Greenhouse Farming in India (beginner guide 2024)

Nowadays, many farmers are shifting farming to other professions due to insufficient financial protection. Climatic change is a significant challenge for the farmer. More than 95% of farmer uses the traditional farming technique in India. To earn more profit from agriculture, we must adopt modern techniques such as Greenhouse farming ( polyhouse farming), hydroponic farming , and aquaponic farming .

Table of Contents

In India, we import many fruits, vegetables, and flowers from other countries and pay them very good money. Suppose we grow this flower vegetable & fruit in our country with the help of modern techniques. In that case, we can earn an outstanding amount of money, so I say this modern technique, like greenhouse farming, will improve the living standard of our Indian farmers.

Introduction of Greenhouse:

Before starting Greenhouse farming, let’s clarify some concepts…

What is Greenhouse? A Greenhouse is a framed structure covered with a transparent material that is large enough to grow crops under partial or fully controlled environmental conditions for optimum growth and productivity.

Greenhouse Technology is the technique of providing favorable environmental conditions to the plants.

The greenhouse industry is the fastest-growing sector of all agricultural production activities. The greenhouse is goldmines that offer the most profitable business opportunities.

The use of the greenhouse is mainly for producing seasonal and non-seasonal crops, the production of high-quality flowers, vegetables, and the preparation of a nursery prepared by tissue culture.

Greenhouses offer many advantages.

Advantages of Greenhouse:

  • The yield maybe 10-12 times higher than outdoor cultivation depending on the type of greenhouse, type of crop, and environmental control facilities.
  • Reliability of crop increases under greenhouse cultivation.
  • Ideally suited for vegetables and flower crops.
  • Year-round production of floricultural crops.
  • Off-season production of vegetable and fruit crops.
  • Disease-free and genetically superior transplants can be produced continuously.
  • Efficient utilization of chemicals and pesticides to control pests and diseases.
  • Water requirement of crops very limited and easy to control

How to start Greenhouse farming?

Greenhouse farming requires a heavy expenditure on infrastructure, equipment, labor, and raw material. To become successful, a greenhouse farmer needs to have knowledge in three areas – technical, economic, and marketing – to be successful. They need to complete a training program before they start their own business.

If you want to start greenhouse farming, We provide complete training and consultancy program. 

To start greenhouse farming, follow this step.

how to start greenhouse farming

1) Overview Of Greenhouse

What is the difference between greenhouse and Polyhouse?

There is no such difference between polyhouse and greenhouse. The greenhouse is a broad term; Polyhouse is among the kinds of Greenhouse in which polyfilm (polyethylene) is used as the main material for construction so it is called polyhouse,

If greenhouse made with glass material then it is call glass greenhouse

The durability of the polyhouse is more compared to other types of Greenhouse.

Let’s understand which are the different types of greenhouse –

I ) Types of  Greenhouse:

Different types of greenhouses are available based on shape, construction, material, and ventilation. Each greenhouse type has its own advantage. Different types of greenhouses are designed according to match specific needs.

Generally, in India, sawtooth Natural ventilated greenhouse is used for cut flower and vegetable production purposes.

A) Greenhouse type based on Shape

  • Sawtooth-type Greenhouse
  • Ridge and furrow type greenhouse
  • Uneven span type greenhouse
  • Even span type of greenhouse.
  • Sawtooth type.
  • Quonset greenhouse.
  •  Interlocking ridges greenhouse.
  • Ground-to-ground greenhouse

B) Greenhouse type based on construction

  • Wooden framed structures – It is a low-cost greenhouse for Vegetable Production.
  • Pipe-framed structures

C) Greenhouse type based on covering materials

  • Glass greenhouse – Glass greenhouse most suitable for cold weather country like United states, Canada 
  • Plastic greenhouse – plastic greenhouse also called polyhouse which is mostly used in India

D) Greenhouse type based on ventilation 

1. natural vent greenhouse –.

This type of greenhouse is based on natural ventilation, and depending on the crop’s requirement, the temperature, humidity, and carbon dioxide gas can be maintained as per the requirement.

In this Greenhouse, upper and side shade nets prevent insect and bacterial access to control inside temperature.

This type of greenhouse is used to produce cut flower-like Gerbera , Dutch  rose ,  Carnation , Lily  & Vegetables like Colour capsicum , Tomato , Cucumber , and Exotic vegetables.

2. Climate control Greenhouse (Fan & Pad Polyhouses) –

In such a greenhouse, temperature and humidity are controlled by using micro-irrigation techniques. In this type of greenhouse, the internal environment is fully managed.

This type of greenhouse is mostly used for Hi-tech nurseries and hi-tech hydroponic project

II) Point to consider before Selecting a Greenhouse site

Before starting greenhouse farming, you have to consider the following point to become successful in greenhouse farming.

  • Soil PH Should be between  5.5 to 6.5 and EC (Volatility) 0.3 to 0.5 mm/cm.
  • Good water quality is continuously available.
  • The irrigation water samples should be range from  PH 5.5 to 7.0 and E.C. 0.1 to 0.3
  • The selected place should be pollution-free.
  •  There should be roads for the transportation and shipping goods in the market.
  • The place should be large enough for the upcoming expansion.
  •  Workers should be available easily.
  • There should be excellent communication facilities in place.
  • The drainage of the soil should be excellent.

III) Which Crop is Suitable for Greenhouse Farming

Greenhouse farming requires high investment; hence though the crop has high commercial value & sustainable market demand, this crop is cultivated in the Greenhouse.

Floriculture crop, like all cut flower  & vegetable, is mainly grown in the greenhouse.

What are the most profitable crops to grow in a greenhouse?

The profitability of greenhouse crops depends on the market, climatic conditions, labor, and raw material availability.

List of Most Popular Floriculture and vegetable growing crops in a Greenhouse.


2) Apply For  Bank Loan

The initial investment in greenhouse farming is enormous. To start, Greenhouse farming costs come to approximately 40 Lac- 60 Lac ( polyhouse farming cost per acre )

Many banks are interested in providing Horticulture loans to farmers.

To get a loan for the greenhouse, you have to Create a Greenhouse farming project report and present it to the bank. Also, this project report helps apply subsidies for the greenhouse.

Steps for creating a project report

  • Introduction about Greenhouse farmer
  • The need for a Greenhouse project
  • Technical analysis
  • Economical analysis

Download the Greenhouse Farming project report pdf

List of documents required  in the bank 

  • Detailed Project Report
  • 8 “A” land Report
  • 7/12 of land Report
  • Estimate of polyhouse
  • Blueprint of polyhouse
  • Estimate of plants
  • Estimate of Irrigation
  • Soil and water analysis report
  • Buyer’s letter

Banks provide Loans with 12% – 14%  interest for the 5-7 year period, and mainly, many banks offer  EMI (equated monthly installment) options quarterly or every six months.

For subsidy, the purpose takes loans from national and district banks.

List Of the Banks Providing Horticulture Loan

  • State Bank Of India
  • Bank of Baroda
  • Bank of India
  • Maharashtra Bank

3) Apply for Greenhouse Subsidy

Our Indian government promotes greenhouse farming; they offer a subsidy for greenhouse farming through the horticulture department.

The government gives a subsidy of 50%-60% to the project cost of the greenhouse. The subsidy percentage varies from state to state.

For subsidy-related information, read the guideline  NHM & NHB website or contact the nearest government agriculture officer.

Before applying for the subsidy following document required

  • Certified Copy of record of rights over the piece of project land ( 7/12 of land)
  •  loan sanctioned letter issued by the bank with complete terms & conditions

For NHB, you can apply online here, click

National Horticulture Board subsidy norm

greenhouse subsidy norm

National Horticulture Mission subsidy norm

National Horticulture Mission subisdy norm

 4) Place an orde r from the Greenhouse construction company.

Polyhouse construction

After the government approves a  Letter of Intent (LOI)  for   subsidy & approval of a bank loan Next step is to Start greenhouse construction. There are many greenhouse construction companies available in the market. Contact them and check past company projects ( work quality) & negotiated for greenhouse construction rate.

Construction Rate for Polyhouse  

Greenhouse construction cost (Polyhouse) starts around Rs.700 to Rs.1000 per square meter. The cost depends on the quality of the material, size, shape, transport, and structure.

 5) Plant Booking/ Ordering

hitech nursery

To produce a good quality flower and vegetable, planting material quality must be superior and free from any disease.

In India, very few nurseries provide planting material for greenhouses, so place a booking order before setup a plastic cover on the greenhouse to avoid delay in the plantation.

before plant booking following points should be considered

  • Which variety has high  market demand
  • Variety yield performance report
  • Which variety is suitable for your climate
  • Disease and pest report

You can collect this information from a nursery representative or another greenhouse owner; also, remember plant nursery companies not only sell plants; they entirely give plant cultivation guidance, so don’t hesitate any plant-related queries.

List Of Hi-tech Nursery Company

  • KF Bio plants
  • Florance Flora
  • Rise & Shine

 6)  Cultural practices

Every growing plant has a different cultivation and management procedure. Plant nursery company provides detailed guidelines for fertilization schedule and pest & disease control management procedures.

You can find the greenhouse crop cultivation guide here gerbera cultivation guide , dutch rose cultivation guide , carnation cultivation , and  capsicum cultivation .

The Key to becoming a successful greenhouse farmer is “Evey day close monitoring crop”  it helps understand any pest or disease attack on the crop early. Also, it helps to understand nutrient deficiency in the plant.

Some essential tools and chemicals must be required for every greenhouse farmer.

  • EC-PH Meter – This meter is helpful for soil and water analysis. It is important to decide on a fertilizer dose combination.  Buy –   EC-PH Meter
  •   Hygrometer -Thermometer  – This device show humidity and temperature inside the greenhouse.          Buy –  Hygrometer -Thermometer
  • Weighing Scale  – This device helps measure the required quantity of fertilizer per dose. Buy –  Weighing Scale
  • Soil sterilization – Hydrogen Peroxide with Silver is mainly used for soil sterilization. Kumaran Enterprise is the leading manufacturer of hydrogen peroxide with silver.

7) Marketing:

gerbera greenhouse farming

The export-quality product is grown in the greenhouse according to market specifications. It is then packaged and sold by the polyhouse grower itself or with the help of an agent or broker.

The major markets are metro cities like Hyderabad, Mumbai, Delhi, Ahmedabad, Kolkata, Pune, and Bangalore for cut flowers and vegetables crop.

Most polyhouse growers market their products with the help of a broker/agent. For cut flower agents, work on a 10% commission.

List Of Major Flower Agent/ Broker

  • Baba Flower Guddi Malkapur, Mendipetnum Indra Reddy Flower Market, Hyderabad
  • Nizam Flower   New Osmanguni, Hyderabad
  • Navrang Flower New Osmanguni, Hyderabad
  • Thakur Flowers   Shop No.15/16, Vijay Nagar Building, Tulsi Pipe Road, Dadar West, Mumbai
  • Nikhil Bhoite Old Flower Market, Bhuleshwar, Mumbai- 400002(Mah.) INDIA.
  • Vivek Flora Shop No. 1, Upendra Nagar, Old Phool Market, S.B Marg., Dadar (W), Mumbai – 400 028
  • Rosary World House No.437/3a, Divison No.3 Benjamin Road, Near CMC Hospital. Ludhiana Punjab 141008
  • Varlak  Agro-Tech  Sy. No. 13, Village Navarathna Agrahara, Sadahalli Post, Devanhalli Road Bangalore Karnataka 562110

Custom dimensions 1200x600 px min

Amar Sawant is a Hi-tech farmer, professional Greenhouse consultant, and trainer. He works for more than nine years as an agri-entrepreneur.

Greenhouse Business Blueprint course

226 thoughts on “Greenhouse Farming in India (beginner guide 2024)”

Very useful information for beginners like me.

Amazing info. I have no experience in farming but i believe i got a lot of knowledge by reading the above .Thank you Sir. I know i have read 0.001 of the sector a long way to go.

Thank you, Suhas

Can I connect with you to understand about green house farming. I have land in Bhopal.

Please contact us at 8788462787

Please guide us as what is marketing viability in western Rajasthan, jodhpur precisely and what all can be grown in a green

The scope of greenhouse growth is huge. please let me know which product you want to grow.

Hello Amar ji. Can I have any means of contact.

Hello sir, please contact our customer care- 8788462787

I am interested in turmeric vertical farming.

Hello Tariq,

Please contact our customer care number 8788462787; our team will provide complete guidance.

I am Sunil Arora I need green farming,

please contact at 878462787 our team provide step by step guidance on how to start greenhouse farming to its marketing

Sir the No. is wrong. Please provide correct contact details with mail id for consultation about green house farming

please contact us at 8788462787 or [email protected]

Hello….sir, I Jaimin Patel From Kheda ( Gujarat) Sir Apka Koi plant gujarat hato maje address send karana …plz …kuki ki maje as Small plant devlop karna hee kheda me ….otherwise what up guide karna …..plzzz …sir ….my whatup number 8866873542.

Thanks for Comment we don’t have any plant in Kheda ( Gujarat) if you have any question please comment.

Sir thanks for the useful information. Do u have any branch in Tamilnadu? Any contact number to clear all my doubts?

Hello Seshan,

Thank you, please contact on 8788462787 or mail us – [email protected]

I have around 30 Acres Arid land near Nagpur . what crop would you suggest for the same as you would know that it is very hot in summers in that area

Thanks, I think Nagpur has very hot climate & water availability also low in summer. your land area also very big try 2-3 crop my suggestion try dragon fruit farming

Useful information…can i know …is it necessary to do the course to do green house farming

please contact at 8788462787 or mail us at [email protected]

Hello sir I wanted to start greenhouse I completed bank lone & LOI bet I am confused which are the top greenhouse company please tell which is the best greenhouse company

Hello Mohan, please contact our team. we defiantly guide you, call 8788462787 or [email protected] .

Dear sir I am gerbera grower I wanted to start my next greenhouse last time greenhouse construction company give my lot & lost trouble please recommend me which are the top greenhouse manufacturing company in India

Thank you for comment, please contact – 8788462787 or [email protected] .

I want to start greenhouse in bharuch gujarat. Can u pls provide reference to visit and review nearby greenhouse business

Hello Shashank

please join our greenhouse training cum consultancy program. you get complete information on how to start greenhouse farming to marketing. we also provide contact number of consultant they visit your area.

Hi I would like to join the program. Need more info on this

please contact us at 8788462787

Could you provide me details of any personal available as consultant in and around region of Hubli, Gadag, Belgaum in Karnataka..who could educate me in planning of farms..our family owns around 50 acres of agriculture land in Gadag district..and with varied water availability and soil can forward details on [email protected]

Bharat Tell me what you wanted to cultivate according to that I will forward consultant details.

Hello sir, I am from sehore near bhopal(M.P) is there any crop suggestion for me here

Hey Hitesh please tell me what you want to cultivate. please tell 3-4 crop as an option then I will suggest best crop fit in your area.

Great Informative Site. Keep going. Many thanks.

Thanks, Vel

hello sir, for green house farming , do we require agricultural land or it can be done on any piece of land ? and open aired land is a must or one can use covered land as well ?

for greenhouse aired land also suitable, but there are certain parameter before constructing greenhouse pleases read Point to consider before Selecting Greenhouse site

Hello, I am looking for marketing agent or companies for Delhi or nearby . Please guide because I am planning for green house in a small town but the major problem is to find out a market Thanks

send your detail regarding which crop you grow and quantity

Dear Amar, I have about 10acres of land near shimoga karnataka with good water resources currently we plant maize, rice and ginger. I want to start a polyhouse can you please suggest what crop should I go in for and how big the polyhouse can be.

Hello Naveen,

Share your phone number our team solves your query.

Hi sir..I am from Meerut U.P.. I would like to know about the polyhouse farming. is there any polyhouse is thereby. Please tell me more. I have a 30 acres land in Meerut. Which crop is suitable for my area.and how much I can earn from 1 acre

Hello Varun,

Thank you, Our customer relations manager will get in touch with you shortly.

I would like to take formal training on greenhouse and polyhouse farming. I’m from Mumbai. Please let me know where I can take a proper training. Thanks, Himanshu

Hi Himanshu

we provide greenhouse training cum consultancy program, please call or WhatsApp on 8788462787 you get details about greenhouse training cum consultancy program.

Thank you Amar. This article is really useful. I’m planning to start my greenhouse in the next few months. Where can I find details about government subsidy in Maharashtra? Regards, Himanshu

I am looking at starting a project near Dehradun. Have around 5-6 acres of land there. Please suggest in he products best suited for the region from marketing and growth point of view.

we need more information about your interest, marketing channel and labor so join our consultancy program our team assists you, to join our consultancy program contact us – [email protected]

Hello sir, My name is Bhavik Bhatti from Ahmedabad.I want to know that, how many parameters to be consedered while growing potatos in green house?

Hello Bhavik

I think potatoes cultivation in the greenhouse is not a good option as a commercial point of view. but if you wanted to do the experiment lets try and share a result with us. Thanks

Hi Amar ji,

Myself Rohini from south Guj. We would like setup greenhouse in 1acre. Can we split the greenhouse in 2 parts and grow Gerbera and Color Capsicum in half acres each? Do you recommend any other crop for this area?

Hi Rohini you can grow gerbera and capsicum in a different greenhouse but you don’t grow both crops in a single greenhouse

Hello Mr Sawant, Many thanks for sharing so useful information. Really appreciate it. I am from Nagpur and plan to start Polyhouse farming in Nagpur. The soil is black fertile soil. Recently I contacted M/S GREEN AGROTECH from Chattisgarh. He gave me a project estimate and said he will help in applying for govt subsidy. He said, once I get subsidy, then he will start construction work which would complete by 1-1.5 months. But, I am worried, within what time frame the government releases the subsidy amount? Is the bank loan compulsory for getting the subsidy? It will be of great help if you can explain the process of payment part to the green house company in a bit more detail? Thank you.

Hello Arjun Before actually start greenhouse construction work you have to apply the letter of intent for subsidy purpose simultaneously apply for a loan for any nationalised banks, district bank ( don’t apply private sector bank) when you got LOI then start greenhouse construction work. The government gives a 3-month time frame, but if your greenhouse works not complete in 3 months tell them the reason behind late work to government agriculture officer reason there is not worry about time frame but not more than 6 months.

for every greenhouse construction company has different payment rule but generally for foundation work you have to pay 10% after main greenhouse construction start 70%- 80% then after all greenhouse construction work complete pay reaming amount

Wonderful information…..Thanks a Ton

Thank you, Venu

Dear Amar, I have 150 *26 feet land can I start polyhouse farming in it?

Hello Tushar For a commercial point of view, this size land is not suitable

Hello Amar, Thanks for replying to me. So what is minimum size of land required for polyhouse? What is initially investment required for aquafarming?

To start polyhouse you must have at list 6-7 Gunta ( 608-708 sq.meter), 5 Guntha for polyhouse and other for storeroom ( pump, water tank, HTP pump…etc)

Sir can you please contact me am interested to start the poly house

Rahul Bhatia – 9537255522.

Thank you our representative call you in a short time or please contact on 8788462787

wonderful information … i am from pune – and not a farmer (As yet ) by profession – however i am eager to start a green house. I have a plot but its near panshet and one near velhe .. both are about 60-70 km from pune. do u think it makes sense to put up a greenhouse there ? or do u think the overall transportation and labor will make it non-sustainable ?

Hello Avadhut To become successful in greenhouse farming required close monitoring. if you are able to do this then go ahead and start greenhouse farming.

Hello, I am a school teacher and I want to construct a small green house in my school. My aim is to show the students the modern technique of farming and create in them a motivation towards farming. How should I go for it?

Hello Jitul sir,

Thank for comment, and I really appreciate your thoughts toward the farming. You can contact Low-cost greenhouse or polytunnel in your school the cost comes to construct this type of greenhouse is very much low as compared to a commercial greenhouse. You can find a Low-cost greenhouse construction idea on youtube.

Thanks a lot Sir fo your valuable informations

Thanks, G.D.Prakash

I have 1 acre of installed green house which Corp is suitable for that in chhattisgarh

Before starting greenhouse visit, other greenhouses in your area then decide or for more assistance you can take our premium constancy service for than you just mail on [email protected]

very helpfull plzz guide me on choosing crops for more profit in 2019?

profitability depends upon various factor like a market, climatic condition, available resources so decide crop for polyhouse/greenhouse according to your preference Generally, this crop are more profitable in polyhouse/ greenhouse Gerbera Dutch Rose carnations colour Capsicum Gypsophila

Hi Amar, Please help in my query. What are the bank requirements for loan? Is it mandatory to have a collateral such as property. What if someone doesn’t want to use his property as mortgage. Is it possible to get loan on the basis of job salary, example (employee of MNC bank). Appreciate your guidance on this.

Thanks, Neeraj This depends upon BanK; some bank accepts Loan security on job salary or other property. Please discuss with bank loan manager they exact tell you what document and surety they want against a loan.

Hi Amar Great! Q&A section is very informative !! I am Krish.Saravanan from Dharmapuri, Tamil Nadu where in summer (April, May & June) temperature reaches up to 35-40 °C. Provided water is available throughout the year, would it be advisable to start green house farming in this area? Does higher temperature cause any effect to green house during summer? What type of green house is suitable this climate? What type of crops would be better / advisable this climate?

Hello Krish

Before starting greenhouse farming visit, other greenhouses( polyhouse) in your area then decide which crop you want to cultivated or if you want more assistance from us take our premium constancy service for than you just mail on [email protected]

Thanks! Amar

You’re welcome krish

Dear sir I am from agra we are establish poly house for coloured capcius plz provide details & market status about this crop

Hello Ravi Check our colour capsicum article. This article gives a complete overview of cultivating procedure of colour capsicum, and it’s economic.

I work at an IT company in Bangalore with decent enough salary. But my intention is to always do something of my own. I have 2 acres of land in Hosur with good water resources. I am willing to take a risk and set up green house to grow Roses. Is the risk worth to take if i dedicate my complete time and energy on this?

Thanks in Advance.

Hello Aravind

You are interested in to start own greenhouse is the right decision. Greenhouse not only gives you decent income also generate employment to other. In fact, this is my motive to stat greenhouse farming, and while working for more than seven years, I am happy on my decision.

Dear sir I am from agra & we want to establish a poly house on 1 bigha land we r growing coloured capciusm so plz provide us about market of capciusm and status & marketing tips

There are many agents available in Agra city they provide vegetables to five-star hotels. you can contact them if you don’t find contact detail please mail us on [email protected]

Nice and clear overview on Green house farming.

Thanks, Thomas Christopher Raj

Hello Amar, First of all kudos for all the Info that is available on the site.

I’m an IT professional, I do not own a Land, Am I eligible for bank loan and subsidy if I manage to lease out a piece of land for 10 years.?

This info will change my life. I’m from Karnataka, staying in Bangalore. Regards, Naveen, 9916822708 [email protected]

Hello Naveen

Thank you so much, yes you are eligible for a bank loan and Karnataka polyhouse subsidy.

I wanted to establish a greenhouse farm in my city. I have enough land and cheap labors are available in my area. Please provide me the guidance and setup to start working on producing fruits and vegetables. I am a beginner and don’t have enough information on farming. I am an IT professional in Hyderabad in Infosys but would like to startup in farming sector near Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. Please provide me enough details and person of contacts so that I can setup my business rapidly.

Thanks and Regards, Utkarsh Srivastava 9919873383

Hello Utkarsh, Thank You, one of our representatives will contact you shortly. If you would like immediate assistance, please WhatsApp on 8788462787.

Thanks Sir.

Thank you for the useful and practical information. I have just started cultivating mushrooms, strawberries and broccoli on a small scale in kotabagh block in nainital in the foothills of the himalayas. Sir we have initiated the process to make a polyhouse in the coming 2months and are working towards it. If you could guide me so as to what vegetables to grow in which months according to seasonal and off seasonal calendar in northern India. We are looking to grow strawberries, bell peppers, broccoli, lettuce such other exotic vegetables inside the polyhouse. In order to gain first hand information, we plan to grow bell pepper please suggest suitable hybrid variety that can be transplanted by Feb end in our area..

Hello Raghav Thank you, you can cultivate bell pepper in polyhouse. you can find varieties related information on our “capsicum cultivation guide” article.

Sir i am from ranchi jharkhand. I want to start the broccoli cultivation i need guidance according to the crop if u can help.

Hello Suraj,

You can join our Greenhouse training cum consultancy and program our team provides complete guidance. To join please contact on WhatsApp no – 8788462787

I have 3 acres of land in Vijaywada, AP, and currently cultivating sugarcane, turmeric, chilies, paddy, etc. I want to set up a greenhouse and get into cash crops with less duration and high demand. Kindly suggest any consultant in the area help me out with the same and any company that takes projects to set up and give a finished set up with all marketing set up.

