- Share full article
12 Ideas for Writing Through the Pandemic With The New York Times
A dozen writing projects — including journals, poems, comics and more — for students to try at home.
By Natalie Proulx
The coronavirus has transformed life as we know it. Schools are closed, we’re confined to our homes and the future feels very uncertain. Why write at a time like this?
For one, we are living through history. Future historians may look back on the journals, essays and art that ordinary people are creating now to tell the story of life during the coronavirus.
But writing can also be deeply therapeutic. It can be a way to express our fears, hopes and joys. It can help us make sense of the world and our place in it.
Plus, even though school buildings are shuttered, that doesn’t mean learning has stopped. Writing can help us reflect on what’s happening in our lives and form new ideas.
We want to help inspire your writing about the coronavirus while you learn from home. Below, we offer 12 projects for students, all based on pieces from The New York Times, including personal narrative essays, editorials, comic strips and podcasts. Each project features a Times text and prompts to inspire your writing, as well as related resources from The Learning Network to help you develop your craft. Some also offer opportunities to get your work published in The Times, on The Learning Network or elsewhere.
We know this list isn’t nearly complete. If you have ideas for other pandemic-related writing projects, please suggest them in the comments.
In the meantime, happy writing!
Journaling is well-known as a therapeutic practice , a tool for helping you organize your thoughts and vent your emotions, especially in anxiety-ridden times. But keeping a diary has an added benefit during a pandemic: It may help educate future generations.
In “ The Quarantine Diaries ,” Amelia Nierenberg spoke to Ady, an 8-year-old in the Bay Area who is keeping a diary. Ms. Nierenberg writes:
As the coronavirus continues to spread and confine people largely to their homes, many are filling pages with their experiences of living through a pandemic. Their diaries are told in words and pictures: pantry inventories, window views, questions about the future, concerns about the present. Taken together, the pages tell the story of an anxious, claustrophobic world on pause. “You can say anything you want, no matter what, and nobody can judge you,” Ady said in a phone interview earlier this month, speaking about her diary. “No one says, ‘scaredy-cat.’” When future historians look to write the story of life during coronavirus, these first-person accounts may prove useful. “Diaries and correspondences are a gold standard,” said Jane Kamensky, a professor of American History at Harvard University and the faculty director of the Schlesinger Library at the Radcliffe Institute. “They’re among the best evidence we have of people’s inner worlds.”
You can keep your own journal, recording your thoughts, questions, concerns and experiences of living through the coronavirus pandemic.
Not sure what to write about? Read the rest of Ms. Nierenberg’s article to find out what others around the world are recording. If you need more inspiration, here are a few writing prompts to get you started:
How has the virus disrupted your daily life? What are you missing? School, sports, competitions, extracurricular activities, social plans, vacations or anything else?
What effect has this crisis had on your own mental and emotional health?
What changes, big or small, are you noticing in the world around you?
For more ideas, see our writing prompts . We post a new one every school day, many of them now related to life during the coronavirus.
You can write in your journal every day or as often as you like. And if writing isn’t working for you right now, try a visual, audio or video diary instead.
2. Personal Narrative
As you write in your journal, you’ll probably find that your life during the pandemic is full of stories, whether serious or funny, angry or sad. If you’re so inspired, try writing about one of your experiences in a personal narrative essay.
Here’s how Mary Laura Philpott begins her essay, “ This Togetherness Is Temporary, ” about being quarantined with her teenage children:
Get this: A couple of months ago, I quit my job in order to be home more. Go ahead and laugh at the timing. I know. At the time, it was hitting me that my daughter starts high school in the fall, and my son will be a senior. Increasingly they were spending their time away from me at school, with friends, and in the many time-intensive activities that make up teenage lives. I could feel the clock ticking, and I wanted to spend the minutes I could — the minutes they were willing to give me, anyway — with them, instead of sitting in front of a computer at night and on weekends in order to juggle a job as a bookseller, a part-time gig as a television host, and a book deadline. I wanted more of them while they were still living in my house. Now here we are, all together, every day. You’re supposed to be careful what you wish for, but come on. None of us saw this coming.
Personal narratives are short, powerful stories about meaningful life experiences, big or small. Read the rest of Ms. Philpott’s essay to see how she balances telling the story of a specific moment in time and reflecting on what it all means in the larger context of her life.
To help you identify the moments that have been particularly meaningful, difficult, comical or strange during this pandemic, try responding to one of our writing prompts related to the coronavirus:
Holidays and Birthdays Are Moments to Come Together. How Are You Adapting During the Pandemic?
Has Your School Switched to Remote Learning? How Is It Going So Far?
Is the Coronavirus Pandemic Bringing Your Extended Family Closer Together?
How Is the Coronavirus Outbreak Affecting Your Life?
Another option? Use any of the images in our Picture Prompt series to inspire you to write about a memory from your life.
Related Resource: Writing Curriculum | Unit 1: Teach Narrative Writing With The New York Times
People have long turned to creative expression in times of crisis. During the coronavirus pandemic, artists are continuing to illustrate , play music , dance , perform — and write poetry .
That’s what Dr. Elizabeth Mitchell, an emergency room doctor in Boston, did after a long shift treating coronavirus patients. Called “ The Apocalypse ,” her poem begins like this:
This is the apocalypse A daffodil has poked its head up from the dirt and opened sunny arms to bluer skies yet I am filled with dark and anxious dread as theaters close as travel ends and grocery stores display their empty rows where toilet paper liquid bleach and bags of flour stood in upright ranks.
Read the rest of Dr. Mitchell’s poem and note the lines, images and metaphors that speak to you. Then, tap into your creative side by writing a poem inspired by your own experience of the pandemic.
Need inspiration? Try writing a poem in response to one of our Picture Prompts . Or, you can create a found poem using an article from The Times’s coronavirus outbreak coverage . If you have access to the print paper, try making a blackout poem instead.
Related Resources: 24 Ways to Teach and Learn About Poetry With The New York Times Reader Idea | How the Found Poem Can Inspire Teachers and Students Alike
4. Letter to the Editor
Have you been keeping up with the news about the coronavirus? What is your reaction to it?
Make your voice heard by writing a letter to the editor about a recent Times article, editorial, column or Opinion essay related to the pandemic. You can find articles in The Times’s free coronavirus coverage or The Learning Network’s coronavirus resources for students . And, if you’re a high school student, your school can get you free digital access to The New York Times from now until July 6.
To see examples, read the letters written by young people in response to recent headlines in “ How the Young Deal With the Coronavirus .” Here’s what Addie Muller from San Jose, Calif., had to say about the Opinion essay “ I’m 26. Coronavirus Sent Me to the Hospital ”:
As a high school student and a part of Generation Z, I’ve been less concerned about getting Covid-19 and more concerned about spreading it to more vulnerable populations. While I’ve been staying at home and sheltering in place (as was ordered for the state of California), many of my friends haven’t been doing the same. I know people who continue going to restaurants and have been treating the change in education as an extended spring break and excuse to spend more time with friends. I fear for my grandparents and parents, but this article showed me that we should also fear for ourselves. I appreciated seeing this article because many younger people seem to feel invincible. The fact that a healthy 26-year-old can be hospitalized means that we are all capable of getting the virus ourselves and spreading it to others. I hope that Ms. Lowenstein continues spreading her story and that she makes a full recovery soon.
As you read, note some of the defining features of a letter to the editor and what made these good enough to publish. For more advice, see these tips from Thomas Feyer, the letters editor at The Times, about how to write a compelling letter. They include:
Write briefly and to the point.
Be prepared to back up your facts with evidence.
Write about something off the beaten path.
Publishing Opportunity: When you’re ready, submit your letter to The New York Times.
Maybe you have more to say than you can fit in a 150-word letter to the editor. If that’s the case, try writing an editorial about something you have a strong opinion about related to the coronavirus. What have you seen that has made you upset? Proud? Appreciative? Scared?
In “ Surviving Coronavirus as a Broke College Student ,” Sydney Goins, a senior English major at the University of Georgia, writes about the limited options for students whose colleges are now closed. Her essay begins:
College was supposed to be my ticket to financial security. My parents were the first ones to go to college in their family. My grandpa said to my mom, “You need to go to college, so you don’t have to depend on a man for money.” This same mentality was passed on to me as well. I had enough money to last until May— $1,625 to be exact — until the coronavirus ruined my finances. My mom works in human resources. My dad is a project manager for a mattress company. I worked part time at the university’s most popular dining hall and lived in a cramped house with three other students. I don’t have a car. I either walked or biked a mile to attend class. I have student debt and started paying the accrued interest last month. I was making it work until the coronavirus shut down my college town. At first, spring break was extended by two weeks with the assumption that campus would open again in late March, but a few hours after that email, all 26 colleges in the University System of Georgia canceled in-person classes and closed integral parts of campus.
Read the rest of Ms. Goins’s essay. What is her argument? How does she support it? How is it relevant to her life and the world?
Then, choose a topic related to the pandemic that you care about and write an editorial that asserts an opinion and backs it up with solid reasoning and evidence.
Not sure where to start? Try responding to some of our recent argumentative writing prompts and see what comes up for you. Here are a few we’ve asked students so far:
Should Schools Change How They Grade Students During the Pandemic?
What Role Should Celebrities Have During the Coronavirus Crisis?
Is It Immoral to Increase the Price of Goods During a Crisis?
