’s format and difficulty?

Yes, our mock papers are specifically designed to mirror the format and difficulty level of the actual TOEFL exam. This realistic practice helps you become familiar with the test structure, question types, and time constraints, making you more confident on exam day.

How can I utilize the feedback from the mock papers to enhance my scores?

Each mock test comes with detailed answers and explanations. By reviewing this feedback, you can understand the reasoning behind correct answers, learn from your mistakes, and identify patterns in your errors. This targeted analysis is crucial for focusing your study efforts effectively.

Will practicing with mock papers help me improve my time management skills during the TOEFL exam?

Absolutely. Regular practice under timed conditions helps you develop effective time management strategies. You’ll learn to pace yourself and allocate time efficiently across different sections, ensuring you complete each part within the allotted time.

Do the mock papers cover all sections of the TOEFL exam?

Yes, our mock papers comprehensively cover all four sections of the TOEFL exam: Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing. This ensures you get balanced practice and are thoroughly prepared for every aspect of the test.

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Test Resources

TOEFL® Resources by Michael Goodine

Toefl independent writing topics, toefl essay practice questions.

This list is from an old version of the Official Guide to the TOEFL.  I want to emphasize that these questions are quite old, and the questions on the real test are quite different.  I’m leaving it online, though, since people seem to want it.

If you want some REAL questions, please visit my modern collection of sample TOEFL independent writing questions .

(Links are to some sample essays based on modified versions of some questions)

1.  People attend college or university for many different reasons (for example, new experiences, career preparation, increased knowledge). Why do you think people attend college or university? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

2.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents are the best teachers. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

3.  Nowadays, food has become easier to prepare. Has this change improved the way people live? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

4.  It has been said, “Not everything that is learned is contained in books.” Compare and contrast knowledge gained from experience with knowledge gained from books. In your opinion, which source is more important? Why?

5.  A company has announced that it wishes to build a large factory near your community. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this new influence on your community. Do you support or oppose the factory? Explain your position.

6.  If you could change one important thing about your hometown, what would you change? Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer.

7.  How do movies or television influence people’s behavior? Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer.

8.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Television has destroyed communication among friends and family. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

9.  Some people prefer to live in a small town. Others prefer to live in a big city. Which place would you prefer to live in? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

10.  “When people succeed, it is because of hard work. Luck has nothing to do with success.” Do you agree or disagree with the quotation above? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position.

11.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Universities should give the same amount of money to their students’ sports activities as they give to their university libraries. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

12.  Many people visit museums when they travel to new places. Why do you think people visit museums? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

13.  Some people prefer to eat at food stands or restaurants. Other people prefer to prepare and eat food at home. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

14.  Some people believe that university students should be required to attend classes. Others believe that going to classes should be optional for students. Which point of view do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to explain your answer.

15.  Neighbors are the people who live near us. In your opinion, what are the qualities of a good neighbor? Use specific details and examples in your answer.

16.  It has recently been announced that a new restaurant may be built in your neighborhood. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

17.  Some people think that they can learn better by themselves than with a teacher. Others think that it is always better to have a teacher. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons to develop your essay.

18.  What are some important qualities of a good supervisor (boss)? Use specific details and examples to explain why these qualities are important.

19. Should governments spend more money on improving roads and highways, or should governments spend more money on improving public transportation (buses, trains, subways)? Why? Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay.

20.  It is better for children to grow up in the countryside than in a big city. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to develop your essay.

21.  In general, people are living longer now. Discuss the causes of this phenomenon. Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay.

22.  We all work or will work in our jobs with many different kinds of people. In your opinion, what are some important characteristics of a co-worker (someone you work closely with)? Use reasons and specific examples to explain why these characteristics are important.

23.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Sometimes it is better not to tell the truth. Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

24. In some countries, teenagers have jobs while they are still students. Do you think this is a good idea? Support your opinion by using specific reasons and details.

25. A person you know is planning to move to your town or city. What do you think this person would like and dislike about living in your town or city? Why? Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay.