Hello Peter,

Please join our greenhouse training cum consultancy program here. We provide complete guidance on how to start greenhouse farming to its marketing. For more information, please contact 8788462787.

First of all thanks for providing detailed info on greenhouse business. Myself Govind Sawant. I did my graduation, PG & Doctorate in Agriculture and currently working in pesticide company as Global Head – Product development.

But looking forward to start something by own. Am really excited to start flower production in green house in my village in Sawantwadi. Can you please refer some consultant who can help me out to bring this project up into reality. Need guidance in all the aspects. Am ready to put investment of 30-40 lakhs and some can be funded from Bank.

Thank you please join our Greenhouse Training cum consultancy program.

Sir it is very useful for me. I am interested to start this business shortly.

Thank you and best of luck

am inspired and looks forward to being an agri-entrepreneur

I don’t have any land for greenhouse . Is it possible to purchase farming land now? Please guide.

Hello Vishal,

you can purchase farming land and start Greenhouse/Polyhouse

Hello Amar, can you please provide the detailed information about the greenhouse training cum consultancy program? Where it is conducted? mode of training? duration of training? etc…

Hello Shashank sir, To get complete information about greenhouse training cum consultancy program. Please call or WhatsApp on 8788462787

Hello Sir, hiral Patel here from Ahmeabad. (1) We have land in interior area near by Mehsana which is away from 100 KM from Ahmedabad. Is it suitable location for Polyhouse farming as transportation cost will increase ?? (2) Can we do polyfarming near Ahmedabad taking land on lease? Will it be profitable enough to recover cost of rent n all?

Hello Hiral, Ahmedabad is just 100 km from your project site so not so much cost increase; in fact, you have advantages India’s one of the biggest market is only 100 km away.

if you get a good project site near to the Ahmedabad is also a good option, but your input cost in increase because you have to pay rent, extra labor charge …..

so the first option is better for you.

Hello Amar sir, I’m from Karnataka (near Bengaluru) but studying in Netherlands. i want to know some details about greenhouse construction (probably around bengaluru) and rose production and marketing …! can i text you through the whatsapp?? please

Hello Lakshmipathi,

yes , you can call or WhatsApp anytime, we will love to help you.

Hi Amar Thnx for all the provided info…i am resident of Kakinada,andhrapradesh and would like to know the feasibility to cultivate strawberry’s and other exotic fruits in my available 2 acres land at kakinda and also information about the training program in Andhra Pradesh…

with regards rajnag

Hello sir, please contact at 878462787 our team will provide step by step guidance on how to start greenhouse farming to its marketing

Hello sir, how to approach for training can you please guide me for getting valuable training on green house farming. With regards S.Bru

Hello Sushanta,

Thanks for the comment, please call or WhatsApp on 8788462787 you get details about greenhouse training cum consultancy program.

Hello sir I am a progressive farmer from karnataka.during hot summer days days Tomato prices is sky high due to extreme temperature results in flower dropping and no proper growth of the plants so I intended to construct greenhouse or shade net house I my own farm.if I construct greenhouse will it help me to grow good tomato in hot summer? Plz guide me

please contact at 878462787 our team will provide step by step guidance on how to start greenhouse farming to its marketing

Hi Amar Sawant,

Impressed with your site, Having agriculture land in raichur karnataka : 200 kms from hyderbad ,450 kms from bangalore , 435 from pune .

If i grow above displayed flowers and english cucumber and capsicum..How can i get market.

Thanks, Shyam

Thanks for the comment, please call or WhatsApp on 8788462787 you get details about marketing information.

Please guide me which flowers or vegetables can get more profit or suitable in denkanikotta, krishnagiri district, Tamil Nadu, the place is more than 7 acres planning for 2 acres 60 km far from Bangalore..

Hello Murali,

You can join our Greenhouse training cum consultancy and program our team provides complete guidance on the most suitable & profitable crop denkanikotta. To join please contact on WhatsApp no – 8788462787

Im engineer by profession and want to move towards farming.. i have 17 acre land around 100kms from bhopal and constant water supply. What should be ideal crops to do and which will be nearest agency to support us.

Hello Reshmi,

We provide a consultancy service all over India. please join our consultancy service we definitely guide you & provide the best result

hello sir i am abhishek from chandigarh basically from haryana , just started phd. and i decided to do phd on the topic of polyhouses . please suggest me from where to get help and suggest me any research question on which i can do phd thesis.

Hello Abhishek, please contact us on 8788462787 we provide inputs for your Ph.D. thesis

Please share your contact details. I am beginner & would like to discuss with you.

Hello Sandeep, My contact number is 8788462787

hello i m sheetal from delhi i want to know about the greenhouse agriculture can u suggest me how we can start

Hello Sheetal,

Join our greenhouse training cum consultancy program, Here we provide complete step by step guidance on how to start a greenhouse farming. To join our greenhouse training cum consultancy program please contact 8788462787.

Sir How much u charge for the training

We charge only 1000 ₹ for Greenhouse Training cun consultancy program. In this program, we provide one-year consultancy Free

I have read a very educative article on green house farming,and iam interested to do so ,unfortunately iam a Tanzanian citizen and ilive 500 km south of Daresalaam. In view of the article i see as if it is specificaly for peaple in india or is so? IF NOT How ca you help me?

Thanks, James yes this article specifically for Indian condition but if you want our consultancy or any kind help please contact us on +918788462787

Hello sir, Good evening … I want to do polyhouse farming in our village. I belong to Uttarakhand & I have hilly areas land. We have stepped field. Is there any chance to create tunnel polyhouse which vegetable is more profitable for hilly stepped land?

I want some more details about your land like slope level, the wind direction so please call us on 8788462787

Hi Amar, I have land in sonipat Haryana, out of which i wAnt to use 03 acres for green house farming. I would like to get some assistance on the same. Thanks Shrey chaudhary

please contact us at 8788462787; our team will provide complete guidance.

hello Amar I have around 10 Acres of land in a village near Kota (Rajasthan) I want to start polyhouse farming for vegetables What kind of training and consultancies do you provide?

We provide an online greenhouse training cum consultancy program, here we provide complete information about how to start greenhouse farming to its marketing.

In this program, we first provide course content after that; we study your location climatic condition, and according to we suggest customize consultancy.

For more information, please contact 8788462787

hi sir pls send me your contact detail

Hello Amol, please contact 8788462787

Hi.. I am from trivandrum,kerala. I would like to start a small greenhouse in a plot near my home. As it’s not my feild, but I am passionate about the same from childhood, I would like to learn all about the same. I came to know that they teach short term in pune. Could you recomend some place down south in kerala , tamil nadu or karnataka.?

Hello Prince,

please contact 8788462787 our team will guide you step by step.

Sir, I am Dinabandhu Samanta, from west bengal, I am in last year of my bsc horticulture study and want to start gerbera cultivation in bankura district. Can u please help me about the marketing opportunity for this?

please join our greenhouse training cum consultancy program, here we provide complete guidance on how to start greenhouse farming to its marketing for more information please contact 8788462787.

Really useful information . Thanks

great information. do you have any similar page for hydrophonic farming? thanks

Thank you, Sudesh

Hydroponic farming article publishes soon.

Hi Amar, Thanks for sharing such detailed info on Greenhouse farming. I belong to Jaipur Rajasthan and want to do this Greenhouse farming. I don’t have owned land so is it mandatory to have your land to start with? Also, what’s the construction cost of Greenhouse and polyhouse. Please help.

Hello Manish

Thank you, there is no mandatory to have your land to start a greenhouse. You can begin to greenhouse farming in lease land also. Greenhouse construction cost depends upon various factors such as greenhouse type, material, crop, location. Construction cost starts from 650 rs to 1500 rs per square meter.

Hi Amar, This is some really good information, can you also please shed some light on medicinal herbs, that can be grown in Rajasthan or MP, using greenhouse technique or any other techniques, as it requires very low temperatures. Also, what would be the cost to set it up on a 5 acre land?

Hello Navneet,

Thank you, please contact us at 8788462787 our team will provide guidance on medicinal herbs

My land is near satara. What plant would you suggest

please contact us at 8788462788

Thanks very much sir, very detailed article, also easy for beginners to understand

HI Sir, May I have your contact no.?

Hello sir, please contact at 8788462787

A very good and useful information for the Modern farmers, to change the views on Indian agriculture.

Thank you so much sir

Hello Sir, Is Kolkata a good place for green house farming, looking to its hot and humid climatic condition?

Hi Rajarshi yes you can start greenhouse farming in Kolkata for more guidance contact 8788462787

Information provided by you is amazing for the beginner… as i m not the farmer but i hav a land peice in Udaipur(Rajasthan) of 3750 sq.ft. Can i start the greenhouse farming there? I knw its small but can i begin with this small peice to make it big… i m eager to strt greenhouse farming…

Hello Mr Sawant, you have packed in a lot of useful information in the above article, it’s really appreciated. I am an OCI card holder I.e a foreign national by naturalisation. My wife is an NRI. We want to return to India for good. We both are passionate towards greenhouse farming on a commercial scale when we return (after adequate training). But we are not sure how to acquire enough (farming) land to start our project because as far as we know NRIs and OCIs are barred from purchasing farmland in India. Can you throw light upon this issue and if the above is true how to work around it to achieve what we want to. We have a small bit of bank balance ourselves however if we want to work with bank loan and government subsidies are we going to be eligible for that? Would really look forward to your advice in this regard.Thanks and kindest regards.

You are most welcome for guidance, please contact 8788462787

Sir, thanks for the information . I want to set a greenhouse in Lanja, Dist. Ratnagiri. pls, guide me about which product is suited for climate and market.

according to you minimum how many sq. ft. should be there to start for polyhouse/greenhouse

For commercial purposes, the minimum greenhouse size is 1000 Sq. mtrs.

I wanted to get in touch with Mr Amar. Can you please share any contact reference?

Hello Anirvan, please contact at 8788462787

I need to establish green house. Guide me. I need a training program. Where i can i get full details .

Hi sir namaste I m going to start green house plant so pls guide…. should be start or not

Yes you can start greenhouse farming for more information and personal guidance please contact at 878462787 our team will provide step by step guidance on how to start greenhouse farming to its marketing.

Hi sir iam from Kadapa Andhra Pradesh. I want to start (vegetables )greenhouse farming

Hello Amar, I am a software engineer from Hyderabad. I have 50 acres of farmland 70km from Hyderabad. I am planning on considering doing polyhouse farming. I never did farming before, so I need training and consultation on how to go about it from scratch.

Hello Krishna,

we provide complete guidance on how to start polyhouse farming to its marketing for that; please contact on 8788462787

The Information provided by you are excellent and highly appreciated!

With the educational qualifications of B.Com, LL.B, ACS, AIIA, CIPRs, I have been working for the last 25 years in Mumbai, out of which, 18 years in Leadership positions with TATA Group, WELSPUN Group, PARLE Group, AVASHY Group, LODHA Group, OBEROI, etc.

Presently, I am Executive Vice President & CLO, and now, thinking of, to start my own Venture, leaving my highly paid professional job (of course, the high-position job carries hypertension!)

I have 10 Acres fertile land, in Kannur Dist, Kerala, within 12 km from Kannur International Airport. The land is abutting to a Perennial River in east side (with good sweet water sources through the year from an Irrigation Dam), and west side is abutting to a good road leading to International Airport and City. The Land is within the Municipality.

I would like to set-up an Organic Farm Resort in 5 Acres, a Dairy Farm in 1 Acre, and a Hydroponic/GreenHouse Farming in rest of the 4 Acres, as the Land is ideal for one or more of these activities, because of USP of the land (i.e. abutting to River & Road, within 12 km from International Airport and situated within the Municipality with reasonable Infrastructure in an around).

I would require your guidance, whether I should explore the Hydroponic or GreenHouse Farming, if both are different, along with the rest two activities (Resort & Dairy Farm) or entire 10 Acres should be used for Hydroponic/GreenHouse Farming.

Most important is, what would be the total cost, if I would start only GreenHouse Farming in this 10 Acres, and would such activity be interested to the Investors also, as I am looking/exploring for few Investors too, to accompany me in starting the Business.

Warm Regards Rajeev

Thank you very much for your enquiry. Our customer relations manager will get in touch with you shortly

hello Mr. Sawat

Thanks for covering all specific information pertaining to green house.

I am planning to set up hydroponic system in my land (250000 Sq ft) in Kerala.. is there any brach you have in Kerala.

Regards Nadarajan

Thank you sir Our customer relations manager will get in touch with you shortly.

Could you advise for installation procedure for a greenhouse

We provide training and consultancy for the Greenhouse project; please contact our customer care 8788462787.

Thank you for the information. I am near my retirment and wants to be close to nature with some possible income. I am having 20 Guntha aggricultural land in Raigad District with 24 hrs water supply through well.

Could you please advise me for a small project?

We provide complete guidance on how to start polyhouse farming to its marketing. For more information, please contact 8788462787.

Sir I am chandan mishra from Lucknow. I want to start new green house .so could you help me for guide further way .

We provide complete guidance on How to start greenhouse farming to its marketing. For more information contact us at 8788462787

Great explanation.i really loved the way explained the whole process.i wanted to know what would be the total approximate cost of 1 ecar land planting of flower or vegetable.and what would be the appropriate profit.many thanx.

Please join our greenhouse training cum consultancy program here. We provide complete guidance. For more details, please call us at 8788462787.

Hi amar sir, I m sagar ,I m interested to put up a polyhouse in my village(own 2acres land) near mangaon, raigad about 150km from Mumbai. Which is most preferred with profitably and also environmentally from below flowers Gerbera, Dutch Rose or Orchid Plz suggest .most thanks.

Hello Sagar,

Please contact our customer care number 8788462787. We provide complete guidance.

Very informative, I am leaving in Bangalore. I don’t have any Agricultural land. I would like to start horticulture. Please Provide me Guidance regarding this or can I visit your training Center. Please suggest.

Hello Sowmyaa, please contact our customer care 8788462787.

Do you provide your services in Nashik

Yes sir, we provide our service all over India.

Sir, please give contact details of low cost green house makers who can take assignment at kolkata.

Hi, Please contact us at 8788462787

How do you connect with you Amar

Hi sir, I want polyhouse training.

Hello sir, please contact us at 8788462787

Amar, according to you greenhouse and polyhouse the same?

Greenhouse and polyhouse are the same.

Very valuable information for the freshers like me, thank you for guiding throughly and please let us know some marketing viability in Punjab and some major vegetables to be grown. Thank you

Thank you, there is good scope in Punjab.

Is it profitable to start and maintain a small poly house of about 4000 Sq.m

Grate Article for Polyhouse Farming

Thanks sir, Really nice and useful information for me.

Very nice & clear information, thanks.

Awesome post, I am a large follower of this site, continue publishing that great web content, as well as I’ll be a routine visitor for a long period of time … searching for the next one … keep it up!

Hi Mr Sawant I am Raj from Mumbai. We hv13acre industrial Land at Mangaon. I want to start green houses But don’t hv any knowledge in G/ hse like which crop is good and where to market. Please guide me Thanks

Hi , please check our Greenhouse Business Blueprint course

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Greenhouse Farming in India – Know Benefits, Importance and Types

Greenhouse Farming Subsidy

Millions of people have earned a living, and India’s agriculture has fed a large population for millennia. But farming methods must change due to climate change and the increasing food demand. Farmers use new and ecological techniques like greenhouse agriculture to meet the growing need for food. This blog will probe the fascinating world of greenhouse farming in India , a sustainable and innovative approach that holds the key to transforming agriculture. 

Greenhouse farming, also known as polyhouse farming is a revolutionary technique that has gained significant importance in India’s agricultural landscape. Greenhouse farming in India reshapes the agricultural landscape and promotes sustainable food production and can solve the problems caused by conventional farming techniques using cutting-edge and modern technology. 

The development of poly house farming has also revolutionized the field of sustainable and effective agriculture. Cultivating crops within controlled environments, shielded from adverse weather conditions and pests, has transformed how we grow food. In India, where agriculture is integral to the economy and livelihoods of millions, greenhouse cultivation has opened new doors of opportunity for farmers. 

Understanding the Nuances of Greenhouse Farming

In this section, we will delve deep into the realm of greenhouse cultivation, providing a comprehensive overview for agricultural enthusiasts:

Table of Contents

What is Greenhouse Farming?

Greenhouse Agriculture is an advanced agricultural practice that involves creating a controlled environment to cultivate crops inside a structure made of glass or plastic. This protective enclosure shields the crops from external climatic variations and pests while allowing sunlight to penetrate and support their growth.

Importance of Greenhouse Farming and Advantage 

Polyhouse farming holds immense significance in Indian agriculture due to several reasons:

  • It enables year-round cultivation. There are some benefits in perennial cultivation. For instance, it helps reduce the dependency on seasonal changes
  • It protects crops from extreme weather events. This is because the greenhouse houses within itself all the plants, ensuring protections against freak winds, rains and storms. This in turn, ensures a stable and reliable yield.
  • It facilitates the growth of crops not native to the region. For example, you can grow crops that are more suited for warmer weather in colder regions. Greenhouses are wondrous in helping grow such exotic varieties and hence expanding agricultural possibilities.

Considering the importance of greenhouse in agriculture , it becomes evident that this innovative method plays a pivotal role in ensuring food security and agricultural sustainability in changing climatic conditions

Greenhouse Technology in India

Greenhouse technology

India has embraced modern greenhouse farming technology to enhance agricultural productivity. Cutting-edge techniques like climate control systems, hydroponics, and automated irrigation ensure optimal conditions for crop growth.

Benefits of Greenhouse Farming

Greenhouse farming benefits include increased crop yield, efficient water usage, reduced chemical dependency, and minimized land usage. By acting as a barricade against natural disasters, greenhouse farming becomes the perfect solution for climate-vulnerable areas. 

There are many points of greenhouse farming advantages that make it a sustainable and climate-resilient farming solution in India. Some of them include improved crop yields, water efficiency, a decreased reliance on chemicals, and land conservation.

Commercial Greenhouse Market in India

Greenhouse Market in India

The commercial greenhouse market in India has witnessed exponential growth. With rising demand for fresh produce throughout the year, commercial greenhouse farming has become a lucrative business opportunity for entrepreneurs and investors.

Greenhouse Farming for Beginners

Greenhouse Agriculture might seem intimidating for beginners. But it can be as rewarding as it is challenging. You can meet the demand of a population that hasn’t had such an unprecedented supply of such exotic products before. And you know what this means – More scope for profits! So without any further ado, work on understanding the basics of greenhouse technology, crop selection, and monitoring systems. Such mastery or adeptness is for sure a prerequisite for getting into greenhouse farming. 

See Also -: Government Agriculture Schemes

Greenhouse Farming Cost or Subsidy in India

The initial investment in greenhouse cultivation can be substantial, but various government greenhouse farming schemes offer subsidies to promote this eco-friendly and efficient farming method. Familiarizing yourself with available subsidies, such as the “ Greenhouse Farming Subsidy ” program, is crucial for financial planning.

Types of Greenhouse Farming Crops

Greenhouses allow you to grow plants of all kinds, such as vegetables like tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, and flowers like roses and carnations. Knowing the particular needs of each crop is essential for successful greenhouse cultivation .

Is Greenhouse Farming Profitable in India?

When managed effectively, greenhouse agriculture can be highly profitable. The ability to command premium prices for off-season produce and the export potential make it an attractive option for farmers. Therefore, profitable greenhouse farming crops are key to unlocking the full economic potential of this advanced agricultural practice in India.

Best Crops for Greenhouse Farming in India

Certain crops are particularly well-suited for greenhouse cultivation in India. Examples include exotic vegetables, herbs, and high-value flowers, which are steadily demanded in domestic and international markets.

Organic Greenhouse Farming

With the growing awareness of sustainable agriculture , organic greenhouse farming is gaining traction. This practice ensures chemical-free produce, meeting the rising demand for organic products.

Large-Scale Greenhouse Farming

 Greenhouse Farming in Large Scale

Large-scale greenhouse farming involves extensive cultivation of crops in vast enclosed spaces. This approach caters to commercial requirements and significantly contributes to meeting the country’s food demands. The demands are a plethora, and meeting them means the government also takes interest in it. Enabled by government subsidies and training programmes, you can arm yourself with both the knowledge and monetary prowess. This in turn will further enable you to meet the large scale demand and make your business flourish unprecedentedly.

Greenhouse Farming vs Traditional Farming

Compared to traditional open-field farming, poly house farming provides better crop control and protection, higher yields, and reduced water consumption. However, it requires more initial investment and technical expertise.


Greenhouse farming has completely changed crop cultivation and food security in India’s agricultural industry. The government’s support for contemporary, sustainable farming methods will make farming a key factor in the future of agriculture in India. This technology can create a rich and robust farming ecosystem that can profit farmers, consumers, and the environment.

Related Blog  Organic Farming Use and Benefits Agriculture Farming FAQ
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How to Start a Greenhouse Farming Business in India?

Greenhouse farming involves the growing of crops and fruits under human-controlled conditions. It involves setting up boundaries for the growth of healthy plants which are not dependent on Nature. A greenhouse, also known as a glasshouse, consists of a structure that is covered with a material that could be translucent or transparent. The warm sunlight passes through the glasshouse and the warmth is retained inside such a closure. This enables the crops to grow well. The structure of a greenhouse depends on the requirements of the individuals as well as the latitude of that area. There are different types of structures and these are dependent upon the scale of the business. Greenhouse farming assures you of a quality and increased yield of crops throughout the year. You can enjoy immense growth across the crops you cultivate.

Also Read:  Best Eco-Friendly Business Ideas in India

How to Set Up a Greenhouse Farm?

Greenhouse farming assures you of healthy products and maximum productivity. One of the key essentials is to understand the various aspects of this house farming . From the technical aspects that involve the technology and its working to the marketing as well as the economic returns, you need to be thoroughly familiarised with it all. There are many individuals who get confused between polyhouse and greenhouse farming . The only difference is that polyhouse farming uses polyethylene to construct the greenhouse. This makes the construction highly durable. Greenhouses are classified on the basis of structure, construction, materials, and ventilation.

  • Sawtooth structure
  • Ground to ground structure
  • Quonset structure
  • Interlocking structure
  • Uneven structure
  • Furrow and Ridge structure


  • Wood-based construction frames
  • Pipe-based construction frames

Overhead Protective Cover

  • Glass covering
  • Plastic covering


  • Natural – dependent on natural conditions like sunlight
  • Climate control – this is a totally controlled process

Key Factors for the Selection of the Premises

  • The area should be free of insects and other pests
  • Drainage should be unobstructed
  • Quality supply of water
  • The pH range of the soil should be between 6 and 7. This measures the number of hydrogen ions in the soil. Anything below this lacks phosphorus, calcium as well as magnesium. When the pH range is between 6 and 7, it indicates the soil is nutrient-rich and this assures a healthy and productive yield.
  • Your greenhouse should be easily accessible.
  • The vicinity should have good constructed roads and ease of connectivity for you to be able to make the requisite deliveries on time.
  • A focused selection of the type of crops – vegetables and fruits that you wish to cultivate

To start a greenhouse farming business , you need to create a practical feasibility report which should detail:

  • Details about yourself
  • The reason behind your requirement to set up a house farm
  • The technical feasibility
  •   Analysis based on economies of scale

Loan for Investments

To obtain a loan , you will have to furnish accurate details of documents to complete the formalities. Some of these include:

  • Your project details – a complete blueprint
  • The premises on which you plan to set up – clearance report of the same
  • The total investments you require – an approximate amount
  • Details of the plants you plan to cultivate and the costs involved
  • Irrigation details
  • Detailed aspects on the water supply and quality of soil that you will use
  • Agreement of purchase or rent

The government of India provides subsidies for greenhouse farming . This can be obtained from the department of horticulture. The subsidy amount varies between 50-60% of the entire cost of your house farming . To obtain the said subsidy amount, you will have to provide documentation details which include, the detailed report of your project, land clearance, whether purchased or rented as well as the letter that states details of the loan sanctioned by the bank.

Also Read:  Get start your Bee Farming Business

Details of Construction

Once you complete the documentation formalities successfully, your immediate concern will be that of constructing the greenhouse. A little research into the various construction companies will help you make the right choice after you check the quality of some of their projects. You can always ask for discounts on the costs.

Placing an Order for the Plants You Plan to Cultivate

First, you will have to be sure about which crops are in demand in the surrounding markets. You will have to study the productivity of these plants, and understand their growth in the climatic conditions in that area. You will have to be sure that they are free of all pests and unwelcome ailments. You will have to research the various plant nurseries, get an insight into the soil quality and various other details. Once you are sure they will give you a high yield, you can place an order based on your research. Most owners of plant nurseries are very accommodating and will be happy to furnish you with all the important details for taking care of the plants and maintaining a healthy growth of all the crops.