Or, consider essential questions about the pandemic and what they tell us about our world today: What weaknesses is the coronavirus exposing in our society? How can we best help our communities right now? What lessons can we learn from this crisis? See more here.
As an alternative to a written essay, you might try creating a video Op-Ed instead, like Katherine Oung’s “ Coronavirus Racism Infected My High School. ”
Publishing Opportunity: Submit your final essay to our Student Editorial Contest , open to middle school and high school students ages 10-19, until April 21. Please be sure to read all the rules and guidelines before submitting.
Related Resource: An Argumentative-Writing Unit for Students Doing Remote Learning
Are games, television, music, books, art or movies providing you with a much-needed distraction during the pandemic? What has been working for you that you would recommend to others? Or, what would you caution others to stay away from right now?
Share your opinions by writing a review of a piece of art or culture for other teenagers who are stuck at home. You might suggest TV shows, novels, podcasts, video games, recipes or anything else. Or, try something made especially for the coronavirus era, like a virtual architecture tour , concert or safari .
As a mentor text, read Laura Cappelle’s review of French theater companies that have rushed to put content online during the coronavirus outbreak, noting how she tailors her commentary to our current reality:
The 17th-century philosopher Blaise Pascal once wrote: “The sole cause of people’s unhappiness is that they do not know how to stay quietly in their rooms.” Yet at a time when much of the world has been forced to hunker down, French theater-makers are fighting to fill the void by making noise online.
Under the circumstances, it would be churlish to complain about artists’ desire to connect with audiences in some fashion. Theater, which depends on crowds gathering to watch performers at close quarters, is experiencing significant loss and upheaval, with many stagings either delayed indefinitely or canceled outright. But a sampling of stopgap offerings often left me underwhelmed.
To get inspired you might start by responding to our related Student Opinion prompt with your recommendations. Then turn one of them into a formal review.
Related Resource: Writing Curriculum | Unit 2: Analyzing Arts, Criticizing Culture: Writing Reviews With The New York Times
7. How-to Guide
Being stuck at home with nowhere to go is the perfect time to learn a new skill. What are you an expert at that you can you teach someone?
The Times has created several guides that walk readers through how to do something step-by-step, for example, this eight-step tutorial on how to make a face mask . Read through the guide, noting how the author breaks down each step into an easily digestible action, as well as how the illustrations support comprehension.
Then, create your own how-to guide for something you could teach someone to do during the pandemic. Maybe it’s a recipe you’ve perfected, a solo sport you’ve been practicing, or a FaceTime tutorial for someone who’s never video chatted before.
Whatever you choose, make sure to write clearly so anyone anywhere could try out this new skill. As an added challenge, include an illustration, photo, or audio or video clip with each step to support the reader’s understanding.
Related Resource: Writing Curriculum | Unit 4: Informational Writing
8. 36 Hours Column
For nearly two decades, The Times has published a weekly 36 Hours column , giving readers suggestions for how to spend a weekend in cities all over the globe.
While traveling for fun is not an option now, the Travel section decided to create a special reader-generated column of how to spend a weekend in the midst of a global pandemic. The result? “ 36 Hours in … Wherever You Are .” Here’s how readers suggest spending a Sunday morning:
8 a.m. Changing routines Make small discoveries. To stretch my legs during the lockdown, I’ve been walking around the block every day, and I’ve started to notice details that I’d never seen before. Like the fake, painted window on the building across the road, or the old candle holders that were once used as part of the street lighting. When the quarantine ends, I hope we don’t forget to appreciate what’s been on a doorstep all along. — Camilla Capasso, Modena, Italy 10:30 a.m. Use your hands Undertake the easiest and most fulfilling origami project of your life by folding 12 pieces of paper and building this lovely star . Modular origami has been my absolute favorite occupational therapy since I was a restless child: the process is enthralling and soothing. — Laila Dib, Berlin, Germany 12 p.m. Be isolated, together Check on neighbors on your block or floor with an email, text or phone call, or leave a card with your name and contact information. Are they OK? Do they need something from the store? Help with an errand? Food? Can you bring them a hot dish or home-baked bread? This simple act — done carefully and from a safe distance — palpably reduces our sense of fear and isolation. I’ve seen the faces of some neighbors for the first time. Now they wave. — Jim Carrier, Burlington, Vt.
Read the entire article. As you read, consider: How would this be different if it were written by teenagers for teenagers?
Then, create your own 36 Hours itinerary for teenagers stuck at home during the pandemic with ideas for how to spend the weekend wherever they are.
The 36 Hours editors suggest thinking “within the spirit of travel, even if many of us are housebound.” For example: an album or a song playlist; a book or movie that transports you; a particular recipe you love; or a clever way to virtually connect with family and friends. See more suggestions here .
Related Resources: Reader Idea | 36 Hours in Your Hometown 36 Hours in Learning: Creating Travel Itineraries Across the Curriculum
9. Photo Essay
Daily life looks very different now. Unusual scenes are playing out in homes, parks, grocery stores and streets across the country.
In “ New York Was Not Designed for Emptiness ,” New York Times photographers document what life in New York City looks like amid the pandemic. It begins:
The lights are still on in Times Square. Billboards blink and storefronts shine in neon. If only there were an audience for this spectacle. But the thoroughfares have been abandoned. The energy that once crackled along the concrete has eased. The throngs of tourists, the briskly striding commuters, the honking drivers have mostly skittered away. In their place is a wistful awareness that plays across all five boroughs: Look how eerie our brilliant landscape has become. Look how it no longer bustles. This is not the New York City anyone signed up for.
Read the rest of the essay and view the photos. As you read, note the photos or lines in the text that grab your attention most. Why do they stand out to you?
What does the pandemic look like where you live? Create your own photo essay, accompanied by a written piece, that illustrates your life now. In your essay, consider how you can communicate a particular theme or message about life during the pandemic through both your photos and words, like in the article you read.
Publishing Opportunity: The International Center of Photography is collecting a virtual archive of images related to the coronavirus pandemic. Learn how to submit yours here.
10. Comic Strip
Sometimes, words alone just won’t do. Visual mediums, like comics, have the advantage of being able to express emotion, reveal inner monologues, and explain complex subjects in ways that words on their own seldom can.
If anything proves this point, it is the Opinion section’s ongoing visual diary, “ Art in Isolation .” Scroll through this collection to see clever and poignant illustrations about life in these uncertain times. Read the comic “ Finding Connection When Home Alone ” by Gracey Zhang from this collection. As you read, note what stands out to you about the writing and illustrations. What lessons could they have for your own piece?
Then, create your own comic strip, modeled after the one you read, that explores some aspect of life during the pandemic. You can sketch and color your comic with paper and pen, or use an online tool like MakeBeliefsComix.com .
Need inspiration? If you’re keeping a quarantine journal, as we suggested above, you might create a graphic story based on a week of your life, or just a small part of it — like the meals you ate, the video games you played, or the conversations you had with friends over text. For more ideas, check out our writing prompts related to the coronavirus.
Related Resource: From Superheroes to Syrian Refugees: Teaching Comics and Graphic Novels With Resources From The New York Times
Modern Love Podcast: In the Midst of the Coronavirus Pandemic, People Share Their Love Stories
Are you listening to any podcasts to help you get through the pandemic? Are they keeping you up-to-date on the news? Offering advice? Or just helping you escape from it all?
Create your own five-minute podcast segment that responds to the coronavirus in some way.
To get an idea of the different genres and formats your podcast could take, listen to one or more of these five-minute clips from three New York Times podcast episodes related to the coronavirus:
“ The Daily | Voices of the Pandemic ” (1:15-6:50)
“ Still Processing | A Pod From Both Our Houses ” (0:00-4:50)
“ Modern Love | In the Midst of the Coronavirus Pandemic, People Share Their Love Stories ” (1:30-6:30)
Use these as models for your own podcast. Consider the different narrative techniques they use to relate an experience of the pandemic — interviews, nonfiction storytelling and conversation — as well as how they create an engaging listening experience.
Need ideas for what to talk about? You might try translating any of the writing projects above into podcast form. Or turn to our coronavirus-related writing prompts for inspiration.
Publishing Opportunity: Submit your finished five-minute podcast to our Student Podcast Contest , which is open through May 19. Please read all the rules and guidelines before submitting.
Related Resource: Project Audio: Teaching Students How to Produce Their Own Podcasts
12. Revise and Edit
“It doesn’t matter how good you think you are as a writer — the first words you put on the page are a first draft,” Harry Guinness writes in “ How to Edit Your Own Writing .”
Editing your work may seem like something you do quickly — checking for spelling mistakes just before you turn in your essay — but Mr. Guinness argues it’s a project in its own right:
The time you put into editing, reworking and refining turns your first draft into a second — and then into a third and, if you keep at it, eventually something great. The biggest mistake you can make as a writer is to assume that what you wrote the first time through was good enough.
Read the rest of the article for a step-by-step guide to editing your own work. Then, revise one of the pieces you have written, following Mr. Guinness’s advice.
Publishing Opportunity: When you feel like your piece is “something great,” consider submitting it to one of the publishing opportunities we’ve suggested above. Or, see our list of 70-plus places that publish teenage writing and art to find more.
Natalie Proulx joined The Learning Network as a staff editor in 2017 after working as an English language arts teacher and curriculum writer. More about Natalie Proulx
- DIGITAL MAGAZINE
What is coronavirus?
Learn the facts about coronavirus and what you can do….
If you’ve been watching the news lately, chances are you’ll have heard lots about an illness that’s affecting people around the world, called coronavirus.
