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Last 25 Years Topic-wise Essay Questions From UPSC Mains (1994 - 2018)

Paper I of the UPSC Civil Services mains exam is the Essay. Here, prelims-qualified IAS aspirants have to write two essays out of a few given topics. The paper is for a total of 250 marks and its marks are taken into consideration for the Final Merit List. In this article, we have listed all the essay topics asked in the UPSC mains exam from 1994 to 2018. We have also classified the last 25 years essay questions into topics to make your preparation easier.

Latest – See the UPSC Essay Topics in the IAS Mains 2020 Essay Paper. Download UPSC Mains 2020 Essay Paper from the linked article.

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UPSC Essay Topics

Administration.

  • Politics, bureaucracy and business – fatal triangle. (1994)
  • Politics without ethics is a disaster. (1995)
  • The VIP cult is a bane of Indian democracy. (1996)
  • Need for transparency in public administration. (1996)
  • The country’s need for a better disaster management system. (2000)
  • How should a civil servant conduct himself? (2003)

Democracy/India since independence

  • Whither Indian democracy? (1995)
  • What we have not learnt during fifty years of independence. (1997)
  • Why should we be proud of being Indians? (2000)
  • What have we gained from our democratic set-up? (2001)
  • How far has democracy in India delivered the goods? (2003)
  • National identity and patriotism. (2008)
  • In the context of Gandhiji’s views on the matter, explore, on an evolutionary scale, the terms ‘Swadhinata’, ‘Swaraj’ and ‘Dharmarajya’. Critically comment on their contemporary relevance to Indian democracy. (2012)
  • Is the colonial mentality hindering India’s success? (2013)
  • Dreams which should not let India sleep. (2015)
  • Management of Indian border disputes – a complex task. (2018)

Economic growth and development

  • Resource management in the Indian context. (1999)
  • GDP (Gross Domestic Product) along with GDH (Gross Domestic Happiness) would be the right indices for judging the wellbeing of a country. (2013)
  • Was it the policy paralysis or the paralysis of implementation which slowed the growth of our country? (2014)
  • Crisis faced in India – moral or economic. (2015)
  • Near jobless growth in India: An anomaly or an outcome of economic reforms. (2016)
  • Digital economy: A leveller or a source of economic inequality. (2016)
  • Innovation is the key determinant of economic growth and social welfare. (2016)
  • Impact of the new economic measures on fiscal ties between the union and states in India. (2017)

Federalism, Decentralisation

  • The language problem in India: its past, present and prospects. (1998)
  • Water resources should be under the control of the central government. (2004)
  • Evaluation of panchayati raj system in India from the point of view of eradication of power to people. (2007)
  • Is autonomy the best answer to combat balkanization? (2007)
  • Creation of smaller states and the consequent administrative, economic and developmental implication. (2011)
  • Cooperative federalism: Myth or reality. (2016)
  • Water disputes between States in federal India. (2016)

Indian Culture & Society

  • The Indian society at the crossroads. (1994)
  • New cults and godmen: a threat to traditional religion. (1996)
  • The composite culture of India. (1998)
  • Youth culture today. (1999)
  • Modernism and our traditional socio-ethical values. (2000)
  • Indian culture today: a myth or a reality? (2000)
  • As civilization advances culture declines. (2003)
  • From traditional Indian philanthropy to the gates-buffet model-a natural progression or a paradigm shift? (2010)
  • Judicial activism. (1997)
  • Judicial activism and Indian democracy. (2004)
  • Justice must reach the poor. (2005)

Social justice/Poverty

  • Reservation, politics and empowerment. (1999)
  • Food security for sustainable national development. (2005)
  • The focus of health care is increasingly getting skewed towards the ‘haves’ of our society. (2009)
  • Farming has lost the ability to be a source of subsistence for the majority of farmers in India. (2017)
  • Poverty anywhere is a threat to prosperity everywhere. (2018)

Media & Society

  • Misinterpretation and misuse of freedom in India. (1998)
  • Mass media and cultural invasion. (1999)
  • Responsibility of media in a democracy. (2002)
  • How has satellite television brought about cultural change in Indian mindsets? (2007)
  • Role of media in good governance. (2008)
  • Does Indian cinema shape our popular culture or merely reflect it? (2011)
  • Is sting operation an invasion on privacy? (2014)

Environment/Urbanisation

  • Urbanization is a blessing in disguise. (1997)
  • Protection of ecology and environment is essential for sustained economic development. (2006)
  • Urbanisation and its hazards. (2008)
  • Should a moratorium be imposed on all fresh mining in tribal areas of the country? (2010)
  • We may brave human laws but cannot resist natural laws. (2017)

Economic sectors/MNCs

  • Multinational corporations – saviours or saboteurs. (1994)
  • Globalization would finish small-scale industries in India. (2006)
  • BPO boom in India. (2007)
  • Special economic zone: boon or bane? (2008)
  • Are our traditional handicrafts doomed to a slow death? (2009)
  • Is the criticism that the Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) model for development is more of a bane than a boon in the Indian context, justified? (2012)
  • Tourism: Can this be the next big thing for India? (2014)
  • Restructuring of Indian education system. (1995)
  • Literacy is growing very fast, but there is no corresponding growth in education. (1996)
  • Irrelevance of the classroom. (2001)
  • Privatization of higher education in India. (2002)
  • Modern technological education and human values. (2002)
  • What is real education? (2005)
  • “Education for all” campaign in India: myth or reality. (2006)
  • Independent thinking should be encouraged right from the childhood. (2007)
  • Is an egalitarian society possible by educating the masses? (2008)
  • Credit – based higher education system – status, opportunities and challenges. (2011)
  • Is the growing level of competition good for the youth? (2014)
  • Are the standardized tests good measure of academic ability or progress? (2014)
  • Education without values, as useful as it is, seems rather to make a man more clever devil. (2015)
  • Destiny of a nation is shaped in its classrooms. (2017)
  • The new emerging women power: the ground realities. (1995)
  • Greater political power alone will not improve women’s plight. (1997)
  • Woman is god’s best creation. (1998)
  • Women empowerment: challenges and prospects. (1999)
  • Empowerment alone cannot help our women. (2001)
  • Whither women’s emancipation? (2004)
  • If women ruled the world. (2005)
  • The hand that rocks the cradle. (2005)
  • Women’s reservation bill would usher in empowerment for women in India. (2006)
  • Managing work and home – is the Indian working woman getting a fair deal? (2012)
  • If development is not engendered, it is endangered. (2016)
  • Fulfillment of ‘new woman’ in India is a myth. (2017)

Quotes-based/Philosophy

  • Youth is a blunder, manhood a struggle, old age a regret. (1994)
  • Useless life is an early death. (1994)
  • Disinterested intellectual curiosity is the lifeblood of civilisation. (1995)
  • When money speaks, the truth is silent. (1995)
  • Our deeds determine us, as much as we determine our deeds. (1995)
  • Truth is lived, not taught. (1996)
  • True religion cannot be misused. (1997)
  • Search for truth can only be a spiritual problem. (2002)
  • The paths of glory lead but to the grave. (2002)
  • If youth knew, if age could. (2002)
  • There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so. (2003)
  • Be the change you want to see in others. (2013)
  • With greater power comes greater responsibility. (2014)
  • Words are sharper than the two-edged sword. (2014)
  • Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole. (2015)
  • “The past’ is a permanent dimension of human consciousness and values. (2018)
  • Reality does not conform to the ideal, but confirms it. (2018)
  • Attitude makes habit, habit makes character and character makes a man. (2007)
  • Discipline means success, anarchy means ruin. (2008)
  • Character of an institution is reflected in its leader. (2015)
  • Need brings greed, if greed increases it spoils breed. (2016)
  • Joy is the simplest form of gratitude. (2017)
  • A good life is one inspired by love and guided by knowledge. (2018)
  • A people that values its privileges above its principles loses both. (2018)
  • Customary morality cannot be a guide to modern life. (2018)

Globalisation

  • Modernisation and westernisation are not identical concepts. (1994)
  • The world of the twenty-first century. (1998)
  • The implications of globalization for India. (2000)
  • My vision of an ideal world order. (2001)
  • The masks of new imperialism. (2003)
  • Globalizations and its impact on Indian culture. (2004)
  • ‘Globalization’ vs. ‘nationalism’. (2009)
  • Preparedness of our society for India’s global leadership role. (2010)

Science & Tech

  • The modern doctor and his patients. (1997)
  • Value-based science and education. (1999)
  • The march of science and the erosion of human values. (2001)
  • Spirituality and scientific temper. (2003)
  • The lure of space. (2004)
  • Science and Mysticism: Are they compatible? (2012)
  • Science and technology is the panacea for the growth and security of the nation. (2013)
  • Technology cannot replace manpower. (2015)
  • Alternative technologies for a climate change resilient India. (2018)

Internet/IT

  • The cyberworld: its charms and challenges. (2000)
  • Increasing computerization would lead to the creation of a dehumanized society. (2006)
  • Cyberspace and Internet: Blessing or curse to the human civilization in the long run. (2016)
  • Social media is inherently a selfish medium. (2017)

International organisations/relations

  • Restructuring of UNO reflect present realities. (1996)
  • India’s role in promoting ASEAN cooperation. (2004)
  • Importance of Indo-US nuclear agreement. (2006)
  • Has the Non- Alignment Movement (NAM) lost its relevance in a multipolar world. (2017)
  • Terrorism and world peace. (2005)
  • Are we a ‘soft’ state? (2009)
  • Good fences make good neighbours. (2009)
  • In the Indian context, both human intelligence and technical intelligence are crucial in combating terrorism. (2011)

Miscellaneous

  • India’s contribution to world wisdom. (1998)
  • The pursuit of excellence. (2001)
  • Geography may remain the same; history need not. (2010)
  • Fifty Golds in Olympics: Can this be a reality for India? (2014)
  • Quick but steady wins the race. (2015)

When preparing for IAS Mains, aspirants must focus on UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practise as this will improve one’s speed, efficiency and writing skills. It will automatically help in essay writing as well. 

Also, read:

Frequently Asked Questions on UPSC Essay Topics for UPSC Mains

Q 1. how can i write a good essay in upsc, q 2. does handwriting matter in upsc.

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List of Essay Topics asked in UPSC Mains Examination

October 18, 2019 by Sandeep

An essay is a written piece of content, a short one, a detailed one or a very elaborate one, usually pertaining to a particular topic, chosen from a specific subject of study. An essay contains useful information and researched notes about a subject topic, writer’s opinions and personal comments, views, facts and anecdotes.

The structure and organization of an essay makes it beautiful and interesting to read. Essays could vary from general essays, topical essays, subjective essays, travel essays, spiritual essays, educational essays, technical essays and much more. An essay should quintessentially contain a good introduction, followed by a detailed body and finally a good conclusion.

45 Essay Topics for UPSC CSE Mains Exam

  • Judiciary  and its working
  • Water disputes between States
  • Modi’s agricultural schemes in the era of rampant farmer suicide
  • Apolitical Education
  • The importance of higher education
  • Skilling the youth of India
  • Environment  vs Growth
  • Why is administration insensitive about the plight of slum dwellers
  • India’s role in changing global world order
  • Foreign Policy of Modi era
  • National  health  protection  scheme
  • Universal Basic Income vs Subsidy
  • Nationalism debate
  • Indian Model of Secularism
  • Feminization of agriculture
  • Digitalization  Drive
  • India’s standing in BRICS countries.
  • Pollution Crisis in urban areas
  • Cultural Transformation in 21st century
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Higher Education versus skill acquisition
  • Entrance exams versus Qualifying exams – what is the relevance of entrance exams for admissions to UG and PG courses in India?
  • Scrapping of section 377 – the latest addition to Human rights protection
  • Pro poor policies of Modi Government
  • Controversies surrounding the Present day NDA government in India
  • Relevance of the Supreme court’s decision to decriminalise the crime of adultery laid under section 497 of IPC
  • Worsening INR
  • Impact of increasing oil prices on Indian economy
  • Farming has lost the ability to be a source of subsistence for majority of farmers in India.
  • Impact of the new economic measures on fiscal ties between the union and states in India
  • Destiny of a nation is shaped in its classrooms.
  • Joy is the simplest form of Gratitude
  • Fulfilment of ‘new women’ in India a myth.
  • We may brave human laws but cannot resist natural laws.
  • ‘Social Media’ is inherently a selfish medium.
  • Relevance of Non-Alignment Movement (NAM)
  • If Development is not engendered, it is endangered
  • Need Brings Greed , if need increases it spoils breed
  • Water Dispute Between States in Federal India
  • Innovation is the key determinant to Economic Growth and Social welfare
  • Co-operative Federalism –Myth or Reality
  • Cyberspace and Internet – Blessing or curse to the Human Civilisation in the long run
  • Digital Economy- A leveler or a source of Economic Inequality

Preparation tactics for essay paper in UPSC Mains

There are certain subjects in  UPSC , whose preparation will help you in the subject plus the essay paper. For instance, the general studies paper covers an entire lot of topics and important information that will help you crack the general studies paper and simultaneously building your confidence for the essay paper as well. In this section, we explore more of such points that will help you gain an edge in preparation for the essay paper.

  • Familiarise yourself with all the parts of speech.
  • Basics of grammar and grammatical theory are truly important.
  • When focusing on a subject, be careful enough to present arguments on both sides of the central theme.
  • Do not blindly read and follow previously written essays. Innovation is the key to climbing a higher ladder of success.
  • Learn to present your suggestions in a unique way.
  • Read a lot of fiction and nonfiction books. They improve your language, communication skills, plus presentation skills.
  • Reading should become your favourite hobby if you are dreaming of clearing the essay paper with good marks. Spend at least an hour every day reading something that helps you score in your general studies and essay paper.
  • Current affairs in the financial and economic spheres of the country are always a hot choice of topics for the examiners. You can directly or indirectly expect a lot of questions from these sections. Improve your general awareness. Read through critical opinions and comments.
  • It pays to read good magazines. Reading at least two newspapers in your reading time and following various patterns in writing will help improve writing skills. Develop a unique style of writing.
  • Make your essay powerful. Strengthen your essay with subject-appropriate words and terms. A standard dictionary for reference should be kept handy during preparation.
  • Memorising difficult words is not going to help much. Instead, work on developing and building a good vocabulary.
  • Everybody likes consistency. Be consistent in your language, word choice, and expressions.
  • Do not use redundant words over and again. If you have to use the same word at different places, replace the common word with a new word meaning the same.

Essay writing skills to be practiced to deliver a good essay in the IAS exam

  • Never drift from the central theme given in the paper. Staying on-spot with the subject given leaves a good impression with the examiner.
  • Structure your essay as per the topic. Organization of the essay plus your writing must be followed.
  • Write concisely. Keep your sentences short; make them clear and understandable to the reader.
  • When you write, you should write for an audience. You aren’t writing to read it yourself, so make it appealing to the reader.
  • Writing should be effective; nobody is interested in abstract reading, make it creative and interesting.
  • Expression of ideas and clarity in communication are essential pre requisites.
  • Use language that is commonly used by everyone. Using complicated language that is technically perfect, but poor communication-wise does not fetch good marks.
  • Avoid grammatical mistakes. Take care not to make spelling errors; they leave a very bad impression on the evaluator.
  • Important things to avoid in essay writing:
  • Concentrating all your writing on a single point or perspective. Bring in multiple dimensions to your topic, do not isolate or stagnate your writing on one platform alone.
  • Expressing extreme personal views in essays. Be neutral in your language and expression. Do not try to hurt anybody’s sentiments with your writing. Your writing should open doors to more thinking and not make the examiner shut it down from a negative perspective.