Promotion and Brand Building

This involves packing your produce well and marketing them to the targeted audiences. You can form alliances with established vendors or hire the services of a mediating agent who will help market your brand in other cities as well. There are many genuine mediating agents, and it is easy to connect with them by accessing their details online.

This article outlines the various requirements and formalities which need to be completed to start greenhouse farming in India. This type of farming does require investments but once you prove your ability in providing healthy produce at all times, it can reap optimal revenues for you. 

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Greenhouse Farming States, Crops, Subsidy and Types in India


India is the 3rd largest producer of greenhouse gases in the world. And they are presenting to almost ⅕ to the national total. The country’s priority is to reduce emissions as much as possible in the coming years. The outcomes from this study can help the nation take incredible steps towards its objectives. Nonetheless, these environmental change relief advantages can work assuming that farmers take up the new practices, some of which require an investment. Government approaches and motivators will be vital to assist farmers, guarantee wide-scale reception of these alleviation choices, and help India meet its food security. Below, we are showing complete information on greenhouse farming in India. 

Table of Contents

According to current data, India could decrease its greenhouse gas substance release from agriculture by around 18% through the reception of alleviation measures. Scientists say three further developed cultivating practices would represent the more significant part of these discharge decreases: productive compost utilisation, better watering the board in rice growing, and zero culturing. Firstly check out the meaning of horticulture greenhouse farming. 

What is Greenhouse Farming? 

A Greenhouse is an outlined construction covered with material and huge enough to develop crops under incomplete or completely controlled natural conditions to get ideal development and usefulness. Greenhouse farming technology is the method of giving good natural conditions to the plants.

The greenhouse farming business plan is worldwide the quickest developing area. It is a goldmine that offers the most productive business openings. The utilization of the nursery is fundamentally for creating non seasonal and seasonal crops, for the development of top notch blossoms, vegetables, and the arrangement of a nursery arranged by tissue culture. Now, look at some advantages of greenhouse farming. 

Benefits of Greenhouse Farming

Following, we are going to show the greenhouse farming advantages. Have a look. 

  • Greenhouse organic farming can increase crop production. You can establish the ideal environment conditions required for plant development and develop more plants per square foot than developing agriculture in an open field.
  • The structure keeps animals and birds away, reducing the risk of crop damage.
  • A study said that benefits per crop per square foot could be a few times as large when executing organic farming in a greenhouse rather than open-field agribusiness. In addition, by using assets more effectively, you make less waste, which can convert into more significant benefits.
  • The encased space can be confined to just the entire staff, and fewer individuals going in and out implies a lesser danger of bringing undesirable components near the plants. In addition, it permits you to separate issues. 
  • Greenhouse vegetable farming is a generally free environment controlled space, permitting the developing yields throughout the entire year rather than just occasionally. Indeed, even in the cruel winter cold or extreme summer heat, crops can develop.
  • Outside conditions don’t affect plants, and the greenhouse vegetable farming’s ensured climate gives a protected and stable condition.

Types of Greenhouse Farming 

There are various types of greenhouse organic farming available depending on shape, material, ventilation and construction. Every greenhouse vertical farming type has its own benefit. These can be done according to the suitability and needs of the farmers. Check out below the list. 

Types According to The Shape

  • Sawtooth type 
  • Ground to ground 
  • Interlocking ridges  
  • Even span type 
  • Uneven span type
  • Ridge and furrow type

Types According to The Material

  • Plastic greenhouse
  • Glass greenhouse

Types According to The Ventilation

  • Natural Ventilation
  • Climate Control (Pad Polyhouses & Fan)

Types According to The Construction 

  •  Pipe Framed
  •  Wooden Framed

What is Polyhouse Farming in India? 

pollyhouse farming

We are providing some polyhouse farming information, check out. Polyhouse is a type of Greenhouse farming, where a specific polythene sheet used to cover material under which the crops are grown to some extent or wholly controlled climatic conditions. The greenhouse farming developed on wooden casings where the glass used as a cladding material. Now the question arises, Is polyhouse farming profitable? Polyhouse cultivation is 100 per cent productive whenever done the correct way, but developing a Polyhouse can be costly. Building a Polyhouse business can run into not many crores of rupees, although Polyhouse farming subsidies reduce some burden for the farmers. 

Polyhouse Farming Benefits

  • Crop grown under a controlled environment which minimises the changes of damage or loss. 
  • You don’t have to wait for a particular season to grow crops, you can grow throughout the year. 
  • Less insects and pests. 
  • High quality production 
  • 5 to 10 times increased yield. 

Difference Between Greenhouse Farming and Polyhouse Farming 

Polyhouse farming is a smaller concept than greenhouse farming. Its costs are less than greenhouse organic farming. Since polyhouse cultivation is a kind of indoor farming, it accompanies large numbers of similar advantages, for example, restricting insects, all year developing, greater yields and making it simpler to be 100 percent natural. Polyhouses are less expensive to begin with. However, long-lasting designs like greenhouses are not.

Greenhouse Farming Vs Polyhouse Farming 

Greenhouse Farming Vs Polyhouse Farming

How to Start Greenhouse Farming in India

How to Start Greenhouse Farming in India

Commercial greenhouse farming demands heavy equipment, raw material, infrastructure, and labour, which requires huge investment. And, if you want to earn profit, you need to have a good knowledge about economics, technical and marketing. Therefore, you should take training before starting your own business in this field. If you are planning to create an organic greenhouse farming business, you must follow the following steps to smoothen the process and earn more money. Have a look. 

  • First of all, it requires a lot of research about the greenhouse business. 
  • Second, you have to apply for a bank loan as it takes an initial investment. 
  • Next step, you have to apply for a subsidy for greenhouse farming provided by the government. 
  • After that, you need to practice and train in this field for a clear picture. 
  • Before starting a business, you should consider plant orders.
  • Now, you have to place an order for a structure to a greenhouse construction company. 
  • Lastly, you have to do marketing about it. 

Most Productive Greenhouse Farming States in India

Greenhouse Farming States

Check out below the top most productive green farming states in India.

Karnataka is the most popular greenhouse farming state in India. And, greenhouse farming in karnataka is a part of the KRISHI BHAGYA PROGRAMME of the local government. Almost all the vegetables are grown in Karnataka greenhouse. Other than this, greenhouse farming in Gujarat, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Bihar, Kerala and Haryana is done too.  

Profitable Greenhouse Farming Crops 

Greenhouse Farming Crops

The most suitable crops for vertical greenhouse farming are Cucumbers, String beans, Chili peppers, Tomatoes, Spinach, Microgreens, Peppers, Melons, Peas, Sweet corn, Leeks, Baby carrots, Broccoli, Pumpkins, Garlic, Herbs, Squash, Swiss chard, Kale, Zucchini, Strawberries, Grapes, Lettuce, Raspberries, Mushrooms, Ginseng, Bamboo and other Citrus fruits like oranges, lime and lemons.  

Crops Suitable for Greenhouse Farming

We know greenhouse farming demands are getting high and require huge investment. People love to purchase vegetables grown locally, either in greenhouses or gardens. But, unfortunately, most of what we have available in stores has spent many days in transit before reaching the brackets. Many crops are suitable for greenhouse farming, but we concentrate on delicate crops. You want to choose crops that will overgrow, and you can get more than one harvest from them.

1. Sweet corn

Corn grows phenomenally well in greenhouses, and one advantage is that you will not have to worry about damage from birds or squirrels. In addition, it is safe inside a conservatory, and there will be no need to worry about solid winds taking it down.

2. Cucumbers

It is an excellent crop to plant and sell from your greenhouse. There are many types of cucumber available, and they go very well vertically. They also produce for long times.

3. Baby carrots

Baby carrots are in demand in most shops. However, it works well even in greenhouses without too much soil depth. In addition, baby carrots do not take a long time to mature. 

4. Pumpkins

Pumpkins are an excellent greenhouse crop, but you have to train them to develop in the direction you want. And with the help of a greenhouse, it produces an organic crop. 

Spinach is a healthy and profitable crop. It overgrows, and when cut down, it just grows back. So you can sell spinach in the market at a huge profit. 

6. Tomatoes

Tomatoes are easy to grow, and there are hundreds of tomato types. Plants are prolific growers that reward you with pounds of fruit per plant. In addition, because of greenhouse farming, crops can grow organic and healthy. 

The chances are endless when it comes to your choices for growing herbs. You can quickly go with classics like thyme, mint, rosemary, and basil or branch out a bit into medicinal herbs like calendula, chamomile, ginger, and many more in the greenhouse.  

Garlic is not the hard stuff at the local grocery store, and Since you plant it and leave it until harvest, it is maintenance-free. As a result, garlic always sells well at any time of the year. 

9. String beans

String beans are the easiest crops to grow. They grow vertically and take up virtually less space. It can be harvested by planting every week or two.

Squash like acorn or spaghetti is easy to grow and gather in various sizes. These always sell well for farmers but require more room than other crops, so greenhouse farming is best for these types of crops. 

Greenhouse Farming Subsidy in India 

Following, we are showing a pattern of greenhouse subsidy in India. 

  • NHB (National Horticulture Board) grants 50% subsidy on 112 lakh maximum project ceiling per beneficiary.
  • GAIC (Gujarat Agro Industries Corporation) grants a greenhouse farming subsidy in Gujarat of 6% up to 4 lakh on interest on loans.  
  • NHM (National Horticulture Mission) gives a subsidy of 50% up to  50 Lakhs maximum limit.
  • With this, every state provides an additional subsidy under the name SHM (State Horticulture Mission) , which gives 15 – 25 % subsidy on the amount of 50% granted by NHM.

NHM Norms for Subsidy 

  • On up to area 500 sq – Rs 1650 per Sq. m
  • More than 500 Sq. m up to 1008 Sq. M – Rs 1465 per Sq. M 
  • More than 1008 Sq. M up to 2080 Sq. m – Rs 1420

Training in Greenhouse Farming in India

Check out the following some popular institutes for greenhouse farming training in India. 

  • Indian Council of Agricultural Research – Krishi Bhavan, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road, New Delhi 110001
  • Govind Greenhouse Pvt Ltd – Shubham Complex, Shop no. 20, Chakan Road Talegaon, Taluka Maval, Vatan Nagar, Pune 410507
  • NIPHT Horticulture Training Center – N. 398-400, Next to CRPF Campus, Pune-Mumbai Highway 410506
  • University of Agricultural Sciences – Farmers Training Institutes (FTI)  – GKVK, Bangalore 560065
  • Institute of Horticulture Technology – D-1 Krishna Apra Building, 3rd Floor, Apra Commercial Belt, Greater Noida 201308
  • All India Organic Farming Society – SCO-170, 1st Floor, Red Square Market, Hisar 125001 

This is the complete detailed information about Greenhouse Farming in India. I hope you get all the answers to your questions. For more information, you have to stay tuned with Tractor Junction. Here, you can get all the information about small scale greenhouse farming and others. Get all the updates regarding a subsidy for greenhouse farming by daily news with us. 

Related Blog  Subsistence Farming in India  Mixed Farming in India

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Greenhouse Business Plan Template

Written by Dave Lavinsky

greenhouse business plan template

Greenhouse Business Plan

Over the past 20+ years, we have helped over 1,000 entrepreneurs and business owners create business plans to start and grow their greenhouse farms. On this page, we will first give you some background information with regards to the importance of business planning. We will then go through a greenhouse business plan template step-by-step so you can create your plan today.

Download our Ultimate Business Plan Template here >

What is a Greenhouse Business Plan?

A business plan provides a snapshot of your greenhouse business as it stands today, and lays out your growth plan for the next five years. It explains your business goals and your strategy for reaching them. It also includes market research to support your plans.

Why You Need a Business Plan for a Greenhouse Business

If you’re looking to start a new greenhouse business or grow your existing greenhouse farming business, you need a business plan. A business plan will help you raise funding, if needed, and plan out the growth of your greenhouse business in order to improve your chances of success. Your greenhouse farming business plan is a living document that should be updated annually as your company grows and changes.

Sources of Funding for Greenhouse Businesses

With regards to funding, the main sources of funding for a greenhouse farming business are personal savings, credit cards, bank loans and angel investors. With regards to bank loans, banks will want to review your business plan and gain confidence that you will be able to repay your loan and interest. To acquire this confidence, the loan officer will not only want to confirm that your financials are reasonable, but they will also want to see a professional plan. Such a plan will give them the confidence that you can successfully and professionally operate a business. Personal savings and bank loans are the most common funding paths for greenhouse farming businesses.

Finish Your Business Plan Today!

How to write a business plan for greenhouse farming.

If you want to start a greenhouse farming business or expand your current one, you need a business plan. Below we detail what you should include in each section of your own business plan:

Executive Summary

Your executive summary provides an introduction to your business plan, but it is normally the last section you write because it provides a summary of each key section of your plan.

The goal of your Executive Summary is to quickly engage the reader. Explain to them the type of greenhouse business you are operating and the status. For example, are you a startup, do you have a greenhouse business that you would like to grow or expand into a new market, or are you operating a chain of greenhouses?

Next, provide an overview of each of the subsequent sections of your plan. For example, give a brief overview of the greenhouse industry. Discuss the type of greenhouse farming business you are operating. Detail your direct competitors. Give an overview of your target customers. Provide a snapshot of your marketing plan. Identify the key members of your team. And offer an overview of your financial plan.  

Company Analysis

In your company analysis, you will detail the type of greenhouse farming business you are operating.

For example, you might operate one of the following types of greenhouse businesses:

  • Flower Greenhouse : this type of greenhouse business focuses on growing flowers to sell, either to flower shops and other businesses or direct-to-consumer.
  • Vegetable Greenhouse: this type of business focuses on growing vegetables to sell to various grocers and markets, restaurants, or direct-to-consumer at farmer’s markets.
  • Potted Plant Greenhouse: this type of greenhouse propagates and grows potted plants to sell, either to plant shops and nurseries or direct-to-consumer.

In addition to explaining the type of greenhouse business you will operate, the Company Analysis section of your business plan needs to provide background on the business.

Include answers to question such as:

  • When and why did you start the business?
  • What milestones have you achieved to date? Milestones could include the number of clients served, number of positive reviews, total number of plants sold, etc.
  • Your legal structure. Are you incorporated as an S-Corp? An LLC? A sole proprietorship? Explain your legal structure here.

Industry Analysis

In your industry analysis, you need to provide an overview of the greenhouse industry.

While this may seem unnecessary, it serves multiple purposes.

First, researching the greenhouse industry educates you. It helps you understand the market in which you are operating.

Secondly, market research can improve your strategy, particularly if your research identifies market trends.

The third reason for market research is to prove to readers that you are an expert in your industry. By conducting the research and presenting it in your plan, you achieve just that.

The following questions should be answered in the industry analysis section:

  • How big is the greenhouse industry (in dollars)?
  • Is the market declining or increasing?
  • Who are the key competitors in the market?
  • Who are the key suppliers in the market?
  • What trends are affecting the industry?
  • What is the industry’s growth forecast over the next 5 – 10 years?
  • What is the relevant market size? That is, how big is the potential market for your greenhouse farming business? You can extrapolate such a figure by assessing the size of the market in the entire country and then applying that figure to your local population.

Customer Analysis

The customer analysis section must detail the customers you serve and/or expect to serve.

The following are examples of customer segments: consumers, flower shops, plant shops, grocers and farmer’s markets.

As you can imagine, the customer segment(s) you choose will have a great impact on the type of greenhouse business you operate. Clearly, private consumers would respond to different marketing promotions than grocery stores, for example.

Try to break out your target customers in terms of their demographic and psychographic profiles. With regards to demographics, include a discussion of the ages, genders, locations and income levels of the customers you seek to serve. Because most greenhouse businesses primarily serve customers living in their same region, such demographic information is easy to find on government websites.

Psychographic profiles explain the wants and needs of your target customers. The more you can understand and define these needs, the better you will do in attracting and retaining your customers.

Finish Your Greenhouse Business Plan in 1 Day!

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Competitive Analysis

Your competitive analysis should identify the indirect and direct competitors your business faces and then focus on the latter.

Direct competitors are other greenhouse businesses.

Indirect competitors are other options that customers have to purchase from that aren’t direct competitors. This includes plant shops, flower marts and farmer’s markets.

With regards to direct competition, you want to describe the other greenhouse farming businesses with which you compete. Most likely, your direct competitors will be greenhouses located very close to your location.

For each such competitor, provide an overview of their businesses and document their strengths and weaknesses. Unless you once worked at your competitors’ businesses, it will be impossible to know everything about them. But you should be able to find out key things about them such as:

  • What types of customers do they serve?
  • What types of plants do they propagate, grow and sell?
  • What is their pricing (premium, low, etc.)?
  • What are they good at?
  • What are their weaknesses?

With regards to the last two questions, think about your answers from the customers’ perspective. And don’t be afraid to ask your competitors’ customers what they like most and least about them.

The final part of your competitive analysis section is to document your areas of competitive advantage. For example:

  • Will you provide better flowers, vegetables or other plants, organic options or quantity?
  • Will you provide services that your competitors don’t offer?
  • Will you provide better customer service?
  • Will you offer better pricing?

Think about ways you will outperform your competition and document them in this section of your plan.  

Marketing Plan

Traditionally, a marketing plan includes the four P’s: Product, Price, Place, and Promotion. For a greenhouse, your marketing plan should include the following:

Product : In the product section, you should reiterate the type of greenhouse company that you documented in your Company Analysis. Then, detail the specific products you will be offering. For example, in addition to your greenhouse harvest, will you offer educational services, plant supplies or any other products or services?

Price : Document the prices you will offer and how they compare to your competitors. Essentially in the product and price sub-sections of your marketing plan, you are presenting the services you offer and their prices.

Place : Place refers to the location of your greenhouse company. Document your location and mention how the location will impact your success. For example, is your greenhouse farming business located in a busy retail district, shopping plaza, a property with expansion potential, etc. Discuss how your location might be the ideal location for your customers.

Promotions : The final part of your greenhouse marketing plan is the promotions section. Here you will document how you will drive customers to your location(s). The following are some promotional methods you might consider:

  • Advertising in local papers and magazines
  • Reaching out to local websites
  • Social media marketing
  • Local radio advertising

Operations Plan

While the earlier sections of your greenhouse business plan explained your goals, your operations plan describes how you will meet them. Your operations plan should have two distinct sections as follows.

Everyday short-term processes include all of the tasks involved in running your greenhouse business, including propagating and tending plants, harvesting, maintenance equipment, making deliveries and meeting with potential customers.

Long-term goals are the milestones you hope to achieve. These could include the dates when you expect to sell your 1,000th plant, retain X customers or when you hope to reach $X in revenue. It could also be when you expect to expand your greenhouse farming business to a new location or city.  

Management Team

To demonstrate your greenhouse business’ ability to succeed, a strong management team is essential. Highlight your key players’ backgrounds, emphasizing those skills and experiences that prove their ability to grow a company.

Ideally you and/or your team members have direct experience in managing greenhouse farming businesses. If so, highlight this experience and expertise. But also highlight any experience that you think will help your business succeed.

If your team is lacking, consider assembling an advisory board. An advisory board would include 2 to 8 individuals who would act like mentors to your business. They would help answer questions and provide strategic guidance. If needed, look for advisory board members with experience in managing greenhouses or successfully running small businesses.  

Financial Plan

Your financial plan should include your 5-year financial statement broken out both monthly or quarterly for the first year and then annually. Your financial statements include your income statement, balance sheet and cash flow statements.

Income Statement

An income statement is more commonly called a Profit and Loss statement or P&L. It shows your revenues and then subtracts your costs to show whether you turned a profit or not.

In developing your income statement, you need to devise assumptions. For example, will you acquire one new customer per month or per quarter? And will sales grow by 2% or 10% per year? As you can imagine, your choice of assumptions will greatly impact the financial forecasts for your business. As much as possible, conduct research to try to root your assumptions in reality.

Balance Sheets

Balance sheets show your assets and liabilities. While balance sheets can include much information, try to simplify them to the key items you need to know about. For instance, if you spend $50,000 on building out your greenhouse farming business, this will not give you immediate profits. Rather it is an asset that will hopefully help you generate profits for years to come. Likewise, if a bank writes you a check for $50,000, you don’t need to pay it back immediately. Rather, that is a liability you will pay back over time.

Cash Flow Statement

Your cash flow statement will help determine how much money you need to start or grow your business, and make sure you never run out of money. What most entrepreneurs and business owners don’t realize is that you can turn a profit but run out of money and go bankrupt.

In developing your Income Statement and Balance Sheets be sure to include several of the key costs needed in starting or growing a greenhouse farming business:

  • Location build-out including design fees, construction, etc.
  • Cost of equipment and supplies
  • Payroll or salaries paid to staff
  • Business insurance
  • Taxes and permits
  • Legal expenses

Attach your full financial projections in the appendix of your plan along with any supporting documents that make your plan more compelling. For example, you might include your operations location lease or blueprints of the greenhouse you are working on.  

Putting together a business plan for your greenhouse is a worthwhile endeavor. If you follow the template above, by the time you are done, you will truly be an expert. You will really understand the greenhouse industry, your competition, and your customers. You will have developed a marketing plan and will really understand what it takes to launch and grow a successful greenhouse farming business.  

Greenhouse Business Plan FAQs

What is the easiest way to complete my greenhouse business plan.

Growthink's Ultimate Business Plan Template allows you to quickly and easily complete your Greenhouse Business Plan.

What is the Goal of a Business Plan's Executive Summary?

The goal of your Executive Summary is to quickly engage the reader. Explain to them the type of greenhouse business you are operating and the status; for example, are you a startup, do you have a greenhouse business that you would like to grow, or are you operating a chain of greenhouse businesses?

Don’t you wish there was a faster, easier way to finish your Greenhouse business plan?

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Since 1999, Growthink has developed business plans for thousands of companies who have gone on to achieve tremendous success.   Click here to see how Growthink’s professional business plan consulting services can create your business plan for you.

Other Helpful Business Plan Articles & Templates

Business Plan Template

a Kheyti farmer

A farmer tends a greenhouse in Depalle, a village about 75 kilometers southwest of Hyderabad. The village is a research and development station for Kheyti, a nonprofit group helping India's small-scale farms adapt to climate change.


Innovative Greenhouses Help Farmers Adapt to Climate Change

In India, a simple greenhouse is transforming lives—creating jobs for women and arming growers against unpredictable weather.

Yadav Bhavanth grows vegetables on family land in the south-central Indian state of Telangana. On this small farm in a drought-prone region, his crop production—and income—depend heavily on seasonal rainfall.

In 2015 and 2016, water shortages threatened his crops. And when the rains came, they were often so heavy that they damaged even the hardier plants, causing disease or infestation.

Some of the extreme weather patterns can be attributed to climate change . As global temperatures increase, extended periods of drought , heat waves , and unpredictable rainfall have intensified. The crop losses and mounting debt carry a human toll: More than 3,000 farmers committed suicide in Telangana during a three-year drought. ( Learn more about this problem across India .)

But 2017 was different for Yadav. The 37-year-old farmer began using a greenhouse to conserve water and protect crops from harsh downpours. Instead of trapping heat, these greenhouses are made with breathable, aluminum-coated cloth netting that reflects some of the sunlight, reducing inside temperatures. The greenhouses are also fitted with drip-irrigation systems that allow farmers to use an average of 90 percent less water than their neighbors.

Yadav Bhavanth, a farmer

Yadav Bhavanth, 37, picks moringa, also called drumsticks, on the family farm near Laxmapur, a village in the state of Telangana. Nicknamed for their shape, moringa withstand harsh conditions. Their pods, seeds, and leaves are all used as vegetables.

Yadav Bhavanth and his wife Bujji Bhavanth

Bhavanth and wife Bujji, 32, tend tomatoes. The couple was part of pilot program for greenhouse cultivation.

“Outside, we are not as sure whether the crops will dry up—there is no guarantee,” Yadav says. “Inside [the greenhouse], the plants grow very fast,” he adds. “The [produce] quantity and quality is also the best.”

Venkatesh Appala growing capsicum

Venkatesh Appala, 45, grows bell peppers in Laxmapur. He started his greenhouse operation in January 2017, and estimates a profit of 46,000 rupees (just over $700) in his first year. He's using the extra income to save for his daughter's dowry, which can run up to $10,000.

Grassroots Greenhouses

Yadav purchased his greenhouse for $2,500 from Kheyti , an Indian non-profit that is developing the structures and facilitating loans to buy them—through a program aimed at helping small farms adapt to climate change.

For Hungry Minds

Greenhouses have long been used in India for commercial flower and vegetable production, but standard designs are too large and expensive for farmers like Yadav. Kheyti has created several scaled-down versions that range from 258 to 553 square yards, an area that takes up just two to five percent of a typical small farm there. The size reduces the investment risk—farmers are still able to grow other crops on the rest of their land.