It’s natural to feel worried about stuff you read in the news. If you’re feeling anxious about coronavirus, talk to a trusted grown-up , like a parent, guardian or teacher about how you’re feeling. You can also find online support on the Open Minds website .
In this article we’ll answer your questions like, what is coronavirus , how is it spread and what can I do …
Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that affect animals . Occasionally, coronaviruses have been known to move from animals to humans. The coronavirus we’re talking about today is a new virus, which causes an illness called COVID-19 .
How did the coronavirus outbreak start?
It’s not completely clear how the outbreak started, but it’s thought it’s likely to have begun in Wuhan, China at a local meat market known to sell wild animal meat.
We still don’t know for sure which animal sparked the outbreak, but it’s thought that the new virus could have originated in bats . Bats weren’t sold at the market, but they may have come into contact with the animals that were.
How is coronavirus spread?
Because we haven’t encountered this virus before, scientists have had to work hard to discover exactly how it spreads . Similar viruses, like colds and flu , spread through water droplets in coughs and sneezes. These droplets can live on surfaces and spread when someone touches them with their hands . People become infected when they then touch their hands to their mouth, nose or eyes.
Coronavirus is mostly spread through the air , when people are in close contact with each other. This is why it’s very important that we socially distance from other people, and wear a mask . Wearing a mask over your mouth and nose helps to stop your water droplets from reaching other people. If we all wear masks, we all keep our droplets to ourselves!
Being in places with lots of fresh air also helps stop these droplets from reaching other people, which is why we don’t have to wear our masks outside. Some places you go to, like your school, might open windows and doors to help with this, too.
What are the symptoms of coronavirus?
For the most people, including kids, this coronavirus isn’t dangerous . It will make them feel poorly for a short time, before they make a full recovery. For a few people, like the elderly and people who have long-term health conditions such as diabetes, heart disease or asthma, the risk of becoming very ill is more serious. That’s why these people are making extra efforts to have less face-to-face contact with others at the moment.
That means you might have to change the way you keep in touch with grandparents, friends or family who are vulnerable, for the time-being. For example, how about video calling your grandparents, or sending them a letter? It’s good to keep in touch, but in a way that keeps you and others safe.
Coronavirus symptoms include:
– a high temperature
– a new, continuous cough
– a loss or change to your sense of smell and taste
If you feel poorly, tell a trusted adult like a parent, guardian or teacher.
What can i do.
There are plenty of small, easy things you can do . You probably do some of them already, but at this time, we all just need to be extra sensible and cautious as we go about our daily lives and activities:
– Wash your hands more regularly, for at least 20 seconds – that’s about as long as it takes to sing Happy Birthday twice ! Dry them with a paper towel and then chuck it in the bin!
– If you can’t wash your hands with soap and water, then use hand-sanitiser .
– Avoid touching your face, especially your eyes, nose and mouth .
– Wear your mask properly, everywhere that you need to. Make sure it covers your mouth and nose , and don’t forget to put it in the wash regularly, too!
– Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze . Bin the tissue and wash your hands afterwards.
– Try to avoid hand-to-hand contact with others outside of your immediate family, and stay a safe distance from them. There are all sorts of ingenious ways that people around the world are learning to make contact with each other without touching hands, like ‘footshakes’ instead of handshakes !
– Avoid contact with people who feel unwell , or if you feel poorly, let a trusted adult know.
What are people doing about coronavirus?
Thankfully, there are lots of people like scientists , government officials and medical professionals working extremely hard to learn how to better prevent, control and treat this virus.
Scientists have created a vaccine for COVID-19, in record time! Vaccines give people protection from the virus. In the UK, they’re being given to the most vulnerable people, like grandparents and hospital staff, first, because they are at the highest risk of catching coronavirus. Some people have already received the vaccine, which is brilliant news!
In the meantime, there are lots of changes being made to help slow the spread of coronavirus. Some of them might feel a bit scary or unusual , but rest assured, they’re being made to keep you and others safe:
– People who feel unwell, and the people they live with, are being asked to self-isolate . This basically means staying at home for 14 days so that you don’t pass the virus on to others. People can’t come to visit you during this time, but you can go outside if you have a private garden or balcony.
– Everyone is now ‘ social distancing ‘ from most other people. This basically means keeping your distance from others , avoiding social gatherings like meeting with friends, going to sporting events or gigs. This is to help prevent the virus from passing from person to person.
– Your parents may be asked to work from home . This might mean your family routine changes while they spend more time than usual at home.
– Your school may be closed , meaning that you will be staying at home during the week. Your teacher may set you school work for you to do at home, or even teach classes online .
– Cafés , restaurants , events and other public places may be closed.
These changes won’t be around forever, but they are important steps towards slowing the spread of coronavirus.
Should I be worried?
You might feel worried about coronavirus , about how it might affect you, your family and friends, and the changes that we are making to our daily lives at this time. The important thing to remember is that we are all in this together. Talk to your friends and family about your worries and work out how you will support each other during the coming weeks, ensuring you all stay happy and healthy .
Things you can do:
– Do things that make you happy like drawing , reading , and playing games .
– Have a break from talking or thinking about coronavirus. Keep yourself busy and don’t overcheck the news.
– Don’t believe everything that your friends tell you about coronavirus. Check the facts with a parent or trusted adult.
– Your parents, family and friends might be under more stress than usual, especially if they are working from home, or having to self-isolate, so think about things you can do to cheer them up . Perhaps you could help by tidying the house or writing them a note to brighten up their day ?
You can access free online school resources in our Primary Resources section! We cover all of your favourite subjects like Ancient Egypt , rainforests , dinosaurs and space !
Images ⓒ Getty Images: coronavirus structure (1209871896), sneezing boy (1127920667), children handwashing (700709633), girl reading (909239264).
Did you find our coronavirus article helpful let us know by leaving a comment below…, leave a comment.
Your comment will be checked and approved shortly.
WELL DONE, YOUR COMMENT HAS BEEN ADDED!
this helped me so much on my info report
I'm bored because of lockdown
This was very helpful
Corona is no joke.Stay safe.
thanks for the info
Thank you, because I have learned that I must not be afraid about Covid-19
yes it is helpful thanks!!
very informative specifically for me
thanks for the info!
it was good nice and wow and you can just sed a laetr on your fon. and good luck saving The world. :]
Thanks I am a lot less stressed
let's stop the spread of covid-19
This really helped me learn what to do.
I found this very useful because I used it for school
stay safe guys
I completely agree with the writer/writers of this article...we kids shouldn't be careless, and watching ur electronics all day. We need to contribute to this world, starting in home helping our family with the chores and brightening up their day!
it is helpful
these facts really helped keep it up and thank you
stay strong !
Wow! This article helped my children a lot! Now they know all about coronavirus and they’re practicing social distance and not going out to me their friends, only self isolating themselves and helping me around the house!
l think it is brilynt to lern about covid-19
I can't wait to learn more about the facts of every articles.
I think it is really good to learn about COVID-19 national geographic kids is greate
I think it really good to sow you about COVID-19 you can Leering about it
It is important to do the right thing like washing your hands before you eat food and social distancing.
It is important to do the right thing like wash your hands before you eat your food, social 1.5m distancing and we have to try to avoid the corona virus so that we can try to make ourselves feel happy and smile.
I never knew this! Thx so much! :)
omg good to know about these things i didnt know
I don't feel worried any more! Thank you Nat Geo Kids!
very useful information i like it
Stay Safe every one!!!!
I can't wait for this to be over! I miss going to the summit of Mt. Pulag.
thanks i didnt know this stuff.
wow thanks really goood information
this was very helpful and very insuring to me and i now know not to worry we are in safe hands.
I allwayes that it was so innoying but now I think it is realy cool (mabye not realy cool)
Thanks for the information about the covid 19
That was interesting.
this is the best
It's sad how many people die from it!
I found it really helpfull!
I liked the covid 19 one because I had no idear what it was and how does it spread
that was really helpful. I think this is great and its not scary.
Good luck on thevaccine
Very cool- Laiba
wow this was a lot of great info i understand covid 19 so much better now! thank you
Cool! This helped with my essay, and now I can stay Informed!
thanks for tips!
Thank you for the information
This is so cool
thank you this was a really helpful bunch of info for my homework task !
This text should be on the front page it is very informative and it’s also very important.
Thank you so much for these ideas :D :)
This was really helpful as i am studying about corona and have to do a fact sheet about it
I hope they can't that shot made soon so covid will stop
i love the style this article is written, more friendlier .i actually never read articles at all. i read cause i'v been searching facts about this virus. anyway this helped me a lot !!
i love this article it was very informative
this article was great
This information is very useful. Thanks
Heya i'm for the primary time here. I found this board and I in finding It truly helpful & it helped me out a lot. I am hoping to give something again and help others such as you aided me.
That is so great! I learnt sooo MUCH!!!
this was very interesting
An interesting explanation.
We need to stop Covid-19
Wow this is good facts
I think your website is really a great way to help people be safe during the coronavirus.
I learned a lot.
This was very helpful for my assignment! Thanks!!
This rlly helped
This is a hard time
I think that was really interesting and in my city it has died down so I am quite safe.
my grandma is 93 and she doesn't have it cause we are following the rules
Thanks I now know more
Excellent post. I definitely love this site. Thanks!
Thank you for the information.I hope the scientist find a vaccine soon and that we are all saved.