26.  It has recently been announced that a large shopping center may be built in your neighborhood. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

27. It has recently been announced that a new movie theater may be built in your neighborhood. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

28. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should sometimes do things that they do not enjoy doing. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

29. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Television, newspapers, magazines, and other media pay too much attention to the personal lives of famous people such as public figures and celebrities. Use specific reasons and details to explain your opinion.

30.  Some people believe that the Earth is being harmed (damaged) by human activity. Others feel that human activity makes the Earth a better place to live. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

31. It has recently been announced that a new high school may be built in your community. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific reasons and details in your answer.

32. Some people spend their entire lives in one place. Others move a number of times throughout their lives, looking for a better job, house, community, or even climate. Which do you prefer: staying in one place or moving in search of another place? Use reasons and specific examples to support your opinion.

33. Is it better to enjoy your money when you earn it or is it better to save your money for some time in the future? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

34. You have received a gift of money. The money is enough to buy either a piece of jewelry you like or tickets to a concert you want to attend. Which would you buy? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

35. You must select a person to teach others to do a job. Which one of the following is the most important for you to consider in making your selection?

the person’s education the person’s work experience the quality of the person’s previous work

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

36. Businesses should hire employees for their entire lives. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

37. Countries, businesses, and schools are three areas that need good leaders. Choose one of these three areas and describe the most important qualities of a leader in that area. Explain why these qualities are important, using specific examples and details.

38. Choose one of the following transportation vehicles and explain why you think it has changed people’s lives.

Automobiles Bicycles Airplanes

39. Do you agree or disagree that progress is always good? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

40. Learning about the past has no value for those of us living in the present. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

41. The expression “Never, never give up” means to keep trying and never stop working for your goals. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

42. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? With the help of technology, students nowadays can learn more information and learn it more quickly. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

43. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Games are as important for adults as they are for children. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

44. Awards and prizes are given for excellence in various fields. Do these awards and prizes serve a useful purpose? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

45. Some people think that human needs for farmland, housing, and industry are more important than saving land for endangered animals. Do you agree or disagree with this point of view? Why or why not? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

46. What is a very important skill a person should learn in order to be successful in the world today? Choose one skill and use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

47. Resolving problems between individuals or groups is important. What should be considered or kept in mind in resolving problems between individuals or groups? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

48. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Self-confidence is the most important factor for success in school or at work. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

49. Why do you think some people are attracted to dangerous sports or other dangerous activities? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

50. Which is more important for success: the natural ability you are born with or hard work? Explain your opinion, using specific reasons and examples.

51. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents or other adult relatives should make important decisions for their older (15 to 18 year-old) teenaged children. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

52.  Some people like to travel with a companion. Other people prefer to travel alone. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

53. Some people prefer to get up early in the morning and start the day’s work. Others prefer to get up later in the day and work until late at night. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

54. What are the important qualities of a good son or daughter? Have these qualities changed or remained the same over time in your culture? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

55. Some people prefer to work for a large company. Others prefer to work for a small company. Which would you prefer? Use specific reasons and details to support your choice.

56.  People work because they need money to live. What are some other reasons that people work? Discuss one or more of these reasons. Use specific examples and details to support your answer.

57. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Face-to-face communication is better than other types of communication, such as letters, e-mail, or telephone calls. Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

58. Some people like to do only what they already do well. Other people prefer to try new things and take risks. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

59. Some people believe that success in life comes from taking risks or chances. Others believe that success results from careful planning. In your opinion, what does success come from? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

60. What change would make your hometown more appealing to people your age? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

61. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The most important aspect of a job is the money a person earns. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

62. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? One should never judge a person by external appearances. Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

63.  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A person should never make an important decision alone. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer .

64.  A company is going to give some money either to support the arts or to protect the environment. Which do you think the company should choose? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

65. Some movies are serious, designed to make the audience think. Other movies are designed primarily to amuse and entertain. Which type of movie do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

66. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Businesses should do anything they can to make a profit. Use specific reasons and examples to support your position.