Vikram Bhavanth in the family greenhouse

Vikram Bhavanth, 13, peers through the family's greenhouse. Kheyti collaborated with engineering students at Northwestern University and Stanford University’s Design for Extreme Affordability course to develop a prototype. After multiple iterations, they settled on a metal-frame structure with an overlay of shade netting and insect-proof netting on the sides.

Kheyti’s greenhouse costs a fraction of the $30,000-plus for a conventional half-acre greenhouse. Yet because many farmers still wouldn’t be able to afford $2,500, Kheyti works with banks to get loans on the farmers' behalf, says cofounder Saumya (she doesn’t use a surname). She started the project with support from the Institute for Sustainability and Energy at Northwestern University .

Kheyti recently partnered with the Bank of Baroda, India's second largest bank, to broaden the reach of the program. Participating farmers make a down payment of 30,000 rupees [$471 dollars] and then installments of 15,000 rupees [$233 dollars] after each growing season, typically every three months, until the greenhouse is paid off.

children in the eighth standard

The 15 farmers who piloted the Kheyti greenhouse program have just finished their first year, growing cucumbers for three and a half months and bell peppers for eight months. Most were able to produce between five and eight times more within the greenhouse. Some used the income to advance their children’s education.

“We are able to produce inside the greenhouse [258 square yards] what we are producing outside in an acre [4,840 square yards],” said Narayana Yellabonia, one of Kheyti’s first farmers. “School has started, so the money has helped out with that.”

Yadav Bhavanth’s relatives, Biki Malavath

One of Yadav Bhavanth’s relatives, Biki Malavath holds her great-granddaughter, nicknamed Milky, the youngest member of Laxmapur Thanda. The village is home to the Lambadi people, a "scheduled tribe"—defined as one of India's marginalized and socioeconimically disadvantaged communities.

Inspired by the success, there are now 50 farmers growing with Kheyti in Yadav's village, Laxmapur, and in nearby Narayanpur, and the initiative has expanded into a neighboring state. Working with the Society for Elimination of Rural Poverty (SERP), Kheyti will reach 1,000 low-income female farmers in Andhra Pradesh. SERP, a joint venture between the World Bank and the state government, will help Kheyti identify participants, provide loans, and fund training programs. These participants would make a down-payment of only 10,000 rupees [$154 dollars] to qualify for the loan. Kheyti launched the program with the first 50 farmers earlier this year.

Kheyti’s leaders hope to expand throughout India, but they’re taking it slow. “We are very proud of the culture we have built, but we don’t want to have that lost when we scale,” says cofounder Sathya Raghu Mokkapati.

members of Kheyti

Founders of the nonprofit Kheyti, Saumya (who doesn't use a surname), 28, Kaushik Kappagantulu, 31, and Sathya Raghu Mokkapati, 32, pose with Yadav. Haunted by an encounter with a destitute farmer eating mud out of desperation, Sathya had longed to find a way to help those who eke out a living from the land. Kheyti worked with nearly 8,000 farmers to test different methods and crops in order to determine what worked best for the region.

Roots of Inspiration

Sathya had longed to find a way to help India’s farms since he was 17, after he encountered a destitute farmer eating mud out of desperation. The experience stayed with him, and in 2009, Sathya left his corporate job in accounting to start a project that would boost agricultural production. Over a year and a half, he visited dozens of farming villages to understand the challenges they face. He saw inequity—annual family incomes ranged wildly, from 10,000 rupees [$157 dollars] to 10 million rupees [$157,107 dollars].

The disparity was rooted in resources, including whether a farmer had access to a reliable source of water and to technologies like drip irrigation that improve growing conditions. Being able to secure the finances to invest in a farm and having the ability to transport and sell crops at a market also played a role.

one of Kheyti's founders running a meeting with greenhouse farmers

Sathya runs a meeting with farmers in Laxmapur. In addition to supplying the greenhouses and training, Kheyti's services include transportation to market, loan servicing, fertilizers, and connections to vendors. The farmers also become part of a collective and gather weekly to share knowledge and challenges.

But across the board, Sathya saw the impacts of climate change making problems worse. Farmers faced intensifying droughts that often hit back to back, and the higher average temperatures caused an increase in pests and diseases.

To learn more, Sathya and another Kheyti cofounder, Ayush Sharma, spent the next three and a half years farming on a hundred-acre plot in Depalle, another village in Telangana. They worked with nearly 8,000 farmers to test out different farming methods and crops to determine what worked best for the region.

But some factors were out of their hands. “When we made an honest assessment of the impact of our work, we realized that while we were trying to do a lot of stuff, ultimately the impact on the farmers was limited because of climate change,” Sathya says.

Laxmapur village

Goats graze on tomatoes in an empty field. Outdoor crops are vulnerable to extended periods of drought, pests, and unpredictable rains.

Confronting Climate Change

Farms had to be outfitted to face the increasing weather extremes; greenhouses could regulate the environment. “The solution has to be climate-smart farming,” Sathya says. “And it has to be full-circle, with end-to-end services to connect farmers to banks and to markets.”

In 2015 the four Kheyti cofounders (including Kaushik Kappagantula) worked with engineers and agronomists to create an affordable, water-conserving greenhouse that reduces the interior temperature by reflecting sunlight.

They tested out several designs—first, a bamboo structure, but it couldn’t withstand heavy winds. They collaborated with engineering students at Northwestern University and as part of Stanford University’s Design for Extreme Affordability course on the design and to reduce costs and make them easier to install. After multiple iterations, they settled on a metal-frame structure with an overlay of shade netting and insect-proof netting on the sides.

Laxmapur village's headwoman

Building Self-Reliance

Kheyti’s services go beyond simply supplying the greenhouses, including training and daily check-ins with farmers, plus help with transportation to market, loan servicing, fertilizers, and connections to vendors. The farmers also become part of a collective and gather weekly to share knowledge and discuss challenges, creating a sense of collaboration—and healthy competition.

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“We discuss how to solve problems, how much each farmer produced that week, and how much money they earned,” said Katikala Shyamala, the Laxmapur village sarpanch , or headwoman.

Shyamala, a widowed mother of two, was the first woman to sign up for a Kheyti greenhouse. Even though she had little farming experience, the intensive training and support network helped her success.

farmers outside of Kheyti's hub farms near Depalle Village

Female farmers pose outside a test farm near Depalle. Kheyti is focusing on bringing more women into the program.

“From seed to plant, from harvest to the market, they are with us and looking after everything,” Shyamala said.

Kheyti helps transport her vegetables to market, checks on her plants, and advises on fertilizers to use. As a result, Shyamala is able to manage her farm, put her two children through school, and stay on top of her responsibilities as the village sarpanch (she’s a liaison between government officials and the community). Other women have since followed her example.

greenhouse farming business plan in india

A new day dawns at Bowenpally Market in Hyderabad, a wholesale vegetable market that sells produce from Kheyti farmers to local street vendors.

Promoting opportunities for women and marginalized groups is a goal of the Consortium of International Agricultural Research Centers , where Pramod Aggarwal is a program leader for the region. He points out that sustainable agriculture must build capacity to adapt to climate variability, so that farmers can conserve resources during years of good rainfall and harvests to adjust for years with poor production. A good project also involves partnering with local governments, he said, to ensure stability.

“In developing countries, climate variability has always been a challenge and will continue to be,” Aggarwal says. “Climate change has brought more focus to this issue, which is intricately linked to poverty, social tensions, and migration.”

Larger-scale innovation to make staple crops like rice, which is labor- and resource-intensive, and maize more climate-resilient is essential for the future because “not everyone can be growing vegetables—it’s not taking care of food security,” he says.

But for now, vegetables provide a simple solution.

Yadav Bhavanth's son climbs a tree

Yadav Bhavanth's son Santosh, 11, picks moringa drumsticks. Moringa has been called a superfood by some; it's a staple in the Indian diet, used in curry dishes, sambar sauce, and to add spice. Other parts of the tree are used for medicinal purposes.

greenhouse farming business plan in india

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Polyhouse Farming Guide (2024) – Advantages, Cost & Profit

Photo of author

February 15, 2024

Polyhouse farming in India is gaining fast popularity as farmers can make huge profit from a small piece of land. It is considered as the future of farming. Here is an overview of polyhouse technology, how to make a polyhouse and how to manage it.

Polyhouse cultivation is a relatively new concept under which crops are grown in a controlled environment. In this system crop duration, harvesting time, yield, crop quality, etc. are enhanced by regulating temperature, humidity, sunlight, wind, rain, etc. factors. Disease, pests and weeds are reduced in protected cultivation. The quality of the produce is also superior due to low pollution, pesticides, pests, etc. external factors.

The main objective of polyhouse cultivation is achieving year-round, off-season high value crops with higher yield per unit area and more profit per unit resources like land, water, pesticide, etc.

What is a Polyhouse?

A polyhouse is a type of protected cultivation structure that is covered with UV stabilised polythene to create an artificial climate inside the structure and help grow crops under optimum conditions.

Principle of a Polyhouse

Polyhouse is only a type of protected cultivation structure among many. The main principle of a polyhouse is to capture the greenhouse gas inside the structure. As greenhouse or polyhouse is made of transparent glass or polythene cover where interiors grow warmer when exposed to sunlight as the cover blocks the greenhouse gas to exit. Therefore, while it may be cold outside the temperature is survival friendly and warm for the plants growing inside. Some greenhouses using high-end technology have installed equipment like heating and cooling system, lighting, screening installations and even computerized facilities to provide optimal growth conditions for the plants. This is done especially to reduce the risks of crop loss in greenhouse cultivation.

Difference Between Polyhouse and Greenhouse

Greenhouse vs Polyhouse

All types of protected cultivation structure is commonly known as greenhouse for their ability to create a greenhouse effect artificially by controlling the interior environment. A polyhouse is a type of greenhouse structure where UV stabilised polyethylene is used as the cover material.

A. Greenhouse: A greenhouse is made of some kind of transparent material to create a microclimate inside the house. Different materials like glass, wood, polyethylene etc. are used as greenhouse cover to create the microclimate. When a greenhouse is made with glass cover it is referend as glass greenhouse or glass house.

B. Polyhouse: A polyhouse is one type of greenhouse where polyethylene is used as the cover. In India, polyhouse farming is the most popular greenhouse technology for it’s low cost of construction. Lath house is another greenhouse technology where wood is used as the cover.

Poly house is economical compared to glass house or glass greenhouse but the later is more durable than polyhouse and is more suitable in cold places where it snows.

Best Crops for Polyhouse Farming

Many crops can be grown in a polyhouse but farmers should calculate the ROI (Return on Investment) when selecting a crops for growing in a polyhouse as the construction cost of a polyhouse is quite high. Cut flowers, high value vegetables, some fruits and disease free planting materials are best suited for polyhouse/ greenhouse cultivation.

Crops Grown Under Polyhouse Cultivation

Types of Greenhouse

There are different types of greenhouses according to cost, shape, structure type, construction material, glazing type and environmental control. Farmers should choose a greenhouse type as per their particular needs and investment capacity.

1. Greenhouse Types Based on Cost and Suitability

A. low cost greenhouse/ bamboo greenhouse.

Low cost greenhouse

As the name suggests, low cost polyhouse is constructed using locally available materials like bamboo. The light intensity is controlled using shade nets. UV stabilised polyethylene film is used for covering. Simple techniques like side wall opening or closing is used for controlling temperature during summer and winter. They serve as good shelters for rain. This type of structure does not have high technology facilities and is mainly used in places with cold climatic conditions. The cost for constructing this type of polyhouse varies between ₹ 300- 500 per square meter. Marginal farmers with small land holdings can take the benefits of greenhouse farming using low cost bamboo polyhouse.

b. Semi-Automatic Greenhouse

Some greenhouses are partially controlled with minimum investment conditions. Pipes made of galvanized iron are used for the construction and the canopy is held together with the help of screws. It is lodged firmly in the ground to withstand the wind. There are exhaust fans with thermostat system to control the temperature. There are also cooling pads and arrangements for misting to maintain humidity levels. Such structures are suitable for areas with dry and composite climate. The cost for constructing this type of greenhouse varies between ₹ 800- 1100 per square meter. This type of polyhouse is the most popular greenhouse structure farming in India.

c. High-End Greenhouse

Hydroponic system in polyhouse farming

These structures are installed with polyhouse automation devices to control temperature moisture, humidity and other environmental parameters. The cost for constructing this type of greenhouse is approximately ₹ 2000-3500 per square meter. This type of polyhouse is used for very high value crops and hydroponics in commercial greenhouse farming.

2. Greenhouse Based on Structure Types

There are 3 types of greenhouses in this category:

  • Quonset type
  • Curved roof type
  • Gable roof type
  • Sawtooth type

The main category of classification is based on the type of material used for support such as PVC frames, steel supports, etc.

3. Greenhouse Based on Glazing

This classification is based on the type of material used for covering the structure. They maybe:

  • Fiberglass reinforced plastic glazing
  • Glass glazing
  • Plastic film

The material used for fiberglass reinforced plastic glazing can be plain sheet or corrugated sheet. The plastic film used is UV stabilized low density polyethylene. This is the most popular covering material for polyhouse farming in India.

4. Polyhouse Based on Number of Spans

  • Single span
  • Ridge and furrow

5. Polyhouse Based on Environmental Control

A. naturally ventilated polyhouse.

The structures have good ventilation systems to prevent basic weather and natural damage. However, they do not have any additional provisions to control the environment in polyhouse farming.

b. Environmentally Controlled Polyhouse

This type of greenhouse is basically constructed for off-season production. Factors like light, temperature, carbon dioxide levels, humidity, etc. are controlled.

Polyhouse Design

A polyhouse is designed based on environmental conditions of the site and those required for plant growth in polyhouse farming. Taking into consideration the Indian climatic conditions, multi-span, Quonset type greenhouse is the most preferred. It is economical and can be easily constructed. For naturally ventilated greenhouses low density polyethylene films stabilized under UV is used. Some people also use films having a thickness of 200 microns. Screws and nails are not used since the films may get torn off. Instead, they are fastened using T-lock or L-lock. While designing the greenhouse it should be remembered that the structure must bear different types of loads like:

  • Dead Load- It is the weight of all the equipment fixed on the frame such as water pipes, service equipment, heating and cooling systems, cladding and the weight of permanent constructions.
  • Live Load- A greenhouse is devised to carry a maximum weight of 15 Kg per square meter. In addition, the roof members must be capable of supporting shelves, hanging baskets, people, etc.
  • Wind Load- The structure must have the capacity to withstand 50Kg per square meter of wind pressure.
  • Snow Load- This is considered in areas having snowfall. In case of snow fall, the structure must be able to bear all the different loads in addition to the snow load.

A polyhouse under construction

Components of a Polyhouse

A polyhouse is made of multiple components. The different components of a polyhouse are

  • Roof- It is the transparent overhead cover of the greenhouse.
  • Gable- The wall of the greenhouse is called gable which is transparent.
  • Gutters- Gutters collect and drain out the snow and rain water that is gathered between the spans.
  • Column- It is vertical structure that carries the greenhouse.
  • Ridge- It is the horizontal section on top of the roof.
  • Bracings- Bracings are erected to support the structure against wind.
  • Arches- They are the structures that support the covering materials.
  • Foundation Pipe- Foundation pipes connect the structure to the ground.

Orientation of Polyhouse

The orientation of a polyhouse depends on the shadow movement, shading effect, type of temperature control, wind direction and latitude. In case of other polyhouses nearby, the orientation should be such that its shadow does not fall on other greenhouses. For this purpose, they are oriented in an East to West direction.

To decide the dimensions, a host of factors like size of the polyhouse, wind effects, height, spacing between the greenhouses and its structural design must be considered.

Greenhouse Farming

  • Wind effects: The length of the polyhouse must be perpendicular to the direction of the wind. In case of fan and pad arrangement, the direction of natural wind must be the same as that of the air blown by the fan.
  • Size of polyhouse: A bigger polyhouse would have more temperature build-up especially if there is no proper ventilation. In case of naturally ventilated greenhouse, the length must not exceed 60m.
  • Spacing between polyhouses: There should be a distance of 10-15m between two polyhouses. This is to avoid shadow from falling on each other. In addition, the exhaust from one polyhouse greenhouse must not enter the other polyhouse.
  • Height: A 50m X 50m polyhouse can attain a maximum height of 5m. A taller polyhouse would have larger wind load for the glazing and structure.
  • Structural design: The structure of the polyhouse must be able to bear all the different loads. Hence, the column, foundation and truss must be designed accordingly. They must follow the guidelines specified by the National Greenhouse Manufacturers Association (NGMA of US) standards .

Cladding Materials for Greenhouse Farming

Cladding is nothing but covering of the greenhouse. There are different materials used for cladding a greenhouse such as polycarbonate, polyethylene, fiberglass, UV resistant polyethylene films and Tedlar coated fiberglass. Double strength glass and polycarbonate have a durability of 50 years and require very low maintenance. Polyethylene films in polyhouse require high amount of maintenance but are durable for only 3-5 years. Fiberglass is durable for seven years while Tedlar coated fiberglass can sustain upto 15 years.

Containers for Greenhouse Farming

Different types of containers are used in a greenhouse for different purposes like growing plants under controlled climatic conditions, raising the seedlings, growing plants for hybrid seed production and for growing ornamental plants in pots. Using containers increase capacity of the production while reducing the crop time in polyhouse farming. Containers ensure uniform growth of plants and minimum transplantation shock. In addition, it eases monitoring of plants and plant nutrition.

Here is a table with different types of containers used in polyhouse farming along with their advantages and disadvantages:

Watering System in Polyhouse Farming

Drip irrigation is the best technique for watering the plants owing to the small root system. It must be ensured that the water is dispersed at the root area only and that it does not fall on the leaves or flowers. Falling on leaves and flowers may lead to infection, disease spread and even scorching. Water is forced out through the nozzles under very high pressure through the micro-sprinklers. These sprinklers are arranged at a height of 1 foot above ground level so as to ensure that water is dispersed at the basal part of the plants.

Maintenance of Greenhouse

The chief expense of greenhouse is the maintenance of the transparent films. The biofilm on the walls and roof must be washed periodically since dust settles on them reducing the light transmittance. The greenhouse must be solarized annually. Solarization is done by mulching and the interiors are fumigated. Biological control of insects or installation of insect traps is mandatory in greenhouse agriculture. The pipes and sprinklers of the irrigation system must be cleaned periodically so as to prevent accumulation of microbes that may lead to infection in plants. If following organic farming then extra care should be taken.

Problems in Greenhouse Farming

Since plants are being cultivated under controlled climatic conditions in a greenhouse, it has its own share of problems too. One of the chief problems is ensuring nutrient availability and protecting the plants from deficiency of various minerals like boron, nitrogen, phosphorous, calcium, iron and potassium. Similarly, plants may also suffer from excess of nutrients. Constant monitoring and soil testing is necessary to ensure that the plants get adequate amount of nutrition and grow properly.

Site Selection for Greenhouse Construction

In its early years, the aim of a greenhouse was to grow species that require heat in colder regions. It was easier to control climatic factors like temperature and moisture level inside a greenhouse and protect the plants from the harsh external cold winds. In India, the following points are to be considered for selecting the place to set up a poly greenhouse:

Water Logging

The site must be a well-drained area and not a place that has water logging issues. Water logging can cause potential harm to the crops especially in areas with heavy rainfall and floods.

The greenhouse must not be built near industrial units. This is to protect the crops from possible pollution effects.


Although it should not be placed very near the roads, yet, they must be easily accessible through various modes of transport.

Construction of a polyhouse may seem a costly affair but one can make a huge profit from polyhouse cultivation compared to traditional farming. Horticultural departments and state governments provide subsidies to encourage polyhouse farming among farmers.

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5 thoughts on “Polyhouse Farming Guide (2024) – Advantages, Cost & Profit”

Myself Abhilash Kumar I from Mysore and I am interested in agriculture I have 6 acre land in Mysore

6 Acres is a good amount of land for commercial agriculture. You may buy our project reports to learn about detailed economics on different farming projects and choose one.

Hey. I’ve got some land in Haryana that I would like to use for Hydroponics farming for Saffron cultivation. I read your saffron report from earlier and found there is some possibility of doing it. Is there any way you can help by the way of consulting on the project?

Which state recently introduced greenhouse farming

I am interested in poly house.I don’t have a land and I have to rent the land for this purpose.Do i get subsidy if I go for the rent?

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Greenhouse Farming Business Plan [Sample Template]

By: Author Tony Martins Ajaero

Home » Business ideas » Agriculture Industry » Crop Cultivation » Greenhouse Farming

Are you about starting a greenhouse farming business ? If YES, here is a complete sample greenhouse farming business plan template & feasibility study you can use for FREE .

The agricultural industry of which greenhouse farming business is a subset of is no doubt amongst the leading industries in most countries of the world. It is the industry that produces food for the populace and raw materials for industries.

Because of the significant role the agriculture sector plays, the government of most countries ensures that they go all the way to subsidize seedlings, fertilizers, and farming implements and machinery for farmers and also encourage entrepreneurs to go into greenhouse commercial farming business. Below is a sample greenhouse commercial farming business.

A Sample Greenhouse Farming Business Plan Template

1. industry overview.

Greenhouse commercial farming is rapidly gaining entrance in our world today. Greenhouse farming gives room for greater control over the growing environment of various crops.

Dependent upon the technicality and specification of a greenhouse design, some of the important factors which may be controlled include temperature, levels of light and shade, irrigation, fertilizer application, and atmospheric humidity et al.

Basically, Greenhouses are used to overcome shortcomings in the growing qualities of a piece of land, such as a short growing season or poor light levels. In essence, they are designed to improve food production in marginal environments.

This is so because Greenhouses enable certain crops to be grown all though the year irrespective of the climatic conditions. Greenhouses are increasingly becoming an important factor in the food supply chain of high-latitude countries.

A greenhouse (also is also known as a glasshouse, or a hothouse as the case may be) is a structure with walls and roof made essentially of transparent material, such as glass, in which plants requiring regulated climatic conditions are grown. These structures vary in size from small sheds to industrial-sized buildings used for commercial farming.

Generally, Greenhouses are often used for cultivating crops such as flowers, vegetables, fruits, and transplants et al. Special greenhouse varieties of certain crops, such as tomatoes, are generally used in tomatoes paste companies and for commercial production.

It is fact that vegetables and flowers are grown in greenhouses in late winter and early spring, and then transplanted outside as the weather warms.

Many commercial glass greenhouses or hothouses are high tech commercial production facilities for vegetables or flowers. Usually, the glass greenhouses are filled with equipment such as screening installations, heating, cooling, lighting, and also may be controlled by a computer to enhance conditions for plants to grow effectively.

The Greenhouse Commercial Farming industry is indeed a fast growing industry and pretty much active in countries such as united states of America, Netherlands, Japan, China, Germany, and Singapore et al. As a matter of fact, The Netherlands has some of the largest greenhouses in the world.

That is the scale of food production in the country so much so that in 2000 alone, greenhouses occupied about 10,526 hectares, or 0.25 percent of the total land area.

The Netherlands has an estimate of 4,000 greenhouse establishments that operate well over 9,000 hectares of greenhouses and employ about 150,000 workers, producing €7.2 billion[20] worth of vegetables, fruit, plants, and flowers, some 80% of which is exported

Statistics has it that in the United States of America alone, there are about 2,307 registered and licensed greenhouse commercial farms responsible for employing about 7,939 and the industry rakes in a whooping sum of $848 million annually. The industry is projected to enjoy 5.3 percent annual growth.

One thing is certain about greenhouse commercial farming, if you are able to conduct your market research and feasibility studies, you are more likely not going to struggle to sell your farm produce because there are always food processing companies and consumers out there who are ready to buy from you.

2. Executive Summary

Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC is a registered and licensed agro – allied company that will be based in the outskirt of Huston Texas – United States. We have done our detailed market research and feasibility studies and we were able to secure a 25 hectares of land to start our greenhouse commercial farms.

We will construct a structure with walls and roof made essentially of transparent material, such as glass, in which plants requiring regulated climatic conditions are grown.

At Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC we will be involved in the cultivation of crops such as; cucumbers, shallots, tomatoes, lettuce, chills, capsicum, red salad onions and snow peas, Chinese cabbage, lettuce, basil, roses, tomatoes, okra, cantaloupe and bell peppers, watercress, basil, coriander, parsley, lemongrass, sage, beans, peas, kohlrabi, taro, radishes, strawberries, melons, onions, turnips, parsnips, sweet potato, cauliflower, cabbage, broccoli, and eggplant as well as the choys that are used for stir fries.

We will also be involved in cultivating flowers and agriculture related transplants et al In the nearest future, hopefully within the first five years of officially running Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC, we will start our food processing and packaging plant and also start exporting our agriculture produce to other parts of the world.