LETS DO SOMETHING ABOUT IT A GOOD THING ABOUT IT
We are doing that:)
WOW I can learn things from this it's so AMAZING!!!
AMAZING I loved this article
I do not like the virus and I want it to stop
ilove this magizine
it is a very uesful artical. ii love to read intresting things on ngk
i cant wait till COVID is over!
Wow thank you for telling me all the safe safety procedures.
thanks so much I'm not scared at all anymore!! :)
yes i did i found it very helpful.
I hope everyone stays safe
it was helpful thanks.
I hope everyone stay's safe.
thank you for this information
I love this
i do not like the viris
nice to know about COVID-19
Thanks for letting us know
Thank You For This Now Im Not Worried about coranavirus thank You Reuben
It helped very much
That makes me feel more safe
I can't wait till we can go places again
Lovely article helpful thank you.
I cannot wait till coronavirus has gone!!!!!
Can’t wait till coronavirus is gone
It’s a danger thing I’ve never seen in my whole life
we can do this
This is cool but very sad
thanks a lot.
This was very helpful thank you for your help
I will try and follow the instructions about Covid-19. Thank you for the advice.
we need to be aware
This is very useful
This articles is very informative and useful.
this is good
wash your hands and where a mask, stay 6 feet apart
This was good
We should stay home
its crazy how it can just spread like that.
It can spread fast you need to wear mask
now I know so much thank
Let's Take Action
i dont like covd19
Teached me more about covid 19
This has helped me understand COVID more and how to stay calm a try not to think about it
this was really helpful to me and others thanks for the info NG kids
thanks for your support
it's good to know
That was interesting to read!
this is very detailed work! it is intresting! :)
Looks like the corona wasn't as bad as I thought! :) Can't wait for it to be over though!
this was helpfull...
its important to wash our hands always .use mask to protect our self.
very helpful thank you
This was really helpful!In fact I actually have an assignment about this
Thanks for the information. I did not know most of this stuff.
This was a huge help
Thanks for teaching me about covid19
It really helped me to learn about the virus. I didn't know there was a another Coronavirus. Also, I think it was a great idea to do happy things during this period of time. Thank you for all your facts.
Wow I read this for school it’s really nice how me and other kids can learn about the virus if it’s scares you know most other people are to and it’s ok!
I can't wait for this to be over!
man u give so much information. Wow!!
we can get though this together
this is so helpful
It was very helpful as i was trying to find some facts on it for a while now that i could trust and weren't fake or anything.Great easy to read for kids and very nice formatting on it too. Thanks!
This was really helpful to know.
I DID NOT KNOW THAT
it was really helpful thank you very much ...
Hello Nat geo kids! Thanks for creating an article about the coronavirus, it’s helped me and my friends and family a lot
THIS IS INFORMATIVE THANKS!!!!!!
WE CAN DO THIS!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
this is very helpful
I love ur,work
It’s super info
thank you for the iformashen
``Lockdown is bad but we will get through this
Best COVID 19 Facts ever
very interesting. this has encouraged me to study biology more often...thank you
This is FANTASTIC IT HELPED ALOT! Thank you natgeokids.com!
this is helpful to kids
i am very worried about my nani because she is diabetic and she could get the corona
My class really are more informed about COVID-19 thanks
Hope they find they vaccine soon!!!
It's amazing to learn about the COVID-19 so much
I was very worried about COVID but after reading this I have released it is ok to be worried but if we follow the rules and wash our hands and keep a safe distance from other people and if we have any symptoms to stay home for 7 days. Thank you for this it has help so much
thanks that has made me feel better.
Great article whoever wrote this!bit helped me a lot! Now I know what symptoms to look out for and when it is the best time to react! Thanks Natgeokids! I know I can come and look it up one here when ever I need help or when I don’t fully understand something! Once again thanks!
This is cool, thanks.
i like this because it give us a lot of information
Thanks for giving me the info about coronavirus
We can do this
the info helps a ton for school work
Very interesting!!!!! It is good to know that there are COVID-19 facts.
The article was very helpful and it was interesting. But it is actually pretty sad how many people died in the pandemic.And I really want the restaurants to open again!
info is key
Thanks for the support
This is very good
its fun too read and it gives a lot of interesting facts
It is amazing thx for reminding me
that was cool information. I like it! but I still bored at home. but... I thing just safe at home.
That article helped me a lot and now I know how to avoid getting it thanks to Natgeokids! Now I also know even more of the symptoms.
That was really helpful to me.
Let's take action towards the world by staying safe, washing hands and caring for the enviroment.
i agree with this.
Let’s stop covid 19
very good i will recomend to family
thanks for giving all the info
I hope coronavirus will be over soon!
i love national geographic
Great! It helped me and my friends a lot actually! I had lots of fun reading this! Now, I know even more about Coronavirus than what I did before! Thanks to National geographic!
these are very helpful sentences it helps me know more about corona.
i appreciate you...welldone!!!
Soooo interesting I love it.
We have to keep others safe by: keeping distance, coughing or sneezing on your elbow or on a tissue, calling each other on the phone or a computer.
Great information for kids!
I like this information
wash your hands every day
i like this story and its make me happy so i don't have to worried :)
Thank you for all those details about covid [coronavirus]we will try not to worry about it THANK YOU who national geo
This is helpful
thank you for the informaion about corona virus
I feel alot better now
I feel better now
I enjoyed reading about the coronavirus it was very interesting and helpful.
I enjoyed reading about the coronavirus I found it very interesting and helpful.
I already knew about the pandemic and this gave me more tips for how to not stay bored than I ever imagined! HELL YAH!!!
thanks for all the tips and things you can do to stop Coronavirus
THANKS NG KIDS!
This was very helpful for my assignment that I needed to do... Thanks so much for this article.
this was very interesting and gave me lots of new information so i can stay safe !
These are very good facts
Nice way of keeping safe from Corona
I hate virus
I feel better now :)
very helpful article!!!
Wow hopefully we fix this soon.
very helpful information!
I am back to school now!
stay safe everyone we will get through this!! :D
I LOVE NAT GEO KIDS!!!!!
This very educational. I always had these questions in my mind since the lockdown started.
lets take action! we can do it
that helped a lot
Am a teacher and we will be writing about Coronavirus and how it has affected : before / during / after the pandemic. Great article with great points. Well done !!
Lets take action now by staying home. Don't go to social gatherings because the virus will spread.
I wish it will go away. I miss my teachers to
that gives a lot of information and it has helped me with my learning.
if I have already sent you a comment sorry! I have read this and I feel much better
Hi, I'm Amelia and I am from Australia. At first I was freaked out about COVID-19 but now I am a bit calmer about the situation but now that I read this and told a trusted adult I am less stressed out. thx for being supportive Nat Geo! :)
hello! Your website is AMAZING and it really helps me finish ALL my school work faster and i LOVE National Geographic Kids! Great jog guys! Keep following your dreams and stay safe! ~n4dzj4mz
This is so cool its nice to get educated about what is going on right now!
This is some good information!
This helps me to learn more about the covid19 thank you
wow thanks for the facts
Thanks for the information
Cool and scary
I really understood every thing about coronavirus and it's facts. thank you Nat Geo kids for publishing that article. To Nat Geo kids From Connor Leveque
This helps me
Let’s keep social distancing
Coolest app ever for people who don’t know much about Coronavirus
Thanks for yo Advice
it is sad and annoying because my Brownies trip has been postponed
this was really helpful we can do it! #staysafe #stayhome
Listen to the law and wash your hands!! yay!
wow this was so helpful thanks :)
thanks know i know how to do my article about coronavirus for school.
I am scared that covid is in the air but I hope we will stay healthy.
The Corona virus can be spread easily. It is important I wash my hands and cover my mouth if I sneeze or cough.
Let’s wash our hands
that was so good, I now understand more about what Covid 19 is and what need to do to avoid getting it!
I'll tick off all the Things to do !
thanks for the app i learnt so much about it thank you
This helped a lot thanks NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC KIDS
Thanks to this article I now have information about COVID-19 and It'll be helping me in my writing exam! Thank you to who ever wrote this article.
This is a good site for kids i really like NGK my daughter zoe is a lot less scared and she is understanding it a bit better we are all in this together stay safe out there!!!
Lets take action and everybody stay safe and stay home and lets stop the spread of the virus!
muy bien explicado para los niños
I found it intresting and i learned some new informatishon about covid-19
stay calm, stay safe, stay at home
it helped a bit with my homework
Thanks for this
Thanks for telling us about covid19
I can't wait to go back to school...
I found this helpful I used this to help me with my school work at it helped me a lot so thank you national geography kids for making this website it has helped me a lot
I think that the coronavirus is a pandemic that has change the world, things will never be the same.
This made me feel much better about this.
[…] If you want some kid-friendly information about the Coronavirus, take a look at this post from National Geographic Kids. […]
nice to know all tis vital info
I like this article.
we can stop coronavirus by washing our hand and self isolating for 14 days if you have a bad cough or feeling unwell. LETS DO IT!!!!!!!!!!
WOW SO COOL!
we need to help our grandma and grandpa to keep them to stay strong
Lets Be Calm And Stay Safe
It was very helpful I know more now I was a bit worried and thanks for the tips
this is so long but so good !
Thank you thank you thank you thank you thank you THANK YOU!!!!!!!
this is katie
BEST article I ever knew.
so happy good reminder i forgot about it at first brake because i was singing my hart out !!!!!!!!
Great job people!
That was really helpful thank you I will try out a few of those things. And tell my family.