67. Some people are always in a hurry to go places and get things done. Other people prefer to take their time and live life at a slower pace. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

68. Some people think governments should spend as much money as possible exploring outer space (for example, traveling to the Moon and to other planets). Other people disagree and think governments should spend this money for our basic needs on Earth. Which of these two opinions do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

69. People have different ways of escaping the stress and difficulties of modern life. Some read; some exercise; others work in their gardens. What do you think are the best ways of reducing stress? Use specific details and examples in your answer.

70. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Teachers should be paid according to how much their students learn. Give specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

71. If you were asked to send one thing representing your country to an international exhibition, what would you choose? Why? Use specific reasons and details to explain your choice.

72. You have been told that dormitory rooms at your university must be shared by two students. Would you rather have the university assign a student to share a room with you, or would you rather choose your own roommate? Use specific reasons and details to explain your answer.

73. Some people think that governments should spend as much money as possible on developing or buying computer technology. Other people disagree and think that this money should be spent on more basic needs. Which one of these opinions do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

74. Some people like doing work by hand. Others prefer using machines. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

75. Schools should ask students to evaluate their teachers. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

76. In your opinion, what is the most important characteristic (for example, honesty, intelligence, a sense of humor) that a person can have to be successful in life? Use specific reasons and examples from your experience to explain your answer. When you write your answer, you are not limited to the examples listed in the prompt.

77. It is generally agreed that society benefits from the work of its members. Compare the contributions of artists to society with the contributions of scientists to society. Which type of contribution do you think is valued more by your society? Give specific reasons to support your answer.

78. Students at universities often have a choice of places to live. They may choose to live in university dormitories, or they may choose to live in apartments in the community. Compare the advantages of living in university housing with the advantages of living in an apartment in the community. Where would you prefer to live? Give reasons for your preference.

79. You need to travel from your home to a place 40 miles (64 kilometers) away. Compare the different kinds of transportation you could use. Tell which method of travel you would choose. Give specific reasons for your choice.

80. Some people believe that a college or university education should be available to all students. Others believe that higher education should be available only to good students. Discuss these views. Which view do you agree with? Explain why.

81. Some people believe that the best way of learning about life is by listening to the advice of family and friends. Other people believe that the best way of learning about life is through personal experience. Compare the advantages of these two different ways of learning about life. Which do you think is preferable? Use specific examples to support your preference.

82. When people move to another country, some of them decide to follow the customs of the new country. Others prefer to keep their own customs. Compare these two choices. Which one do you prefer? Support your answer with specific details.

83. Some people prefer to spend most of their time alone. Others like to be with friends most of the time. Do you prefer to spend your time alone or with friends? Use specific reasons to support your answer.

84. Some people prefer to spend time with one or two close friends. Others choose to spend time with a large number of friends. Compare the advantages of each choice. Which of these two ways of spending time do you prefer? Use specific reasons to support your answer.

85. Some people think that children should begin their formal education at a very early age and should spend most of their time on school studies. Others believe that young children should spend most of their time playing. Compare these two views. Which view do you agree with? Why?

86. The government has announced that it plans to build a new university. Some people think that your community would be a good place to locate the university. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of establishing a new university in your community. Use specific details in your discussion.

87. Some people think that the family is the most important influence on young adults. Other people think that friends are the most important influence on young adults. Which view do you agree with? Use examples to support your position.

88. Some people prefer to plan activities for their free time very carefully. Others choose not to make any plans at all for their free time. Compare the benefits of planning free-time activities with the benefits of not making plans. Which do you prefer-planning or not planning for your leisure time? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your choice.

89. People learn in different ways. Some people learn by doing things; other people learn by reading about things; others learn by listening to people talk about things. Which of these methods of learning is best for you? Use specific examples to support your choice.

90. Some people choose friends who are different from themselves. Others choose friends who are similar to themselves. Compare the advantages of having friends who are different from you with the advantages of having friends who are similar to you. Which kind of friend do you prefer for yourself? Why?

91. Some people enjoy change, and they look forward to new experiences. Others like their lives to stay the same, and they do not change their usual habits. Compare these two approaches to life. Which approach do you prefer? Explain why.

92. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People behave differently when they wear different clothes. Do you agree that different clothes influence the way people behave? Use specific examples to support your answer.

93. Decisions can be made quickly, or they can be made after careful thought. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The decisions that people make quickly are always wrong. Use reasons and specific examples to support your opinion.

94. Some people trust their first impressions about a person’s character because they believe these judgments are generally correct. Other people do not judge a person’s character quickly because they believe first impressions are often wrong. Compare these two attitudes. Which attitude do you agree with? Support your choice with specific examples.

95. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People are never satisfied with what they have; they always want something more or something different. Use specific reasons to support your answer.

96. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should read only those books that are about real events, real people, and established facts. Use specific reasons and details to support your opinion.

97. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is more important for students to study history and literature than it is for them to study science and mathematics. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

98. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? All students should be required to study art and music in secondary school. Use specific reasons to support your answer.

99. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? There is nothing that young people can teach older people. Use specific reasons and examples to support your position.

100. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Reading fiction (such as novels and short stories) is more enjoyable than watching movies. Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position.

101. Some people say that physical exercise should be a required part of every school day. Other people believe that students should spend the whole school day on academic studies. Which opinion do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

102. A university plans to develop a new research center in your country. Some people want a center for business research. Other people want a center for research in agriculture (farming). Which of these two kinds of research centers do you recommend for your country? Use specific reasons in your recommendation.

103. Some young children spend a great amount of their time practicing sports. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

104. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Only people who earn a lot of money are successful. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

105. If you could invent something new, what product would you develop? Use specific details to explain why this invention is needed.

106. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A person’s childhood years (the time from birth to twelve years of age) are the most important years of a person’s life. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

107. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Children should be required to help with household tasks as soon as they are able to do so. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

108. Some high schools require all students to wear school uniforms. Other high schools permit students to decide what to wear to school. Which of these two school policies do you think is better? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

109. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Playing a game is fun only when you win. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

110. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? High schools should allow students to study the courses that students want to study. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

111. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is better to be a member of a group than to be the leader of a group. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

112. What do you consider to be the most important room in a house? Why is this room more important to you than any other room? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

113. If you could make one important change in a school that you attended, what change would you make? Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer.

114. A gift (such as a camera, a soccer ball, or an animal) can contribute to a child’s development. What gift would you give to help a child develop? Why? Use reasons and specific examples to support your choice.

115. Some people believe that students should be given one long vacation each year. Others believe that students should have several short vacations throughout the year. Which viewpoint do you agree with? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

116. Would you prefer to live in a traditional house or in a modern apartment building? Use specific reasons and details to support your choice.

117. Some people say that advertising encourages us to buy things we really do not need. Others say that advertisements tell us about new products that may improve our lives. Which viewpoint do you agree with? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

118. Some people prefer to spend their free time outdoors. Other people prefer to spend their leisure time indoors. Would you prefer to be outside or would you prefer to be inside for your leisure activities? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your choice.

119. Your school has received a gift of money. What do you think is the best way for your school to spend this money? Use specific reasons and details to support your choice.

120. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Playing games teaches us about life. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

121. Imagine that you have received some land to use as you wish. How would you use this land? Use specific details to explain your answer.

122. What is the most important animal in your country? Why is the animal important? Use reasons and specific details to explain your answer.

123. Many parts of the world are losing important natural resources, such as forests, animals, or clean water. Choose one resource that is disappearing and explain why it needs to be saved. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

124. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A zoo has no useful purpose. Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer.

125. In some countries, people are no longer allowed to smoke in many public places and office buildings. Do you think this is a good rule or a bad rule? Use specific reasons and details to support your position.

126. Plants can provide food, shelter, clothing, or medicine. What is one kind of plant that is important to you or the people in your country? Use specific reasons and details to explain your choice.

127. You have the opportunity to visit a foreign country for two weeks. Which country would you like to visit? Use specific reasons and details to explain your choice.

128. In the future, students may have the choice of studying at home by using technology such as computers or television or of studying at traditional schools. Which would you prefer? Use reasons and specific details to explain your choice.