This is why aside from the fact that we’ve secured the required farming land and most of the farming equipment and machines; we have also hired some key employees who are currently undergoing training so as to be able to fit into the ideal picture of the 21st century greenhouse commercial farming business workforce that we want to build.

We are in the greenhouse commercial farming business because we want to leverage on the vast opportunities available in the Agriculture industry, to contribute our quota in growing the U.S. economy, in national food production, raw materials production for industries, to export agriculture produce from the United States to other countries and over and above to make profit.

Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC is well positioned to become one of the leading greenhouse commercial farms in the United States of America, which is why we have been able to source for the best hands and machines to run the business with.

We have put process and strategies in place that will help us employ best practices when it comes to greenhouse commercial farming processes and food processing and packaging as required by the regulating bodies in the United States of America.

Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC is a private registered agro – allied company that is owned by Dr. Eddie Maslow and family. The company will be fully and single handedly managed by the owner – Dr. Eddie Maslow and his immediate family members at least for a period of time.

Before starting Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC, Dr. Eddie Maslow was the Head of a renowned Agriculture Research Institute in The U.S. he worked in the industry for well over 15 years before resigning to start his own greenhouse commercial farming business. Dr. Eddie Maslow is a known agriculture scientists in The United States of America.

3. Our Products and Services

Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC is an agro – allied company that will be involved in cultivating various crops via greenhouse farming model for both the United States’ market and the global market. We are in business to produce both vegetable, and fruits in commercial quantities.

We will also ensure that we operate a standard food processing and packaging plant as part of our complimentary business. These are the areas we will concentrate on in our greenhouse commercial farms. If need arises we will definitely add more agriculture produce to our list;

  • Cultivation of crops such as; cucumbers, shallots, tomatoes, lettuce, chillis, capsicum, red salad onions and snow peas, Chinese cabbage, lettuce, basil, roses, tomatoes, okra, cantaloupe and bell peppers, watercress, basil, coriander, parsley, lemongrass, sage, beans, peas, kohlrabi, taro, radishes, strawberries, melons, onions, turnips, parsnips, sweet potato, cauliflower, cabbage, broccoli, and eggplant as well as the choys that are used for stir fries. We also be involved in cultivating flowers and agriculture related transplants et al
  • Plant transplant services
  • Vegetable and fruit processing and packaging
  • Greenhouse construction, consultancy and advisory services

4. Our Mission and Vision Statement

  • Our Vision is to become one of the leading greenhouse commercial farm brands not just in the United States of America but also on the global stage.
  • Our mission statement as a greenhouse commercial farm is to go into full – time cultivation of vegetables, and fruits that will not only be consumed in the United States of America, but also exported to other parts of the world.
  • We want our processed fruits and vegetable to flood the nooks and crannies of the United States and other countries of the world.

Our Business Structure

Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC is a family owned and managed commercial greenhouse farm that is into the cultivation of vegetables and fruits.

At Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC, we will ensure that we hire people that are qualified, hardworking, creative, customer centric and are ready to work to help us build a prosperous business that will benefit all the stakeholders (the owners, workforce, and customers).

As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our senior management staff and it will be based on their performance for a period of five years or more as agreed by the board of trustees of the company. In view of the above, we have decided to hire qualified and competent hands to occupy the following positions;

  • Chief Operating Officer

General Farm Manager

Administrator / Accountant

  • Crop (Vegetable and Fruits) Cultivation Manager / Supervisor

Vegetable and Fruits Processing and Packaging Plant Manager / Supervisor

  • Sales and Marketing Executive
  • Front Desk Officer

5. Job Roles and Responsibilities

Chief Executive Officer – CEO:

  • Increases management’s effectiveness by recruiting, selecting, orienting, training, coaching, counseling, and disciplining managers; communicating values, strategies, and objectives; assigning accountabilities; planning, monitoring, and appraising job results; developing incentives; developing a climate for offering information and opinions; providing educational opportunities.
  • Responsible for providing direction for the business
  • Creates, communicates, and implements the organization’s vision, mission, and overall direction – i.e. leading the development and implementation of the overall organization’s strategy.
  • Responsible for signing checks and documents on behalf of the company
  • Evaluates the success of the organization
  • Responsible for the planning, management and coordinating all farm activities across the various sections on behalf of the organization
  • Supervise other section manager
  • Ensure compliance during project executions (especially in the construction of greenhouse and hothouse et al)
  • Providing advice on the management of farming activities across all section
  • Responsible for carrying out risk assessment
  • Using IT systems and software to keep track of people and progress of the growth of crops, fishes, birds and animals
  • Responsible for overseeing the accounting, costing and sale of farm produce after harvest
  • Represent the organization’s interest at various stakeholders meetings
  • Ensures that farming goals desired result are achieved, the most efficient resources (manpower, equipment, tools and chemicals et al) are utilized and different interests involved are satisfied. Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for the organization
  • Responsible for overseeing the smooth running of HR and administrative tasks for the organization
  • Handles all financial transactions for the company
  • Defines job positions for recruitment and managing interviewing process
  • Carries out staff induction for new team members
  • Responsible for training, evaluation and assessment of employees
  • Oversees the smooth running of the daily farming activities across the various farming sections.
  • Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for the organization
  • Responsible for financial forecasting and risks analysis.
  • Responsible for developing and managing financial systems and policies
  • Responsible for administering payrolls
  • Ensures compliance with taxation legislation
  • Serves as internal auditor for the company

Crop (Vegetable and fruits) Cultivation Manager / Supervisor

  • Responsible for the cultivation of crops such as; cucumbers, shallots, tomatoes, lettuce, chillis, capsicum, red salad onions and snow peas, Chinese cabbage, lettuce, basil, roses, tomatoes, okra, cantaloupe and bell peppers, watercress, basil, coriander, parsley, lemongrass, sage, beans, peas, kohlrabi, taro, radishes, strawberries, melons, onions, turnips, parsnips, sweet potato, cauliflower, cabbage, broccoli, and eggplant as well as the choys that are used for stir fries. We also be involved in cultivating flowers and agriculture related transplants et al
  • Handles plant transplant services
  • Supervises other workers within the department
  • Works closely with the General Manager to achieve the organizations’ goals and objectives
  • Responsible for managing the fruits and vegetable processing and packaging plant section of the business
  • Work closely with the General Manager to achieve the organizations’ goals and objectives

Sales and Marketing Officer

  • Identify, prioritize, and reach out to new markets for our agriculture produce, processed food, new partners, and business opportunities within the agro – allied industry
  • Develops, executes and evaluates new plans for expanding increase sales of all our agriculture produce and processed foods
  • Documents all customer contact and information.
  • Represents the company in strategic meetings
  • Helps to increase sales and growth for the company

Front Desk / Customer’s Service Officer

  • Welcomes clients and visitors by greeting them in person or on the telephone; answering or directing inquiries.
  • Ensures that all contacts with clients (e-mail, walk-In center, SMS or phone) provides the client with a personalized customer service experience of the highest level
  • Through interaction with clients on the phone, uses every opportunity to build client’s interest in the company’s farm produce
  • Manages administrative duties assigned by the HR manager in an effective and timely manner
  • Consistently stays abreast of any new information on the organizations’ products, promotional campaigns etc. to ensure accurate and helpful information is supplied to potential clients when they make enquiries

6. SWOT Analysis

Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC do not intend to launch out with trial and error hence the need to conduct a proper SWOT analysis.

We know that if we get it right from the onset, we would have succeeded in creating the foundation that will help us build a standard commercial greenhouse farm that will favorably compete with leading commercial greenhouse farms in the United States of America and in the rest part of the world.

As a world – class greenhouse farms, we look forward to maximizing our strength and opportunities and also to work around our weaknesses and threats. Here is a summary from the result of the SWOT analysis that was conducted on behalf of Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC;

Our strength as a greenhouse farm company is the fact that we have healthy relationships with loads of major players (agriculture merchants) in the agriculture industry; both suppliers and buyers within and outside of the United States.

We have some of the latest greenhouse farming machines; tools and equipment that will help us cultivate crops in commercial quantities with less stress. Aside from our relationship (network) and equipment, we can confidently boast that we have some the most experienced hands in the greenhouse commercial farming line of business.

Our weakness could be that we are a new commercial greenhouse farm in the United States; it might take some time for our organization to break into the market and gain acceptance especially from international markets in the already saturated and highly competitive commercial farming industry; that is perhaps our major weakness. Another weakness is that we may not have the required cash to promote our business the way we would want to.

  • Opportunities:

The opportunities that are available to us cannot be quantified, we know that everybody on planet earth eat farm produce. We are ready to take advantage of any opportunity that is available in the industry.

Just like any other business, one of the major threats that we are likely going to face is economic downturn. It is a fact that economic downturn affects purchasing / spending power. Another threat that may likely confront us is the arrival of a new commercial green farm in same location where our target market exist and who may want to adopt same Business model like us.


  • Market Trends

If you are conversant with rising technology and scientific development in the agriculture industry, you will quite agree that greenhouse commercial farming is at the front burner. Greenhouse commercial farming is rapidly gaining entrance in our world today. Greenhouse farming gives room for greater control over the growing environment of various crops.

8. Our Target Market

Naturally, the target market of those who are the end consumer of greenhouse commercial farm produce and also those who benefits from the business value chain of the agriculture industry is all encompassing; it is far – reaching. Every household consumes produce from aquaponics farms be it vegetables, and fruits et al. In essence a commercial greenhouse farmer should be able to sell his or her farm produce to as many people as possible.

We will ensure that we position our business to attract consumers of agriculture produce not just in the United States of America alone but also other parts of the world which is why we will be exporting some of our farm produce either in raw form or processed form to other countries of the world.

Our Competitive Advantage

It is easier to find entrepreneur flocking towards an industry that is known to generate consistent income which is why there are more commercial farmers in the United States of America and of course in most parts of the world.

For example, Statistics has it that there were 2.2 million farms in the United States of America, covering an area of 922 million acres. These goes to show that there are appreciable numbers of farmers in the United States of America but that does not mean that there is stiffer competition in the industry.

As a matter of fact, entrepreneurs are encouraged by the government to embrace commercial farming. This is so because part of the success of any nation is her ability to cultivate her own food and also export foods to other nations of the world.

Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC is fully aware that there are competitions when it comes to selling greenhouse commercial farm produce all over the globe, which is why we decided to carry out thorough research so as to know how to take advantage of the available market in the United States and in other parts of the world.

We have done our homework and we have been able to highlight some factors that will give us competitive advantage in the marketplace; some of the factors are effective and reliable farming processes that can help us sell our produce at competitive prices, good network and excellent relationship management.

Our competitive advantage lies in the power of our team; our workforce. We have a team of hardworking and highly proficient farmers, a team with excellent qualifications and experience in various niche areas in the agriculture industry.

Aside from the synergy that exists in our carefully selected team members, we have some of the latest and efficient greenhouse farm machines and equipment and we will be guided by best practices in the industry.

Another competitive advantage that we are bringing to the industry is the fact that we have designed our business in such a way that we will operate an all – round standard commercial greenhouse farms that will be involved in diverse areas such as crop cultivation, plant transplant services and food processing and packaging plant. With this, we will be able to take advantage of all the available opportunities within the industry.

Lastly, all our employees will be well taken care of, and their welfare package will be among the best within our category (start – ups commercial greenhouse farms in the United States) in the industry. It will enable them to be more than willing to build the business with us and help deliver our set goals and achieve all our business aims and objectives.


  • Sources of Income

Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC is in the green commercial farming business for the purpose of maximizing profits hence we have decided to explore all the available opportunities within the industry to achieve our corporate goals and objectives.

In essence we are not going to rely only on the sale of our farm produce to generate income for the business. Below are the sources we intend exploring to generate income for Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC;

  • Sale of crops such as; cucumbers, shallots, tomatoes, lettuce, capsicum, red salad onions and snow peas, Chinese cabbage, lettuce, basil, roses, tomatoes, okra, cantaloupe and bell peppers, watercress, basil, coriander, parsley, lemongrass, sage, beans, peas, kohlrabi, taro, radishes, strawberries, melons, onions, turnips, parsnips, sweet potato, cauliflower, cabbage, broccoli, and eggplant as well as the choys that are used for stir fries. We also be involved in cultivating flowers and agriculture related transplants et al

10. Sales Forecast

From the survey conducted, we were are able to discover that the sales generated by an aquaponics commercial farm depends on the size of the farm, and the nature of the aquaponics commercial farm

We have perfected our sales and marketing strategies and we are set to hit the ground running and we are quite optimistic that we will meet or even surpass our set sales target of generating enough income / profits from the year of operations and build the business from survival to sustainability.

We have been able to critically examine the agriculture industry cum aquaponics commercial farm business and we have analyzed our chances in the industry and we have been able to come up with the following sales forecast. The sales projection is based on information gathered on the field and some workable assumptions as well with respect to the nature of greenhouse commercial farm that we run.

Below are the projections that we were able to come up with for the first three years of running Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC;

  • First Year-: $200,000
  • Second Year-: $500,000
  • Third Year-: $800,000

N.B: This projection is done based on what is obtainable in the industry and with the assumption that there won’t be any major economic meltdown that can impact negatively on household spending, bad weather cum natural disasters (draughts, epidemics), and unfavorable government policies

  • Marketing Strategy and Sales Strategy

We are quite aware that the reason why some commercial greenhouse farms hardly make good profits is their inability to sell off their farm produce especially perishable crops as at when due. In view of that, we decided to set up a standard food processing plant to help us maximize profits.

Our sales and marketing team will be recruited based on their vast experience in the commercial farms industry and they will be trained on a regular basis so as to be well equipped to meet their set targets and the overall business goal of Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC.

Our goal is to grow Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC to become one of the leading commercial greenhouse farms in the United States of America which is why we have mapped out strategies that will help us take advantage of the available market and grow to become a major force to reckon with not only in Huston – Texas but also in other cities in the United States of America and the world at large.

Over and above, we have perfected our sale and marketing strategies first by networking with agriculture merchants and companies that rely on raw materials from the agriculture industry who are likely to become our customers. In summary, Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC will adopt the following strategies in marketing our commercial farm produce;

  • Introduce our business by sending introductory letters alongside our brochure to stake holders in the agriculture industry, companies that rely on the agriculture industry for their raw materials, hotels and restaurants and agriculture produce merchants et al.
  • Advertise our business and agriculture produce in agro – allied and food related magazines and websites
  • List our commercial greenhouse farms on yellow pages ads
  • Attend related agriculture and food expos, seminars, and business fairs et al
  • Leverage on the internet to promote our business
  • Engage in direct marketing
  • Encourage the use of Word of mouth marketing (referrals)

11. Publicity and Advertising Strategy

Any business that wants to grow beyond the corner of the street or the city they are operating from must be ready and willing to utilize every available means (both conventional and non – conventional means) to advertise and promote the business.

We intend growing our business which is why we have perfected plans to build our brand via every available means. We know that it is important to create strategies that will help us boost our brand awareness and to create a corporate identity for our greenhouse commercial farm business.

Below are the platforms you can leverage on to boost our greenhouse commercial farm brand and to promote and advertise our business;

  • Place adverts on both print (newspapers and magazines) and electronic media platforms
  • Sponsor relevant community based events / programs
  • Leverage on the internet and social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , twitter, YouTube, Google + et al to promote our business
  • Install our Bill Boards on strategic locations all around Huston – Texas
  • Engage in road show from time to time in targeted neighborhoods
  • Distribute our fliers and handbills in target areas
  • Contact corporate organizations and residence in our target areas by calling them up and informing them of Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC and the farm produce we sell
  • List our greenhouse commercial farms in local directories / yellow pages
  • Advertise our greenhouse commercial farms in our official website and employ strategies that will help us pull traffic to the site.
  • Ensure that all our staff members wear our branded shirts and all our vehicles and trucks are well branded with our company logo et al.

12. Our Pricing Strategy

Some of the factors that will help you sell your farm produce at the right price that will guarantee that you make profits is dependent on your strategy while some of the factors are beyond your control. For example, if the climatic condition is unfavorable and if there are natural disasters in the location where you have your commercial farm, then it will directly affect the prices of your farm produce.

Over and above, if you want to get the right pricing for your farm produce, then you should ensure that you choose a good location for aquaponics commercial farm, choose a good breed / seeds that will guarantee bountiful harvest, cut the cost of running your farm to the barest minimum.

And of course try as much as possible to attract buyers to your farm as against taking your farm produce to the market to source for buyers; with this, you would have successfully eliminate the cost of transporting the goods to the market and other logistics.

We are quite aware that one of the easiest means of penetrating the market and acquiring loads of customers for all our agriculture produce is to sell them at competitive prices hence we will do all we can to ensure that the prices of our farm produces are going to be what other commercial farmers would look towards beating.

One thing is certain, the nature of greenhouse commercial farming makes it possible for farmers to place prices for their farm produce based on their discretion without following the benchmark in the industry. The truth is that it is one of the means of avoiding running into loss. The easier you sell off your harvest the better for your business.

  • Payment Options

The payment policy adopted by Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC is all inclusive because we are quite aware that different customers prefer different payment options as it suits them but at the same time, we will ensure that we abide by the financial rules and regulation of the United States of America.

Here are the payment options that Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC will make available to her clients;

  • Payment via bank transfer
  • Payment via POS machines
  • Payment with cash
  • Payment via online bank transfer
  • Payment via check
  • Payment via bank draft

In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will enable our client make payment for farm produces purchase without any stress on their part.

13. Startup Expenditure (Budget)

When it comes to calculating the cost of starting a greenhouse commercial farm , there are some key factors that should serve as a guide. The most important expenses is the construction of the greenhouse or hothouse as the case may be.

For example, the start – up cost for a fish farm is different from the start – up cost for mechanized crop farming, so also the start – up cost for poultry farming is different from the start – up cost of cattle ranch (dairy farm) et al. As a matter of fact, if you choose to start a mechanized crop farming, then you should be willing to raise huge capital base to start the business.

This is so because some cultivation machines / equipment can be pretty expensive. Below are some of the basic areas we will spend our start – up capital in setting up our greenhouse commercial farm;

  • The Total Fee for incorporating the Business (aquaponics commercial farm) in United States of America – $750.
  • The budget for key insurance policies, permits and business license – $2,500
  • The amount needed to acquire / lease a farm land – $50,000
  • The amount required for preparing the farm land (for construction of greenhouse and hothouse) – $70,000
  • The cost for acquiring the required working tools and equipment / machines / glass casing et al– $2150,000
  • The amount required for purchase of seedlings – $20,000
  • The Cost of Launching an official Website – $600
  • The amount required for payment of workers for a period of 3 months – $100,000
  • Additional Expenditure (Business cards, Signage, Adverts and Promotions et al) – $2,000

Going by the report from detailed research and feasibility studies conducted, we will need an average of $350,000 to start a standard greenhouse commercial farm business in the United States of America.

Basically, the nature of greenhouse commercial farms does not require an office space; most people that run greenhouse commercial farms operate directly from their farms. But if we decide to open a small liaison office; a place where administrative jobs will be carried out.

Generating Funding / Startup Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC

No matter how fantastic your business idea might be, if you don’t have the required money to finance the business, the business might not become a reality. Finance is a very important factor when it comes to starting a business such as greenhouse commercial farming.

No doubt raising start – up capital for a business might not come cheap, but it is a task that an entrepreneur must go through.

Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC is a family owned business and it will be financed by the owners of the company – Dr. Eddie Maslow and family. These are the areas where we intend sourcing for fund for Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC;

  • Generate part of the start – up capital from personal savings and sale of his stocks
  • Generate part of the start – up capital from friends and other extended family members
  • Generate a larger chunk of the startup capital from the bank (loan facility).

N.B: We have been able to generate about $100,000 (Personal savings $80,000 and soft loan from family members $20,000) and we are at the final stages of obtaining a loan facility of $250,000 from our bank. All the papers and document has been duly signed and submitted, the loan has been approved and any moment from now our account will be credited.

14. Sustainability and Expansion Strategy

The future of a business lies in the numbers of loyal customers that they have the capacity and competence of the employees, their investment strategy and the business structure. If all of these factors are missing from a business (company), then it won’t be too long before the business close shop.

One of our major goals of starting Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC is to build a business that will survive off its own cash flow without the need for injecting finance from external sources once the business is officially running. We know that one of the ways of gaining approval and winning customers over is to sell our farm produce a little bit cheaper than what is obtainable in the market and we are well prepared to survive on lower profit margin for a while.

Eddie Maslow Greenhouse – Farms, LLC will make sure that the right foundation, structures and processes are put in place to ensure that our staff welfare are well taken of.

Our company’s corporate culture is designed to drive our business to greater heights and training and retraining of our workforce is at the top burner of our business strategy. As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and it will be based on their performance for a period of three years or more as determined by the board of the organization.

We know that if that is put in place, we will be able to successfully hire and retain the best hands we can get in the industry; they will be more committed to help us build the business of our dreams.

Check List / Milestone

  • Business Name Availability Check:>Completed
  • Business Incorporation: Completed
  • Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts various banks in the United States: Completed
  • Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed
  • Application and Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress
  • Application for business license and permit: Completed
  • Purchase of All form of Insurance for the Business: Completed
  • Leasing of farm land in Smethport – Pennsylvania: Completed
  • Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed
  • Start – up Capital Generation: Completed
  • Writing of Business Plan: Completed
  • Drafting of Employee’s Handbook: Completed
  • Design of The Company’s Logo: Completed
  • Graphic Designs and Printing of Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: Completed
  • Recruitment of employees: In Progress
  • Building /construction of greenhouse and hothouse facility: In Progress
  • Purchase of the needed working tools, machines and equipment: Completed
  • Creating Official Website for the Company: In Progress
  • Creating Awareness for the business (Business PR): In Progress
  • Farm land Treatment, Health and Safety Arrangement: In Progress
  • Establishing business relationship with key players in the industry (agriculture farm produce merchants, transporter / haulage and suppliers of seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and insecticides): Completed

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Watch Now Agriplast Polyhouse ensure superior yields compared to other polyhouses.

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Polyhouse Farming: What is Polyhouse, Benefits, Types, Setup Cost in India & More

As technology evolves with each passing day, agriculture is also developing. India has always been an agriculturally dominated country with suitable subtropical climatic conditions to do good agriculture. Although in recent years, the efficiency of crop production and the total turnover have reduced than usual times, people have faced many losses. Earlier it was believed that traditional methods for crop production were enough, but now, consumers have started demanding off-season yields.

After keeping these things in mind, a new technology was developed that could help in reducing the losses by achieving better profits and higher production in the same or lesser investment. This common solution is known as polyhouse farming. Polyhouse farming is a renowned modern method of farming that is gaining a lot of popularity in countries like India and Bangladesh. Polyhouse is designed to evolve the traditional strategy of farming that can bring more new opportunities for better yield and profit while using lesser resources.

If you have been planning for a polyhouse farming setup, then before you set, you should know what a polyhouse is, what is polyhouse farming, its types, polyhouse benefits, and much more. For a farmer looking for investment in agriculture, polyhouse farming is the best option as it is still a new trend that is on the stage of development instead of a developed factor. So, let's go through the complete guide about `polyhouse farming.

greenhouse, mulch, ginegar, agriplast, ?????????, ??????????, agriculture department , agriculture, india

What is Polyhouse?

A polyhouse is the most demanding kind of greenhouse with a structure made up of galvanised iron structure with covering material of UV stabilized polyfilm. This structure utilizes the feature of controlled climatic conditions for the proper growth of the plants in different seasons. The size of a polyhouse varies from small-sized houses to industrial-sized buildings to cater to the additional polyhouse farming requirements based on the needs and resources.

Polyhouse farming is quite economical when compared to polycarbonate and glass covering structures. Mainly, polyfilm sheets separate the internal environment from the outside environment. Earlier, polyhouse was made using wooden frames, but the modern-day polyhouses have started using galvanised iron pipes or other strengthening materials that offer extra support. Such materials can withstand harsh weather conditions even if the size of the polyhouse is comparatively minimal.

People setting up polyhouse in places like Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan should opt for polyhouse farming as they are quite suitable for harsh climate areas in India. The climatic conditions are maintained as the internal skeleton is covered with UV stabilized polyfilm sheets. Therefore, Polyhouse is comparatively a low-cost greenhouse farming solution.

These Potential Benefits of Polyhouse Farming Will Convince You To Invest In Polyhouse

Polyhouse farming in India offers a vast number of opportunities for commercial growers. It is an excellent farming option as the utilization of resources is efficient with a high-quality harvest. Moreover, crops are grown in a polyhouse to protect their crop from several external factors that could result in their damage. Let's discuss the polyhouse benefits to understand how it is better than the traditional style of farming.