Its sad but also anoying because dancing and school is canceled and i had to post pone my birthday!
I already know that
Keep in contact but not to close!
It was very informative and helpful ! Now I am confident that we can beat COVID-19 if we follow these simple rules.
Cool thanks for the help!!<3
wow such a good read but we need to take action.
I think will help a lot of people who are finding hard and scared.
LETS STAY SAFE
I miss the school BUT we have to overcome covid19
I am scared of the COVID-19 but know I know more about it so I feel a little safer.
LETS TAKE ACTION!
I'm so sad that the coronavirus came here were I live which is the united states please send more things about this virus so we could be safe in our homes
i feel bad for China Iran the US and the UK and every one infeted
GOOD BUT TRY NOT TO GET IT!
it's nice to know that there are facts about COVID19
I am a parent and grandparent this is so well written Thank You
I think we should pretend that nothing serious is happening and live life normaly being clean
Fasinating To Know
Great thank you i was wondering what to do because i was so bored
Quite informative! I hope I will be getting more facts like this.
Thanks for this wonderful article - it has helped me understand what is going on.
Thx 4 the info! I'll make sure to tell the ppl I know about how to stay safe and keep others safe from the corona virus. Let's hope the ppl in Italy and places like that r going to be ok!
I am much happier now i know about coronavirus
Hope you don’t get coronavirus
Let's wash our hands to fight corona virus.
Isla: There is no cure yet, but the people helping with the virus are working on it. Just wash your hands, eat healthy, and maybe spend some time outside getting some exercise. Hope this helps!
I Love this . It teaches you basically anything you want to know. Its amazing and really helped me with my life btw great website to have at home and at school.
I don’t know what’s happening but feel relaxed knowing about the COVIT-19
we have to work together to stop this virus mostly us kids and adults and maybe take good care of our pets and other creatures to be safe. it will help us and animals
Very sad but helpful to keep safe
Is there a cure?
wow this is really cool sad and verry anoying because I have to stay inside waa
Please send us more things about the coronavirus to be safe
Thanks for all the wanted/interesting information!!! Also I found that information very useful.
LETS TAKE ACTION!!!!!!!!!
this is cool but sad how much people died
CUSTOMIZE YOUR AVATAR
More like general science.
Home Is Good
Human digestive system
7 steps to surviving an apocalypse (according to science!)
All about the circular economy
15 Facts About The Human Body!
Sign up to our newsletter
Get uplifting news, exclusive offers, inspiring stories and activities to help you and your family explore and learn delivered straight to your inbox.
You will receive our UK newsletter. Change region
WHERE DO YOU LIVE?
COUNTRY * Australia Ireland New Zealand United Kingdom Other
You're all signed up! Back to subscription site
Type whatever you want to search
You’re leaving natgeokids.com to visit another website!
Ask a parent or guardian to check it out first and remember to stay safe online.
You're leaving our kids' pages to visit a page for grown-ups!
Be sure to check if your parent or guardian is okay with this first.
How to Write About Coronavirus in a College Essay
Students can share how they navigated life during the coronavirus pandemic in a full-length essay or an optional supplement.
Writing About COVID-19 in College Essays
Experts say students should be honest and not limit themselves to merely their experiences with the pandemic. (Getty Images)
The global impact of COVID-19, the disease caused by the novel coronavirus, means colleges and prospective students alike are in for an admissions cycle like no other. Both face unprecedented challenges and questions as they grapple with their respective futures amid the ongoing fallout of the pandemic.
Colleges must examine applicants without the aid of standardized test scores for many – a factor that prompted many schools to go test-optional for now . Even grades, a significant component of a college application, may be hard to interpret with some high schools adopting pass-fail classes last spring due to the pandemic. Major college admissions factors are suddenly skewed.
"I can't help but think other (admissions) factors are going to matter more," says Ethan Sawyer, founder of the College Essay Guy, a website that offers free and paid essay-writing resources.
College essays and letters of recommendation , Sawyer says, are likely to carry more weight than ever in this admissions cycle. And many essays will likely focus on how the pandemic shaped students' lives throughout an often tumultuous 2020.
But before writing a college essay focused on the coronavirus, students should explore whether it's the best topic for them.
Writing About COVID-19 for a College Application
Much of daily life has been colored by the coronavirus. Virtual learning is the norm at many colleges and high schools, many extracurriculars have vanished and social lives have stalled for students complying with measures to stop the spread of COVID-19.
"For some young people, the pandemic took away what they envisioned as their senior year," says Robert Alexander, dean of admissions, financial aid and enrollment management at the University of Rochester in New York. "Maybe that's a spot on a varsity athletic team or the lead role in the fall play. And it's OK for them to mourn what should have been and what they feel like they lost, but more important is how are they making the most of the opportunities they do have?"
That question, Alexander says, is what colleges want answered if students choose to address COVID-19 in their college essay.
But the question of whether a student should write about the coronavirus is tricky. The answer depends largely on the student.
"In general, I don't think students should write about COVID-19 in their main personal statement for their application," Robin Miller, master college admissions counselor at IvyWise, a college counseling company, wrote in an email.
"Certainly, there may be exceptions to this based on a student's individual experience, but since the personal essay is the main place in the application where the student can really allow their voice to be heard and share insight into who they are as an individual, there are likely many other topics they can choose to write about that are more distinctive and unique than COVID-19," Miller says.
Opinions among admissions experts vary on whether to write about the likely popular topic of the pandemic.
"If your essay communicates something positive, unique, and compelling about you in an interesting and eloquent way, go for it," Carolyn Pippen, principal college admissions counselor at IvyWise, wrote in an email. She adds that students shouldn't be dissuaded from writing about a topic merely because it's common, noting that "topics are bound to repeat, no matter how hard we try to avoid it."
Above all, she urges honesty.
"If your experience within the context of the pandemic has been truly unique, then write about that experience, and the standing out will take care of itself," Pippen says. "If your experience has been generally the same as most other students in your context, then trying to find a unique angle can easily cross the line into exploiting a tragedy, or at least appearing as though you have."
But focusing entirely on the pandemic can limit a student to a single story and narrow who they are in an application, Sawyer says. "There are so many wonderful possibilities for what you can say about yourself outside of your experience within the pandemic."
He notes that passions, strengths, career interests and personal identity are among the multitude of essay topic options available to applicants and encourages them to probe their values to help determine the topic that matters most to them – and write about it.
That doesn't mean the pandemic experience has to be ignored if applicants feel the need to write about it.
Writing About Coronavirus in Main and Supplemental Essays
Students can choose to write a full-length college essay on the coronavirus or summarize their experience in a shorter form.
To help students explain how the pandemic affected them, The Common App has added an optional section to address this topic. Applicants have 250 words to describe their pandemic experience and the personal and academic impact of COVID-19.
"That's not a trick question, and there's no right or wrong answer," Alexander says. Colleges want to know, he adds, how students navigated the pandemic, how they prioritized their time, what responsibilities they took on and what they learned along the way.
If students can distill all of the above information into 250 words, there's likely no need to write about it in a full-length college essay, experts say. And applicants whose lives were not heavily altered by the pandemic may even choose to skip the optional COVID-19 question.
"This space is best used to discuss hardship and/or significant challenges that the student and/or the student's family experienced as a result of COVID-19 and how they have responded to those difficulties," Miller notes. Using the section to acknowledge a lack of impact, she adds, "could be perceived as trite and lacking insight, despite the good intentions of the applicant."
To guard against this lack of awareness, Sawyer encourages students to tap someone they trust to review their writing , whether it's the 250-word Common App response or the full-length essay.
Experts tend to agree that the short-form approach to this as an essay topic works better, but there are exceptions. And if a student does have a coronavirus story that he or she feels must be told, Alexander encourages the writer to be authentic in the essay.
"My advice for an essay about COVID-19 is the same as my advice about an essay for any topic – and that is, don't write what you think we want to read or hear," Alexander says. "Write what really changed you and that story that now is yours and yours alone to tell."
Sawyer urges students to ask themselves, "What's the sentence that only I can write?" He also encourages students to remember that the pandemic is only a chapter of their lives and not the whole book.
Miller, who cautions against writing a full-length essay on the coronavirus, says that if students choose to do so they should have a conversation with their high school counselor about whether that's the right move. And if students choose to proceed with COVID-19 as a topic, she says they need to be clear, detailed and insightful about what they learned and how they adapted along the way.
"Approaching the essay in this manner will provide important balance while demonstrating personal growth and vulnerability," Miller says.
Pippen encourages students to remember that they are in an unprecedented time for college admissions.
"It is important to keep in mind with all of these (admission) factors that no colleges have ever had to consider them this way in the selection process, if at all," Pippen says. "They have had very little time to calibrate their evaluations of different application components within their offices, let alone across institutions. This means that colleges will all be handling the admissions process a little bit differently, and their approaches may even evolve over the course of the admissions cycle."
Searching for a college? Get our complete rankings of Best Colleges.
10 Ways to Discover College Essay Ideas
Tags: students , colleges , college admissions , college applications , college search , Coronavirus
Coming Soon: 2024 Best Colleges
The new U.S. News rankings of colleges and universities will be released on Sept. 18.
AO Advice: How Your High School is Evaluated in the College Admissions Process
Get the inside scoop on how colleges assess your high school and its course rigor. Featuring a former Admissions Officer, you'll gain crucial insights and actionable strategies during this 60-min webinar.
College Admissions: Get a Step Ahead!