Points to remember

  • When it comes to an essay paper, candidates usually tend to be overconfident, thinking they can write well, irrespective of their preparation for it. This is just a myth, and every paper in UPSC needs its share of good preparation.
  • Your preparation should involve writing down important quotes, and anecdotes said by famous personalities, they will help you gain higher marks in the essay paper.
  • Preparing notes is not just a necessity; it will simultaneously help you develop very good writing and written communication skills.
  • A few topics are asked over and again in the UPSC papers. For such common topics, you could write your brief draft or framework, which you can use as a ready reckoner when attempting them. It saves you a lot of time.
  • Completely keep away from SMS languages, they pull your marks away. No short forms for long words, use words as is.
  • Be creative in writing subheadings. The content following a subheading should contain the main element linked to the main topic plus follow the extra information intended to provide under that.

list of essay topics for upsc mains

Essay Topics and Previous papers for UPSC Civil service exam

List of essay topics.

  • [Essay] No man ever steps in the same river twice, for it’s not the same river and he’s not the same man. — HERACLITUS
  • [Mock] Essay Paper for UPSC Mains-2016: Identity Groups vs Democracy, Chakra vs Charkha, Wisdom vs Force, UBI vs Skill Development
  • [Mock] Essay Paper for UPSC Mains-2016: Role of Educator, Taste for Literature, Cost of Liberty, Success in Dictionary
  • [Essays] February Week2: Equidistant diplomacy, Strategic Autonomy without Military Alliance, Censorship & Moral responsibility
  • [Essays] February Week1: Censorship of Ideas, Acts of Kindness, Childhood to Adulthood, consciously secular society
  • [Essays] January Week4: Socialist Preamble, Democracy without participation, women-the deities of household fire
  • [Essays] January Week3: Ideological Colonization, Dovish vs Hawkish Foreign Policy, limits of free speech
  • [Essays] January Week2: competitive vs. cooperative federalism, God above all gods, Suicide- a social shame
  • [Essays] January 2015 Week1: Religion-A form of Enslavement, Market Oriented Education, Constructive Criticism
  • [Essays] December Week4: Apoplectic Secularism, Syncretism, Spiritual Alzheimer, Pragmatic Diplomacy
  • [Essays] December Week1: Social suffocation, true Sovereignty, Arc of revanchist states
  • [Essays] November Week4: Classical Arts, Security Trilemma, Think in India, Soullessness of men
  • [Essays] November Week3: Garrison Governance, Dignity of Labour, Rationalist Thinking, Age of Knowledge
  • [Essays] November Week2: Nehru legacy, knowledge society, age of discontinuity (only Topiclists)
  • [Essays] November Week1: New Urbanism, Regional Chauvinism, Majoritarian Populism
  • [Essays] October Week4: End of American Century, Activism vs Restrain, Censorship vs Lynching
  • [Essays] October Week3: Militant Atheism, Rational Consumption, Ecocide, Prosperity without Morality
  • [Essays] October Week2: Corruption, Child Labour, Probity, Good Governance, Injustice, Optimism
  • [Essays] October Week1: Colonization, Gandhiism, Volunteerism, Personification, Social Transformation
  • [Essays] September Week4: De-bureaucratizing the executive, Hidden Euthanasia, Gender equality
  • [Essays] September Week3: India-China, Zero Sum Game, Parliamentary minority, Daughter aversion
  • [Essays] September Week2: 21 Topics for UPSC Mains: Fanaticism, Colonizing Culture, Age of Loneliness, piecemeal WW-III
  • [Essays] September Week1: 16 Topics for UPSC Mains- Expansionism, Buried Justice, India-the Model international citizen
  • [Download] Essay 2013 Question Paper of UPSC Civil Service Mains
  • [Essay Tip for Newcomers] What to write & What not to write in Mains IAS exam?
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UPSC Essay Topics 2024 - Topic-Wise Essay Questions

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The UPSC Civil Services mains exam includes UPSC essay topics paper out of 9 papers. Candidates can check trending UPSC CSE essay topics here. These UPSC Essay questions range from multiple topics like Economic Growth, Art & Culture, Women Empowerment, Media & Society, etc. UPSC IAS essay topics are significant for candidates to clear the mains paper 1 of UPSC IAS exam .

New:  UPSC IAS 2024 application OUT; Direct link

Latest: UPSC CSE sample papers | Complete guide

Also See:  UPSC IAS Mains question papers (2016-23)

UPSC Essay Topics 2024 - Topic-Wise Essay Questions

UPSC IAS essay exam topics play a vital role in UPSC IAS exam. UPSC IAS mains paper carries 250 marks and aspirants are asked to write at least 2 essays between 1000 to 1200 words in 3 hours. Aspirants need to analyse UPSC essays from last year's question papers to get an idea about UPSC CSE Essay topics. Practising IAS topics from previous years' papers assists candidates to clear the UPSC IAS exam 2024 easily. Candidates are required to read daily newspapers to get a clear idea about UPSC IAS essay 2024 exam topics.

UPSC IAS Essay Topics 2024

UPSC CSE essay paper is one of the 9 papers of the UPSC IAS mains examination. The IAS essay paper analysis is the perspective of aspirants on economic, social and political issues. UPSC usually takes IAS essay questions either from Current Affairs or affecting present society to a large extent. A few of the engaging UPSC CSE 2024 essay questions can be asked from the UPSC 2024 IAS exam.

Social Media

Surveillance/Privacy

Urbanisation

Globalisation

Bureaucracy

Water Security

Media Tourism

Constitution

Food Hunger/Poverty/Security

Human Resources - Employment

Development

Higher Education/Education/Foreign University in Higher Education

UPSC CSE Essay Questions - Previous Years

Aspirants must be aware of the latest trends of the IAS exam pattern 2024 for mains. Candidates will come to know about the types of IAS essay topics asked and important recent essay questions. The UPSC CSE essay topics asked in the IAS Mains exam in previous years are detailed below.

UPSC IAS Essay Topic 2023

Thinking is like a game, it does not begin unless there is an opposite team.

Visionary decision-making happens at the intersection of intuition and logic.

Not all who wander are lost.

Inspiration for creativity springs from the effort to look for the magical in the mundane.

Girls are weighed down by restrictions, boys with demands - two equally harmful disciplines.

Mathematics is the music of reason

A society that has more justice is a society that needs less charity

Education is what remains after one has forgotten what one has learned in school.

Previous year

Poets are the harmony of the world.

Forests can be the main area of discussion for economic excellence.

History of battle between scientific man and romantic man.

Ship in the Harbour is secured but not for that case.

When the sun shines, the roof needs repair.

Move twice on the same river.

A smile is a solution to all problems.

Topic-Wise UPSC IAS Essay Questions

Every year, the Union Public Service Commission tends to give two or more essays from one of the 9 subjects in the UPSC CSE 2024 exam. To write about these IAS essay questions, candidates must go through reference books on these subjects to get a clear picture of the CSE Essay topics.

1. Environment/Urbanization

Protection of Ecology and Environment

Urbanisation and its side-effects

Must a moratorium be imposed on all fresh mining in the tribal areas?

Brave human laws can’t resist natural laws.

2. Economic Sectors/MNCs

Multinational Corporations

BPO boom in India.

Special Economic zone - boon or bane?

Globalisation would finish small sectors.

Are traditional handcrafts finishing up slowly?

The Public-Private Partnership (PPP) model of development is more than a boon in the Indian Context.

Tourism can be the next big thing for India.

3. Education

Restructuring of the Indian Education System

Irrelevance of the classroom

Privatisation of Higher Education in India

Modern technological education and human values

What is real education?

The new emerging women's power

Greater political power will not wash out women’s plight

The woman is God’s best creation

Challenges and Prospects of Women's Empowerment

Empowerment cannot help our women

Whether women’s emancipation

If women ruled the world

The hand that rocks the cradle

Women’s reservation bill

Managing Work and Home

If development is not engendered, it is endangered.

The fulfilment of a ‘new woman’ in India is a myth.

5. Character

Attitude makes habit, habit makes character and character makes a man.

Discipline means success, anarchy means ruin.

The character of an Institution is reflected in its leader.

Need brings greed, if greed increases it spoils breed.

Joy is the easiest form of Gratitude.

A good life is one inspired by love and guided by knowledge.

A people that values its privileges above its principles loses both

Custom morality can be a path to modern life.

6. Globalisation

Modernisation and Westernisation are not similar concepts.

The implication of globalisation in India.

The world of the 21st century.

Nationalism vs Globalization.

Globalisation and its effect on Indian culture.

The masks of new imperialism

My vision of the ideal world order.

Preparedness of our society for India’s global leadership role.

7. Science and Technology

The modern doctor and its patients.

Value-based education and science

Spirituality and scientific temper

The lure of space.

The march of Science and erosion of human values.

Science and Mysticism

Science and Technology are the panaceas for the growth and security of the nation.

Technology cannot replace manpower.

Alternative technology for a climate change resilient India.

8. International Organizations/Relations

Significance of Indo-US nuclear agreement.

Good fences make good neighbours.

Restructuring of UNO reflects present realities.

Has the Non-Alignment Movement lost its relevance in the multipolar world?

9. Security

Tourism and World Peace

Are we in a ‘soft’ state?

Both human intelligence and technical intelligence are important in combating terrorism.

10. Internet/IT

The cyberworld: its charm and challenges.

Cyberspace and Internet: Blessing or curse to human civilization in the long run.

Social media is inherently is selfish medium

A rapid increase in computerization would lead to the creation of a dehumanised society.

11. Media & Society

Misinterpretation and misuse of freedom in India.

Mass Media and Cultural Invasion.

Responsibility of media in a democracy.

How has satellite television brought about cultural change in Indian mindsets?

Does Indian cinema shape our popular culture or merely reflect it?

Is string operation an invasion of privacy?

How to Bring a Good Score on UPSC IAS Essay Topics?

Writing is a way to improve your thought process. It should be exactly what the examiner needs while accessing your written UPSC essay answer scripts. An essay is a well-structured collection of thoughts on any specific topic. The art to score high on the UPSC IAS mains paper 1 requires immense practice and perseverance. The UPSC Essay is never merely a test of factual knowledge but a test of creativity and spirit. To score good marks in UPSC CSE essay questions, follow the steps given below.

1. Choose IAS Essay Topics Carefully

The UPSC IAS Essay paper comprises two sections and candidates need to write one essay from each of the two given sections. Both UPSC essays are of 125 marks each of 1000-1200 words. Before choosing a UPSC essay topic, think over the topic whether it is controversial or you have enough data to write it.

2. Ponder the topic

While selecting the UPSC IAS essay question, think over the topic and select the main keywords that you are going to use during writing the essay. Implement a multi-dimensional approach to it and try to curate a good structure intro body and conclusion.

3. Curate Well

The introduction paragraph is the heart of the UPSC CSE essay topics and must have a concise and clear thought about the topic. The basic theme should be to talk about your views on the topic. The main body of the UPSC Essay should be divided into small paragraphs but must be well interlinked. The UPSC essay topic language should be lucid, convenient and easy to understand. The essay must evaluate your critical thinking ability rather than using decorative words. If needed, candidates must use data and facts. The usage of sayings and quotes adds weight to the UPSC Essay questions. The conclusion paragraph must be seen as self-explanatory. Candidates must have a balanced approach to UPSC IAS essay questions.

4. Go through ABC of Essay Writing

The ABC of UPSC essay writing must stand for appropriateness, brevity and consistency of UPSC essay topics. Following this rule will assist candidates while writing the UPSC CSE essay questions.

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

UPSC Essay question papers have two sections with 4 to 5 essays each. A candidate must write two UPSC IAS essay topics, one from each section consisting of 1000-1200 words. The UPSC Essay paper is 250 marks and each essay contributes 125 marks.

A score of 125 and above is considered a good mark in Essay topics UPSC while a score between 100-120 is average. However, it’s not easy to score marks on paper if you haven’t prepared well enough. So, prepare well in the best possible method for UPSC IAS essay questions.

To start practising UPSC IAS essay topics, candidates must keep the following points in mind.

Read the best UPSC daily newspapers.

Highlight crucial lines or quotes and write them differently.

Practise one previous year's UPSC essay topic for at least a week and obtain it for peer review.

Use normal creative language while writing.

Implement integrated attitude thinking.

UPSC IAS 2023 essay topics can be divided into four categories - argumentative, expository, narrative and descriptive essays. The essay must be written in such a way that it would provide meaningful information to the reader.

Most of the UPSC IAS essay topics asked in the UPSC IAS exam are taken from Democracy and Bureaucracy, Administration, Politics, Economic Growth, Judiciary, Poverty, Indian Culture, Media, Justice, Environmental Pollution, Quotes, Women, Education, Globalization, Science & technology, etc. Candidates must pay attention more to these subjects while preparing UPSC CSE essay questions.

To write a good essay, you need to understand the topic properly so that you will be able to explain it in a proper way. During preparation, keep making notes and read the newspaper daily. You can listen to podcasts on various topics to develop a deep understanding.

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Questions related to UPSC CSE

Dear Aspirant !

Hope you are fine!

The main subjects for the UPSC Exam are Indian Politics, Indian Economy, International Relations, Science and Technology, Geography, History, Environment and Ecology, and related Current Affairs . There are 25 subjects and 23 literature optional that one can choose from in addition to this..

Hello aspirant,

With the help of the IAS Answer Key 2024, applicants can estimate their potential score for the IAS preliminary exam, learn about the various IAS question types, gauge the exam's difficulty, and much more.

To get the answer key, you can visit our website by clicking on the link given below.

https://competition.careers360.com/articles/upsc-ias-answer-key

Hope this information helps you.

You will meet the eligibility criteria for the UPSC exam in 2026. This is because the UPSC requires candidates to be at least 21 years old as of August 1st in the year they intend to take the examination. According to your provided date of birth, you will turn 21 on March 15, 2026, which is before the August 1, 2026, deadline for eligibility. Therefore, you will become eligible to take the UPSC exam in 2026, specifically for the UPSC 2026 examination cycle.

For detailed  information related to UPSC eligibility criteria ,  you can visit our page at:

https://competition.careers360.com/articles/upsc-ias-eligibility-criteria/amp

For detail examination pattern check out :- https://competition.careers360.com/articles/upsc-ias-exam-pattern

Hello candidate ,

I am hoping that you are absolutely fine and doing well. As per your mentioned query, you will be glad to know that if you are a diploma holder still you can give the UPSC civil services exam. As per the eligibility criteria of this exam , candidate of any graduation course in any discipline from a recognised university as laid down under the law can give the exam of IAS. This exam is very reputed exam. And also very challenging one if you want to crack this exam you have to work very hard.

To know more about this exam , kindly go through the given link:

https://competition.careers360.com/articles/upsc-ias-eligibility-criteria

I hope this will be helpful for you!!

you can choose any undergraduate course of your choice, but it is recommended to choose a course that aligns with the UPSC syllabus. Subjects such as history, public administration, economics, political science and sociology can be helpful in preparing for the exam.

Explore Career Options (By Industry)

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Bio Medical Engineer

The field of biomedical engineering opens up a universe of expert chances. An Individual in the biomedical engineering career path work in the field of engineering as well as medicine, in order to find out solutions to common problems of the two fields. The biomedical engineering job opportunities are to collaborate with doctors and researchers to develop medical systems, equipment, or devices that can solve clinical problems. Here we will be discussing jobs after biomedical engineering, how to get a job in biomedical engineering, biomedical engineering scope, and salary. 

Data Administrator

Database professionals use software to store and organise data such as financial information, and customer shipping records. Individuals who opt for a career as data administrators ensure that data is available for users and secured from unauthorised sales. DB administrators may work in various types of industries. It may involve computer systems design, service firms, insurance companies, banks and hospitals.

Ethical Hacker

A career as ethical hacker involves various challenges and provides lucrative opportunities in the digital era where every giant business and startup owns its cyberspace on the world wide web. Individuals in the ethical hacker career path try to find the vulnerabilities in the cyber system to get its authority. If he or she succeeds in it then he or she gets its illegal authority. Individuals in the ethical hacker career path then steal information or delete the file that could affect the business, functioning, or services of the organization.

Data Analyst

The invention of the database has given fresh breath to the people involved in the data analytics career path. Analysis refers to splitting up a whole into its individual components for individual analysis. Data analysis is a method through which raw data are processed and transformed into information that would be beneficial for user strategic thinking.