Yields High-Quality Products

A consumer searches for high-quality products in the food market. Those who serve quality food items never worry about their demand. Polyhouse is one such protected structure with the right set of equipment and technology that helps monitor the development and growth of the crops properly. You have the control to manage the water and nutrient supply in a polyhouse as it aids in maintaining the industrial levels of quality standards. As a result, you will be able to yield high-quality products that will give you better profits.

Climate control feature

In states like Punjab and Haryana, the air temperature quickly rises more than 30 degrees celsius in march and other summer months, which eventually increases the temperature within the polyhouse. With the climate control feature in a polyhouse, you can grow plants in any region where the climatic conditions for crop production are entirely unfavourable.

A polyhouse constitutes several types of equipment installed for controlling variables like temperature, humidity, and air ventilation. For example, the fan pad system installed within a polyhouse works to control the temperature within a polyhouse. In addition, the digital control unit and sensory devices help monitor the climatic condition within a polyhouse.

Easily Grow Crops Vertically

Cucumbers and indeterminate tomatoes are suitable examples of crops grown vertically in a polyhouse. Vertical crop production gives the grower the freedom to utilize the space within a polyhouse efficiently, which helps in increasing the crop yield to almost 3 to 4 times.

Higher Yield With Better Productivity

Polyhouse farming is designed to increase crop production to almost 10-12 times, depending on crop type and its required management. The production of crops highly depends on biotic and abiotic factors like nutrient management, environmental conditions, pest and disease management, crop type, etc. growers are able to maintain a required temperature along with the appropriate nutrient supply within a polyhouse. Everything together results in maximized crop yields per unit area. Polyhouse makes use of modern techniques like aeroponics and hydroponics to increase crop production importantly.

Different Types of Polyhouse You Must Know About Before Investing in a Polyhouse

With the latest advancements in Polyhouses, the business of polyhouse has taken an enormous shift. As a result, many different polyhouses are there based on the used material type, site location, yield requirements, and much more. But mainly, a playhouse is divided into two categories which are listed below:

Based On The Environmental Control System

Naturally ventilated polyhouse.

A naturally ventilated polyhouse is a traditional and basic polyhouse with climatic control features. As a result, the plants and crops within your polyhouse are under climatic conditions. Some few helping aids in such traditional types of polyhouses are drip irrigation systems, foggers, pest control systems, and ventilation control. Still, they cannot completely control the outside conditions but surely they intend the crop cycle and also the production.

Environmentally Controlled Polyhouse

One of the most sophisticated types of polyhouses is environmentally controlled polyhouses. This type of polyhouse comes with additional functional features of controlling the humidity, sunlight, temperature, etc. The better controlling system of a polyhouse prolongs the crop period by also allowing you to grow the season's most exotic off-season crop. Cultivate the uncultivatable crops of other regions in the environmentally controlled polyhouse, a modern type of polyhouse.

Based on the Construction Type

Low tech cheap polyhouse.

One of the simplest polyhouses is low-tech cheap polyhouses that need less money for their setup. Locally obtained products like bamboo are used to construct such a polyhouse. A UV stabilized is used to do cladding, and also such polyhouse types do not contain high technology adjusters. Shades are used on the transparent roof of the polyhouse to modulate the light entering the polyhouse. Such polyhouses can be built in less time and used as a shelter for crops during heavy rainfall.

Moderate Tech Polyhouse

Such polyhouses are durable and constructed with the use of galvanized iron pipes designed to offer more resilience to the changing natural weather conditions. The arrangement within a moderate tech polyhouse is grounded firmly to provide better protection against high winds and harsh climatic conditions. This type of polyhouse contains thermostats to manage the temperatures within a polyhouse. Also, exhaust within the moderate tech polyhouse helps control the humidity and temperature. Such polyhouses are suitable for areas having dry climates as they ask for more care and timely repairs.

High-Tech Polyhouse

One of the most advanced types of polyhouse is the high-grade polyhouse equipped with the latest technologies and an automated system to control everything happening within the polyhouse.

Polyhouse Construction Cost To Start Polyhouse Farming in India

Polyhouse construction cost entirely depends on the type of polyhouse you are planning to get installed. The polyhouse cost increases when we move from low tech polyhouse to a high-tech polyhouse. The cheapest polyhouse setup cost in India is around Rs.600 per square metre in a tunnel form. A naturally ventilated polyhouse will cost around Rs. 800 to Rs. 900 per square meter with no automation system being involved. The high-tech type of polyhouses is designed with the use of modern machinery and fully automated systems. Such polyhouse construction cost is up to Rs. 4000 per square meter, with the starting range of around Rs. 2000 per square meter based on the requirements.

The net profit you can earn after the polyhouse is set up in India is easily around 8 lacs to 20 lacs per acre per annum depending on various crops. Polyhouse farming is one of the excellent income sources that help in maintaining crop quality even in adverse climatic conditions.

Suitable Crops To Grow in Polyhouse/Nethouse Farming

Polyhouses are used to cultivate almost any kind of crop under the synthetic roof. You have the freedom to grow off-season varieties of fruits and vegetables along with exotic flowers. Polyhouse aids in yielding below given kinds of crops:




English Cucumber

Leafy Vegetables


Nursery Plantations

Colourful Exotic Plants

Miniature species

Ornamental indoor plants, etc.

Steps To Choose The Best Construction Site for Polyhouse Farming

Polyhouse farming is designed to grow crops in colder regions that need a warm climate for growth. With better advancements in technology, you can produce multiple crops in limited available space. But to do that, you also need to select the best construction site that could give you better long-term results.

So, let's check some factors to consider to make the proper polyhouse location selection:

Polyhouse should be located in an efficient and suitable environment for crop growth. So, choose a polyhouse site that is away from pollution. It is because farming should always be done in remote areas with fewer carbon emissions from vehicles and other industries.

Water Stagnation

While selecting a site for the polyhouse set up in India, please choose the one with no low-lying area as it might be a reason later for water clogging issues during the water release time or the monsoon time. Waterlogging damages the crops, so you need to be careful while selecting the polyhouse site.


Although, the polyhouse you choose should be away from the hustle and bustle of the city to grow a healthy crop. You should still select a polyhouse site that is easily accessible and is connected well through different modes of transport.

Polyhouse farming is gaining wide popularity in India. One of the profitable farming methods allows the growers to grow excellent and exotic crops even in the changed climatic conditions. It's time for you to increase crop yield with India's best and most advanced farming methods. It is found that polyhouse benefits you with around 10-12 times increased high-quality crop productivity. If you are thinking of a new business, give 'agriculture' one thought and see how consumers like you are ready to invest hard-earned money in exotic fruits, vegetables, and flowers. It's time to evolve than stick with the old traditional methods, as change is the key to a good life.

If you are stuck with how to set up a polyhouse in India and what type of polyhouse is suitable according to your requirements, then get in touch with the professional and experienced team of Agriplast Protected Cultivation Private Limited to get the right set of polyhouse installed keeping in mind all the necessary measures.

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India's largest greenhouse factory.

We are the India's Largest Greenhouse Factory with the total infrastructure area in several acres. The experienced team of professionals possess in-depth knowledge and easily solves any of your queries related to farming. Agriplast Protected Cultivation is a well-known Polyhouse Manufacturer in India that strives to offer the best possible outcomes along with workable solutions to help you lead a continuous growth process.


  • Agriculture

Livestock Farming


Poultry Farming


For a typical 10,000 sq ft greenhouse, the cost would encompass various components, including the structure, equipment, seeds, and more. The cost proportionally decreases for a smaller scale, like a 1000 sq ft greenhouse. Calculating the greenhouse cost per sq ft or acre is crucial for proper budgeting. Additionally, India’s greenhouse farming cost per acre is a significant figure for larger-scale operations.

While assessing the cost, the greenhouse cost calculator is handy, incorporating labor, water management, energy, and marketing costs. These costs vary; for instance, the labor cost ranges from INR 10,000 to INR 30,000 per month per worker, and energy costs can go from INR 10,000 to INR 50,000 per month, depending on the greenhouse size and operational intensity.

Organic Greenhouse Farming Cost in India

The expense associated with organic greenhouse farming in India is subject to many factors, all of which substantially impact the total capital outlay and ongoing operational costs. Notably, the selection and caliber of the greenhouse infrastructure, encompassing materials and design considerations, assume a pivotal role in the determination of the initial construction expenditures.

Equipment necessary for the greenhouse, such as temperature control systems, irrigation setups, and monitoring tools, add another layer of expense, varying greatly based on the technology and scale of the operation. The choice of organic seeds and seedlings, along with the costs of soil preparation and amendments for optimal organic growth, directly impact the budget. Labor costs, influenced by the scale of the greenhouse and the intensity of farming practices, form a substantial part of ongoing operational expenses.

Water management, encompassing efficient irrigation systems and water conservation technologies, is not only a cost factor but also a sustainability consideration. Energy costs, essential for maintaining suitable climate conditions inside the greenhouse, depend on the energy sources and the greenhouse’s size. Organic fertilizer costs, crucial for nutrient management, and expenses related to organic pest and disease control strategies also contribute to the operational costs.

Finally, marketing and distribution expenses, which include packaging, transportation, and market fees, are influenced by the target markets and distribution channels chosen for the organic produce. All these factors combined dictate the financial feasibility and success of organic greenhouse farming ventures in India, making thorough planning and cost analysis indispensable in the initial stages.

The initial investment for setting up an organic greenhouse farm in India includes various components. Firstly, the greenhouse structure, which is the most significant investment, can cost between INR 500 and INR 1,500 per square meter. This translates to a substantial amount for a 10,000 sq ft greenhouse, whereas for a smaller 1000 sq ft setup, the cost is proportionately less. The cost per square meter helps calculate the overall investment needed for the structure.

In case you missed it: How to Apply and Secure Grants for Starting a Greenhouse Farming Business


Additionally, equipping the greenhouse with the necessary technology, like irrigation systems and temperature control devices, can range from INR 50,000 to INR 2,00,000. The cost of organic seeds and seedlings varies by crop type but generally falls between INR 500 to INR 2,000 per kilogram or packet. Preparing the soil for organic cultivation, including testing and amending, can cost INR 10,000 to INR 30,000 per acre. Organic fertilizers, an integral part of organic farming, can add INR 5,000 to INR 20,000 per acre to the cost.

When considering organic greenhouse farming in India, land and infrastructure costs are significant components of the initial investment. Land prices vary greatly depending on the location, with areas closer to urban centers typically costing more. The cost can range widely for farming purposes, from a few lakhs to several crores per acre, depending on the region and proximity to cities or transportation hubs.

Infrastructure development is another critical aspect. This includes preparing the land for construction, setting up water sources like wells or tanks, and establishing basic amenities like roads and electricity connections. These infrastructure costs can add substantially to the initial investment. For example, creating a reliable water source and storage system can cost anywhere from a few thousand to lakhs of rupees, especially if advanced water-saving technologies like drip irrigation or rainwater harvesting are incorporated.

Electricity setup, necessary for running greenhouse equipment, can also add a significant amount, depending on the distance from the main grid and the capacity required. Additionally, constructing access roads and ensuring proper fencing for security are important considerations. The costs for these will vary based on the scale and location of the greenhouse farm. Overall, while land cost forms the bulk of this investment, the additional infrastructure setup can easily add 20-30% more to the total cost, making it a crucial factor for potential greenhouse farmers to consider in their budgeting.

The greenhouse construction and equipment costs are a major part of India’s capital investment in organic greenhouse farming. The construction cost largely depends on the type of greenhouse structure chosen. Basic structures can cost around INR 500 per square meter, while more advanced setups with automated systems can go up to INR 1,500 per square meter or more. For a standard-sized greenhouse, say 10,000 sq ft, the construction cost alone can range from INR 5,00,000 to INR 15,00,000, depending on the complexity and materials used.

Equipment costs add another layer of expense. Necessary components encompass temperature control systems such as fans and heaters, with costs varying from a few thousand to several lakhs of rupees, contingent upon the dimensions and complexity of the systems. Irrigation equipment, crucial for maintaining optimal soil moisture, varies in cost from basic drip systems to more complex automated watering systems.

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Cantaloupe in Greenhouse Farm

Additionally, monitoring equipment for tracking temperature, humidity, and soil conditions is increasingly important, especially in high-tech greenhouses, adding to the equipment costs. On average, setting up the necessary equipment for a medium-sized greenhouse can cost between INR 50,000 and INR 2,00,000.

The cost of organic seeds and planting materials is a crucial aspect of the overall expenditure in organic greenhouse farming. Organic seeds cost more than conventional ones due to the stricter cultivation and certification processes. Organic seeds can cost between INR 500 and INR 2,000 per kilogram or packet. For a greenhouse operation, the total cost for seeds will depend on the crop density and the size of the greenhouse. For instance, seeding a 1,000 sq ft area can require a few kilograms of seeds, translating to a few thousand rupees, while a larger area like 1 acre will proportionally increase the seed cost.

Besides seeds, planting materials like organic seedlings, compost, and soil amendments are also part of this cost category. Organic seedlings, often preferred for certain crops for better establishment, can be more expensive due to the organic growing methods used. Soil amendments, essential for ensuring the soil is fertile and conducive for organic farming, can include organic compost, bio-fertilizers, and other organic matter.

In organic greenhouse farming in India, labor costs form a significant part of the operational expenses. These costs vary depending on the scale of the operation and the geographic location. On average, labor costs range from INR 10,000 to INR 30,000 per month for each worker.

This includes planting, maintenance, harvesting, and managing the greenhouse environment. The number of workers needed depends on the size of the greenhouse and the intensity of the farming practices. Family labor might suffice for small-scale operations, but larger setups often require hiring additional workers, especially during peak seasons like planting and harvesting.

Irrigation and water management are critical in organic greenhouse farming, with costs varying based on the system’s complexity and scale. Basic drip irrigation systems are more cost-effective, whereas advanced automated systems can be more expensive. These costs can range from INR 50,000 to INR 2,00,000, depending on the greenhouse size and the technology’s sophistication.

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People Working Inside Greenhouse

Efficient water management, crucial for conserving water and ensuring optimal plant growth, includes investments in water storage tanks, filtration systems, and sometimes rainwater harvesting setups, adding to the overall cost.

Fertilizer and nutrient management are essential in organic greenhouse farming, with costs depending on the type and quantity of organic fertilizers and soil amendments used. The cost of organic fertilizers varies, typically ranging from INR 5,000 to INR 20,000 per acre. This includes the cost of compost, green manure, bio-fertilizers, and other organic amendments. Effective nutrient management is crucial for plant health and yield, requiring a careful balance of various nutrients tailored to the specific needs of the crops being grown, which can influence the overall cost.

Managing pests and diseases organically in greenhouse farming involves costs ranging from INR 5,000 to INR 15,000 per acre. These costs include organic pesticides, biocontrol agents, and preventive measures like traps and barriers. Unlike conventional chemical treatments, organic methods often require more frequent application and a diverse range of products to be effective.

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Bucket of Red Tomatoes

Consistent surveillance and prompt identification are imperative, occasionally leading to the requirement for supplementary labor expenses. Investing in organic pest and disease management is financial and involves a commitment to sustainable and environmentally friendly practices.

Energy costs in organic greenhouse farming in India are an important factor, especially for climate control and lighting. These costs depend on the size of the greenhouse and the type of energy source used. They typically range from INR 10,000 to INR 50,000 per month. Using electricity for heating, cooling, and supplemental lighting can significantly impact monthly expenses.

Some farms also invest in renewable energy sources like solar panels, which have a higher initial cost but can lead to savings in the long term. Energy-efficient practices and equipment can also help in reducing these costs.

Marketing and distribution costs for organic greenhouse produce in India include packaging, transportation, and market fees, ranging from INR 10,000 to INR 50,000 per month. These costs are influenced by the distance to markets, the type of packaging required for organic produce, and the chosen distribution channels.

Selling directly to consumers at local markets may incur lower costs than distributing through supermarkets or online platforms. Additionally, organic products often require specific marketing strategies to highlight their organic nature, which can involve additional advertising and branding expenses.

Estimating the cost of organic greenhouse farming in India per square foot and per acre requires considering various components such as construction, equipment, seeds, and operational expenses. The cost of constructing a greenhouse can range from INR 500 to INR 1,500 per square meter, translating to approximately INR 46 to INR 140 per square foot. For a 10,000 sq ft greenhouse, the construction cost alone can range from INR 4,60,000 to INR 14,00,000.

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The costs proportionally increase when scaled up to 1 acre (approximately 43,560 sq ft). Equipment, seeds, and other initial setup costs must also be factored in, alongside recurring expenses like labor, energy, water management, and pest control. For a 1-acre setup, the total initial investment can easily reach several lakhs to a crore, varying based on the level of technology and the operational scale. Operational expenses also add significantly to the overall costs, which should be carefully considered for a realistic budget estimation.

Organic greenhouse farming in India represents a significant investment, with costs influenced by land, infrastructure, construction, equipment, and operational expenses. Careful planning and management are essential to balance these costs with organic produce’s sustainable and profitable production.

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How to Start a Microgreens Farming Business in India?

  • Post author: Sumitha
  • Post published: November 24, 2023
  • Post category: Business Tips

Microgreens Farming Business in India

Microgreens farming has gained immense popularity in recent years, especially in India, where people are increasingly becoming health-conscious and looking to incorporate nutritious foods into their diets. Microgreens are young, tender greens harvested at an early growth stage, typically between 7 to 21 days after germination. Packed with nutrients, vibrant colours, and intense flavours, microgreens are a delightful addition to culinary dishes and offer numerous health benefits. This comprehensive guide will explore what microgreen farming is all about and how to start a successful microgreen farming business in India .

What are Microgreens?

Microgreens are essentially the seedlings of vegetables and herbs harvested at a very early growth stage. These tiny greens are more mature than sprouts but smaller than baby greens. They are known for their concentrated nutrient content, including vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Despite their small size, microgreens pack a powerful punch when it comes to flavour and nutritional value.

Popular Microgreens Varieties

  • Broccoli: Rich in sulforaphane, known for its anti-cancer properties.
  • Kale: Packed with vitamins A, C, and K, as well as calcium and iron.
  • Radish: Offers a spicy kick and is a good source of vitamin C.
  • Sunflower: High in protein, healthy fats, and vitamin E.
  • Pea Shoots: They contain good fibre, vitamin A, and vitamin C.
  • Cilantro (Coriander): Adds a fresh, citrusy flavour and is rich in antioxidants.

Why Start a Microgreens Farming Business?

Increasing Demand for Healthy Foods: As more people become health-conscious and prioritise a nutrient-rich diet, the demand for microgreens has steadily risen. Microgreens are versatile and can be incorporated into salads, sandwiches, smoothies, and other dishes, making them a sought-after ingredient for health-conscious consumers.

Fast Growth and High-Profit Margins: One of the key advantages of microgreens farming is the short growth cycle. Most microgreens are ready for harvest within two to three weeks, allowing for multiple harvests in a short period. This rapid turnover translates to a quicker return on investment and higher profit margins than traditional crops.

Low Initial Investment and Space Requirements: Microgreens can be cultivated in a relatively small space, making them suitable for urban farming or small-scale agriculture. Additionally, the initial investment for starting a microgreens farm is relatively low compared to larger-scale agricultural ventures, making it an accessible option for aspiring entrepreneurs.

Key Steps Before You Starting a Microgreens Farming

Starting a microgreens farming venture involves several key steps to ensure success. Here’s a guide to help you get started:

Research and Education:

  • Learn about Microgreens: Understand what microgreens are, their varieties, and the specific requirements for growing them.
  • Market Research: Identify potential customers, understand market demand, and assess competitors.

Create a Business Plan:

  • Define Goals: Clearly outline your short-term and long-term goals for the microgreens farm.
  • Financial Planning: Estimate startup costs, operational expenses, and potential revenue. Create a budget and financial projections.
  • Marketing Strategy: Develop a plan for promoting and selling your microgreens. Consider online platforms, local markets, or partnerships with restaurants.

Choose Suitable Microgreen Varieties:

  • Consider Market Demand: Select microgreen varieties based on customer preferences and market trends.
  • Diversify: Offer a variety of microgreens to appeal to different tastes and preferences.

Secure a Suitable Location:

  • Indoor vs. Outdoor: Decide whether you want to grow microgreens indoors or outdoors, considering factors like climate, space, and resource availability.
  • Space Planning: Plan the layout of your farm, optimizing space for efficient cultivation.

Invest in Quality Equipment and Supplies:

  • Growing Medium: Choose a suitable growing medium such as soil, coconut coir, or hydroponic systems.
  • Trays and Containers: Invest in trays, containers, and other equipment needed for planting, growing, and harvesting microgreens.
  • Lighting: If growing indoors, invest in appropriate lighting systems to ensure optimal growth.

Set Up a Sustainable Irrigation System:

  • Water Management: Establish a reliable and efficient watering system to maintain consistent moisture levels.
  • Automation: Consider automated irrigation systems to save time and ensure proper watering.

Obtain Necessary Permits and Licenses:

  • Check Local Regulations: Research and comply with local regulations regarding farming, food safety, and business licensing.

Source Quality Seeds:

  • Seed Selection: Choose high-quality, organic seeds from reputable suppliers.
  • Testing: Conduct germination tests to ensure the viability of the seeds.

Implement Good Agricultural Practices (GAP):

  • Hygiene and Sanitation: Maintain a clean and sanitary growing environment to prevent contamination.
  • Pest and Disease Management: Develop strategies for pest control and disease prevention.

Develop a Harvesting and Packaging System:

  • Timing: Learn the optimal time to harvest each microgreen variety for the best flavour and nutritional content.
  • Packaging: Invest in packaging that keeps microgreens fresh and attractive.

Build a Distribution Network:

  • Establish Connections: Develop relationships with local markets, restaurants, and potential customers.
  • Delivery Logistics: Plan for efficient delivery or distribution methods.

Track and Evaluate Performance:

  • Record Keeping: Maintain detailed records of your farming operations, expenses, and sales.
  • Continuous Improvement: Regularly assess and adjust your strategies based on feedback and performance data.

Space Requirements & Growing Method for Microgreens Farming

The space requirements and growing methods for microgreens farming can vary based on factors such as the scale of your operation, the varieties of microgreens you plan to grow, and whether you’re cultivating them indoors or outdoors. Here’s a general guide to help you understand the key considerations:

Space Requirements:

1. indoor microgreens farming:.

  • Space: A small area like a countertop or shelf.
  • Lighting: LED grow lights can be placed above trays.
  • Equipment: Trays, containers, and a controlled environment.
  • Space: Dedicated rooms or controlled environments like greenhouses.
  • Lighting: High-quality LED or fluorescent grow lights.
  • Equipment: Shelves, racks, trays, and automated systems.

2. Outdoor Microgreens Farming:

  • Space: Containers or small garden beds.
  • Lighting: Natural sunlight.
  • Protection: Consider shade cloth or covers to protect from extreme weather.
  • Space: Larger garden beds or fields.
  • Lighting: Relies on natural sunlight.
  • Protection: Considerations for weather, pests, and birds.

Growing Methods:

1. soil-based cultivation:.

  • Growing Medium: Use a high-quality potting mix or soilless mix.
  • Containers: Trays or shallow containers with drainage.
  • Fill trays with the growing medium.
  • Sow seeds evenly.
  • Water and cover with a thin layer of soil.
  • Provide proper lighting and moisture.

2. Hydroponic Cultivation:

  • Growing Medium: Nutrient-rich water solution.
  • Containers: Trays with a system for nutrient circulation.
  • Sow seeds on a growing medium (e.g., coco coir).
  • Place trays in a system with a constant nutrient solution.
  • Control temperature, humidity, and light.

3. Coco Coir or Peat-based Cultivation:

  • Growing Medium: Coco coir or peat-based mats.
  • Containers: Trays or racks with proper drainage.
  • Lay down the coco coir or peat mats.
  • Sow seeds evenly on the mats.
  • Water and provide necessary lighting.

General Tips:

  • Temperature and Humidity: Maintain optimal temperature and humidity levels for the specific microgreens you are growing.
  • Lighting: Ensure adequate and appropriate lighting, especially if growing indoors. LED grow lights are commonly used for microgreens.
  • Watering: Avoid overwatering or underwatering. Consistent moisture is crucial for successful microgreens cultivation.
  • Ventilation: Provide proper air circulation, especially indoors, to prevent mould or fungal growth.
  • Harvesting: Harvest microgreens at the right stage to ensure the best flavour, texture, and nutritional content.

Materials and Equipment Required for Large-Scale Microgreens Farming

Large-scale microgreen farming requires careful planning and the right materials and equipment to ensure successful cultivation. Here’s a list of essential materials and equipment for large-scale microgreens farming:

1. Growing Trays: Shallow trays with drainage holes to hold the growing medium and microgreens.

2. Growing Medium: Soilless mix or a medium specifically designed for microgreens.

3. Seeds: High-quality microgreen seeds suitable for large-scale production.

4. Watering System: A drip irrigation system or soaker hoses will ensure consistent and efficient watering.

5. Greenhouse or Growing Space: A controlled environment protecting microgreens from extreme weather conditions and pests.