129. When famous people such as actors, athletes and rock stars give their opinions, many people listen. Do you think we should pay attention to these opinions? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

130. The twentieth century saw great change. In your opinion, what is one change that should be remembered about the twentieth century? Use specific reasons and details to explain your choice.

131. When people need to complain about a product or poor service, some prefer to complain in writing and others prefer to complain in person. Which way do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

132. People remember special gifts or presents that they have received. Why? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

133. Some famous athletes and entertainers earn millions of dollars every year. Do you think these people deserve such high salaries? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

134. Is the ability to read and write more important today than in the past? Why or why not? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

135.  People do many different things to stay healthy. What do you do for good health? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

136. You have decided to give several hours of your time each month to improve the community where you live. What is one thing you will do to improve your community? Why? Use specific reasons and details to explain your choice.

137. Your school has enough money to purchase either computers for students or books for the library. Which should your school choose to buy- computers or books? Use specific reasons and examples to support your recommendation.

138. Many students choose to attend schools or universities outside their home countries. Why do some students study abroad? Use specific reasons and details to explain your answer.

139. People listen to music for different reasons and at different times. Why is music important to many people? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

140. Groups or organizations are an important part of some people’s lives. Why are groups or organizations important to people? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer.

141. Imagine that you are preparing for a trip. You plan to be away from your home for a year. In addition to clothing and personal care items, you can take one additional thing. What would you take and why? Use specific reasons and details to support your choice.

142. When students move to a new school, they sometimes face problems. How can schools help these students with their problems? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer.

143. It is sometimes said that borrowing money from a friend can harm or damage the friendship. Do you agree? Why or why not? Use reasons and specific examples to explain your answer.

144. Every generation of people is different in important ways. How is your generation different from your parents’ generation? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer.

145. Some students like classes where teachers lecture (do all of the talking) in class. Other students prefer classes where the students do some of the talking. Which type of class do you prefer? Give specific reasons and details to support your choice.

146. Holidays honor people or events. If you could create a new holiday, what person or event would it honor and how would you want people to celebrate it? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

147. A friend of yours has received some money and plans to use all of it either to go on vacation to buy a car Your friend has asked you for advice. Compare your friend’s two choices and explain which one you think your friend should choose. Use specific reasons and details to support your choice.

148. The 21st century has begun. What changes do you think the new century will bring? Use examples and details in your answer.

149. What are some of the qualities of a good parent? Use specific details and examples to explain your answer.

150. Movies are popular all over the world. Explain why movies are so popular. Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer.

151. In your country, is there more need for land to be left in its natural condition or is there more need for land to be developed for housing and industry? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

152. Many people have a close relationship with their pets. These people treat their birds, cats, or other animals as members of their family. In your opinion, are such relationships good? Why or why not? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

153. Films can tell us a lot about the country where they were made. What have you learned about a country from watching its movies? Use specific examples and details to support your response.

154.  Some students prefer to study alone. Others prefer to study with a group of students. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

155. You have enough money to purchase either a house or a business. Which would you choose to buy? Give specific reasons to explain your choice.

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  1. Toefl Essay Topics With Answers

    toefl ibt essay topics with answers

  2. TOEFL iBT Essay Writing

    toefl ibt essay topics with answers

  3. 39 SAMPLE ANSWERS FOR TOEFL IBT WRITING

    toefl ibt essay topics with answers

  4. TOEFL iBT Independent essay sample topic + how to outline your response

    toefl ibt essay topics with answers

  5. 003 Essay Example Toefl Samples Speaking Writings Writing Topics Examp

    toefl ibt essay topics with answers

  6. 8 TOEFL essay topics to prepare for the TOEFL exam

    toefl ibt essay topics with answers

VIDEO

  1. What is Toefl iBT

  2. TOEFL iBT Reading Practice Test 11 [with Answers] IMPROVE your TOEFL iBT Score!

  3. TOEFL iBT Speaking Test 1, Question 1

  4. TOEFL LECTURE Industrial Revolution

  5. TOEFL listening test 202

  6. TOEFL listening test 201

COMMENTS

  1. TOEFL® Writing Practice Questions (2024 Update)

    About these TOEFL ® Writing Samples Practice TOEFL Integrated Essays. On test day, you'll first get a TOEFL Integrated Writing Question. You will first read an article, then listen to a lecture, and finally write an essay using details from both. Below are some practice questions you can use to get ready for the test.