Data are collected and examined to respond to questions, evaluate hypotheses or contradict theories. It is a tool for analyzing, transforming, modeling, and arranging data with useful knowledge, to assist in decision-making and methods, encompassing various strategies, and is used in different fields of business, research, and social science.

Geothermal Engineer

Individuals who opt for a career as geothermal engineers are the professionals involved in the processing of geothermal energy. The responsibilities of geothermal engineers may vary depending on the workplace location. Those who work in fields design facilities to process and distribute geothermal energy. They oversee the functioning of machinery used in the field.

Remote Sensing Technician

Individuals who opt for a career as a remote sensing technician possess unique personalities. Remote sensing analysts seem to be rational human beings, they are strong, independent, persistent, sincere, realistic and resourceful. Some of them are analytical as well, which means they are intelligent, introspective and inquisitive. 

Remote sensing scientists use remote sensing technology to support scientists in fields such as community planning, flight planning or the management of natural resources. Analysing data collected from aircraft, satellites or ground-based platforms using statistical analysis software, image analysis software or Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is a significant part of their work. Do you want to learn how to become remote sensing technician? There's no need to be concerned; we've devised a simple remote sensing technician career path for you. Scroll through the pages and read.

Geotechnical engineer

The role of geotechnical engineer starts with reviewing the projects needed to define the required material properties. The work responsibilities are followed by a site investigation of rock, soil, fault distribution and bedrock properties on and below an area of interest. The investigation is aimed to improve the ground engineering design and determine their engineering properties that include how they will interact with, on or in a proposed construction. 

The role of geotechnical engineer in mining includes designing and determining the type of foundations, earthworks, and or pavement subgrades required for the intended man-made structures to be made. Geotechnical engineering jobs are involved in earthen and concrete dam construction projects, working under a range of normal and extreme loading conditions. 

Cartographer

How fascinating it is to represent the whole world on just a piece of paper or a sphere. With the help of maps, we are able to represent the real world on a much smaller scale. Individuals who opt for a career as a cartographer are those who make maps. But, cartography is not just limited to maps, it is about a mixture of art , science , and technology. As a cartographer, not only you will create maps but use various geodetic surveys and remote sensing systems to measure, analyse, and create different maps for political, cultural or educational purposes.

Budget Analyst

Budget analysis, in a nutshell, entails thoroughly analyzing the details of a financial budget. The budget analysis aims to better understand and manage revenue. Budget analysts assist in the achievement of financial targets, the preservation of profitability, and the pursuit of long-term growth for a business. Budget analysts generally have a bachelor's degree in accounting, finance, economics, or a closely related field. Knowledge of Financial Management is of prime importance in this career.

Product Manager

A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.  

Underwriter

An underwriter is a person who assesses and evaluates the risk of insurance in his or her field like mortgage, loan, health policy, investment, and so on and so forth. The underwriter career path does involve risks as analysing the risks means finding out if there is a way for the insurance underwriter jobs to recover the money from its clients. If the risk turns out to be too much for the company then in the future it is an underwriter who will be held accountable for it. Therefore, one must carry out his or her job with a lot of attention and diligence.

Finance Executive

Operations manager.

Individuals in the operations manager jobs are responsible for ensuring the efficiency of each department to acquire its optimal goal. They plan the use of resources and distribution of materials. The operations manager's job description includes managing budgets, negotiating contracts, and performing administrative tasks.

Bank Probationary Officer (PO)

Investment director.

An investment director is a person who helps corporations and individuals manage their finances. They can help them develop a strategy to achieve their goals, including paying off debts and investing in the future. In addition, he or she can help individuals make informed decisions.

Welding Engineer

Welding Engineer Job Description: A Welding Engineer work involves managing welding projects and supervising welding teams. He or she is responsible for reviewing welding procedures, processes and documentation. A career as Welding Engineer involves conducting failure analyses and causes on welding issues. 

Transportation Planner

A career as Transportation Planner requires technical application of science and technology in engineering, particularly the concepts, equipment and technologies involved in the production of products and services. In fields like land use, infrastructure review, ecological standards and street design, he or she considers issues of health, environment and performance. A Transportation Planner assigns resources for implementing and designing programmes. He or she is responsible for assessing needs, preparing plans and forecasts and compliance with regulations.

An expert in plumbing is aware of building regulations and safety standards and works to make sure these standards are upheld. Testing pipes for leakage using air pressure and other gauges, and also the ability to construct new pipe systems by cutting, fitting, measuring and threading pipes are some of the other more involved aspects of plumbing. Individuals in the plumber career path are self-employed or work for a small business employing less than ten people, though some might find working for larger entities or the government more desirable.

Construction Manager

Individuals who opt for a career as construction managers have a senior-level management role offered in construction firms. Responsibilities in the construction management career path are assigning tasks to workers, inspecting their work, and coordinating with other professionals including architects, subcontractors, and building services engineers.

Urban Planner

Urban Planning careers revolve around the idea of developing a plan to use the land optimally, without affecting the environment. Urban planning jobs are offered to those candidates who are skilled in making the right use of land to distribute the growing population, to create various communities. 

Urban planning careers come with the opportunity to make changes to the existing cities and towns. They identify various community needs and make short and long-term plans accordingly.

Highway Engineer

Highway Engineer Job Description:  A Highway Engineer is a civil engineer who specialises in planning and building thousands of miles of roads that support connectivity and allow transportation across the country. He or she ensures that traffic management schemes are effectively planned concerning economic sustainability and successful implementation.

Environmental Engineer

Individuals who opt for a career as an environmental engineer are construction professionals who utilise the skills and knowledge of biology, soil science, chemistry and the concept of engineering to design and develop projects that serve as solutions to various environmental problems. 

Naval Architect

A Naval Architect is a professional who designs, produces and repairs safe and sea-worthy surfaces or underwater structures. A Naval Architect stays involved in creating and designing ships, ferries, submarines and yachts with implementation of various principles such as gravity, ideal hull form, buoyancy and stability. 

Orthotist and Prosthetist

Orthotists and Prosthetists are professionals who provide aid to patients with disabilities. They fix them to artificial limbs (prosthetics) and help them to regain stability. There are times when people lose their limbs in an accident. In some other occasions, they are born without a limb or orthopaedic impairment. Orthotists and prosthetists play a crucial role in their lives with fixing them to assistive devices and provide mobility.

Veterinary Doctor

Pathologist.

A career in pathology in India is filled with several responsibilities as it is a medical branch and affects human lives. The demand for pathologists has been increasing over the past few years as people are getting more aware of different diseases. Not only that, but an increase in population and lifestyle changes have also contributed to the increase in a pathologist’s demand. The pathology careers provide an extremely huge number of opportunities and if you want to be a part of the medical field you can consider being a pathologist. If you want to know more about a career in pathology in India then continue reading this article.

Speech Therapist

Gynaecologist.

Gynaecology can be defined as the study of the female body. The job outlook for gynaecology is excellent since there is evergreen demand for one because of their responsibility of dealing with not only women’s health but also fertility and pregnancy issues. Although most women prefer to have a women obstetrician gynaecologist as their doctor, men also explore a career as a gynaecologist and there are ample amounts of male doctors in the field who are gynaecologists and aid women during delivery and childbirth. 

An oncologist is a specialised doctor responsible for providing medical care to patients diagnosed with cancer. He or she uses several therapies to control the cancer and its effect on the human body such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy and biopsy. An oncologist designs a treatment plan based on a pathology report after diagnosing the type of cancer and where it is spreading inside the body.

Audiologist

The audiologist career involves audiology professionals who are responsible to treat hearing loss and proactively preventing the relevant damage. Individuals who opt for a career as an audiologist use various testing strategies with the aim to determine if someone has a normal sensitivity to sounds or not. After the identification of hearing loss, a hearing doctor is required to determine which sections of the hearing are affected, to what extent they are affected, and where the wound causing the hearing loss is found. As soon as the hearing loss is identified, the patients are provided with recommendations for interventions and rehabilitation such as hearing aids, cochlear implants, and appropriate medical referrals. While audiology is a branch of science that studies and researches hearing, balance, and related disorders.

Hospital Administrator

The hospital Administrator is in charge of organising and supervising the daily operations of medical services and facilities. This organising includes managing of organisation’s staff and its members in service, budgets, service reports, departmental reporting and taking reminders of patient care and services.

For an individual who opts for a career as an actor, the primary responsibility is to completely speak to the character he or she is playing and to persuade the crowd that the character is genuine by connecting with them and bringing them into the story. This applies to significant roles and littler parts, as all roles join to make an effective creation. Here in this article, we will discuss how to become an actor in India, actor exams, actor salary in India, and actor jobs. 

Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats create and direct original routines for themselves, in addition to developing interpretations of existing routines. The work of circus acrobats can be seen in a variety of performance settings, including circus, reality shows, sports events like the Olympics, movies and commercials. Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats must be prepared to face rejections and intermittent periods of work. The creativity of acrobats may extend to other aspects of the performance. For example, acrobats in the circus may work with gym trainers, celebrities or collaborate with other professionals to enhance such performance elements as costume and or maybe at the teaching end of the career.

Video Game Designer

Career as a video game designer is filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. A video game designer is someone who is involved in the process of creating a game from day one. He or she is responsible for fulfilling duties like designing the character of the game, the several levels involved, plot, art and similar other elements. Individuals who opt for a career as a video game designer may also write the codes for the game using different programming languages.

Depending on the video game designer job description and experience they may also have to lead a team and do the early testing of the game in order to suggest changes and find loopholes.

Radio Jockey

Radio Jockey is an exciting, promising career and a great challenge for music lovers. If you are really interested in a career as radio jockey, then it is very important for an RJ to have an automatic, fun, and friendly personality. If you want to get a job done in this field, a strong command of the language and a good voice are always good things. Apart from this, in order to be a good radio jockey, you will also listen to good radio jockeys so that you can understand their style and later make your own by practicing.

A career as radio jockey has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. If you want to know more about a career as radio jockey, and how to become a radio jockey then continue reading the article.

Choreographer

The word “choreography" actually comes from Greek words that mean “dance writing." Individuals who opt for a career as a choreographer create and direct original dances, in addition to developing interpretations of existing dances. A Choreographer dances and utilises his or her creativity in other aspects of dance performance. For example, he or she may work with the music director to select music or collaborate with other famous choreographers to enhance such performance elements as lighting, costume and set design.

Videographer

Multimedia specialist.

A multimedia specialist is a media professional who creates, audio, videos, graphic image files, computer animations for multimedia applications. He or she is responsible for planning, producing, and maintaining websites and applications. 

Social Media Manager

A career as social media manager involves implementing the company’s or brand’s marketing plan across all social media channels. Social media managers help in building or improving a brand’s or a company’s website traffic, build brand awareness, create and implement marketing and brand strategy. Social media managers are key to important social communication as well.

Copy Writer

In a career as a copywriter, one has to consult with the client and understand the brief well. A career as a copywriter has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. Several new mediums of advertising are opening therefore making it a lucrative career choice. Students can pursue various copywriter courses such as Journalism , Advertising , Marketing Management . Here, we have discussed how to become a freelance copywriter, copywriter career path, how to become a copywriter in India, and copywriting career outlook. 

Careers in journalism are filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. One cannot afford to miss out on the details. As it is the small details that provide insights into a story. Depending on those insights a journalist goes about writing a news article. A journalism career can be stressful at times but if you are someone who is passionate about it then it is the right choice for you. If you want to know more about the media field and journalist career then continue reading this article.

For publishing books, newspapers, magazines and digital material, editorial and commercial strategies are set by publishers. Individuals in publishing career paths make choices about the markets their businesses will reach and the type of content that their audience will be served. Individuals in book publisher careers collaborate with editorial staff, designers, authors, and freelance contributors who develop and manage the creation of content.

In a career as a vlogger, one generally works for himself or herself. However, once an individual has gained viewership there are several brands and companies that approach them for paid collaboration. It is one of those fields where an individual can earn well while following his or her passion. 

Ever since internet costs got reduced the viewership for these types of content has increased on a large scale. Therefore, a career as a vlogger has a lot to offer. If you want to know more about the Vlogger eligibility, roles and responsibilities then continue reading the article. 

Individuals in the editor career path is an unsung hero of the news industry who polishes the language of the news stories provided by stringers, reporters, copywriters and content writers and also news agencies. Individuals who opt for a career as an editor make it more persuasive, concise and clear for readers. In this article, we will discuss the details of the editor's career path such as how to become an editor in India, editor salary in India and editor skills and qualities.

Linguistic meaning is related to language or Linguistics which is the study of languages. A career as a linguistic meaning, a profession that is based on the scientific study of language, and it's a very broad field with many specialities. Famous linguists work in academia, researching and teaching different areas of language, such as phonetics (sounds), syntax (word order) and semantics (meaning). 

Other researchers focus on specialities like computational linguistics, which seeks to better match human and computer language capacities, or applied linguistics, which is concerned with improving language education. Still, others work as language experts for the government, advertising companies, dictionary publishers and various other private enterprises. Some might work from home as freelance linguists. Philologist, phonologist, and dialectician are some of Linguist synonym. Linguists can study French , German , Italian . 

Public Relation Executive

Travel journalist.

The career of a travel journalist is full of passion, excitement and responsibility. Journalism as a career could be challenging at times, but if you're someone who has been genuinely enthusiastic about all this, then it is the best decision for you. Travel journalism jobs are all about insightful, artfully written, informative narratives designed to cover the travel industry. Travel Journalist is someone who explores, gathers and presents information as a news article.

Quality Controller

A quality controller plays a crucial role in an organisation. He or she is responsible for performing quality checks on manufactured products. He or she identifies the defects in a product and rejects the product. 

A quality controller records detailed information about products with defects and sends it to the supervisor or plant manager to take necessary actions to improve the production process.

Production Manager

Merchandiser.

A QA Lead is in charge of the QA Team. The role of QA Lead comes with the responsibility of assessing services and products in order to determine that he or she meets the quality standards. He or she develops, implements and manages test plans. 

Metallurgical Engineer

A metallurgical engineer is a professional who studies and produces materials that bring power to our world. He or she extracts metals from ores and rocks and transforms them into alloys, high-purity metals and other materials used in developing infrastructure, transportation and healthcare equipment. 

Azure Administrator

An Azure Administrator is a professional responsible for implementing, monitoring, and maintaining Azure Solutions. He or she manages cloud infrastructure service instances and various cloud servers as well as sets up public and private cloud systems. 

AWS Solution Architect

An AWS Solution Architect is someone who specializes in developing and implementing cloud computing systems. He or she has a good understanding of the various aspects of cloud computing and can confidently deploy and manage their systems. He or she troubleshoots the issues and evaluates the risk from the third party. 

Computer Programmer

Careers in computer programming primarily refer to the systematic act of writing code and moreover include wider computer science areas. The word 'programmer' or 'coder' has entered into practice with the growing number of newly self-taught tech enthusiasts. Computer programming careers involve the use of designs created by software developers and engineers and transforming them into commands that can be implemented by computers. These commands result in regular usage of social media sites, word-processing applications and browsers.

ITSM Manager

Information security manager.

Individuals in the information security manager career path involves in overseeing and controlling all aspects of computer security. The IT security manager job description includes planning and carrying out security measures to protect the business data and information from corruption, theft, unauthorised access, and deliberate attack 

Business Intelligence Developer

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UPSC Mains 2023 Essay Topics with Solution and Examples, Get PDF_0.1

UPSC Mains 2023 Essay Topics with Solution and Examples, Get PDF

UPSC Mains 2023 Essay Topic with Solution and Examples. Get Essay writing topics from UPSC Mains Shift 1 exam which was held on 15 September 2023. Evaluate your answers in UPSC Mains 2023 Exam.