6. Lighting: High-intensity lights (LEDs or fluorescents) to provide consistent and controlled light for optimal growth.

7. Ventilation System: Adequate ventilation to maintain air circulation and prevent diseases.

8. Temperature and Humidity Control: Heating and cooling systems to regulate temperature and humidity within the ideal range for microgreens.

9. Shelving or Racks: Sturdy shelving or racks to organize trays and maximize vertical growing space.

10. pH Testing Kit: Kit to monitor and adjust the pH of the growing medium for optimal nutrient absorption.

11. Fertilizers: Microgreens-specific fertilizers or nutrient solutions provide essential nutrients for growth.

12. Pest Control Supplies: Organic pesticides or beneficial insects to control pests without harming the microgreens.

13. Harvesting Tools: Sharp scissors or a harvesting knife for efficient and clean harvesting.

14. Packaging Materials: Packaging materials such as clamshells or trays for selling and transporting microgreens.

15. Record-Keeping System: A system for tracking planting dates, varieties, and other important information for better management.

16. Workbench or Potting Bench: A designated space for preparing trays, sowing seeds, and other tasks.

17. Water Storage and Filtration: Adequate water storage and a filtration system to ensure a clean water supply.

18. Safety Gear: Protective gear such as gloves and masks, especially when handling fertilizers or pesticides.

19. Seed Storage: Proper storage containers keep seeds viable and contamination-free.

20. Waste Disposal System: An efficient system for disposing of plant waste and maintaining a clean growing environment.

Steps to Start a Microgreens Farming Business in India

1. research and planning.

Before diving into microgreens farming, conduct thorough research to understand the market demand, preferred varieties, and potential competition. Create a detailed business plan outlining your goals, target market, pricing strategy, and marketing approach. Consider location, climate, and available resources when planning your microgreens farm.

2. Choose the Right Microgreens Varieties

Selecting the right microgreen varieties is crucial for the success of your business. Consider factors such as flavour, colour, and nutritional content, and cater to the preferences of your target market. Experiment with various seeds to offer your customers a diverse range of microgreens.

3. Set Up Your Microgreens Farm

Choose a suitable location for your microgreen farm. While you can start small with trays on a windowsill or a balcony, consider scaling up as your business grows. Ensure that the chosen location receives adequate sunlight, or invest in artificial lighting to facilitate the growth of your microgreens.

4. Source Quality Seeds and Growing Medium

Invest in high-quality seeds from reputable suppliers to ensure a successful harvest. Choose a nutrient-rich growing medium such as coconut coir or potting mix to provide the necessary support and nutrients for your microgreens.

5. Implement a Sustainable Growing System

Consider implementing sustainable farming practices to reduce environmental impact and appeal to eco-conscious consumers. Explore options such as organic farming, water-saving irrigation systems, and composting to make your microgreen farming business environmentally friendly.

6. Establish a Harvesting and Packaging Process

Develop a systematic approach to harvesting and packaging your microgreens. Harvest the greens at the peak of their nutritional value and freshness. Use clean and eco-friendly packaging to maintain the quality of your microgreens and attract environmentally conscious consumers.

7. Develop Marketing Strategies

Create a strong online presence through a website and social media platforms to showcase your microgreens and reach a wider audience. Consider collaborating with local restaurants, farmers’ markets, and health food stores to expand your market reach. Implement effective marketing strategies to highlight your microgreens’ nutritional benefits and culinary versatility.

8. Comply with Regulations

Familiarize yourself with local regulations and certifications related to agriculture and food production. Ensure your microgreens farming business complies with safety and quality standards to build customer trust.

9. Continuous Learning and Improvement

Stay updated on the latest trends and developments in microgreens farming. Attend workshops, webinars, and conferences to enhance your knowledge and skills. Continuously experiment with new varieties and growing techniques to improve the quality of your microgreens.

Registrations and Licenses Required:

  • Business Registration : Register your microgreens farming business as a sole proprietorship, partnership, or private limited company. This step is essential for legal recognition and tax purposes.
  • FSSAI License : Obtain a Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) license. This is mandatory for anyone involved in the manufacturing, processing, packaging, storage, transportation, and distributing food products, including microgreens.
  • GST Registration : Register for Goods and Services Tax (GST) as microgreens are considered agricultural produce and fall under the GST. GST registration is necessary for the smooth operation of your business and compliance with tax regulations.
  • NOC from Local Authorities: Obtain a No Objection Certificate (NOC) from local authorities, confirming that your microgreens farming activities comply with zoning and land-use regulations.
  • Organic Certification (Optional): If you grow organic microgreens, consider obtaining organic certification from relevant authorities. This certification enhances the market value of your produce, especially among health-conscious consumers.
  • Water and Environmental Clearances: Ensure compliance with water usage and environmental regulations. Obtain clearances from relevant authorities to prevent legal complications in the future.

Challenges and Considerations

While microgreen farming offers numerous benefits, it’s essential to be aware of potential challenges:

Seasonal Variations: Microgreen farming can be affected by seasonal variations and changes in weather conditions. Consider implementing greenhouse or indoor farming techniques to overcome these challenges and ensure a consistent supply of microgreens.

Pest and Disease Management: Like any other form of agriculture, microgreen farming is susceptible to pests and diseases. Implement effective pest management strategies, such as companion planting or natural predators, to minimize the use of pesticides and maintain the health of your microgreens.

Market Competition: As the popularity of microgreens grows, so does the competition. Differentiate your business by offering unique varieties, emphasizing sustainability, and providing exceptional customer service to stand out in the market.

Top 10 Most Popular Microgreens in India

Top ten microgreens that are generally popular and commonly cultivated in India:

  • Mustard Microgreens (Brassica juncea): These have a peppery flavour and are commonly used in Indian cuisine.
  • Radish Microgreens (Raphanus sativus): Radish microgreens have a spicy kick and add vibrant colour to dishes.
  • Fenugreek Microgreens (Trigonella foenum-graecum): Fenugreek microgreens have a slightly bitter taste and are often used in salads and garnishes.
  • Coriander Microgreens (Coriandrum sativum): Coriander microgreens have the same aromatic flavour as mature coriander and are used in various Indian dishes.
  • Sunflower Microgreens (Helianthus annuus): They have a mild, nutty flavour and are popular for their crunchy texture.
  • Basil Microgreens (Ocimum basilicum): Basil microgreens have a concentrated basil flavour and are commonly used in salads, sandwiches, and garnishes.
  • Cilantro Microgreens (Coriandrum sativum): Cilantro microgreens offer a milder version of the mature herb and are used in various dishes.
  • Amaranth Microgreens (Amaranthus spp.): Amaranth microgreens have a mild, earthy taste and are known for their nutritional value.
  • Pea Shoots Microgreens (Pisum sativum): Pea shoots have a sweet, pea-like flavour and are popular in salads and stir-fries.
  • Spinach Microgreens (Spinacia oleracea): They are rich in nutrients and have a mild spinach flavour, making them versatile for various dishes.

How to Sell Microgreens in India?

Selling microgreens in India involves planning, marketing, and networking. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you sell microgreens in the Indian market:

  • Understand the Market: Research the demand for microgreens in your region of India. Identify potential customers such as local markets, grocery stores, restaurants, and health food stores.
  • Comply with Regulations: Check local regulations and requirements for selling fresh produce. This may include obtaining necessary licenses or certifications.
  • Quality Assurance: Ensure high-quality production using quality seeds, a clean growing environment, and proper cultivation practices. This will contribute to the overall success of your microgreens business.
  • Packaging: Invest in attractive and functional packaging for your microgreens. Packaging should protect the product during transportation and maintain freshness.
  • Build Relationships with Local Businesses: Approach local grocery stores, health food stores, and restaurants to inquire about selling your microgreens. Establish relationships with chefs and buyers interested in incorporating fresh microgreens into their dishes.
  • Participate in Farmers’ Markets: Farmers’ markets are a great platform to directly connect with consumers. Set up a stall at local markets to showcase and sell your microgreens. Use signage and promotional materials to attract attention.
  • Online Presence: Create a website or use social media platforms to showcase your microgreens. Provide information about your products, growing practices, and contact details. Consider setting up online sales and delivery services.
  • Educate Consumers: Microgreens may be a relatively new concept for some consumers. Educate potential customers about microgreens’ nutritional benefits, versatility, and usage. Consider providing recipes or cooking tips.
  • Offer Samples: Customers can sample your microgreens at markets or through local partnerships. This can help overcome any scepticism and encourage purchases.
  • Price Competitively: Research the pricing of microgreens in your area and set competitive prices. Consider the cost of production, packaging, and transportation when determining your pricing strategy.
  • Delivery Services: If feasible, offer a delivery service to customers who may prefer to bring microgreens directly to their doorstep.
  • Customer Feedback: Encourage feedback from customers to understand preferences and make any necessary improvements. Positive reviews can also be used for marketing purposes.
  • Network with Other Growers: Connect with other microgreens growers in your area. They may provide valuable insights, support, or even collaborative opportunities.
  • Stay Informed: Stay updated on market trends, new varieties of microgreens, and evolving consumer preferences. This will help you adapt and stay competitive.

Starting a microgreens farming business in India involves careful planning, adherence to regulations, and a commitment to quality. With the right processes in place and support from services like Kanakkupillai , entrepreneurs can navigate the complexities of business registration, licensing, and compliance, setting the foundation for a successful and sustainable microgreens farming venture. As the demand for fresh, nutritious produce continues to rise, the microgreens market in India presents a promising opportunity for agricultural entrepreneurs willing to embark on this green journey.

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The Farming House

The Farming House

Search this blog, glass greenhouse cost for 1 acre in india.

Can you imagine why eco-friendly methods in agriculture practices are increasing per year in the bigger and older countries?

Greenhouse agriculture is a modern solution of agriculture that can apply on any scale of plant agriculture. Greenhouse farming is the best method of growing almost every kind of crop even in odd seasons on a fix land. 

Glass greenhouse cost for 1 acre in India

What is a glass greenhouse method of farming.

Greenhouse farming works on the principle of arrangement of perfect atmosphere to grow crops inside a covered region. 

This covered region may be of plastic sheets or glass sheets but it is certain that the covered region controls the temperature inside and provide a highly ideal atmosphere to grow crops.

greenhouse cost for 1 acre in India

#Polyhouse farming is a kind of greenhouse farming that practices on a small scale. 

Requirements to make a glass greenhouse

  • To make solid glass housing/shed/walls: 1-inch thick glass plates to make walls and roof
  • For temperature management: Exhaust fans and air blowers to maintain the temperature in summers and winters.
  • To make inner platforms: Iron angle rods, iron pipes of 2 inch diameter.
  • Bed surface: To keep the pots on wooden bed surface to provide them a certain place instead of growing them in direct soil land. 
  • For seeds and plants: Plastic cups tray for seeds and bigger pots for bigger plants.
  • Non-variational water sprayers 
  • pH meter to measure the pH of soil and irrigation water.
  • Thermometer required to check temperature near plants and inside the greenhouse. 

Glass greenhouse for 1 acre in India project cost

1.) greenhouse making cost.

  • Glass plates- 1200000 INR
  • Iron rods and pipes- 100000 INR
  • Wooden tables and beds- 900000 INR

2.)  1 acre agricultural Land cost to make greenhouse- 800000 INR

3.) electricity connection- 25000 inr, 4.) exhaust fans- 30000 inr, 5.) plastic cup trays- 15000 inr, 6.) pots for plants- 10000 inr, 7.) labor cost- 200000 inr, 8.) water system- 20000 inr, total cost - 33000000 inr , thus, to contruct a glass greenhouse with all the essential facilities, it will cost you 3300000 inr(including land cost of 800000)., advantages of glass greenhouse farming.

  • Glass greenhouse is best for growing particular cash crops.
  • It is a high and advanced technology to maintain the atmosphere to grow crops.
  • The glass greenhouse farming method is an eco-friendly method of agriculture.
  • It's an advanced technology that helps to grow odd-season crops as winter crops in summer and summer crops in winter. 
  • There is no use of chemical and non-organic fertilizers and pesticides inside a glass greenhouse, it is a totally organic method of farming. 
  • Glass greenhouse provides moderate temperature and sunlight to crops which are the essentials for plants.
  • There is no wastage of water and less consumption inside the glass greenhouse.

Disadvantages of glass greenhouse farming

  • Glass greenhouse farming is heavily costly. One can't get profit from it until they recover the initial cost. 
  • It asks for maintenance and proper care from time to time, otherwise, it doesn't work properly.
  • To run a greenhouse farm you have to be scientific and have all the basic knowledge of the temperature and humidity of various plants otherwise it will fail.
  • It is not like seasonal crops where climate conditions are ideal and no need to change it for the season. In greenhouse crops, you must check the temperature around plants from time to time.
  • Greenhouse farming asks to spend enough electricity from cultivation to harvesting. 
  • It's maintenance cost is very high. 

Is glass greenhouse farming profitable in India?

Greenhouse farming is not a quick method of getting profit revenue from agriculture. First, it takes the patience of proper execution and maintenance.

 For the first year of greenhouse farming, profit will only be able to recover your investment but from the next year, you will start getting extra income from greenhouse farming if everything goes well execute and patience.

Greenhouse farming gives the same yield of seasonal crops of Rabi, Kharif, and Zaid as on ordinary land gives. 

In a sense of a particular kind of commercial crop, greenhouse farming is a profitable method of farming. 

It is better to have a cash crop like Lilium flower, Rose flower, strawberries, and other popular cash crops. 

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Top 15 Most Profitable Farming in India [2024]

Shuhaib Sherief

  • January 8, 2024
  • Agribusiness , Farming business ideas

most profitable farming in India

Agriculture has been the foundation of human societies for thousands of years. It has played a pivotal role in human evolution, enabling a largely itinerant species to settle down and civilize. In India, Agriculture serves as the backbone of the Indian economy. Contributing nearly 20% to the nation’s GDP and employing nearly 60% of the total workforce, it is indeed the prime benefactor of the Indian economy.

In the last decade, the growth of the sector was sluggish. But in recent years, advancements in technology and an unprecedented surge in the emergence of the nation’s youth to entrepreneurial roles in agriculture have boosted the sector, revealing its true potential. Agriculture and its allied sectors are highly profitable if the seeds are sown right and monitored. But which is the most profitable farming in India? is one of the many questions in the mind of an aspiring agripreneur. Through this article, we will look into it in detail. 


Agribusiness refers to all the commercial activities in agriculture including the production, processing, distribution, and marketing of agricultural products. It encompasses the entire supply chain of agricultural products from the farm to the consumer.

In India, the agribusiness sector has been categorized into 3 important divisions:

  • Productive resources: refers to seeds, fertilizers, equipment, and machinery that function as inputs for agricultural production.
  • Commodities: agricultural commodities refer to the outputs obtained from the agricultural production system.
  • Services: includes transportation, value addition facilities, storage facilities, etc. that benefit agricultural production and marketing.

Which is the Most Profitable Farming in India?

Agriculture in India is a booming industry. With a wide range of sectors to choose from, everyone can reap astounding profits. But choosing the right sector is extremely important as the one chosen must align perfectly with one’s skill level and ambitions. So let’s look at the most profitable farming in India.

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Top 15 Most Profitable Farming in India

Numerous farming ideas have proven to be rewarding in India by the pioneers of the Indian agribusiness sector. They are also apt for the environmental conditions of the country. This listing of the Top 15 Most Profitable Farming in India, encompasses only those ideas. Through these listings, we aim to answer popular queries like which farming is most profitable farming in India, which fruit farming is most profitable in India, which is the most profitable organic farming in India, etc.

1. Organic Farming

The adoption of the health-centered lifestyle among the middle and high-class citizens of India elevated the demand for healthy, pesticide-free, chemical-free agricultural produce. This led to the re-emergence of organic farming, which was nearly abandoned during the onset of the green revolution, making organic farming the most profitable farming in India.  

Organic farming involves the production of crops without using synthetic chemical fertilizers or pesticides and Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) . The total costs and the total returns earned depend on the type of crops chosen, the area of production, and the certification process.

Most Profitable Organic Farming in India

The above table mentions the most profitable organic farming in India as well as some of the most profitable farming crops in India.

Structural and Financial Requirements

  • Adequate land along with a clean water supply
  • Knowledge of organic farming practices
  • Investment in organic manure and organic pesticides
  • Organic farming certification

Pros and Cons:

Due to these reasons, organic farming holds the no.1 spot in the most profitable farming in India.

top 15 most profitable farming in India-Organic Farming

2. Dairy Farming

Dairy farming is the most profitable livestock farming in India. It refers to the rearing of cows, buffaloes, or goats to produce milk. It does not involve the sale of these animals for meat. Owing to its high nutritional value, milk and its products (butter, cheese, paneer, etc.) are important dietary constituents in India. Therefore, dairy farming assures stable profits year-round, making it number 2 in the list of most profitable farming in India and the most profitable animal farming in India. So, Which is the most profitable livestock farming in India? Answer: Dairy Farming

  • Cows, Buffaloes, or goats of superior genetic quality.
  • Housing Shelter
  • Sufficient pasture and clean water supply
  • Proper storage facilities for milk
  • Veterinary care

Pros and Cons

top 15 farming in India-2) Diary Farming

3. Poultry Farming

Poultry farming includes all activities associated with raising domesticated birds such as chickens, ducks, and turkeys for their eggs and meat. It is the second most profitable livestock farming in India and the third most profitable farming in India. Separate breeds should be used respectively for rearing meat and eggs. With a continuous high demand for poultry products, poultry farming can be a rewarding venture.

  • Proper housing
  • Procurement of birds, feed, and vaccines
  • Proper ventilation
  • Proper waste management

top 15 farming in India-3)Poultry farming

4. Goat Farming

Securing the fourth spot in the list of most profitable farming in India is the business idea that involves the rearing of goats for milk or meat known as Goat farming. Goat meat popularly called mutton, is expensive compared to chicken and cattle. Goat milk is also found to have medicinal properties. These properties have qualified goat farming as the third most profitable animal farming in India.

  • Superior quality goats
  • Fodder, housing, and veterinary care
  • Sufficient grazing land
  • Clean water supply

top 15 most profitable farming in India-4)Goat farming

5. Beekeeping 

Acquiring the final position in the top 5 most profitable farming in India is a venture with the potential for making ‘sweet’ profits:- beekeeping or apiculture. It consists of rearing honey bees for the production of various substances like

  • Royal jelly

These products have dietary, medical, cosmetic, pest control, and scientific uses. Some of these are premium products that gain jaw-dropping profits in the market. 

Profit Fact : Most expensive honey till date: Elvish Honey ($6800 per kg)

  • Bee boxes and protective coverings
  • Land with access to flowering plants
  • Honey extraction equipment
  • Expertise in beekeeping technology 

most profitable farming in India- Beekeeping

6. Mushroom Farming

A lucrative agribusiness idea that involves the production of edible mushrooms for commercial purposes is the sixth most profitable farming in India. Mushrooms offer an array of health benefits making them a favorable component of diet especially among vegetarians.

The types of mushrooms cultivated in India are –

If the venture is undertaken cautiously, then it is undoubtedly one of the most profitable farming in India.

  • Also Read- Hydroponic Mushrooms – Amazing Soilless Mushroom Cultivation
  • Mushroom spawn
  • Growing medium and growing bags or trays
  • Controlled environmental setup

mushroom farming in India

7. Aquaculture

Aquaculture or Fish Farming is the cultivation of fish in ponds or tanks for commercial purposes. There is significant market demand for fish farming in India. Selecting the proper fish breed is a vital part of the production process. The breeds suitable to your conditions must be selected.

The common species used in India are Katla, Common Carp, Silver Carp, Tilapia, Shrimp, Catfish, etc.

  • Pond or tanks
  • Fish feed, clean water
  • Water quality management
  • Water pumping equipment

fish farming in India

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8. Medicinal Plants Farming

Medicinal herbs farming is an important contender among the most profitable farming in India. The cultivation of herbs with medicinal properties for various purposes like Ayurveda, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics constitutes the most profitable medicinal plant farming in India. 

  • Also Read- Earn up to 3 lakhs in 3 months through Tulsi Farming 

Most Profitable Medicinal Plants Farming in India

  • Suitable land with irrigation facilities
  • Seedlings, organic manure, and packaging material
  • Drying and storage setup

most profitable medicinal plants farming in India

9. Floriculture 

Refers to the cultivation of flowers, particularly high-value or exotic varieties. These are used for decorations, perfumes, or cosmetics. India harbors a significant demand for flowers, both domestically and for export. 

In India, the flowers having the highest demand are Rose, Gerbera, Jasmine, Chrysanthemum, Orchids, Sunflower, Tulips, etc.

Greenhouse cultivation of flowers for cut flower purposes is found to be one of the most profitable farming crops in India.

  • Purchase of cuttings/seeds
  • Greenhouse setup
  • Irrigation facilities
  • Temperature and humidity control


10. Vermiculture 

Vermiculture is the best suitor for the number 10 spot in the top 15 most profitable farming in India. It is a sustainable farming business idea that involves the utilization of earthworms to convert organic waste into nutrient-rich vermicompost. Vermicompost has a plethora of benefits that are tempting for the organic farming industry.

Vermiculture is perhaps the most easy-to-do venture among the most profitable farming in India.

  • Shaded area with water availability
  • Vermicompost pits and bedding materials
  • Earthworms 

Also Read- Sana Khan Vermicompost business from Animal Waste


11. Saffron Farming

Saffron is one of the most profitable farming crops in India. It is a high-value agri-business idea that involves the cultivation of saffron flowers for spice production. It requires specific climatic conditions and well-drained soil limiting it to suitable regions.

Structural and Financial requirements

  • Suitable land with adequate water supply
  • Superior quality seeds
  • Fertilizers and pesticides

saffron farming in India

12. Hydroponics 

Hydroponics is an example of modern soil-less agriculture, where plants are grown in a nutrient-rich water medium. In hydroponics, plants are grown in closely monitored conditions, particularly in a greenhouse or any other protective structure. Mostly vegetable crops are grown in hydroponics liberating them of seasonality and ensuring year-round produce.

For people not curtailed by capital investment and who have technological proficiency, hydroponics is the most profitable farming in India.

  • High-tech equipment
  • Greenhouse with proper condition monitoring technology
  • Manures, fertilizers, and high-quality seeds

Hydroponics farming in India

13. Fruit Farming

Fruit farming is one of the oldest most profitable farming in India along with poultry and dairy farming. Although considered conventional, it has passed the test of time in garnering profits with the integration of adequate technology.

One major advantage is the prospect of a wide range of products that post-harvest technologies can bear. But with a surplus of ventures to choose from, one question arises: Which fruit farming is most profitable in India? So let’s look at some of India’s most profitable fruit farming.

Most Profitable Fruit Farming in India

  • Good quality planting material
  • Fences 

Pros and cons

Also Read- Hoovu Fresh: New Floral Start-up with 8 Cr turnover

most profitable fruit farming in India

14. Sericulture 

Coming at number 14 in the list of the most profitable farming in India is Sericulture. It is the rearing of silkworms for manufacturing silk. Currently, India holds the second rank in silk production in the world. The Indian silk industry holds a supreme position in employment generation, making it more than just a profitable industry.

The main processes involved in sericulture are

  • The healthiest moths are allowed to breed and lay eggs
  • Larvae emerge and are fed mulberry leaves for 25-35 days
  • After about 35-40 days, the larvae spin cocoon around itself
  • Cocoons are collected and put in hot water to kill the larvae and loosen the filaments
  • Silk filaments are obtained through the reeling process
  • The silk filaments are washed, dried, and twisted to form yarn which is then used to make fabrics
  • Suitable land and water supply
  • Silkworm eggs, mulberry plantation
  • Rearing equipment

sericulture in India

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15. Quail Farming

Elected to the last spot of the top 15 most profitable farming in India is quail farming. The Quail bird is reared for its eggs and meat. The bird can lay 200-300 eggs in a year and its meat is tasty, nutritious, and less fatty compared to chicken. This has spurred the demand for Quail farming.

Quails require less space compared to poultry and have low investment costs.

  • Housing facilities
  • Veterinary care 

This concludes the list of the top 15 most profitable farming in India.

Quail Farming in India


Throughout this discussion, we have sought to answer the big question: Which farming is most profitable in India? So we looked at the top 15 most profitable farming in India. These include conventional ones like poultry farming, fruit farming, and dairy farming, and modern ones like hydroponics, quail farming, etc. However, there are abundant agri-business ventures that an aspiring entrepreneur can undertake to make sublime profits. Each idea has its unique investment costs, structural requirements, and pros and cons. 