  2. The Best TOEFL Writing Practice: 300+ Topics to Study With

    Overview of TOEFL Writing. The TOEFL Writing section is 50 minutes long (broken into two parts) and contains two tasks: Integrated Writing and Independent Writing. You'll type both essays on the computer. The Integrated Writing task requires you to use listening, reading, and writing skills.

  3. 80 TOEFL Writing Topics

    TOEFL iBT Independent essay sample topic + how to outline your response April 6, 2011; Toefl IBT Speaking: Independent Task: The Paired-Choice Response April 6, 2011; TOEFL iBT Writing: "The best way to travel is in a group led by a tour guide." April 6, 2011; How You Can Get a High TOEFL iBT Score: One of the Tips May Surprise You! April 6 ...

  4. PDF TOEFL iBT® Writing Practice Questions

    Typically, an effective response will be 150 to 225 words. You may view the reading passage while you respond. Response time: 20 minutes. Question: Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they cast doubt on specific points made in the reading passage.

  5. TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: 100 Prompts + Model Answers

    TOEFL Writing Practice Tests: Online Discussion Writing Practice Test 1. Instructions: Your professor is teaching a class in biology. Write a post responding to the professor's question. In your response, please make sure that you do the following: express and support your personal opinion; meaningfully contribute to the discussion

  6. Master the TOEFL Independent Essay (2023)

    TOEFL Independent Writing Master Guide (2023 Update) Here's how the TOEFL Independent writing question works: It is the second writing question on the TOEFL Test. You will be asked a question about your personal opinion and be given 30 minutes to write about it. Questions can be about any topics, but they are most often about education, work ...

  7. Sample Essays for the Writing Section of the TOEFL Test ( )

    Here's an expert TOEFL teacher's sample essay to this particular TOEFL Writing topic. The article introduces the topic of corn-based ethanol. More specifically, the writer discusses the advantages of switching from fossil fuels to this alternative energy source. The lecturer in the listening passage disagrees.

  8. PDF TOEFL iBT® Writing Practice Questions

    TOEFL iBT® Writing Practice Questions. This document may contain some question types that would not appear on a test that has been adapted for various accessibility purposes. On test day, you will receive an accessible assessment that is consistent with any accommodations for which you have been approved.

  9. 13 TOEFL Writing Topics to Help You Practice for the Exam

    For the Independent Writing task, you'll receive a question on a particular topic or issue. You'll need to write a response to that topic that explains your opinion, and you'll also need to give reasons and examples that support your opinion. Writing Time: 30 minutes. Suggested Essay Length: At least 300 words.

  10. TOEFL Writing Sample Essays

    TOEFL Writing Introduction. The writing section is the fourth section of the TOEFL iBT test and takes about 50 minutes to complete. It consists of two separate tasks: an Integrated Writing task and an Academic Discussion Writing task.The Independent task requires you to write an opinionated essay based on your own knowledge and experience, whereas the Integrated task requires you to write a ...

  11. 2 Perfect-Scoring TOEFL Writing Samples, Analyzed

    Below is an official TOEFL Integrated Writing sample question and as well as an essay response that received a score of 5. It includes a written passage, the transcript of a conversation (which would be an audio recording on the actual TOEFL, and the essay prompt. After the prompt is an example of a top-scoring essay.

  12. 104 TOEFL Independent Writing Topics

    104 TOEFL Independent Writing Topics. Best Materials & Books for TOEFL Study TOEFL Writing. Some people think that parents should plan their children's leisure time carefully. Other people believe? those children should decide for themselves how to spend their free time, Which idea do you agree with?Give reasons for your choice.