UPSC Essay Topics 2023

Table of Contents

UPSC Mains 2023 Essay Paper Topics

With UPSC Essay Topic with Solutions and Examples will be helpful to Evaluate your answers in the UPSC Mains 2023 Exam. Get Essay writing topics from UPSC Mains exam which was held on 15 September 2023. The list of topics is as follows:

  • Thinking as a Game – The Role of Opposition in Shaping Ideas
  • A society that has more justice is a society that needs less charity
  • Girls is weighed down by restrictions, boys with demands harmful disciplines
  • Not All Who Wander Are Lost

UPSC Mains 2023 Essay Topics with Solution

Every year UPSC i.e. Union Public Service Commission organizes the UPSC CSE exam across the country. This year UPSC Mains exam is being organized on 15, 16, 17, 23, and 24 September. The essay writing paper was conducted during the morning shift on September 15th. You can check all the UPSC Essay Topics From the 2023 Exam with Solution which was held on 15th September in this article. For the convenience of the students, our expert content team has provided detailed solutions to these UPSC Essay Questions.

UPSC Mains Question Paper 2023

UPSC Mains 2023 Essay Paper Pattern

A total of eight topics are given in the UPSC Mains Essay Writing paper, out of which students have to write essays on two topics. The weightage of these two questions in the exam is 250 marks. The student gets 125 maximum marks on each essay.

Essay Writing on Thinking as a Game – The Role of Opposition in Shaping Ideas

Thinking is a fundamental human activity that underpins our ability to understand, learn, and innovate. It is often described as a cognitive process involving the manipulation of mental representations. However, one intriguing perspective is to view thinking as akin to a game, where the presence of opposing forces or contrasting ideas acts as a catalyst for the development of thoughts and the evolution of human knowledge.

The Nature of Thinking

Political Thinking

  • Non-Alignment: Current Stance of India in G-20 Summit 2023.
  • The Role of Opposition in Democracy

Social Thinking

  • An evolving social perspective on Homo-sexuality: Navtej Johwar Singh Case, Ratan TATA initiative: Goodfellows: to utilize India demographic dividend.

Economical Thinking

  • UPI, betting, Fiscal consolidation (budget 2023): FRBM act, Circular Economy, 1991 Economic Policy of India.

Scientific Thinking

  • Geocentric theory to Heliocentric theory, Human Genome Project,

Environmental Thinking

  • SDG’s, Net Zero mission

Educational Thinking

  • New education policy, Online Universities

Historical Thinking

  • Ashoka Dhamma, Middle Path by Gautam Buddha, Mahabharata: Theory of Geeta.

Ethical dilemma

  • Environmental Impact Assessment Policy,

Geopolitics   

  • Evolution of NATO and Russia Ukraine War, BRI: INDIA-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor.

Embracing opposition, rather than shying away from it, is the key to unlocking the full potential of our cognitive abilities and driving positive change in the world.

Essay Writing on A society that has more justice is a society that needs less charity

The relationship between justice and charity in society is a topic of profound significance. This essay delves into the idea that a society characterized by a greater degree of justice inherently requires less charity. Justice and charity are not competing concepts but rather two complementary pillars upon which a fair and equitable society can be built.

Introduction

“A society that has more justice is a society that needs less charity,” has been stated by Ralph Nader. It highlights the interconnectedness of these two ideals and underscores the importance of addressing systemic inequalities to reduce the burden of charitable interventions. This synopsis provides a brief overview of the key arguments and insights explored in the full essay.

Justice as a Foundation

  • When justice prevails, it minimizes the disparities that give rise to the need for charity.
  • By addressing root causes such as poverty, discrimination, and social exclusion, justice acts as a proactive force that prevents individuals from falling into dire circumstances requiring charity.

Charity as a Symptom

  • Charity plays a vital role in providing immediate relief to those in need, it often operates as a symptom of systemic failures.
  • Subsidies: WTO AOA
  • Capitalist skill program vs. Socialist welfare program.

Systemic Injustices and Charity

Rather than doing the charity, Justice in different areas should be promoted

  • Gender inequality: Only 14% are women in the Parliament.
  • Freebies: Loan Waiver
  • Unemployment: Universal Basic Income

Empowerment vs. Dependency

  • A just society prioritizes empowerment over dependency.
  • In contrast, excessive reliance on charity can create a cycle of dependency, inhibiting individuals’ ability to break free from the cycle of poverty.
  • Nelson Mandela once said, ‘Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world’.

Governmental Role in Justice

  • Effective public policies that promote equitable wealth distribution, affordable healthcare, quality education, and social safety nets can significantly reduce the need for charity.
  • MUDRA Yojana, PM SVANIDHI, Skill India, Atal tinkering labs

Charity’s Complementary Role

  • While the essay emphasizes the importance of justice as a foundational principle, it does not diminish the value of charity.
  • Charitable organizations and initiatives continue to provide essential support and relief to marginalized communities.
  • However, the focus shifts from mere charity to a more comprehensive approach that combines charity with systemic change to create lasting solutions.

In conclusion, the relationship between justice and charity is one of interdependence. The quote implies that charity is a band-aid service to a bigger issue. If a society is simple, it will have the ability to offer its residents and they will not be required to count on charity. This quote is a call to action for society to concentrate on justice and fairness. It is a pointer that charity is not a long-lasting option and that justice should be the ultimate objective. A society committed to justice inherently reduces the need for charity by addressing systemic injustices, empowering individuals, and fostering self-sufficiency.  Justice is the structure of a healthy society and it should be the top priority of all residents.

Essay Writing on Girls is weighed down by restrictions, boys with demands harmful disciplines

Cinema is a reflection of society, Srijit Mukherji directed the movie: Shabaash Mithu, which clearly shows the weight of women in Indian Society. Similarly, Raksha Bandhan movie: Directed by Aanand L. Rai, shows that the boys are harmed by the exceptional demands.

Gender Stereotypes

Explanation of how society often imposes rigid stereotypes on girls and boys.

Discussion of how these stereotypes shape societal expectations and behaviors.

Girls and Restrictions

Glass Ceiling Effect

  • Supreme Court CJI, only 11 Cabinet ministers are women: in comparison to 48% population,
  • Not a single woman to date became the Chief of ISRO though the renounced missions like Mission Mangal, and Chandrayaan-3 witnessed the highest participation of Women.
  • The USA, to date, didn’t witness a single Lady President.
  • Son Meta Preference, Kul Deepak,
  • Conspiracy against Razia Sultan
  • Household work by women is not calculated in the GDP

Pink collar Jobs

  • Low salaries
  • Limited scope for growth

Girls without restriction

STEM: Mission Mangal, Chandrayaan-3,

Kalpana Chawla, P.V. Sindhu, Marry Kom, Mithali Raj, Priyanka Chopra, Vineeta Singh, Kiran Bedi, Geeta Singh Phogat.

UPSC: The top 4 are women

Boys and Harmful Disciplines:

Pressure to be Successful:

  • UPSC: around 11 lakh people are preparing for 1000 vacancies.
  • Kota suicide due to societal pressure
  • Commercialization of the marriage system
  • Pressure to be emotionally Strong “Be a Man”
  • Career over power passion

Recap of the main points made in the essay regarding gender stereotypes and societal expectations. Due to the efforts of government like ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’, Skill India, Start-up India, Sarv Siksha Abhiyaan, etc., many sections of the society benefit from it, but there are still many challenges that need to be addressed.

Essay Writing on Not All Who Wander Are Lost

The famous phrase, “Not All Who Wander Are Lost,” originally coined by J.R.R. Tolkien in “The Lord of the Rings,” encapsulates the idea that wandering, exploring, and deviating from the beaten path can be purposeful and meaningful. This synopsis provides a concise overview of the essay’s exploration of the deeper meaning behind this phrase and its relevance to life’s journeys.

Embracing Uncertainty

Discussion of how wandering allows individuals to embrace uncertainty and unpredictability.

Exploration of how this can lead to personal growth and self-discovery.

  • Columbus: Invented the route to America
  • Thomas Alva Edison: Invention of the bulb
  • Marie Curie: Invented radium and polonium, and her huge contribution to finding treatments for cancer.

Creativity and Innovation

Highlighting how wandering, in the figurative sense, fosters creativity and innovation.

Examples of how some of the greatest discoveries and inventions have come from wandering minds.

  • Space Programmes: Discovery of water on the moon, moonquakes, Moon climate, Aditya L1, Apollo11
  • AI tools: Chat GPT, IOT, Meta

Spiritual and Philosophical Significance

  • Examination of the spiritual and philosophical significance of wandering.
  • Reference to how many spiritual traditions incorporate wandering or pilgrimage as a means of enlightenment.
  • Gautam Buddha
  • Vivekananda

Freedom and Individuality:

Discussion of how wandering represents freedom and individuality.

Exploration of how societal norms and expectations can stifle personal growth, making wandering an act of defiance.

  • Mahatma Gandhi
  • Nelson Mandela
  • Barak Obama

Balancing Purpose and Wanderlust:

Emphasis on the importance of balancing purpose and wanderlust.

Mention how setting goals and having direction can enhance the value of wandering.

  • Dashrath Manjhi
  • Neeraj Chopra

Conclusion:

Recap of the main points made in the essay about the phrase, “Not All Who Wander Are Lost.” Reiteration of the idea that wandering, when approached with mindfulness, can lead to profound personal and intellectual discoveries.

UPSC Mains Question Paper Analysis 2023

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list of essay topics for upsc mains

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List of Essays Asked in Civil Services Mains Exam

  • Categories Optional

Reading and analyzing the Previous year essay paper would provide a very good insight into the nature of the question. You are required to attempt essay on one topic out of a given set of 6 to 8 topics. Since 1996 there have been six topics. In 1995 and 1994, there were seven topics and prior to that there used to be 8 topics. Therefore, one may reasonably assume that in the years to come the number of topics given may not remain constant. However, there will be enough choice to select and write on.

Trend analysis

At the outset it should be clear, that any classification is not hard and fast. We are making trend analysis of the topics to be covered in essay paper . Broadly speaking, all the topics within the essay paper may be divided into two distinct categories:

  • Statement based essay topics
  • Issue based essay topics

Statement Based Topics

Under this class, a pithy statement, often in the form of a slogan or a phrase may be provided. For instance see the topics below:

  • Compassion is the basis of all morality. (1993)
  • Youth is a blunder, manhood a struggle, old age a regret. (1994)
  • A useless life is an early death. (1994)
  • Disinterested intellectual curiosity is the life blood of real civilization. (1995)
  • Our deeds determine us as much as we determine our deeds. (1995)
  • Truth is lived, not taught. (1996)
  • True religion cannot be misused. (1997)
  • Woman is God's best creation. (1998)
  • The pursuit of excellence. (2001)
  • If youth knew, if age could. (2002)
  • There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so. (2003)

If you notice these topics carefully, you might realize that these topics are more of philosophical in nature than factual. However, in writing or attempting these topics, analysis and interpretation must be backed by facts, information, examples etc. So as to make your essay writing more effective.

Issue based topics

The next set of topics is issue-based in nature. They are current topics or topics of burning nature. These topics may be found currently being debated, discussed and written about in various forums and media. For example, see the topics below:

  • The emerging global order, political and economic. (1993)
  • Economic growth without distributive justice is bound to breed violence. (1993)
  • Ecological considerations need not hamper development. (1993)
  • Computer : The harbinger of a silent revolution. (1993)
  • Politics, business and bureaucracy: A fatal triangle. (1994)
  • Multinational corporations : Saviors or saboteurs. (1994)
  • Restructuring of Indian education system. (1995)
  • The new emerging women power: the ground realities. (1995)
  • Whither Indian democracy. (1995)
  • Restructuring of the UNO to reflect present realities. (1995)
  • Need for transparency in public administration. (1995)
  • Language problem in India: Its past, present and prospects. (1998)
  • Reservations, politics and empowerment. (1999)
  • The country's need for a better disaster management system. (2000)
  • Empowerment alone cannot help our women. (2001)
  • Privatization of Higher education in India. (2002)
  • The masks of new imperialism. (2003)

In attempting these topics, a thorough understanding of the subject matter in all its aspects is essential. Besides, you must be able to form and hold an opinion and convincingly put it across. It is not denied that the essay writing topics of these types can be easily attempted by any one as everyone is aware of the issues involved there in. But a marked qualitative difference would be visible between someone who has done his home-work well and someone who has not done it well. Apart from a sound grasp over facts and information, one must also undertake exercises in improving one's writing skills. The very nature of the questions under even this category demands it.

Essay Copy: Vikram Grewal, IAS (AIR 51, CSE 2018)

list of essay topics for upsc mains

For Full Copy Click Here

These two broad categories of topics are not really water tight. Within these two broad categories you may come across some kind of a twilight zone, the kind of topics, that could well be somewhere at the inter section of the two. For convenience, call these topics, “Describe Topics”. While touching upon the current issues, these topics also demand a philosophical and logical insight, analysis and discussion. Examples of such topics are given below:

  • My vision of India in 2001 AD. (1993)
  • Men have failed, let women take over. (1993)
  • Indian society at the cross roads. (1994)
  • The challenges before a civil servant today. (1994)
  • Politics without ethics is a disaster. (1995)
  • Literacy is growing very fast but there is no corresponding growth in education. (1996)
  • New cult of God men : a threat to traditional religions (1996)
  • What we have not learnt during fifty years of independence. (1997)
  • The modern doctor and his patients. (1997)
  • Urbanization is a blessing in disguise. (1997).
  • India's contribution to world wisdom. (1998)
  • Value based science & education. (1999)
  • Why should we be proud of being Indians. (2000)
  • My vision of an ideal world order. (2001)
  • Modern technological education and human values. (2002)
  • How should a civil servant conduct himself. (1993)

We shall briefly indicate with the help of few actual examples of essays asked in the exam as to how points on those topics can be developed which will help in expanding the narrative in our writing.

For Instance: Vikram Grewal's Copy

list of essay topics for upsc mains

Men have failed, let women take over

  • Status of men vis-a-vis women throughout the ages
  • Nature of duties and responsibilities of both men and women.
  • The achievements and failures of men can be contrasted with those of women.
  • The rise of the modern women in the 20th century- educated, independent and free from economic dependence on men.
  • The speed with which male bastions are being taken over by women e.g, sports, aviation, defense, etc.
  • Analyzing the reasons why women are becoming successful in their way of th
  • The intrinsic nature of woman that makes her more responsive and accommodative to human needs.

Computer: Harbinger of silent revolution

  • Life before the computer and life after computer. A brief intro¬duction.
  • Coming of computer and beginning of changes in work and leisure activities.
  • Brief description of the principles on which computer functions and the possibilities of its capabilities on the basis of this principle.
  • Changes and likely changes in our society due to computers and likely modifications in computer. Expansion and popularity among PC users — both horizontal and vertical dimension.
  • Problems due to computers.
  • Suggested remedies.
  • Conclusion and description of the revolutionary dimension of computers

Ecological consideration need not hamper development

  • Introduction: definition of ecology and development.
  • Importance of ecological balance.
  • Importance of development and its economic aspects.
  • Consequences of ecological neglect with suitable examp
  • Consequences of blind race for development, and its harmful consequence.
  • The best alternative and reason thereof

In the above essays topics you may either take the view in favor or against or you may even strike a balance between the two.

Essay Strategy by:- Vikram Grewal, (AIR 51, CSE 2018)

Analyzing further, we notice that these questions, though issue based are of a broader nature unlike the specificity of the issue-based questions that we saw earlier. The issue based questions are specific and contextual. For instance, the topic ‘ Men have failed, let women take over ’ may appear apparently similar to ‘The new emerging women power: the ground realities, but both the topics are inherently different. The thrust and emphasis required in answering the two are different.

We Have uploaded Essay copies of Toppers like: Vikram Grewal (AIR 51, CSE 2018) , Khushboo Lather , Ankur Kaushik , Mirant Parikh and many more.

list of essay topics for upsc mains

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UPSC Essay Topics

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  • Updated on  
  • May 30, 2023

UPSC Essay Topics

With every passing day, the democratic setup of India is strengthening, and so are its administrative wings where transparency and accountability are evident. Well, it gives credibility to the fact that there are top administrative officers whose brilliant performance is at par excellence. Amid rigorous competition, UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) gets efficient candidates on board who crack this toughest exam in India to serve the nation. This competitive examination includes 3 steps, Prelims, Mains and Personal Interview . Nevertheless, it’s a daunting task to crack such tests without meticulous preparation and strategies. In this blog, we have collated information related to the UPSC essay topics and their related components. 