Ask an Alum: Making the Most Out of College
You May Also Like
College minors explained.
Cole Claybourn Sept. 11, 2023
Student Loan Consolidation: What to Know
Sarah Wood Sept. 11, 2023
College Study Abroad Benefits
Miki Tanikawa Sept. 8, 2023
10 Test Prep Tips for College Students
Sabine Martin Sept. 7, 2023
International Student Scholarship Guide
Anayat Durrani Sept. 7, 2023
Affirmative Action Ruling and HBCUs
Sarah Wood Sept. 1, 2023
20 Fun College Campuses for Tailgating
Cole Claybourn Aug. 30, 2023
Common Black College App: What to Know
Sarah Wood Aug. 28, 2023
A Guide to STEM Majors
Cole Claybourn Aug. 25, 2023
Work-Study Can Help With College Costs
Andrew Warner Aug. 22, 2023
- Our Mission
11 Meaningful Writing Assignments Connected to the Pandemic
Writing gives students an outlet to express their feelings and connect with others during this unsettling time in their lives.
With students currently at home because of the pandemic, it’s helpful to provide learning opportunities that get them talking about what’s happening in the world with trusted adults and peers.
These ideas for home assignments build connection and help our young people process this difficult experience while developing their writing skills.
11 Writing Assignments for the Current Moment
1. Interview senior members of the community: With our older community members at higher risk, hearing their stories has increasing significance. Generate interview questions with your students, and conduct a sample interview as a model.
Students can interview family members, senior members of the school staff, or others through handwritten letters, phone calls, or video chats. When students write up and share their interviews with the class, they will get a broader, more nuanced view of older generations’ experiences.
2. Folding stories: In the traditional version of this activity, one person writes a sentence or two on a piece of paper and then folds the paper so that only the last word or phrase can be seen. The next person continues the story for a few sentences before again hiding all but the last word or phrase and then passing the paper on.
To do this remotely, set up a randomized list of all of your students. The first student sends you their contribution, and you send the last phrase of that to the next name on the list. Compile all the contributions in order in a Google Doc to create a single story. Once everyone has contributed, share the whole story with the class.
The format may allow students an imaginative outlet for anxious thoughts and predictions about the future, and the result is almost guaranteed to be hilarious and inspiring to both eager and reluctant writers.
3. Dialogue journals: A journal in which a teacher and student write back and forth to each other is an ongoing communication that helps teachers build relationships with each student while they model writing and observe students’ progressing skills. Start this off by writing a first short entry for each of your students in separate Google Docs, choosing topics you already know they’re interested in and offering personal details about yourself.
You can ask each student to write something once a week—and you’ll respond to each entry, so this does entail a time commitment on your part. The benefit in relationship-building, so difficult to do in distance learning, makes this worth the work.
4. Student-to-student letters: Organize pen pals or small letter-writing groups. Ask students to write back and forth to one or more peers using provided prompts and sample questions. Teach students to consider their audience and to keep a written dialogue going over several letters as they write to different peers. Encourage students to include self-created activities in their letters to peers: They might make a crossword puzzle using the class vocabulary words, create a maze, or share a recipe or a silly joke.
5. Write to an author: A professional writer may be a great correspondent for a young fan, offering insight into key aspects of a favorite book. Follow #WriteToAnAuthor on Twitter for access to mailing addresses of authors who are standing by for letters from young readers. Provide your students with prompts, templates, samples, and feedback to support them in writing thoughtful letters.
6. Adapt a text to reflect current conditions: Lately any story we read or watch can be a painful reminder of how much is changing. Characters are dancing, hugging or shaking hands, and talking to each other in public places. Some students find it comforting to be immersed in that world, but others find these moments upsetting. Assign students the task of rewriting a scene from a story, show, or movie, considering what needs to change for it to be realistic in our current situation but still retain the original essential themes and meaning.
7. Letters to the editor: What do students think about our leaders, policies, and proposed solutions to this pandemic? Guide them through the art of writing a well-crafted letter to the editor, and post submissions on your district, school, or class website, if privacy policies permit that. Give your students guidelines that specify word count, style, and topics, just as official publications do.
8. Student-created blog: Begin by sharing strong examples of student journalism as mentor texts. Invite students to brainstorm ideas for articles and columns. Some students can assume the role of section editors—News, Features, Arts—and others can write articles, take photos, and work on the design and marketing of the website, which students can build using Edublogs .
9. “Slow looking” documentation: Shari Tishman describes “slow looking” as prolonged observation that occurs through all the senses. Students can use a variety of slow looking strategies to observe their setting and sketch or write about their observations. There are seasonal changes to observe, among other things. By practicing slow looking, students may learn to see things they never noticed before. When they share their observations with the class, everyone gains a broader perspective of how the larger environment is changing.
10. Covid-19 comics: The genre of graphic medicine —which uses comics to explore the physical and emotional impacts of medical conditions—shows that comics can be a good way for students to explore troubling experiences. Share comics related to Covid-19 that engage with the wider implications of the pandemic, such as feeling increased isolation, processing conflicting news, and coping with social distancing or unemployment.
Invite students to explore their experiences through an intentional combination of words and pictures. Make it collaborative by having students write text for a peer’s drawings. Students can use Canva to make comics , or draw them on paper and then take photos to upload to the class learning management system.
11. Pandemic journals: A pandemic journal invites students to process their feelings and document their experience for future generations. To structure the assignment, provide prompts and templates. Suggest to students that they layer in artifacts such as news reports, a note received from a friend or neighbor, a copy of an online school schedule for a day, a snippet of an overheard conversation, or a sketch of a parent hunched over a laptop.
25,000+ students realised their study abroad dream with us. Take the first step today
Here’s your new year gift, one app for all your, study abroad needs, start your journey, track your progress, grow with the community and so much more.
An OTP has been sent to your registered mobile no. Please verify
Thanks for your comment !
Our team will review it before it's shown to our readers.
- Updated on
- Nov 19, 2022
There is so much to read and learn these days. Have you noticed how your favourite bloggers or writers come up with unique content on new topics almost every day? In the digital era, writers have to be extra careful about how they present their ideas. It should be collated in such a way that it influences a larger audience at the same time. However, article writing is not everyone’s cup of tea and needs creative thinking . Whether you want to pursue Content Writing courses or want to flourish your Journalism career , adhering to the structure along with presenting ideas in a well-structured way is what a writer needs to take care of. Yes, even articles have a distinct structure. Before delving into how to write an article should look, let us first understand the basics of it.
How To Be A Content Writer? [Step-by-Step 2022 Guide]
This Blog Includes:
What is article writing, objectives of article writing, tips for writing a good article, heading or title, byline or name of the author, body of the article, step 1: find your target audience, step 2: select a topic and an attractive heading, step 3: research is the key, step 4: write and proofread, step 5: add images and infographics, sample of article writing, article writing on covid-19 for students, article on my vision of india in the future, article writing topics, common mistakes to avoid in article writing, points to keep in mind, ppt on article writing , scope of article writing.
Playing a major role in society, an article is a piece of information that is written to influence or provide information to people at large. The form and the style of article writing may vary from one topic or writer to another. Yet, an ideal article provides all the relevant factual information to the people which catches their attention, allows them to think and triggers them to act. There are several types of articles, including:
- Expository article – The most common type of article, which allows the writer to disseminate information on any topic without imposing their own opinions.
- Argumentative article – An article in which the author poses a problem or issue, proposes a solution and provides arguments to support why their suggestions/solutions are good.
- A narrative article is one in which the author is required to narrate primarily in the form of a story.
- Descriptive article – An article written to provide a vivid description that allows readers to visualise what is being described. Using the appropriate adjectives/adjective phrases will assist you in writing a descriptive article.
- Persuasive article – An article written to persuade or convince readers to accept an idea or a point of view.
An article must be written with the following objectives in mind:
- It should bring the topic or subject of interest to the foreground.
- The article must discuss all the necessary information.
- It must make or suggest recommendations to the readers.
- It must be eligible to have an impact on the readers and make them think.
- The article must cover a wide range of topics, including people, places, emerging challenges, and technological advancements.
Here’s a step-by-step guide with plenty of helpful hints to help you write an excellent article in no time:
- The first and most important thing to consider when you decide to write an article is whether or not you are well-versed in the subject matter.
- The second question you must answer is why you are writing the article.
- The next thing you must consider is the type of audience for whom you are writing the article because you will not be able to write it in a way that will entice them to read it unless you know your audience.
- The language you use is critical because the article would be unable to sell itself without proper spelling, grammar, punctuation, and sentence structure.
- Make use of keywords to attract a large number of readers.
- Maintain coherence between and within paragraphs.
- Regardless of the type of article, double-check the data and information you provide.
- Keep the title and description as brief and memorable as possible.
- Before it is published, it should be edited and proofread.
Know the Difference Between an Author and a Writer !
Article Writing Format
Whatever you wish to write, it is important for you to first know the structure of the article and then mention the details accordingly. Divided mainly into 3 sections- Heading, Byline and Body , let us have a look at the article writing format you should keep in mind while composing your piece of information.
The first thing to be noticed and the most important component in article writing is the heading/title. To draw the attention of the readers, it is important to give a catchy heading of not more than 5 to 6 words to the article.
Below the title comes the byline which states the name of the author who has written the article. This part helps the writer earn the actual credit that they deserve.