Before committing to any particular venture it is important to understand investment costs, and the expertise needed to run the business. Select the idea that you possess a natural inclination to and is apt for the environmental conditions of the locality. Seek constant guidance from knowledge experts and network with other successful entrepreneurs for valuable advice. With the right vision and will, agriculture will turn out to be an extremely rewarding enterprise. 

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Shuhaib Sherief

Hi! I am SHUHAIB, an Agriculture graduate . I am deeply honored to contribute my knowledge and skills to the betterment of the Agriculture sector. Passionate in disseminating information on Agriculture in the form of creative blog articles on the internet.

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A man bends down near an orange tree in front of solar photovoltaic panels.

Dual Harvest: Agrivoltaics Boosts Food and Energy Production in Asia

  • agriculture
  • renewable energy
  • Clean Energy

Every autumn morning at an aquaculture site near the mouth of the Yellow River in China's Dongying City, Shandong Province, farmers begin packaging shrimp for their customers. Their harvest is increasingly more bountiful thanks to an innovative way of farming that integrates renewable energy into agriculture. 

Here, solar photovoltaic (PV) panels were installed several meters above the water, helping to generate an annual 260 gigawatts-hours of energy — enough to power 113,000 households in China. Since its completion and grid connection in 2021, the farmers have also gained many benefits.

Beyond providing clean energy to the fishery, the solar panels keep water temperatures consistently 2 to 3 degrees C (3.6 to 5.4 degrees F) cooler than outdoor ponds without panels, boosting shrimp and sea cucumber yields by 50%. The solar power company that installed the panels leases the space, helping to reduce farming costs while also paying for improvements and modernization to aquaculture site, such as better pond embankments and irrigation systems. 

These developments are crucial for the future growth of the fishery industry in Shandong Province. In 2019, the total economic output of the fishery sector of Shandong Province reached $62.3 billion, representing 15.6% of China’s total fishery output.

Agrivoltaics Boosts Clean Energy and Food Production

The concept of aquaculture-photovoltaic integration is a form of what’s known as agrivoltaics , which typically integrates traditional agricultural practices such as crop cultivation, livestock farming and fisheries with solar PV installations, maximizing the use of available space. This dual-layered system supports the normal production of both food and electricity, thereby allowing income to stream in from both sources.

In a world where global energy demand is soaring and the use of agricultural land for food production is increasingly displaced by renewable energy projects (such as for solar and wind farms, or growing crops such as corn and soy for biofuels), agrivoltaics has emerged as a win-win solution for sustainable energy and agriculture.  

This concept has already been applied throughout the world, including Europe, the United States and parts of Asia.

China’s pioneering efforts since 2011 with more than 500 agrivoltaics projects — including crop cultivation, livestock grazing, aquafarming, greenhouses and tea plantations — according to a forthcoming WRI report, provide significant insights for further expansion across the region. 

For example, countries like Indonesia and the Philippines in Southeast Asia could potentially benefit from agrivoltaics but have yet to implement many significant projects. The region's abundant sunlight and vast agricultural landscapes can harness solar energy while maintaining crop production. There’s also an outsized need in the region to balance its land resources for both clean energy and food production in the face of a growing population and urgency to reduce emissions. 

Solar PV panels rise above the waters at a farm in Dongying City, China.

The Symbiotic Benefits for Food and Energy Production

In the land-scarce central and eastern regions of China, agrivoltaics emerged after government policies encouraged the development of PV projects, but the same land was needed for food production. So, companies integrated these projects together.

People soon realized that the solar panels could do more than just produce electricity. The panels can offer plants and animals protection from extreme heat and drought by providing partial shade. Studies also indicate agrivoltaics can reduce water evaporation by 30%. Accompanying upgrades to agricultural infrastructure, which can often contribute to the automation and mechanization of the farm, may also help to increase crop yields, especially in areas with excessive sunlight and high temperatures.

The benefits extend to the solar panels as well. Studies show that solar panels mounted over vegetation exhibit considerably lower surface temperatures than those mounted over bare ground. This cooling effect has a direct impact on the solar panels’ efficiency, as modules typically experience efficiency losses ranging from 0.1% to 0.5% for every degree Celsius increase above 25 degrees C (77 degrees F). 

Agrivoltaics can also offer farmers an additional income stream either by leasing the land to solar PV companies or, if the land-agreement is reversed, through cultivating the land at much lower costs, mitigating the impact of fluctuating crop yields and market prices. For example, these leasing agreements provide farmers with a consistent and foreseeable income from the land and obviate the need for farmers to fund the solar installations themselves.

Beyond economic benefits, agrivoltaics can enhance energy independence and reliability. Agrivoltaic systems contribute to decentralized renewable energy generation, which reduces reliance on centralized power grids, especially in rural communities. The development and maintenance of agrivoltaics systems also creates employment opportunities in rural areas — stimulating the local economy and fostering sustainable livelihoods. Furthermore, the co-location of solar panels with agricultural activities optimizes land usage, promoting efficient utilization of renewable energy resources and minimizing land-use conflicts, which have historically taken place after farmland was diverted for renewable energy projects.

Lessons from China’s Agrivoltaics Projects

Examples of agrivoltaics, like a greenhouse project in Hainan and a livestock grazing project in Inner Mongolia, are among the many projects in China that offer invaluable lessons for Southeast Asia and other regions seeking to harness the potential of agrivoltaics. 

Hainan’s Photovoltaic Greenhouses 

In Hainan, China, photovoltaic greenhouses combine solar panels with farming, enhancing crop growth and reducing greenhouse gas emissions by providing clean electricity to power grids. The solar companies lease land for solar PV project development and simultaneously provide it at no cost to agricultural companies for vegetable cultivation. This approach not only conserves land-leasing expenses, but also ensures year-round production, unaffected by adverse weather, such as typhoons and rainstorms. Current PV greenhouse projects with a total capacity of 2 GW in Hainan are capable of supplying leafy vegetables to around 3 million people, covering about 30% of the province's population, throughout the year. 

Inner Mongolia’s Photovoltaic Livestock Grazing Projects

Inner Mongolia's 1 MW photovoltaic livestock grazing project was established through government grants and private herder investments, pioneering a blend of renewable energy and traditional pastoral practices. This 1 MW solar PV power station, with land leased to a livestock company, generates revenue from electricity sales to the grid, which is distributed as dividends to herders based on their ownership stakes. The annual return rate to herders is 20%, while the rest of the revenue is used for the local community’s infrastructure development.

This successful pilot project has encouraged more herder involvement in PV grazing projects in one of the sunniest regions in China. The grassland area of Inner Mongolia reaches 48.7 million hectares ( 730 million Chinese mu ), accounting for 41% of the total land area in the region and about a fifth of China’s pasture area . Its annual solar radiation is 2,164 kilowatt-hours per square meter, according to the Global Solar Atlas and local government leaders. This makes Inner Mongolia one of the most valuable solar energy regions in China.

Solar panels provide shade for livestock at an agrivoltaic farm in Inner Mongolia.

Potential for Expanding Agrivoltaics in Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia presents a rich tapestry of opportunities for implementing agrivoltaic projects as well as some challenges. The installed solar capacity in Southeast Asia has already been growing consistently. For instance, in 2023, the solar market in Southeast Asia expanded by 17% compared to 2022, with 3 GW of new installations. This is complemented by a strong pipeline of projects that could significantly enhance the region's solar capacity, indicating a robust future for solar energy development.

However, the successful implementation of agrivoltaic systems in Southeast Asia faces several challenges. Progress in the region is hindered by the convoluted policy framework and the need for strategic land-use planning. In addition, countries like Philippines and Indonesia, which are archipelagic countries, require technology and policies specific to the local politics, the pivotal role of village cooperatives and landscape. 

Some measures to address these challenges could include:

  • Policy Alignment:  A unified policy framework, like what’s observed in France and other countries, could help streamline permit processes and recognize the multifaceted value of agrivoltaics.
  • Local Government Engagement: The active involvement of local governments is crucial for the successful rollout of agrivoltaic projects. Drawing upon the experiences of countries like China, where local government leadership has been instrumental in agrivoltaics success, the Philippines and Indonesia can foster partnerships and alignment between urban developers and local leaders. These partnerships could help catalyze the growth and acceptance of agrivoltaics at the grassroots level, ensuring that projects align with local needs and priorities.
  • Strategic Land Use and Capability Development: Given the relationship between agriculture and solar energy in agrivoltaics, specialized research for each region is essential to gauge the optimal configurations between varied crops and solar installations. Moreover, a detailed case-by-case basis strategy, tailored to the specific conditions and objectives of a country and its investors, is crucial for the successful and sustainable deployment of these systems.
  • Community Cooperation and Ownership:  Building upon the Indonesian model of village cooperatives, early and consistent engagement with local communities, coupled with a keen understanding of their needs and aspirations, can foster trust and a collaborative spirit. By intertwining the project's goals with community aspirations, stakeholders can effectively navigate challenges and uncertainties, ensuring that agrivoltaics bring shared benefits to all parties involved. Community ownership and engagement are paramount.
  • Capacity Building and Technical Support: Empowering local stakeholders with the necessary technical knowledge is also important for the long-term sustainability of agrivoltaic systems. Addressing the technical support challenges, especially in far-flung areas, is vital. Establishing regional technology hubs or partnering with educational institutions could help. Such collaborations could not only reduce technical response times, but also elevate the broader understanding of distributed technologies in these regions.

 Achieving a Bright Future for Agrivoltaics in Asia

Agrivoltaics offers a promising solution to the complex task of harmonizing energy production and agriculture. By drawing inspiration from China's experiences and customizing strategies to the local context, this approach could help drive economic growth, promote sustainable energy and deliver environmental benefits.

Realizing the full potential of agrivoltaics will require collaboration, policy alignment and capacity building. But if successful, agrivoltaics can help pave the way to a more sustainable and prosperous future.

Chen Jing, a postdoctoral researcher at Tsinghua University's School of Social Sciences in the Energy Transition and Social Development Research Center, contributed to this article.

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Container shipper X-Press Feeders has conducted its first bio-methanol refuelling operation at the port of Singapore on Monday, a company executive said, after receiving in mid-May its first out of 14 dual-fuelled vessels ordered.

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Economic Cost of Climate Change

  Syllabus: Economy/ Environment Conservation

  Context:  The economic toll of climate change is staggering, with recent UN studies revealing that global GDP could have been 37% higher without warming since 1960.

What is Climate Change ?

Climate change refers to long-term alterations in temperatures and weather patterns . While natural factors like solar activity and volcanic eruptions can contribute, human activities, especially the burning of fossil fuels, have been the primary driver since the 1800s. From 1970 to 2021, nearly 12,000 climate change-induced disasters occurred, causing over 2 million deaths and $4.3 trillion in economic losses.

India ranked 7th in the Global Climate Risk Index 2021 , indicating high exposure and vulnerability to climate risk events. Its diverse climate faces various temperatures, precipitation patterns, and extreme weather events, impacting the economy spatially and temporally.

Impact of Climate Change on the Economy:

Risk Emanating from climate change:

greenhouse farming business plan in india

What should be done:

  • Industrial Symbiosis : Revolutionize circular economy, incentivize waste reduction, and promote industrial symbiosis.
  • Public-Private Partnerships : Encourage collaborations for green innovation, and establish dedicated funds for startups.
  • Climate-Conscious Urban Planning : Prioritize sustainability in city planning, and integrate climate measures into Smart Cities Mission.
  • Climate-Resilient Special Economic Zones (SEZs): Create zones with sustainable practices, and attract green businesses and industries.
  • National Green Taxonomy : Establish a classification system for sustainable activities, and guide investments and policies.
  • Green Bond Financing : Issue sovereign green bonds to fund climate-resilient infrastructure projects.


India, the third-largest emitter of greenhouse gases in 2020, is projected to peak emissions between 2040-2045, posing challenges for its energy transition plans. A forward-thinking approach is crucial for navigating this trajectory effectively.

Mains Link:

Q.1 Describe the major outcomes of the 26th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). What are the commitments made by India in this conference? (UPSC 2021)

Q.2 ‘Climate Change’ is a global problem. How will India be affected by climate change? How Himalayan and coastal states of India be affected by climate change? (USPC 2017)

Prelims Link

Q.1 In the context of India’s preparation for Climate-Smart Agriculture, consider the following statements: (UPSC 2021)

  • The ‘Climate-Smart Village’ approach in India is a part of a project led by the Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), an international research programme.
  • The project of CCAFS is carried out under Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) headquartered in France.
  • The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) in India is one of the CGIAR’s research centres.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Q.2 Which of the following best describes/describe the aim of ‘Green India Mission’ of the Government of India? (UPSC 2016)

  • Incorporating environmental benefits and costs into the Union and State Budgets thereby implementing the ‘green accounting’.
  • Launching the second green revolution to enhance agricultural output so as to ensure food security to one and all in the future.
  • Restoring and enhancing forest cover and responding to climate change by a combination of adaptation and mitigation measures.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

Q.3 With reference to ‘Global Climate Change Alliance’, which of the following statements is/are correct? (USPC 2017)

  • It is an initiative of the European Union.
  • It provides technical and financial support to targeted developing countries to integrate climate change into their development policies and budgets.
  • It is coordinated by World Resources Institute (WRI) and World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD).

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(c) 2 and 3 only

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Agri Business

Hydroponic Farming Setup in India – a Full Guide

Table of contents, advantages of hydroponic farming setup.

  • Components of a hydroponic farming setup system 

Different types of hydroponics farming systems setup

Closed hydroponic farming setup systems, deep water culture (dwc) of hydroponic farming setup, ebb and flow hydroponic farming setup, nft hydroponic farming setup systems, open hydroponic system, where to sell hydroponic produce in india.

Introduction to hydroponic farming setup

Who knew a small invisible virus will shut down everything, will shake superpowers of the world and we will have to lockdown ourselves in our home with fear. Farming practice like aqua farms or Hydroponic farming is especially significant in times of crisis such as these. With the terror of pandemic infection and mass lockdowns, your home soilless growth system set up can carry on to offer healthy and nutrient-rich food to you and your loved ones.

A step by step guide to hydroponic farming setup in India

With the use of soilless farming, the lack of gardening space or the lack of knowledge of farming will no longer be an issue at all. Hydroponic farming is just what the world needs today to defy the rising fuel prices, increases the cost of living and global warming. When you can generate the food you are going to need, you can confidently say that you do not contribute to the additional consumption of fossil fuel that goes into transporting the food and you know exactly what you are consuming. It is a sustainable method of farming in view of the fact that the limited use of resources does not compromise the quality of the plants. Whether you decide to try hydroponic farming or move to source your food from a commercial hydroponic farm nearby, you will all the time be able to observe and trace their growing process. If you make use of a standard hydroponics agriculture DIY kit or employ a standardized method to grow soilless plants inside an indoor controlled environment, you can always be confident about the quality of the food you eat and serve. It is a type of “precision farming” where nothing in excess goes into the substrate.

A guide to hydroponic farming.

There are many hydroponics success stories , experienced growers have shared following advantages of having a hydroponic setup with you:

  • No soils needed
  • Make better use of space and location
  • Climate control
  • Hydroponics is water-saving
  • Effective use of nutrients
  • pH control of the solution
  • Better growth rate
  • Fewer pests & diseases
  • Less use of insecticide, and herbicides
  • Labor and time savers
  • Hydroponics is a stress-relieving hobby

Before discussing different types of hydroponic setup first we need to understand the components of a hydroponic system that together constitutes the hydroponics setup.

Advantages of hydroponic farming.

Components of a hydroponic farming setup system  

Reservoir : it is the container where the nutrient solution is kept before it is delivered to the plants. It is usually an old fish tank, or a large plastic container, which can hold large quantities of water but make sure it, is non-reactive and opaque so that it does not shelter any infectious living forms. It is important to ensure that the nutrient reservoir is not made from anything metallic as this is possible to bring in harmful elements into the nutrient solution which can be quite damaging to your plants.

Grow tray: In most hydroponic systems you will find the plants are kept separately from the nutrient reservoir. The structure in which plants are grown is known as a grow tray or grow chamber. A grow tray is a container intended to hold one or more plants in a hydroponic growing system. Depending on the type of hydroponic system in use, these trays may have leach valves to permit water to drain out of the growing medium when required. Some grow trays are designed to hold grow media (e.g., coco coir, clay pebbles, and others), while others are designed to hold pots containing plants and mediums in the trays. A grow tray is also called as a hydroponic tray.  

Growing medium: The growing medium is what the plant develops in. If you are growing your plants in your garden, then you are most likely using soil as your growing medium. However, in hydroponics plants don’t require soil to grow, and there are plenty of other materials that can be utilized to support a plant’s weight and root system. Materials like sand, gravel, bark, polyurethane foam, coconut fiber, perlite, and vermiculite can be used as grow media. All of these work well, but the most commonly used mediums are Rockwool and expanded clay. An ideal grows media must offer excellent air circulation, is ph neutral, and should not compact over time.  

Nutrient solution: The nutrient solution is most likely the most significant part of a hydroponic system. It sounds complex, but it’s in fact just a fancy way of saying essential nutrients dissolved in water. The cause hydroponics gardening is so effective is since the plants are fed not just water, but water packed with critical nutrients required for optimal plant growth. Nutrients solution can be purchased in a soluble form (in different mixes, designed to support different plants) that you basically add to water in the required dosage and then introduce to your system. It should be water-soluble with minimal or no residue It is essential to check the strength of a nutrient solution by testing the electrical conductivity or EC level.

Delivery System

The majority of hydroponic systems keep the grow tray part from the nutrient reservoir. Clearly, the plant requires accessing the nutrient solution, and it is the work of the delivery system to feed the plants. The delivery system is accountable for moving the nutrient solution from the nutrient reservoir up to the grow tray and then draining the excess solution back into the reservoir.

All hydroponic systems will feature a pump usually the same form that is found in an aquarium set-up. The pump is used to siphon the water from the reservoir into the grow-tray, or simply to circulate the water in the reservoir to maintain the oxygenated state and discourage any algal growth which means it provides aeration which in hand brings in oxygen to the system.

In case if you miss this: Organic Spinach Farming .

Hydroponic Strawberries.

Hydroponic farming setups can be either active or passive. Active means that nutrient solutions will be moved, usually by a pump. Passive is based on a wick or the anchor of the growing media.

Hydroponic systems are also categorized as recovery or non-recovery. Recovery means the nutrient solution will be reused into the system. Meanwhile, with non-recovery, the nutrient solution is applied to the growing media and vanishes.

Based on the management of the nutrient solution and the way it is applied to hydroponic plants falls into two basic categories: those that are closed and recirculate the nutrient solution, either continually or from time to time, and those that don’t recirculate the solution, termed as open systems. The extent of nutrient solution management skill, monitoring, and regular adjustment are the foundation of both open and closed systems, however, each has diverse advantages when it comes to hydroponic plant production.

Closed hydroponic farming.

These are more commonly used amongst indoor growers, while in the past, drip-irrigated open systems were usually seen in commercial greenhouse production of a broad range of hydroponic crops. Closed systems that recirculate the nutrient solution are often based on nutrient solution culture and comprises of NFT, DFT, float/raft/pond systems, aeroponics, aquaponics, and ebb and flow. In these hydroponic systems, the nutrient solution is made up of working strength, EC and pH are calibrated, and the same solution is supplied to the plants either continually or from time to time. Recirculating systems are commonly topped up with water; the solution is administered on a regular basis and is only partially or fully replaced when necessary. Closed systems may appear preferable when it comes to hydroponics as they make resourceful use of water and fertilizers as the same solution can be recirculated for a wide length of time. In reality, though, closed systems can be complicated when it comes to nutrient solution management as the ratio of individual elements can alter over time without the grower being alert of problems developing. This most usually happens with macro elements such as nitrogen or potassium and it is probable for a rapidly growing crop to completely exhaust these elements from a recirculating nutrient solution if monitoring is not frequently carried out.

Though this setup is preferred and well managed by the commercial growers having largely closed systems that recirculate the nutrient solution. They effectively deal with this issue by conducting regular solution analysis carried out by the experts to obtain valuable information about the elements which are accumulating and which may be depleted over time, so that the right adjustments can be made as required. For small scale hydroponic growers where regular nutrient solution analysis is not cost-effective, a simpler scheme is to partially or completely replace the recirculating solution in closed systems on a regular basis before any imbalances start affecting plant growth.

Closed hydroponic systems include both simple hydroponic setups, as well as sophisticated ones which can be either installed at commercial or for hydroponic farming at home , a short brief of some of these methods:

This is the easiest type of hydroponic system. In this type of hydroponic setup plants are suspended directly in an oxygen-enriched nutrient solution.

It is a passive type hydroponic system setup, in which wicks run from the base of the plant container down to a reservoir and fetches the nutrient solution upwards to the developing plant.

This is the most popular hydroponic setup because of its low maintenance and low cost. It is extensively used for plug production and potted plants. In this type of hydroponic system, the growing bed is flooded with nutrient solution and then it is permitted to drain. The duration and frequency of the nutrient flooding depend on factors such as the type of growing medium used, size of containers, and plant water requirements.

This system employs a continuous nutrient solution film that flows over the developing roots. This results in a thin film of nutrient solution around the roots, supplying them both aeration and access to nutrients.

Open systems are that hydroponic setup that does not recirculate or reprocess the nutrient solution that drains from the base of the growing substrate. The excess used nutrient solution, once it has flowed from the roots and out the base of the substrate, is channeled away to be disposed of. While this may appear wasteful, drain-to-waste solutions often come across a second use as liquid fertilizer source applied to other low requirement crops outdoors such as lawns, pasture, tree crops, vegetable gardens, potted plants, and ornamentals. Regardless of this, open systems are still in extensive use in commercial hydroponics farming because of the ease of operation and nutritional management.

You should not miss this: Vegetable Farming Profit Per Acre, Model Project Report .

Open hydroponic system.

Open systems characteristically use a drip irrigation nutrient delivery system. Once the nutrient is supplied at regular intervals, it floods through the root system, stocking up moisture and nutrients in the substrate and any excess then flows out the base of the growing container/bed/slab/bucket. This quantity of waste solution must only be a small percentage of the volume originally irrigated onto the plant with most growers working on a 10-30 percent drain basis. The main benefit of drain-to-waste open systems is that with every irrigation, the root zone obtains fresh, completely balanced nutrient solution so ratios and nutrient levels are usually near to the optimal level. This is mainly useful where regular nutrient solution analysis is not achievable as nutrient imbalances are far less likely to occur. Open hydroponic system setups are principally useful where the water supply contains certain unwanted elements such as sodium, as the drainage of the excess nutrient with every irrigation not only flushes through these minerals but avoids accumulation in the root zone and nutrient solution. This facilitates growers to make substantial cost savings on having to treat and demineralize certain water supplies if using an open system. It also reduces the risk of spreading root diseases as water is regularly disposed of.

Commonly asked questions about the hydroponic farming setup in India

Questions about the hydroponic farming.

As per hydroponics success stories in India, one of the experienced hydroponic growers briefed hydroponic farming setup cost in India can be estimated as his story, he started with a small 300 sqft indoor hydroponic farm that cost approximately Rs 4 lakh. Which he later expanded to a 6,600 sqft indoor farm and one 6,000 sqft outdoor farm and all this cost him Rs 45 lakh.  

Before diving into a hydroponic farming business plan you have to identify your target market since you are dealing with crops that can’t be stored for too long this diminishes both its quality as well its value. The target market can be local restaurants and supermarkets. However, some hydroponic farms may sell directly to the public these sources decide hydroponic farm profit margin in India .

If you are interested in How to Make Money from Hydroponics Store Business .


HI Jagadish ,this is Dr.Mokhati and i am interested to know about hydrophonics in hyderabad.Can pleasae suggest me a place where i can have some workshops .THANKS

I am drskpoddar based at Varanasi,want to set up a hydroponic farm. Please advise.

My name is Anubhav. I am from Gorakhpur, UP. Wanted to have more details about hydroponics setup specially the cost and the ROI for the same.

Hello, my name is Arihant & I belong to jaipur, rajasthan. I would like to start hydroponic farming. But don’t know where or how to start. Can anyone suggest me anyway and workshops from where I can collect the intel. Kindly advice. Regards,

Pl sent the hydrobonic setup details & Price

Interested to set up commercial hydroponic farming for exports. Pls guide

I am interested to learn more about Hydroponics please send me details of available literature and books on this of Indian farmers and the investment details of setting up a Hydroponics farm.

I want to know more about hydroponics farming and wants to set up in my area.

Hi. Great article. I want to learn more about hydroponic farming at home. Please let me know if any literature or workshops are available!

Please provide me all related information for hydroponics farming.

I am interested in Hydroponic farming at home. please suggest & guide.

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