This Blog Includes:

Upsc exam dates 2023, general overview , upsc essay topics previous years, upsc essay topics-important areas, upsc essay topics in english, essay topics on arguments for or against , essay reports for 200 words, 2019 essays, 2018 essays, other upsc essay topics, what is upsc looking for in an essay, how to make transition from one para to another, read essays, topper tips for upsc essay writing.

The following are the important dates for the UPSC exam in 2023:

UPSC is India’s apex body that recruits candidates across the country for All India Group A & Group B central services. While prelims is an objective type of paper, the UPSC mains comprises nine subjective papers including an essay paper. Candidates have to write two UPSC essays on the allocated topics with a word count of 1000-1200. 

Have a Look at the Public Administration Syllabus for UPSC !

UPSC Essay Topics

It is paramount to have a tap on all those important UPSC essay topics which were widely asked in previously based question papers. Let’s take a look at important UPSC essay topics, you need to start practising:

Now that you have got the list of important UPSC essay topics, have a look at the History Questions for UPSC & SSC Exams !

Usually, the UPSC Essay questions cover these areas:

  • Media & Society
  • Philosophies
  • Environment/urbanization
  • Social justice/poverty
  • Economic sector
  • Indian Culture & Society
  • Administration
  • Cauvery Water Dispute
  • Satluj Yamuna Link Canal case
  • The Inter-State River Water Amendment Bill
  • Agricultural schemes of the government in the era of farmer suicide:
  • effectiveness of the schemes
  • Atal Bhujal Yojana scheme
  • Apolitical Education
  • Politics and the Degradation of the education system
  • Frequent changes in educational curriculum
  • The higher education system and its issues
  • CSR funds for skill enhancement
  • National Policy for skill development
  • Current environmental crisis due to extensive population growth
  • Lack of initiatives and policymaking to save the environment
  • The impact of globalization on the environment
  • The unrecognised slum areas and the slum dwellers
  • Unequal economic distribution
  • Revolution of technology
  • Demographic dividend
  • The position of India against China
  • The modern Foreign policy
  • International relations- changing nature
  • Fast track diplomacy and Para diplomacy
  • Basic income and subsidy policy
  • Can subsidies eradicate poverty?
  • The debate over nationalism
  • The effect of global capitalism
  • UN multilateralism and its role
  • Universal civil code
  • Agriculture
  • Impaired food security
  • UPI, BHIM, and ADHAAR linkage and cyber security
  • BRICS developmental bank and its policy
  • The anti-western attitude
  • The China factor
  • The pollution in urban areas
  • Threatening diseases and health hazards
  • Progressive thoughts regarding religious beliefs
  • Social mobility
  • Artificial intelligence

Essay Topics for UPSC 2023

  • Emerging Threats to India’s Internal Security
  • Crime against women is an expression of male domination
  • Crisis of Credibility in Indian Electronic Media
  • Securing India’s International Borders is a Challenging exercise for the Indian Armed Forces
  • Parenting in a competitive Indian Society is a challenge
  • Ensuring social justice is a human right
  • Life is a Long Journey between Human Beings and Being Humane
  • Mindful Manifesto is the catalyst to a tranquil self
  • Ships don’t sink because of water around them, ships sink because of water that gets into them
  • Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication
  • Culture is what we are, Civilization is what we have
  • There can be no social justice without economic prosperity but economic prosperity without social justice is meaningless
  • Patriarchy is the least noticed yet the most significant structure of social inequality
  • Technology is the silent factor in the international relations
  • Solitude during a Pandemic is not welcome
  • Political awareness amongst the social elite is inconsequential
  • Provision for Primary Education Sector in the New Education Policy
  • Impact of the Agricultural Laws on Farmers

Here are the previous year’s questions for UPSC Exam:

  • Wisdom finds Truth
  • Values are not what humanity is, but what humanity ought to be
  • Best for an individual is not necessarily best for the society
  • Courage to accept and dedication to improving are two keys to success
  • South Asian societies are woven not around the state but around their plural culture and plural identities
  • Neglect of primary health care and education in India are reasons for its backwardness
  • Biased Media is a real threat to the Indian Democracy
  • Rise of Artificial Intelligence: the threat of a jobless future or better job opportunities through reskilling and Upskilling
  • The Earth is not for Humans Only
  • The Impact of Social Media on Social Relationships
  • Role of the Indian Army in Nation Building
  • Alternative Technologies for a climate change resilient India
  • A good life is inspired by love and guided by knowledge
  • Poverty anywhere is a threat to prosperity everywhere
  • Management of Indian border disputes- a complex task
  • Customary morality cannot be a guide to modern life
  • The past is a permanent dimension of human consciousness and values
  • People that value privilege above principle lose both
  • Reality does not conform to the ideal but confirms it
  • Civil wrong emerging from religious bigotry, constitutionally punishable
  • Reservation suppresses civil dynamism
  • Privacy is an elitist Idea

Must Read: Beginner’s Guide to Writing an Essay

Now that you have a clear picture of the major UPSC essay topics, we have another set of current affair-based topics for you:

  • Kashmir Problem – Historical Injustice or Misguided Geopolitics?
  • India – $5 Trillion Economy: Dream or Reality?
  • COVID-19 Pandemics, though Catastrophic, are in the end Meant to Reset Humanity and its Priorities
  • Biased Media is a Real Threat to Indian Democracy
  • Importance of Skilling the Youth of the Nation
  • New India at 75
  • The Future of TV Channels with the Advent of OTT Platforms
  • Impact of Work From Home on Employees’ Health
  • Remote Working vs Working From Office
  • Environment vs Growth
  • Cyberspace and Internet
  • Digital Economy

You will be asked to write answers to different essays on the question. Your essay should be closer to the subject and organize ideas in an orderly fashion, and write concisely. In UPSC Exam, your marks are only based on the content however, the examiner will pay attention to your grammar, coherence and the manner in which you have structured your content.

Making proper transitions from one paragraph to another is important. It can be done in three ways:

  • Create a connection sentence at the end of the paragraph.
  • Add a question at the end of the paragraph to create interest for the next paragraph.
  • Use transition words to signal a change in the paragraph.
  • Speech on Fear
  • Essay on India
  • Importance of Social Media
  • Child Labour
  • Essay on Digital India
  • Essay On Sikkim
  • Save Electricity Essay: Format & Samples
  • Essay on Education System
  • Essay on Global Warming
  • Essay on Internet

Apurva Pandey from batch 2017 shared her topper tips on how to prepare and write essays for UPSC.

In UPSC exams, there will be 2 essay questions for which you have to write essays within 1000-1200 words each.

The IAS exam usually consists of topics related to general awareness. For a clear insight, you can refer to the aforementioned UPSC essay topics.

The latest topics for essay writing are: Kashmir Problem – Historical Injustice or Misguided Geopolitics?; India – $5 Trillion Economy: Dream or Reality? COVID-19 Pandemics, though Catastrophic, are in the end Meant to Reset Humanity and its Priorities; Biased Media is a Real Threat to Indian Democracy, etc

Hopefully, this blog on UPSC essay topics has helped you with a clear understanding of the way forward. To read informative articles like this one, keep following Leverage Edu !

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list of essay topics for upsc mains

Topic-Wise Essay Questions from UPSC Mains (1994 -2018)

The initial paper in the UPSC mains examination is the Essay (Paper I). In this section, candidates who have qualified in the prelims stage must compose two essays from a selection of provided topics. The paper holds a total of 250 marks, and these marks contribute to the determination of the Final Merit List. This article compiles all the essay topics presented in the UPSC mains exam from 1994 to 2018. Additionally, we have organized the essay questions from the last 25 years into distinct topics to facilitate your preparation.

Table of Contents

UPSC Essay Topics

Administration.

  • 1994: The nexus of politics, bureaucracy, and business – a lethal trio.
  • 1995: Politics bereft of ethics spells disaster.
  • 1996: The VIP cult poses a detriment to Indian democracy.
  • 1996: Advocating the necessity for transparency in public administration.
  • 2000: Addressing the nation’s imperative for an improved disaster management system.
  • 2003: Guidelines on the conduct expected of a civil servant.

Democracy/India since independence

  • 1995: The trajectory of Indian democracy—where does it lead?
  • 1997: Unlearned lessons in fifty years of independence.
  • 2000: Reasons to take pride in our Indian identity.
  • 2001: Assessing the gains from our democratic framework.
  • 2003: Evaluating the effectiveness of democracy in delivering positive outcomes in India.
  • 2008: Exploring national identity and patriotism.
  • 2012: Examining the evolutionary significance of ‘Swadhinata,’ ‘Swaraj,’ and ‘Dharmarajya’ in the context of Gandhiji’s views and their contemporary relevance to Indian democracy.
  • 2013: Is India’s success hindered by a lingering colonial mentality?
  • 2015: Aspirations that should keep India awake.
  • 2018: Navigating the intricate challenge of managing Indian border disputes.

Economic growth and development

  • 1999: Managing resources in the Indian context.
  • 2013: GDP (Gross Domestic Product) alongside GDH (Gross Domestic Happiness) as apt measures for assessing a country’s well-being.
  • 2014: The hindrance to our country’s growth—was it policy paralysis or implementation inertia?
  • 2015: Assessing the crisis in India—moral or economic in nature.
  • 2016: Jobless growth in India: An aberration or a consequence of economic reforms.
  • 2016: The digital economy: An equalizer or a source of economic inequality.
  • 2016: Identifying innovation as the pivotal factor influencing economic growth and social welfare.
  • 2017: Examining the impact of new economic measures on fiscal relations between the union and states in India.

Federalism, Decentralisation

  • 1998: Tracing the language problem in India—its historical evolution, current status, and future prospects.
  • 2004: Advocating for central government control over water resources.
  • 2007: Assessing the effectiveness of the panchayati raj system in India in empowering the people.
  • 2007: Examining whether autonomy is the optimal solution to counter balkanization.
  • 2011: The establishment of smaller states and its resultant administrative, economic, and developmental implications.
  • 2016: Cooperative federalism in India: Myth or reality?
  • 2016: Exploring water disputes between states in federal India.

Indian Culture & Society

  • 1994: The Indian society standing at a crucial juncture.
  • 1996: Emerging cults and spiritual leaders posing a challenge to traditional religion.
  • 1998: Examining the mosaic of India’s composite culture.
  • 1999: Contemporary youth culture in focus.
  • 2000: Navigating the intersection of modernism and our traditional socio-ethical values.
  • 2000: Indian culture today—myth or reality?
  • 2003: Contemplating the correlation between civilization’s advancement and cultural decline.
  • 2010: From traditional Indian philanthropy to the Gates-Buffett model—natural progression or paradigm shift?
  • 1997: Exploring the realm of judicial activism.
  • 2004: Investigating the intersection of judicial activism and Indian democracy.
  • 2005: Advocating for the imperative that justice extends to the impoverished.

Social justice/Poverty

  • 1999: Reservation, politics, and the pursuit of empowerment.
  • 2005: Envisioning food security as a foundation for sustainable national development.
  • 2009: The disproportionate focus of healthcare on the privileged segments of our society.
  • 2017: The diminishing capacity of farming to serve as a subsistence source for the majority of Indian farmers.
  • 2018: Recognizing poverty anywhere as a menace to prosperity everywhere.

Media & Society

  • 1998: The misinterpretation and abuse of freedom in India.
  • 1999: Mass media and its impact on cultural invasion.
  • 2002: The democratic role and responsibility of the media.
  • 2007: Examining the cultural shift in Indian mindsets brought about by satellite television.
  • 2008: The contribution of media to fostering good governance.
  • 2011: Assessing whether Indian cinema shapes our popular culture or simply mirrors it.
  • 2014: Contemplating whether sting operations constitute an invasion of privacy.

Environment/Urbanisation

  • 1997: Unraveling the hidden benefits of urbanization.
  • 2006: Asserting the crucial role of safeguarding ecology and the environment for sustained economic development.
  • 2008: Exploring the perils associated with urbanization.
  • 2010: Debating the imposition of a moratorium on new mining activities in tribal areas of the country.
  • 2017: Acknowledging the inevitability of succumbing to natural laws despite challenging human laws.

Economic sectors/MNCs

  • 1994: Multinational corporations—saviors or underminers.
  • 2006: Contemplating the potential demise of small-scale industries in India due to globalization.
  • 2007: The surge of BPOs in India.
  • 2008: Evaluating the Special Economic Zone—benefit or detriment?
  • 2009: Pondering the fate of our traditional handicrafts, destined for a gradual decline.
  • 2012: Scrutinizing the criticism that the Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) model is more of a curse than a blessing in the Indian context.
  • 2014: Exploring the prospect of tourism as the next major venture for India.
  • 1995: Overhauling the structure of the Indian education system.
  • 1996: Noting the rapid increase in literacy without corresponding growth in education.
  • 2001: Questioning the relevance of traditional classrooms.
  • 2002: Examining the privatization of higher education in India.
  • 2002: Navigating the intersection of modern technological education and human values.
  • 2005: Reflecting on the essence of real education.
  • 2006: Investigating the “Education for All” campaign in India—myth or reality.
  • 2007: Advocating for the cultivation of independent thinking from early childhood.
  • 2008: Contemplating whether educating the masses can pave the way for an egalitarian society.
  • 2011: Assessing the status, opportunities, and challenges of the credit-based higher education system.
  • 2014: Evaluating the impact of growing competition on the youth.
  • 2014: Questioning the effectiveness of standardized tests as a measure of academic ability or progress.
  • 2015: Highlighting the limitations of education without values.
  • 2017: Acknowledging the pivotal role of classrooms in shaping the destiny of a nation.
  • 1995: Unveiling the emerging power of women: the realities on the ground.
  • 1997: Asserting that greater political power alone won’t improve the plight of women.
  • 1998: Contemplating woman as God’s finest creation.
  • 1999: Delving into the challenges and prospects of women’s empowerment.
  • 2001: Emphasizing that empowerment alone cannot fully uplift our women.
  • 2004: Questioning the trajectory of women’s emancipation.
  • 2005: Imagining a world where women rule.
  • 2005: Acknowledging the influential role of the hand that rocks the cradle.
  • 2006: Advocating for the Women’s Reservation Bill as a catalyst for empowerment in India.
  • 2012: Evaluating whether the Indian working woman receives a fair deal in managing work and home.
  • 2016: Stating that if development is not engendered, it is endangered.
  • 2017: Dispelling the myth of the fulfillment of the ‘new woman’ in India.

Quotes-based/Philosophy

  • 1994: Youth is a mistake, manhood a challenge, old age a remorse.
  • 1994: A purposeless life is an untimely demise.
  • 1995: Disinterested intellectual curiosity is the life force of civilization.
  • 1995: When money speaks, the truth remains silent.
  • 1995: Our actions define us as much as we shape our actions.
  • 1996: Truth is something to be lived, not just taught.
  • 1997: True religion cannot be misappropriated.
  • 2002: The pursuit of truth is inherently a spiritual challenge.
  • 2002: The paths of glory ultimately lead to the grave.
  • 2002: If youth possessed knowledge, if age possessed capability.
  • 2003: Nothing is inherently good or bad; it is our perceptions that shape it.
  • 2013: Be the change you wish to witness in others.
  • 2014: With greater power comes greater responsibility.
  • 2014: Words have a sharper impact than a two-edged sword.
  • 2015: Extending a helping hand is superior to merely giving charity.
  • 2018: The past is a permanent dimension of human consciousness and values.
  • 2018: Reality may not conform to the ideal, but it affirms it.
  • 2007: Attitude shapes habits, habits form character, and character defines a person.
  • 2008: Discipline paves the way to success, while anarchy leads to ruin.
  • 2015: The character of an institution is a reflection of its leader.
  • 2016: Need fosters greed, and an increase in greed tarnishes the lineage.
  • 2017: Joy is the purest expression of gratitude.
  • 2018: A fulfilling life is one fueled by love and steered by knowledge.
  • 2018: A society that prioritizes privileges over principles forfeits both.
  • 2018: Traditional morality cannot serve as a guide for modern living.