The body consists of the main content of an article. Be it story writing or article writing, it is completely upon the author to fix the length of the composition and the number of paragraphs that would embed the information. Generally, an article contains 3 or 4 paragraphs wherein, the first paragraph introduces the readers to what the article will be about and all the prerequisite information. The second and third paragraphs will cover the crux of the topic and here, all the relevant data, case studies and statistics are presented. Following this, the fourth paragraph will conclude the article where the solutions to the problems, as presented in the second and third passages (if any) will be discussed.
Also Read: How to Write a Book?
Step By Step Guide for Article Writing
After knowing the format, let us have a look at the 5 simple steps involved in the process of article writing:
Before writing on any topic, it is important for a writer to first identify the audience the article targets. It can be a particular group of people, children, students, teenagers, young adults, middle-aged, elderly people, business people, service class, etc. Whichever group of people you choose to write for, select a topic that directly or indirectly impacts their lives or spreads the relevant information.
For example, if the article focuses on parents, then you might write about child psychology, the daily nutritional diet of a child, etc. The tone and the language should also match the suitable audience in article writing.
After you have chosen your target audience, the second important step in article writing is to choose an apt topic for your composition. This gives an idea of how you should process with the article. After you select the topic, then think of an intriguing title for the same.
For example, if you want to make the students aware of the various MBA specializations available, you can write – “ Everything you need to know about MBA specializations ”.
Consequent to selecting your targeted audience, topic and title of the article, research is the most important thing in article writing. Read umpteen articles, statistics, facts, data, and new governing laws (if any) to get a hang of all the information to be incorporated in the article. Additionally, check the authenticity of the data, so that you do not state anything outdated. Before proceeding with the article writing, prepare a rough draft or an outline of the article in bullet points and keywords so that you don’t miss out on the important information.
Once you have collected all the facts and data, you can now begin your article writing. As discussed, start the article with an introductory paragraph, followed by a descriptive and a concluding paragraph. After you have written everything, it is pertinent to proofread your entire article and check whether there are any grammatical errors. As a reader, it becomes a major turn-off when you spot even the minutest of a mistake. Also, make sure that the content is not copied from some other website.
To make your content even more attractive for people to read, you can also include some infographics. Adding images makes the article even more engaging and it proves to be more influential. Thus making the purpose of your article writing successful!
Given below is a sample that can give you more clarity on how to write an impeccable article:
Know What is Technical Writing !
Covid -19 for Students By Sahil
Covid-19 has affected all sections of human life. While it affected all industry sectors it has a major impact on education. Classes were switched from offline to online at night but it created confusion among students, especially the ones that were about to enter college. Students even took a gap year hoping for the situation to get better. While schools and colleges are opening because vaccination is in full swing across the globe there are still many challenges.
Understanding COVID-19, how it spreads, and how to protect ourselves are the most important things to be learned first as soon as the school reopens. Students should know the rules they are going to follow and the benefits of following the covid-19 Safety Rules in the School Classroom. It’s very difficult to make the children understand because innocent minds may not get acquainted with the current situation.
To avoid the risk of contracting the Covid- 19, these rules should be followed by every student and school faculty at all times. Students must carry hand sanitisers at all times. Students should never sneeze on their hands, rather they should cover them with their elbows, or may use a tissue or a handkerchief. Inform students not to touch their eyes, nose, and mouth frequently. As chances are high that the virus gets spread through the touching of the eyes and nose. If students and teachers follow these basic rules, the spread can be stopped and schools can reopen.
My Vision of India in the Future By Aayush
Most of us have a psychological barrier to looking at India’s future vision, and those who perceive the future as coming straight out of the present typically have their perspective narrowed as well. I believe that the year 2050 will belong to individuals who strive to recognise diversity as a virtue in and of itself, rather than as a tool for combating new mental monocultures or a necessary compromise for social and ethical concord. In the future, India will be in the centre of the world, with variety valued as a goal in itself. My vision statement is neither a forecast of what will happen nor a wish list of desirable but unreachable goals.
It’s a statement of what we believe our country can achieve, given the level of concern that our current youth has about issues like corruption, pollution, and mismanagement of natural resources, among other things. Recognize that the elements that affect national development have changed in recent years and will continue to change in the future when imagining India in 2050. This is expected to create more opportunities than ever before.
The expanding impact and influence of India in domains such as technology, education, information, and productive skills supports the belief that India will attain and sustain higher economic growth and development in the decades ahead.
Do you have to write an article that is trending right now and will help you score better or help you practice better? Here is the list of current topics for article writing:
- Global Warming
- Environmental Pollution
- Impact of Internet
- Women Empowerment
- Education and Movies
- Value of Games in Education
- Yoga and Mind Healing
- Importance of Mental Health
- Importance of Education in Society
Explore some Creative Writing Topics
The likelihood of errors increases now that you understand the phases of article writing and the article writing format. The following are some examples of common blunders:
- Not using facts or quotes or similar cases
- Using a tone that is too formal
- Using difficult vocabulary without knowing its meaning
- Not using a catchy title for your article
- No use of paragraphs to bifurcate information
- Not expressing personal views or opinions
- The topics of the articles should be unique and relevant
- The article has to get the attention
- It has to be interesting
- It has to be easy to read
- Find the main goal of writing an article. The goal can be anything from providing information, entertainment, advice for comparing, etc.
- The title must be eye-catching, clear, and interesting
- The introduction or the starting paragraph must be highly attentive. Use your vocabulary skills or try to use some interrogative words at the start
- Use clear statements and make assertions
- Avoid repetition and over-the-top logic and reasons
- Use the style of paragraph writing and write the contents uniquely and unambiguously
- Avoid using the points which interest you only and not for the general public
- Always end your article writing on a good and logical note
6 Recommended Travel Writing Courses
- Article on the Importance of Education
- Article Rules
- Essay on Global Warming
- Essay on Internet
- Essay on My Aim in Life
- Essay on Education System
- Essay on Democracy
- How to Write a Career Goals Essay?
- Essay on Digital India
Whether you want to work as an article writer for your current employer or make a name for yourself in the journalism world, your voice and skill are in high demand. What matters is that you keep writing and learning.
The road may be difficult at first. Even if you have a good idea of who you are as a writer and where you fit best, there will be obstacles. At first, every writer experiences this.
Or you may have no idea what intrigues you or what format works best with your natural writing strengths. Keep your cool! You’ll keep learning as you go. When your work is published and assignments begin to flood your inbox, the road will become smoother.
When written well, it becomes a natural part of the audience’s experience. Article writers influence how content is presented and how people think. Even when trying to write someone else’s vision, your talent makes it worthwhile to read.
An article is a piece of information that is written to influence or provide information to people at large. The form and the style of article writing may vary from one topic or writer to another.
Not using facts or quotes or similar cases Using a tone that is too formal Using difficult vocabulary without knowing its meaning Not using a catchy title for your article No use of paragraphs to bifurcate information Not expressing personal views or opinions
The style of article writing varies from one topic or writer to another.
Thus, article writing is a form of art that improves only with practice and the right approach. If you want to pursue a career in a field where writing plays an essential role but are confused about the program then take the assistance of Leverage Edu ’s AI tool which will curate a list of the most suitable universities and courses that align with your professional goals!
Team Leverage Edu
Leave a Reply Cancel reply
Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.
Contact no. *
Why people still make use of to read news papers when in this technological globe everything is existing on web?
This blog was… how do I say it? Relevant!! Finally I have found something which helped me. Cheers!
8 Universities with higher ROI than IITs and IIMs
Grab this one-time opportunity to download this ebook
How would you describe this article ?
Please rate this article
We would like to hear more.
Connect With Us
25,000+ students realised their study abroad dream with us. take the first step today..
Resend OTP in
Need help with?
UK, Canada, US & More
IELTS, GRE, GMAT & More
Scholarship, Loans & Forex
20,000+ students realised their study abroad dream with us. Take the first step today.
Which English test are you planning to take?
Which academic test are you planning to take.
Not Sure yet
When are you planning to take the exam?
Already booked my exam slot
Within 2 Months
Want to learn about the test
Which Degree do you wish to pursue?
When do you want to start studying abroad.
What is your budget to study abroad?
An official website of the United States government
The .gov means it’s official. Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.
The site is secure. The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.
- Account settings
- Advanced Search
- Journal List
- Elsevier - PMC COVID-19 Collection
Effects of COVID-19 pandemic in daily life
COVID-19 (Coronavirus) has affected day to day life and is slowing down the global economy. This pandemic has affected thousands of peoples, who are either sick or are being killed due to the spread of this disease. The most common symptoms of this viral infection are fever, cold, cough, bone pain and breathing problems, and ultimately leading to pneumonia. This, being a new viral disease affecting humans for the first time, vaccines are not yet available. Thus, the emphasis is on taking extensive precautions such as extensive hygiene protocol (e.g., regularly washing of hands, avoidance of face to face interaction etc.), social distancing, and wearing of masks, and so on. This virus is spreading exponentially region wise. Countries are banning gatherings of people to the spread and break the exponential curve. 1 , 2 Many countries are locking their population and enforcing strict quarantine to control the spread of the havoc of this highly communicable disease.
COVID-19 has rapidly affected our day to day life, businesses, disrupted the world trade and movements. Identification of the disease at an early stage is vital to control the spread of the virus because it very rapidly spreads from person to person. Most of the countries have slowed down their manufacturing of the products. 3 , 4 The various industries and sectors are affected by the cause of this disease; these include the pharmaceuticals industry, solar power sector, tourism, Information and electronics industry. This virus creates significant knock-on effects on the daily life of citizens, as well as about the global economy.