  13. Good Luck TOEFL

    When practicing for your exam, make sure to write essays from each of the five categories so you will be ready for any kind of essay on exam day. Types of TOEFL Essay Topics. Agree or Disagree. Preference. Description / Explanation. If / Imaginary. Compare & Contrast. Study our list of the TOEFL writing topics.

  14. How to Ace the TOEFL Writing Section: 7 Expert Tips

    After you complete the exam, your essays will be graded by several (typically four) graders. Each essay will receive a score from 0-5. The sum of those two scores will then be scaled to a score from 0-30, which is your official Writing score. The Writing section makes of 25% of your total TOEFL score (from 0-120).

  15. Complete TOEFL Essay Templates (2024 Update)

    TOEFL essay templates can help you answer both of the TOEFL writing questions. To write a strong TOEFL essay just fill in the blanks with the required information from your notes (in the integrated essay) or from your ideas (the writing for an academic discussion task). ... This is a challenging topic, but I think that [respond directly to the ...

  16. Good Luck TOEFL

    Independent Writing, which involves writing a four to five-paragraph essay of 300-350 words in 30 minutes; The following free sample TOEFL essays illustrate how to get a high score on the independent writing section of the iBT. By reading through the essays, you can learn how to: develop any topic into a well-organized, logical answer

  17. TOEFL iBT Test Writing Section

    The TOEFL iBT test Writing section measures your ability to write in English in an academic setting, and to present your ideas in a clear, well-organized way. There are two writing tasks. Integrated writing task (20 minutes) — read a short passage and listen to a short lecture, then write in response to what you read and listened to.

  18. TOEFL Integrated Writing Task 2023

    The TOEFL integrated writing task is the first of the two writing tasks in the TOEFL exam. It's designed to assess your ability to combine listening and reading skills to write a coherent and well-structured essay. Here's a detailed breakdown: Reading passage: A passage around 200-250 words long is provided.

  19. Master the TOEFL Writing Section in 2024

    The writing section is the final part of the TOEFL® test. You'll have about 30 minutes to answer two writing questions. They are known as the TOEFL Integrated essay, and the TOEFL Writing for an Academic Discussion Task. You'll be graded based on your content, organization, grammar and language use. Below are links to my best stuff, or ...

  20. 40 Toefl Essay Topics with Samples

    The Official Guide to the TOEFL is a book that enjoys a distinguished reputation. In our opinion, anyone who wants to take this exam should get their hands on it! That said, take a look at our list of questions for the TOEFL. Question no. 1 In our modern society, due to the overwhelming utilization of the internet, it is much easier for us to ...

  21. PDF Toefl Ibt Writing Integrated Task 2024-2025

    PREFACE. Mastering the TOEFL iBT® Integrated Writing Task is designed to give test takers an edge in responding to the integrated task based on Reading and Listening on the TOEFL® iBT Writing Section. This ebook features a total of 73 REAL "Integrated Task" questions and 1-2 sample responses for each of them.

  22. How to Write a Fantastic TOEFL Integrated Essay (2023)

    Here's how the TOEFL Integrated Essay works: It is the first writing task on the TOEFL test. First, you will have three minutes to read an article (four paragraphs, 250 to 300 words) about an academic topic. Next, you will listen to a lecture (about 2 minutes) about the same topic. Finally, you will have 20 minutes to write an essay about the ...

  23. TOEFL 2024 Exam Practice Tests FREE- Download TOEFL Mock Test PDF

    TOEFL 2024 practice tests are vital for non-native English speakers aiming to study or work in English-speaking countries. These TOEFL exam sample tests simulate the actual exam, helping you build the skills needed for a high score. Taking TOEFL mock tests in PDF format familiarizes you with the exam structure, identifies strengths and weaknesses, and improves time management.

  24. TOEFL Writing Topics (Independent Essay)

    Choose one of these three areas and describe the most important qualities of a leader in that area. Explain why these qualities are important, using specific examples and details. 38. Choose one of the following transportation vehicles and explain why you think it has changed people's lives. Automobiles.