Globalisation

  • 1994: Modernization and Westernization are distinct concepts.
  • 1998: Envisioning the world in the twenty-first century.
  • 2000: Unraveling the implications of globalization for India.
  • 2001: Articulating my vision of an ideal world order.
  • 2003: Unmasking the facades of new imperialism.
  • 2004: Assessing the impact of globalization on Indian culture.
  • 2009: Contemplating the clash between ‘Globalization’ and ‘Nationalism.’
  • 2010: Evaluating the readiness of our society for India’s global leadership role.

Science & Tech

  • 1997: The contemporary physician and their relationship with patients.
  • 1999: Embedding values in science and education.
  • 2001: Examining the progress of science and its impact on human values.
  • 2003: Exploring the interplay between spirituality and scientific temper.
  • 2004: The magnetic appeal of space.
  • 2012: Debating the compatibility of Science and Mysticism.
  • 2013: Asserting that science and technology serve as the cure-all for the nation’s growth and security.
  • 2015: Emphasizing that technology cannot replace human manpower.
  • 2018: Advocating for alternative technologies to build a climate change-resilient India.

Internet/IT

  • 2000: The allure and challenges of the cyberworld.
  • 2006: The rise of computerization and its potential to foster a dehumanized society.
  • 2016: Reflecting on the long-term impact of cyberspace and the Internet on human civilization—blessing or curse?
  • 2017: Contending that social media, by its nature, is a self-centered medium.

International organisations /relations

  • 1996: The restructuring of the UNO as a reflection of current realities.
  • 2004: Analyzing India’s contribution to fostering ASEAN cooperation.
  • 2006: Assessing the significance of the Indo-US nuclear agreement.
  • 2017: Questioning the continued relevance of the Non-Alignment Movement (NAM) in a multipolar world.
  • 2005: The impact of terrorism on global peace.
  • 2009: Examining whether we are a ‘soft’ state.
  • 2009: Asserting the value of well-defined boundaries in fostering good relations between neighbors.
  • 2011: Recognizing the importance of both human intelligence and technical intelligence in addressing terrorism in the Indian context.

Miscellaneous

  • 1998: India’s impact on global wisdom.
  • 2001: The quest for excellence.
  • 2010: Geography may be constant, but history is subject to change.
  • 2014: Aspiring for fifty gold medals in the Olympics—can India turn this into a reality?
  • 2015: Embracing the strategy of swift yet consistent progress.

Topic-Wise Essay Questions from UPSC Mains (1994 -2018) FAQS

Q 1. how can i write a good essay in upsc.

 Essay writing not only checks your ability to understand the topic but also how well you can explain the same. While preparing for any subject, keep making notes. Read editorial articles in newspapers like The Hindu. Listen to analysis of particular topics on Rajya Sabha TV. There is no shortcut to master the essay, it is all about regular practice.

Q 2. Does handwriting matter in UPSC?

If the answer is good and the handwriting is not good, then there is a possibility of being at a state of disadvantage because the person who evaluates your paper will be evaluating thousands of other papers. Hence, to make sure that your evaluator has not missed out on any piece of information that you have written, it is better to have good and legible handwriting.

3.  What is the format of the UPSC Civil Services Mains examination?

The UPSC Civil Services Mains examination includes an Essay paper (Paper I), which is the initial paper in the exam.

4. How many essays are candidates required to write in the Essay paper?

Candidates are required to compose two essays from a selection of provided topics in the Essay paper.

5. How many marks does the Essay paper hold, and how does it contribute to the Final Merit List?

The Essay paper holds a total of 250 marks, and these marks contribute to the determination of the Final Merit List.

6. What is the time duration for the Essay paper in the UPSC Mains examination?

The time duration for the Essay paper is not specified, but candidates are advised to manage their time effectively.

7. Can candidates choose any topic for their essays, or are there specific topics provided?

Candidates must choose two essay topics from a selection of provided topics.

8. How are the essay topics categorized in the provided list?

The essay topics from the last 25 years are categorized into distinct topics such as Administration, Democracy/India since independence, Economic growth and development, Federalism, Decentralisation, Indian Culture & Society, Judiciary, Social justice/Poverty, Media & Society, Environment/Urbanisation, Economic sectors/MNCs, Education, Women, Quotes-based/Philosophy, Character, Globalisation, Science & Tech, Internet/IT, International organisations/relations, Security, and Miscellaneous.

9. What are some examples of essay topics related to Indian Culture & Society?

Examples include “The Indian society standing at a crucial juncture,” “Contemplating the correlation between civilization’s advancement and cultural decline,” and “Navigating the intersection of modernism and our traditional socio-ethical values.”

10. Are there specific essay topics related to Economics and Development?

Yes, essay topics related to Economics and Development include “Managing resources in the Indian context,” “Jobless growth in India: An aberration or a consequence of economic reforms,” and “Exploring the impact of new economic measures on fiscal relations between the union and states in India.”

11. How can candidates prepare for the essay paper effectively?

Candidates can prepare by reviewing and understanding essay topics from previous years, practicing essay writing, and staying updated on current affairs and relevant issues.

12. Are there any specific guidelines for essay writing provided by UPSC?

While specific guidelines are not mentioned, candidates are expected to express their thoughts coherently, provide well-reasoned arguments, and adhere to the given word limit. It is advisable to maintain clarity, conciseness, and a balanced perspective in essay writing.

In case you still have your doubts, contact us on 9811333901.  

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list of essay topics for upsc mains

UPSC Essay Topics

The Upsc Essay Topics change every year, and aspirants are never sure what they will be. They can be about things like how the economy is doing, how women can be stronger, art and culture, or how the media affects us. Moreover, it’s a good idea to look at the essay questions from previous years to get an idea of what might be asked. This will help you practice writing essays and do well in the exam. With enough practice, you can become good at writing essays for the UPSC exam .

Furthermore, the IAS Essay section is very important in the UPSC exam. It contains 250 marks, and you must write two essay questions in three hours, each 1000 to 1200 words. Additionally, to prepare, it’s a good idea to look at previous upsc essay papers to understand what essay topics upsc might come up in the exam.

You can also check for UPSC Mains Toppers Booklist . [embedyt] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=am5JYNs9Y08[/embedyt]

UPSC Essay Topics 2024

The UPSC essay paper is one of the nine papers in the UPSC Mains exam . It’s a chance for candidates to share their opinions on social, economic, and political issues. UPSC usually chooses topics that are either related to current events or have a big impact on society. Moreover, some important IAS essay topics for the UPSC exam could include:

  • Development
  • Urbanisation
  • Globalisation
  • Bureaucracy/Civil Service
  • Constitution
  • Water Security
  • Poverty/Hunger/Food Security
  • Human Resources- Employment
  • Social Media
  • Privacy/Surveillance

UPSC Essay Topics: Previous Year Question Paper

Having access to the previous year’s essay topics can be useful. It gives you an idea of the types of essays asked in previous years. Moreover, That’s why we’ve provided the UPSC essay topics from the previous year’s UPSC question paper below.

  • UPSC Essay Topics for year 2022
  • UPSC Essay Topics for year 2021
  • UPSC Essay Topics for year 2020
  • UPSC Essay Topics for year 2019
  • UPSC Essay Topics for year 2018

You can also check for how to write an essay for upsc .

UPSC Essay Topics: Topic wise

Here, we will discuss different UPSC Essay Topics that are frequently asked in the UPSC Examination.

UPSC Essay Topics on Administration 

If you want to prepare for Polity and Administration topics for the UPSC exam, you can start by reading books on Polity and Public Administration. Moreover, these books provide basic information about relevant issues and their history, which can be useful when writing essay questions on Polity and Public Administration for the UPSC exam. Some UPSC essay topics on these topics could include:

  • Is autonomy the best answer to combat balkanisation?
  • Politics without ethics is a disaster.
  • Judicial activism and Indian democracy.
  • The language politics in India: its past, present, and future.
  • Is a better disaster management system need of the hour?
  • Cooperative federalism: Myth or reality.
  • Need for transparency in public administration.
  • The VIP cult is a bane of Indian democracy.

UPSC Essay Topics on Science and Technology

To write an essay on Science and Technology topics for the UPSC exam, you can start by following current affairs related to this field. You can also refer to books on Science and Technology for UPSC to get a multidimensional perspective. Moreover, some possible Science and Tech UPSC essay topics could include:

  • The modern doctor and his patients.
  • The process of self-discovery has now been technologically outsourced.
  • Alternative technologies for a climate change-resilient India.
  • Technology cannot replace manpower.
  • Social media is inherently a selfish medium.
  • Value-based science and education.
  • Cyberspace and Internet: Blessing or curse to the human civilisation in the long run.
  • The lure of space.
  • Spirituality and scientific temper.
  • The march of science and the erosion of human values.
  • The cyberworld: Its charms and challenges.
  • Science and Mysticism: Are they compatible?

UPSC Essay Topics on Women Empowerment

UPSC encourages gender equality in the workplace and often includes essay topics related to women. The UPSC Essay topics aims to understand the candidate’s level of critical thinking and ability to express their thoughts. Including data, references, and real-life examples can help earn extra marks while writing essays. Moreover, some possible UPSC essay topics related to women and women empowerment could include:

  • Challenges and Prospects of Women Empowerment
  • Ground realities of the new emerging women power
  • Fulfillment of ‘new woman’ in India is a myth.
  • Is the Indian working woman getting a fair deal- Managing work and home?
  • Hand that rocks the cradle rules the world.
  • What if all the developed countries had women as their heads?
  • Greater political power alone will not improve women’s plight.
  • Whither women’s emancipation?

UPSC Essay Topics on Indian Culture & Society

The UPSC essay topics related to Indian society, art, and culture are always diverse. To prepare for these topics, candidates can read basic books on society that are typically referred to during the exam. Moreover, you can also use Art & Culture Notes for UPSC to help with your preparation. Some possible UPSC essay topics related to Indian culture and society are:

  • Are new cults and godmen threats to the traditional religion?
  • Modernism and our traditional socio-ethical values.
  • Indian society is at a crossroads.
  • The composite culture of Indian society
  • Where the Youth culture of today is heading towards
  • As civilisation progresses, culture declines.

UPSC Essay Topics on Philosophical Type

Every year, UPSC includes two or more UPSC essay topics related to philosophical thoughts, Indian philosophical schools, or quotes from famous personalities. Students can refer to Philosophy Books for UPSC to prepare for these topics to gain a basic background. Moreover, some possible UPSC essay topics related to philosophy or quotes from famous personalities are:

  • Be the change you want to see in others.
  • Reality does not conform to the ideal but confirms it.
  • The paths of glory lead but to the grave.
  • Our deeds determine us, as much as we determine our deeds.
  • If youth knew if age could.
  • Useless life is an early death.
  • Search for truth can only be attained through spiritual means.
  • Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole.
  • Words are sharper than a two-edged sword

UPSC Essay Topics on Education

Education is a popular UPSC essay topics , and almost every year, an essay related to education is asked in the paper. Moreover, to prepare for this topic, staying updated with current affairs and major changes and developments related to the field is important. Some possible UPSC essay topics related to education for UPSC could include:

  • Privatisation of the higher education system in India.
  • Does growth in literacy correspond to growth in education?
  • Education without values, as useful as it is, seems rather make a man a more clever devil.
  • Concept of Real Education
  • Restructuring of the Indian education system with respect to the NEP
  • The destiny of a nation is shaped in its classrooms.
  • Education for all”: myth or reality.

UPSC Essay Topics on Economic Growth

UPSC frequently includes IAS essay topics on economic growth, development, and the MNC (multi-national corporation) sector. To prepare for these topics, candidates can refer to Economy Notes for UPSC to get a general overview of the subject. Moreover, once you grasp the basics well, you can add examples, data, and figures to make your essay more multi-dimensional. Some possible UPSC essay topics related to economics for UPSC could include:

  • Can tourism be the next big thing for India?
  • GDP (Gross Domestic Product) along with GDH (Gross Domestic Happiness) should be the right indices for judging the well-being of a country.
  • Are the Multinational corporations saviours or saboteurs?
  • Is the Digital economy a leveller or a source of economic inequality?
  • Is it the policy paralysis or the paralysis of implementation which slowed the growth of our country?
  • Future of BPO Culture in India
  • Crisis faced in India – moral or economic.
  • Is the near jobless growth in India an anomaly or an outcome of economic reforms?

You can also check for UPSC Calendar 2023 .

Upsc Essay Topics: Things to keep in mind

Writing is a way to show how you think. When an examiner reads your essay, they can understand your thought process. An essay is a well-structured set of ideas on a specific topic. Moreover, to score well on the UPSC Essay paper , it’s important to practice and be persistent. The essay is about factual knowledge, creativity, and critical thinking. To score well on the UPSC Essay paper, follow these steps:

  • Choose the Right Essay

The UPSC Essay paper has two sections, and you have to write one essay from each section. Both essays have 125 marks each and must be 1000-1200 words. Before choosing a topic, it’s important to reflect on it and consider if it’s too controversial or if you have enough information to write about it.

  • Examine the Topic

When you select UPSC Essay Topics , it’s important to take some time to think about the topic and write down the main keywords that you will use in your essay. This will help you organise your thoughts and ensure you cover all the key points.

Taking a multidimensional approach is important when writing your essay, which means considering different perspectives and angles.

Additionally, structure your essay clearly and concisely, with an introduction that sets the stage for the rest of the essay, a body that covers your main points, and a conclusion that summarises your key ideas and leaves a lasting impression on the reader.

  • Structure well

The introduction is a crucial part of the UPSC Essay Topics and should provide a brief idea about the topic. It should convey your perspective on the topic. The essay’s main body should be divided into well-connected small paragraphs. The language should be simple, clear, and easy to comprehend.

Moreover, the focus should be on critical thinking rather than using complex vocabulary. If necessary, include relevant facts and data. Using quotes and sayings can add weight to the essay. The conclusion should be clear and concise. While writing, strive for a neutral or balanced approach.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) 

Q1: Do UPSC Topics get repeated?

Ans: That’s correct. While UPSC may repeat essay topics from previous years, they are likely to ask a different question with the exact same wording. Instead, they may tweak the language or focus of the question slightly to test a candidate’s understanding and analytical skills. Moreover, it is also true that certain topics, such as history, economics, and Indian polity, tend to be asked more frequently than others.

Q2: How many essay questions are asked in the upsc essay paper?

Ans: The UPSC Essay Paper consists of two sections, each containing four to five essay topics. Candidates need to choose one essay topic from each section and write an essay of 1000 to 1200 words on each topic. Moreover, each essay is worth 125 marks, and the total mark for the UPSC Essay Paper is 250.

Q3: How can I write a good essay for UPSC?

Ans: Keeping notes and staying updated with current affairs is crucial in developing a deep understanding of various topics. Reading books, journals, and other publications related to the UPSC Essay Topics can also help enhance knowledge and vocabulary. Moreover, ractising writing essays regularly and getting feedback from mentors or peers to improve writing skills is also important.

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100+ Important Topics for UPSC Prelims and Mains

100+ Important Topics for UPSC Prelims and Mains

  • UPSC Examination , UPSC Prelims Exam Syllabus
  • Manasvi Patidar

Important Topics for UPSC Prelims and Mains: The UPSC examination focuses on crucial subjects and themes essential for success in the Civil Services Examination. The curriculum covers a wide range of subjects, and knowing the pivotal ones significantly impacts a candidate’s chances of success. The important topics for UPSC Prelims Mains are categorized by paper and subject, providing aspirants with easy access. In addition to static topics, a list of the most important current affairs topics is also included for a comprehensive understanding.

Current Affairs Topics for UPSC IAS

Current events of national and international importance are the guiding force for IAS preparation. It provides the locus of UPSC IAS preparation and the current affairs of the last 100 days are most important for the IAS prelims exam.

  • Agri Accelerator Funs
  • Issue of Privacy
  • Indian Mobile Operating System – Bharat OS
  • Eklavya Model Residential Schools
  • Green Hydrogen Policy
  • Public Emergency in Sri Lanka
  • Artificial Womb and its Importance
  • Fly Ash Management and Utilisation Mission and its Relevance
  • Understanding the New India Literacy Programme
  • UNEP Frontiers Report
  • UN Environment Report 2023
  • Significance of the First India-Central Asia Summit
  • India-France Agreement on Roadmap for Blue Economy & Ocean Governance
  • Important Provisions of Election Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2021
  • NASSCOM’s Report on Startups in India
  • One Health Concept: What is it and its Relevance
  • New Ordinance Companies and their relevance
  • COVID-19 and India’s Effort in 2021
  • India’s Rank in Global Hunger Index 2021
  • Highlights of State of Education Report 2023 for India
  • Prohibition of Child Marriage (Amendment) Bill, 2021
  • Objectives of Fourth Assembly of International Solar Alliance
  • Objectives of G-20 Innovation League
  • India and International Energy Agency (IEA)
  • Sahel Crisis Genesis and its Solution
  • Delhi Declaration 2023 and way ahead
  • Renewable Energy Country Attractiveness Index Or RECAI and its importance for India
  • Waste Management Policy in India and its effectiveness
  • Objective and Relevance of COP26
  • ADIPEC 2023 Agenda and Outcomes
  • Recovery of Indian Economy
  • New Agriculture Laws
  • New National Education Policy
  • Digital Education Report
  • Stages of Vaccine Development
  • ASEEM Platform
  • Postal Ballet in India
  • Net Zero Carbon Emission – Meaning
  • 5G technology – Beam formation, Mass MIMO
  • Working of ICMR
  • Drug testing regulation in India
  • String of Pearls theory and India’s counter
  • Sea Lines of Communication in the Indian Ocean
  • One Belt One Road (OBOR) Policy and India’s Counter
  • Cyclone Nisarga affected areas
  • Fabric required for PPE kit
  • What percentage of oxygen is required for the normal functioning of the brain?
  • Shifting of Earth’s Geo-Magnetic field and its impact
  • Indo-Nepal & Indo-China Border distpute
  • Virus and Bacteria borne diseases differences
  • Outbreak-Epidemic-Pandemic
  • CORONA Test Techniques – Viral vs Antibody Test
  • Recent NAM and SCO Summit
  • Recent Dhaula-Vira Discoveries
  • Coronavirus Pandemic
  • China – Wuhan
  • Facts related to the Citizenship Amendment Act
  • The Jammu & Kashmir, Leh and Ladakh formation
  • Sir Creek dispute
  • Uttarakhand Summer Capital
  • Environment Summits 2023-22

Economy Topics for UPSC IAS

Indian Economy topics are more oriented towards current events. The candidates need to prepare the current economic events occurring in India and the world. The candidates need to understand the Indian Economic Structure and its interaction with the world.

  • Centre’s Roadmap to Achieve US$300 Bn from Electronics
  • Shortage of Semi-Conductors and India’s Initiative
  • Salient Features of National Monetisation Plan
  • Highlights of World Economic Outlook Report October 2023
  • Salient Features of MPLAD Scheme
  • Salient Features of Poshan Abhiyaan
  • Highlights of 8th Indo-US Economic and Financial Partnership
  • Role of RBI in post-COVID-19 recovery
  • Recovery of Indian Economy after the pandemic
  • FATF Review of Indian Economy Pushed to 2023
  • IMF projection and Indian Economy
  • Garib Kalyan Rozgar Abhiyaan
  • Zoram Food Park, Mizoram
  • Google to invest 75000 Crore in India
  • National Infrastructure Pipeline
  • Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund
  • What is Negative Growth?
  • Deflation and Recession
  • Indian Economic Structure
  • The primary, secondary and tertiary producers
  • Agriculture in India
  • Banking Structure of India (Recent Bank Mergers)
  • RBI Mandate and it’s functioning
  • REPO rate, Reverse Repo Rate, Marginal Standing Facility, Bank Rate
  • Crypto-currency and issues related to it ( Recently Supreme Court gave an order related to it)

Geography Topics for UPSC IAS

The geography topics are very important because geography is a science-based subject and various candidates found it difficult to prepare. There are a good number of questions from the physical geography of India and the world. World geography has very fewer questions in the IAS question paper. The important topics are as follows.

  • Bihar and Assam Floods
  • The increasing frequency of Cyclone
  • Flood and the Indian preparations across the state
  • The naming convention of cyclones
  • Geo-Magnetic Field and its significance
  • Physical Features along Indo-China Border
  • Cyclone Amphan & Cyclone Nisarga
  • Physical Geography of India
  • Formation of Himalayas and structure of Himalayas, Importance of Himalayas
  • The drainage system in India
  • Monsoon pattern in India
  • Formation of Rocks
  • Rock System in India
  • Recent Census figures
  • Climatology

Indian Polity Topics for UPSC IAS

The Indian Polity section holds a special place in UPSC examinations due to its consistent appearance and seemingly straightforward questions. Despite their apparent simplicity, these questions often require close analysis for a deeper understanding. It is advisable to carefully read Indian Polity questions twice before selecting answers. The key topics for this section include: [list of important topics].

  • Important Provisions of Election Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2023
  • Expansion in BSF jurisdiction and the way ahead
  • New Agriculture Laws are essential for long-pending Agricultural reforms
  • All India orientation of CBI investigation
  • Implications of J & K reorganisation Act, 2019
  • Difference between Cabinet Minister and Minister with Independent Charge
  • Prime Minister as the Residuary Legatee
  • Article related to the Land Boundaries and their redrawing
  • Articles related to the Citizenship of India
  • Citizenship Act
  • Fundamental Rights
  • Fundamental Duties
  • Articles related to the Supreme Court of India
  • Articles related to the Emergency Provisions in India
  • Article related to the Union-State relations with social emphasis on Article 256, 356
  • National Security Act
  • Essential Commodities Act
  • Important SC Judgements related to Fundamental Rights and Basic Structure Doctrine
  • Panchayati Raj Institutions
  • Lokpal Institution
  • NITI Aayog functioning

History Topics for UPSC IAS

The history of India constitutes a significant portion of the expansive IAS syllabus. While the number of questions in both the IAS prelims and main exams may be comparatively limited, UPSC has the potential to introduce surprises, including an increase in the number of questions in any given year. Notably, the emphasis on important topics is derived from analyzing previous year trends and incorporating insights from recent discoveries.

In particular, modern history stands out as the most critical section in the IAS prelims exam. The following topics are anticipated to hold substantial importance for IAS prelims .

  • History of Galwan Valley
  • Dholavira excavation and the related discoveries
  • Government of India Act 1935
  • All the events occurred in the year 1919 and 1920.
  • All the events related to Mahatma Gandhi and Jawahar Lal Nehru
  • The Round Table Conferences – I, II and III. (III is most important)
  • Jaliawalan Bagh Tragedy
  • Civil Disobedience Movement 
  • Cabinet Mission Plan
  • Quit India Movement
  • The Social movements in Modern India
  • The Formation of Indian National Congress, the Democratic Socialist Party and the local parties
  • The chronology of events leading to the Indian Independence
  • National Leaders related to the National Movement
  • Liberal Viceroys of India

Important Essay Topics for UPSC IAS Main

The candidates should also practice to write IAS essay on a daily basis. The candidates shoudl write on diverse topics to practice for the essay. Topics given in the newspaper editorial can be very handy for the candidates for essay writing. The candidates explore more topics here.

  • The changing world order and India’s participation
  • India’s Foreign Policy and evolving bilateral issues
  • India’s relation with its neighbours
  • Border Security in India
  • Status and Condition of Women in Indian Society
  • Child labour and the restriction imposed by the Indian laws
  • Impact of technological advancement on the social fabric of Indian Society
  • Changing Trend in Indian Agriculture and the Economic Reforms
  • The Health Infrastructure in India
  • Rural and urban divide in India and how technology can play a vital role
  • What are the differences in the life of child age, youth age and old age?

Read more: Most Important Topics for UPSC IAS Pre 2024(Current Affairs)

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Important Topics for UPSC Prelims 2024

By vajiram & ravi.

Important Days in August 2023

Daily Newspaper Analysis for UPSC

Daily Prelims Pointers

Daily Mains Current Affairs

Important Topics for UPSC: Crucial subjects and themes for the UPSC examination pertain to the subjects and areas of significance within the Civil Services Examination conducted by UPSC. The curriculum encompasses an extensive array of subjects, and being aware of those that are pivotal can substantially influence a candidate's prospects of success. Here, the important topics for Prelims 2024 are categorised paperwise and subjectwise, which would provide ease to the aspirants while going through them. Along with the Static topics, a list of the most important current affairs topics is also provided to interrelate them.

Important Topics for UPSC Prelims

Though there are several important topics for UPSC Prelims and Mains that overlap, but here is the list of topics which are more significant from the UPSC Prelims perspective. The important topics for UPSC Prelims are given below:

Places on Map in News

Top current affairs topics for upsc prelims 2024.

The Current affairs occupy a very significant place in both UPSC Prelims as well as Mains. Following is the list of most important current affairs topics relevant to the UPSC Prelims 2024 examination:

History and Culture:

  • Guru Tegh Bahadur
  • Gopal Krishna Gokhale
  • Rani Durgavati

Social Issues:

  • Practice of Polygamy In India
  • Manual Scavenging in India
  • Child Trafficking In India
  • Freedom of Religion
  • Same-Sex Marriage

International Relations:

  • First Global Buddhist Summit
  • Centre Looking To Design Human Development Index for PVTGs
  • Assam-Arunachal Border Dispute
  • Indus Water Treaty
  • NATO Summit
  • BIMSTEC Foreign Ministers’ meet
  • Quad Summit 2023
  • Official Visit of Prime Minister of Nepal to India
  • Sudan Crisis
  • Mizoram, Assam New Active Sectors For Infiltration: BSF
  • UN Democracy Fund (UNDEF)

Economics and Trade:

  • Foreign Trade Policy 2023
  • Falling Long-Term Growth Prospects
  • Falling Bond Yields
  • Changes In GST
  • Volatility In Edible Oil Prices

Science and Technology:

  • Chandrayaan - 3
  • CoWIN Data Breach
  • Electronic Interlocking System in Railways
  • Electromagnetic Ion Cyclotron (EMIC) Waves
  • LIGO-India Project
  • Human Genome Project
  • Seed Bank At Asola Bhatti Sanctuary
  • Space Science and Technology Awareness Training (START)
  • Foucault Pendulum
  • Dark Patterns

Governance and Policy:

  • Mission Vatsalya Scheme
  • Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Ordinance, 2023
  • National Medical Commission
  • Model Prisons Act
  • National Medical Devices Policy 2023
  • Open Network for Digital Commerce (ONDC)
  • Foreign Exchange Management Act
  • Universal Basic Income (UBI)
  • India Rethinking Its Anaemia Policy
  • The PoSH Act
  • Violence in Manipur
  • Article 370

Finance and Trade:

  • India’s Remittance Inflows Growth Could Slow to Just 0.2% in 2023
  • India’s Gold Reserves

Important Topics for UPSC Mains 2024

The IAS syllabus is extensive and might overwhelm many candidates. Developing a lucid comprehension of the important topics for UPSC aids them in refining their preparation approach and prevents wastage of effort on less pivotal areas.

General Studies I

Indian Heritage and Culture; and History and Geography of the World and Society:

General Studies II

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations:

General Studies III

Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management:

General Studies IV

Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude:

FAQs on Important Topics for UPSC

Which topics are important for upsc prelims 2024.

The vital topics for UPSC Prelims include Indian National Movement, Indian Polity, Indian Economy, Geography, General Science, Environment, Current Affairs , Art and Culture, History of India, World History, Technology, Indian Society, and Logical Reasoning. A thorough understanding and coverage of these subjects are essential for success in the examination.

What should I study for UPSC Mains 2024?

Study the syllabus comprehensively, focusing on important topics for UPSC from subjects like History, Geography, Polity, Economy, Science and Technology, Environment, and Current Affairs. Solve previous year's papers to get an idea about the pattern in which questions are framed.

Which Current Affairs Topics Are Important for UPSC Mains 2024?

The significant current affairs topics for UPSC Mains 2024 encompass Electromagnetic Ion Cyclotron (EMIC) Waves, LIGO-India Project, Human Genome Project, Model Prisons Act, National Medical Devices Policy, Open Network for Digital Commerce (ONDC) and other evolving international relations.

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UPSC essay topics list

Upsc essay topics -mains 2019.

SECTION A – 125 marks

Write any one of the following essays in 1000-1200 words.

  • Wisdom finds truth
  • Values are not what humanity is, but what humanity ought to be
  • Best for an individual is not necessarily best for the society
  • Courage to accept and dedication to improve are two keys to success

SECTION B – 125 marks

  • South Asian societies are woven not around the state, but around their plural cultures and plural identities
  • Neglect of primary health care and education in India are reasons for its backwardness
  • Biased media is a real threat to Indian democracy
  • Rise of Artificial Intelligence: the threat of jobless future or better job opportunities through reskilling and upskilling

UPSC essay topics- Mains 2018

SECTION – A – 125 marks

  • Alternative technologies for a climate change resilient India
  • A good life is one inspired by love and guided by knowledge
  • Poverty anywhere is a threat to prosperity everywhere
  • Management of Indian border disputes – a complex task

SECTION – B – marks

  • Customary morality cannot be a guide to modern life
  • “The past’ is a permanent dimension of human consciousness and values
  • A people that values its privileges above its principles loses both
  • Reality does not conform to the ideal, but confirms it

UPSC essay topics- Mains 2017

  • Farming has lost the ability to be a source of subsistence for majority of farmers in India.
  • Impact of the new economic measures on fiscal ties between the union and states in India.
  • Destiny of a nation is shaped in its classrooms.
  • Has the Non- Alignment Movement(NAM) lost its relevance in a multipolar world.

SECTION – B – 125 marks

  • Joy is the simplest form of gratitude.
  • Fulfillment of ‘new woman’ in India is a myth.
  • We may brave human laws but cannot resist natural laws.
  • Social media is inherently a selfish medium.

UPSC essay topics- Mains 2016

  • If development is not engendered, it is endangered
  • Need brings greed, if greed increases it spoils breed
  • Water disputes between states in federal India
  • Innovation is the key determinant of economic growth and social welfare
  • Cooperative federalism: Myth or reality
  • Cyberspace and internet: Blessing or curse to the human civilization in the long run
  • Near jobless growth in India: An anomaly or an outcome of economic reforms
  • Digital economy: A leveller or a source of economic inequality

UPSC essay topics- Mains 2015

  • Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole.
  • Quick but steady wins the race.
  • Character of an institution is reflected in its leader.
  • Education without values, as useful as it is, seems rather to make a man more clever devil.
  • Technology cannot replace manpower.
  • Crisis faced in India – moral or economic.
  • Dreams which should not let India sleep.
  • Can capitalism bring inclusive growth?

UPSC essay topics- Mains 2014

1.With greater power comes greater responsibility.

2.Is the growing level of competition good for the youth?

3.Are the standardized tests a good measure of academic ability or progress?

4.Words are sharper than the two-edged sword.

  • Was it the policy paralysis or the paralysis of implementation which slowed the growth of our country?
  • Is sting operation an invasion on privacy?
  • Fifty Golds in Olympics: Can this be a reality for India?
  • Tourism: Can this be the next big thing for India?

UPSC essay topics- Mains 2013

Write an essay on any one of the following topics, in NOT MORE than 2500 words. (250 marks)

1. Be the change you want to see in others – Gandhi.

2.Is the Colonial mentality hindering India’s Success?

3.A Compilation of Essays | Year Wise Question Trend Analysis GDP (Gross Domestic Product) along with GDH (Gross DomesticHappiness) would be the right indices for judging the well- being of a country.

4. Science and technology is the panacea for the growth and security of the nation.

UPSC essay topics- Topic Wise Analysis

Economy and development.

  • Is the criticism that the ‘Public-Private-Partnership’ (PPP) model for development is more of a bane than a boon in the Indian context, justified ?-2012
  • Should a moratorium be imposed on all fresh mining in tribal areas of the country? -2010
  • Are our traditional handicrafts doomed to a slow death? -2009
  • The focus of health care is increasingly getting skewed towards the ‘haves’ of our society. -2009
  • Special economic zone: boon or bane -2008
  • Protection of ecology and environment is essential for sustained economic development. -2006
  • BPO boom in India. -2007
  • Globalization would finish small-scale industries in India. -2006
  • Economic growth without distributive justice is bound to breed violence. – 1993
  • Ecological considerations need not hamper development. -1993
  • Multinational corporations – saviours or saboteurs -1994
  • Resource management in the Indian context. -1999
  • Urbanization is a blessing in disguise. -1997
  • Credit – based higher education system challenges -2011 – status , opportunities and
  • Is an egalitarian society possible by educating the masses ?-2008
  • Independent thinking should be encouraged right form the childhood. –
  • “Education for all” campaign in India: myth or reality. -2006
  • What is real education? -2005
  • Modern technological education and human values. -2002
  • Privatization of higher education in India. -2002
  • Irrelevance of the classroom. -2001
  • Value-based science and education. -1999
  • Literacy is growing very fast, but there is no corresponding growth in education. -1996
  • Restructuring of Indian education system. -19952007

Democracy, Society, Culture, Mindset

  • In the context of Gandhiji’s views on the matter, explore, on an evolutionary scale, the terms ‘Swadhinata’, ‘Swaraj’ and ‘Dharmarajya’. Critically comment on their contemporary relevance to Indian democracy -2012
  • Does Indian cinema shape our popular culture or merely reflect it? -2011
  • Geography may remain the same ; history need not. -2010
  • From traditional Indian philanthropy to the gates-buffet model-a natural progression or a paradigm shift? -2010
  • globalization’ vs. ‘nationalism’ -2009
  • National identity and patriotism -2008
  • How has satellite television brought about cultural change in Indian mindsets? -2007
  • Globalizations and its impact on Indian culture. -2004
  • Responsibility of media in a democracy. -2002
  • Indian culture today: a myth or a reality? -2000
  • Modernism and our traditional socio-ethical values. -2000
  • Why should we be proud of being Indians? -2000
  • Youth culture today. -1999
  • Mass media and cultural invasion. -1999
  • The composite culture of India. -1998
  • The Indian society at the crossroads. -1994
  • Modernisation and westernisation are not identical concepts. -1994
  • New cults and godmen: a threat to traditional religion -1996
  • True religion cannot be misused. -1997

Women Empowerment

  • Managing work and home – is the Indian working woman getting a fair deal? -2012
  • Women’s reservation bill would usher in empowerment for women in India. -2006
  • The hand that rocks the cradle -2005
  • If women ruled the world -2005
  • Whither women’s emancipation? -2004
  • Empowerment alone cannot help our women. -2001
  • Women empowerment: challenges and prospects. -1999
  • Woman is god’s best creation. -1998
  • Greater political power alone will not improve women’s plight. -1997
  • The new emerging women power: the ground realities. -1995
  • Men have failed: let women take over. -1993

Polity and Administration

  • Creation of smaller states and the consequent administrative, economic and developmental implication -2011
  • In the Indian context, both human intelligence and technical intelligence are crucial in combating terrorism -2011
  • Evaluation of panchayati raj system in India from the point of view of eradication of power to people. -2007
  • Justice must reach the
  • Is autonomy the best answer to combat balkanization? -2007
  • The country’s need for a better disaster management system. -2000
  • Are we a ‘soft’ state ?-2009poor-2005
  • Role of media in good governance -2008
  • Judicial activism and Indian democracy. -2004
  • How should a civil servant conduct himself? -2003
  • What have we gained from our democratic set-up? -2001
  • Urbanisation and its hazards -2008
  • Food security for sustainable national development -2005
  • Water resources should be under the control of the central government.2004
  • The misinterpretation and misuse of freedom in India. -1998
  • The language problem in India: its past, present and prospects. -1998
  • Reservation, politics and empowerment. -1999
  • When money speaks, the truth is silent. -1995
  • Politics without ethics is a disaster. -1995
  • Judicial activism. -1997
  • The vip cult is a bane of Indian democracy -1996
  • Need for transparency in public administration -1996
  • Whither Indian democracy? -1995
  • Politics, bureaucracy and business – fatal triangle. -1994
  • How far has democracy in India delivered the goods? -2003
  • What we have not learnt during fifty years of independence. -1997
  • My vision of India in 2001 a.d. -1993

Science and Technology

  • Science and Mysticism: Are they compatible ?-2012
  • The march of science and the erosion of human values. -2001
  • Increasing computerization would lead to the creation of a dehumanized society. -2006
  • The lure of space. -2004
  • Spirituality and scientific temper. -2003
  • The cyberworld: its charms and challenges. -2000
  • The modern doctor and his patients. -1997
  • Computer: the harbinger of silent revolution. -1993

 International relations and International Issues

  • India’s role in promoting ASEAN cooperation. -2004
  • The masks of new imperialism. -2003
  • As civilization advances culture declines. -2003
  • The implications of globalization for India. -2000
  • My vision of an ideal world order. -2001
  • India’s contribution to world wisdom. -1998
  • The world of the twenty-first century. -1998
  • Preparedness of our society for India’s global leadership role. -2010
  • The global order: political and economic -1993
  • Importance of Indo-US nuclear agreement -2006
  • Good fences make good neighbours -2009
  • Terrorism and world peace -2005
  • Restructuring of UNO reflect present realities -1996

Philosophy and Ethics based

  • Discipline means success, anarchy means ruin -2008
  • Attitude makes, habit makes character and character makes a man. -2007
  • There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so. -2003
  • If youth knew, if age could. -2002
  • The paths of glory lead but to the grave. -2002
  • The pursuit of excellence. -2001
  • Search for truth can only be a spiritual problem. -2002
  • Disinterested intellectual curiosity is the lifeblood of civilisation. -1995
  • Our deeds determine us, as much as we determine our deeds. -1995
  • Youth is a blunder, manhood a struggle, old age a regret-1994
  • Useless life is an early death. -1994
  • He would reigns within himself and folds his passions and desires and fears is more than a king. -1993
  • Compassion is the basic of all morality would -1993
  • Truth is lived, not taught -1996

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Study Materials and Notes for UPSC 2024 for FREE!

UPSC Free Study Material: Preparing for the UPSC exams requires access to the right resources and study materials. Fortunately, there are many free resources available that can help aspirants prepare effectively for these competitive exams. This article aims to provide a comprehensive guide to free UPSC study materials and notes.

We’ll explore various subjects and resources available online that can be instrumental in your UPSC preparation journey.

Free UPSC Study Materials: Online Notes for Prelims and Mains

Here is a curated list of all the FREE study materials that are available at GeeksforGeeks.

UPSC Mains Previous Year Question Papers

Upsc exam overall exam pattern 2024.

Before diving into the study materials, it’s crucial to understand the UPSC exam pattern. The UPSC Civil Services Examination (CSE) is conducted in three phases:

  • Preliminary Examination (Prelims) : Consists of two objective-type papers (General Studies and CSAT) for screening purposes.
  • Main Examination (Mains) : Comprises nine papers, including essay writing, four General Studies papers, two Optional papers, and two language papers.
  • Personality Test (Interview) : The final stage assesses the candidate’s suitability for a career in civil services.

UPSC Exam 2024

Preparing for the UPSC exams can be less stressful when you have access to the right resources. The free study materials and notes available online can be a great asset in your preparation strategy. Remember, consistent study, revision, and staying updated with current affairs are key to cracking the UPSC exams. Good luck with your preparation!

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COMMENTS

  1. UPSC Essay Topics From Last 25 Years

    Last 25 Years Topic-wise Essay Questions From UPSC Mains (1994 - 2018) Paper I of the UPSC Civil Services mains exam is the Essay. Here, prelims-qualified IAS aspirants have to write two essays out of a few given topics. The paper is for a total of 250 marks and its marks are taken into consideration for the Final Merit List.

  2. UPSC Essay Topics

    The Essay paper in the UPSC Mains examination requires candidates to write multiple essays, each on a different topic, chosen from a given list of options. The essay topics for UPSC cover a wide range of issues, including social, economic, political, cultural, and philosophical aspects, both national and international.

  3. UPSC Essay Topic wise Question Papers of last 30 years (1993-2022)

    In the UPSC mains examination, essay paper is worth 250 marks and three hours. Here is the topic wise questions from the earlier years for the benefit of civil service IAS IPS aspirants. 1 India: Democracy, administration, Society, culture. 1.1 India Since Independence. 1.2 Federalism, Decentralization.

  4. Important Essay Topics for UPSC Mains Exam

    This competitive examination includes 3 steps, Prelims, Mains and Personal Interview. Nevertheless, it's a daunting task to crack such exam without meticulous preparation and strategies. In this blog, we have collated information related to the UPSC essay writing topics and their related components. It is paramount to have a tap on all those ...

  5. Essay Paper UPSC 2022 (Mains): Question Paper and Analysis

    UPSC conducted the Essay Paper, as part of the Civil Services Main Exam 2022 on 16-09-2022. The question paper was not as shocking as last year. There were 8 Essay topics, out of which candidates were asked to write on two topics in 3 hours. Candidates were supposed to answer about 1000 words for each essay (about 10-12 pages).

  6. Essay Paper UPSC 2021 (Mains): Question Paper and Analysis

    UPSC conducted the Essay Paper, as part of the Civil Services Main Exam 2021 on 07-01-2022. There were 8 Essay topics, out of which candidates were asked to write on two topics in 3 hours. Candidates were supposed to answer about 1000 words for each essay (about 10-12 pages).

  7. List of Essay Topics asked in UPSC Mains Examination

    45 Essay Topics for UPSC CSE Mains Exam. Judiciary and its working. Water disputes between States. Modi's agricultural schemes in the era of rampant farmer suicide. Apolitical Education. The importance of higher education. Skilling the youth of India. Environment vs Growth. Why is administration insensitive about the plight of slum dwellers.

  8. Essay Paper UPSC 2023 (Mains) Question Paper and Analysis

    UPSC conducted the Civil Service Mains exam for essay paper on 15 September 2023. The CSE mains essay paper comprises two sections. Each section contains 4 essay topics. Out of which 2 topics of choice from each section need to be picked. Candidates were supposed to answer about 1000-1200 words for each essay.

  9. List of Essay Topics for UPSC Mains examination

    List of Essay Topics. [Essay] No man ever steps in the same river twice, for it's not the same river and he's not the same man. — HERACLITUS. [Mock] Essay Paper for UPSC Mains-2016: Identity Groups vs Democracy, Chakra vs Charkha, Wisdom vs Force, UBI vs Skill Development. [Mock] Essay Paper for UPSC Mains-2016: Role of Educator, Taste ...

  10. Last 25 Years Topic-wise Essay Questions From UPSC Mains (1994

    Last 25 Years Topic-wise Essay Questions From UPSC Mains (1994 - 2018) | Testbook. The Essay paper is a significant part of the UPSC Civil Services mains exam. Qualifying aspirants are required to write two essays from a selection of topics. This paper carries a total of 250 marks and these marks are factored into the Final Merit List.

  11. UPSC Essay Topics

    These UPSC Essay questions range from multiple topics like Economic Growth, Art & Culture, Women Empowerment, Media & Society, etc. UPSC IAS essay topics are significant for candidates to clear the mains paper 1 of UPSC IAS exam. UPSC IAS essay exam topics play a vital role in UPSC IAS exam. UPSC IAS mains paper carries 250 marks and aspirants ...

  12. UPSC Mains 2023 Essay Topics with Solution and Examples, Get PDF

    With UPSC Essay Topic with Solutions and Examples will be helpful to Evaluate your answers in the UPSC Mains 2023 Exam. Get Essay writing topics from UPSC Mains exam which was held on 15 September 2023. The list of topics is as follows: Thinking as a Game - The Role of Opposition in Shaping Ideas. A society that has more justice is a society ...

  13. List of Essays Asked in UPSC IAS Mains Exam

    GS Score has listed out some essays that were asked in the UPSC IAS mains paper. This list of essays along with Topper Vikram Grewal's copy will help you out in making some idea to write a good essay. ... In the above essays topics you may either take the view in favor or against or you may even strike a balance between the two. Essay Strategy ...

  14. UPSC Essay Topics that You Can't Miss!

    While prelims is an objective type of paper, the UPSC mains comprises nine subjective papers including an essay paper. Candidates have to write two UPSC essays on the allocated topics with a word count of 1000-1200. Have a Look at the Public Administration Syllabus for UPSC! UPSC Essay Topics Previous Years

  15. Topic-Wise Essay Questions from UPSC Mains (1994 -2018)

    The initial paper in the UPSC mains examination is the Essay (Paper I). In this section, candidates who have qualified in the prelims [penci_date format='l, F j Y'] - Have a nice day! ... and these marks contribute to the determination of the Final Merit List. This article compiles all the essay topics presented in the UPSC mains exam from 1994 ...

  16. Essay Syllabus

    UPSC Civil Service Mains Paper 1 (popularly known as essay paper) is now of 250 marks. Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

  17. 100+ Most Important Topics for UPSC Mains 2023 PDF

    List of Most Important Topics for UPSC Mains 2023 The UPSC Mains exam is the second stage of the civil services exam , which tests the candidate's knowledge and aptitude in various subjects. The exam has nine papers - 2 optional papers, 4 GS papers, 2 language papers, and essay writing.

  18. UPSC Essay Topics

    The essay is about factual knowledge, creativity, and critical thinking. To score well on the UPSC Essay paper, follow these steps: Choose the Right Essay. The UPSC Essay paper has two sections, and you have to write one essay from each section. Both essays have 125 marks each and must be 1000-1200 words.

  19. Tips and List of Essay Topics for UPSC Exam

    Model Essay for UPSC: The UPSC exam is held every year. The essay paper consists of eight topics that are divided into two parts. Each part holds a total of 250 marks for the time duration of three hours. An essay is a short piece about a particular subject. It should be in prose format and mostly analytical, speculative, or interpretative.

  20. 100+ Important Topics for UPSC Prelims and Mains

    The important topics for UPSC Prelims Mains are categorized by paper and subject, providing aspirants with easy access. In addition to static topics, a list of the most important current affairs topics is also included for a comprehensive understanding.

  21. 100+ Important Topics for UPSC Prelims and Mains 2024

    Top Current Affairs Topics for UPSC Prelims 2024. The Current affairs occupy a very significant place in both UPSC Prelims as well as Mains. Following is the list of most important current affairs topics relevant to the UPSC Prelims 2024 examination: History and Culture: Guru Tegh Bahadur; Gopal Krishna Gokhale; Rani Durgavati; Social Issues:

  22. 75 Most Important Topics for UPSC Mains and Interview

    Net neutrality. The merger of PSU banks. Privatization of Air India. Capital Punishment/death sentence. Politics and Economics of farm loan waiver. Laws to ban certain social practices. Entry of foreign universities in India. Respecting national anthem. The special court for trying politicians.

  23. UPSC essay topics list

    7 UPSC essay topics- Mains 2013. 8 UPSC essay topics- Topic Wise Analysis. 8.1 Economy and Development. 8.2 Education. 8.3 Democracy, Society, Culture, Mindset. 8.4 Women Empowerment. 8.5 Polity and Administration. 8.6 Science and Technology. 8.7 International relations and International Issues.

  24. Study Materials and Notes for UPSC 2024 for FREE!

    Top 100 DSA Interview Questions Topic-wise; Puzzles. All Puzzles; Top 100 Puzzles Asked In Interviews; ... UPSC Mains 2022 GS Paper 3; UPSC Civil Services Mains 2022 GS Paper 4; UPSC Prelims Answer Key 2022 - GS Paper 1 ... Main Examination (Mains): Comprises nine papers, including essay writing, four General Studies papers, two Optional ...