Presently the impacts of COVID-19 in daily life are extensive and have far reaching consequences. These can be divided into various categories:
- • Challenges in the diagnosis, quarantine and treatment of suspected or confirmed cases
- • High burden of the functioning of the existing medical system
- • Patients with other disease and health problems are getting neglected
- • Overload on doctors and other healthcare professionals, who are at a very high risk
- • Overloading of medical shops
- • Requirement for high protection
- • Disruption of medical supply chain
- • Slowing of the manufacturing of essential goods
- • Disrupt the supply chain of products
- • Losses in national and international business
- • Poor cash flow in the market
- • Significant slowing down in the revenue growth
- • Service sector is not being able to provide their proper service
- • Cancellation or postponement of large-scale sports and tournaments
- • Avoiding the national and international travelling and cancellation of services
- • Disruption of celebration of cultural, religious and festive events
- • Undue stress among the population
- • Social distancing with our peers and family members
- • Closure of the hotels, restaurants and religious places
- • Closure of places for entertainment such as movie and play theatres, sports clubs, gymnasiums, swimming pools, and so on.
- • Postponement of examinations
This COVID-19 has affected the sources of supply and effects the global economy. There are restrictions of travelling from one country to another country. During travelling, numbers of cases are identified positive when tested, especially when they are taking international visits. 5 All governments, health organisations and other authorities are continuously focussing on identifying the cases affected by the COVID-19. Healthcare professional face lot of difficulties in maintaining the quality of healthcare in these days.
Declaration of competing interest
- Skip to primary navigation
- Skip to main content
- Skip to primary sidebar
India’s Largest Career Transformation Portal
Essay on Coronavirus Pandemic for Students in English
January 4, 2021 by Karan
Essay on Coronavirus Pandemic: The ongoing global health crisis and the biggest challenge that humanity has faced since the days of World War 2 is the coronavirus pandemic. Starting from Wuhan in China, Asia, it spread like wildfire to every nook and corner of the world except Antarctica. With more than one million deaths and counting, the human race is shattered by the mounting death tolls. It brought in a global economic crisis and deprived basic living conditions to many.
Essay on Coronavirus Pandemic 500 Words in English
Below we have provided Coronavirus Pandemic Essay in English, suitable for class 6, 7, 8, 9 & 10.
Over the past few months, newspapers and tabloids have been inundated with articles containing information about the spread and surge of coronavirus. Coronavirus, also referred to as COVID-19, originated in a meat market in Wuhan, China in December last year. The virus spread quickly across the world and has claimed millions of lives. Soon, the World Health Organization declared the deadly disease a pandemic. All economic, social, cultural and political activities came to a standstill. Governments advised citizens to remain indoors and practice social distancing.
However, scientists, doctors, healthcare workers and providers of essential services continued to work hard and have emerged as heroes through the pandemic. In India, the first case of the coronavirus was detected in February. In March, our Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi announced a nation-wide lockdown to tackle the surge in positive cases. Citizens were required to wear masks and gloves if they ventured outdoors and use sanitizers and wash their hands regularly. Public transport shut down and non-essential companies, industries and services have been advised to remain closed till further notice. Schools and universities sent students back home and continued teaching through online portals.
Many people were apprehensive about these changes and wondered how long before they would be able to return to normalcy. Many others argued that this was the ‘new normal’ and that we would have to adapt to these changes.
Since most people were required to remain indoors, applications like Netflix, Amazon Prime, Hotstar and YouTube witnessed a rise in viewer activity. Television shows, movies and sitcoms provided an escape for people to entertain themselves, while at home. Other online game applications such as Ludo King, Mafia and Heads Up also became increasingly popular because they enabled groups of friends to play together virtually from various locations.
Since it was difficult for newspapers to be published and circulated, Twitter and Instagram became the go-to option for citizens to receive updates on the situation. Harvard University launched a plethora of free online courses so that students could continue to learn even from the confines of their homes.
However, with the spread of the coronavirus, fake WhatsApp forwards spread like wildfire too. These fake headlines caused unnecessary fear, panic and anxiety amongst the public. The Indian government has taken steps to curb the spread of fake news. For instance, it launched an application known as Aarogya Setu to provide authentic information and statistics to the citizens. Citizens can use this application to take an online COVID test and identify COVID hotspots near them.
The application also suggests users some precautionary measures and useful resource material to keep users abreast of the pandemic. The Prime Minister of India has been addressing the public to diffuse any baseless rumours and to inform them about the vaccination and other healthcare measures. For a majority part of the population, the pandemic is an unprecedented circumstance. As a result of this; uncertainty, fear and worry looms large. Due to the shutting down of shops, services and transport, many refuse to step out of their homes even though they adhere to the rules.
While a certain level of worry and precaution is the need of the hour, irrational fear and excessive doubting will not help the cause. One of the biggest learning from the pandemic has been to inculcate patience. Everybody needs to stay at home, regardless of whether they are bored, frustrated or tired of doing so. It is imperative to realize that things will start to get better gradually and in the process, sometimes, things might turn worse before getting better. Setbacks are part and parcel of any developmental process.
Additionally, another takeaway from this pandemic has been realizing that “change is the only constant”. All of us have been forced to adapt to these newer circumstances and have come across situations that we never imagined to face in our lifetimes. Students swiftly adapted to online learning, and teachers adapted to teaching within a virtual environment.
Businessmen, entrepreneurs and servicemen accustomed themselves to build an office environment at home and juggle house chores with their professional work. Countless other people have had to learn online banking and cashless transactions since the use of paper money is being discouraged.
- Reference Manager
- Simple TEXT file
People also looked at
Perspective article, the rise and impact of covid-19 in india.
- 1 School of Biosciences and Technology, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, India
- 2 VIT-BS, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, India
The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, which originated in the city of Wuhan, China, has quickly spread to various countries, with many cases having been reported worldwide. As of May 8th, 2020, in India, 56,342 positive cases have been reported. India, with a population of more than 1.34 billion—the second largest population in the world—will have difficulty in controlling the transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 among its population. Multiple strategies would be highly necessary to handle the current outbreak; these include computational modeling, statistical tools, and quantitative analyses to control the spread as well as the rapid development of a new treatment. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare of India has raised awareness about the recent outbreak and has taken necessary actions to control the spread of COVID-19. The central and state governments are taking several measures and formulating several wartime protocols to achieve this goal. Moreover, the Indian government implemented a 55-days lockdown throughout the country that started on March 25th, 2020, to reduce the transmission of the virus. This outbreak is inextricably linked to the economy of the nation, as it has dramatically impeded industrial sectors because people worldwide are currently cautious about engaging in business in the affected regions.
Current Scenario in India
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which causes coronavirus disease (COVID-19), was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan city, China, and later spread to many provinces in China. As of May 8th, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) had documented 3,759,967 positive COVID-19 cases, and the death toll attributed to COVID-19 had reached 259,474 worldwide ( 1 ). So far, more than 212 countries and territories have confirmed cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection. On January 30th, 2020, the WHO declared COVID-19 a Public Health Emergency of International Concern ( 2 ). The first SARS-CoV-2 positive case in India was reported in the state of Kerala on January 30th, 2020. Subsequently, the number of cases drastically rose. According to the press release by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) on May 8th, 2020, a total of 14,37,788 suspected samples had been sent to the National Institute of Virology (NIV), Pune, and a related testing laboratory ( 3 ). Among them, 56,342 cases tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 ( 4 ). A state-wise distribution of positive cases until May 8th, 2020, is listed in Table 1 , and the cases have been depicted on an Indian map ( Figure 1 ). Nearly 197,192 Indians have recently been repatriated from affected regions, and more than 1,393,301 passengers have been screened for SARS-CoV-2 at Indian airports ( 5 ), with 111 positive cases observed among foreign nationals ( 4 , 5 ). As of May 8th, 2020, Maharashtra, Delhi, and Gujarat states were reported to be hotspots for COVID-19 with 17,974, 5,980, and 7,012 confirmed cases, respectively. To date, 16,540 patients have recovered, and 1,886 deaths have been reported in India ( 5 ). To impose social distancing, the “Janata curfew” (14-h lockdown) was ordered on March 22nd, 2020. A further lockdown was initiated for 21 days, starting on March 25th, 2020, and the same was extended until May 3rd, 2020, but, owing to an increasing number of positive cases, the lockdown has been extended for the third time until May 17th, 2020 ( 6 ). Currently, out of 32 states and eight union territories in India, 26 states and six union territories have reported COVID-19 cases. Additionally, the health ministry has identified 130 districts as hotspot zones or red zones, 284 as orange zones (with few SARS-CoV-2 infections), and 319 as green zones (no SARS-CoV-2 infection) as of May 4th, 2020. These hotspot districts have been identified to report more than 80% of the cases across the nation. Nineteen districts in Uttar Pradesh are identified as hotspot districts, and this was followed by 14 and 12 districts in Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu, respectively ( 7 ). The complete lockdown was implemented in these containment zones to stop/limit community transmission ( 5 ). As of May 8th, 2020, 310 government laboratories and 111 private laboratories across the country were involved in SARS-CoV-2 testing. As per ICMR report, 14,37,788 samples were tested till date, which is 1.04 per thousand people ( 3 ).
Table 1 . Current status of reported positive coronavirus disease cases in India (State-wise).
Figure 1 . State-wise distribution of positive coronavirus disease cases displayed on an Indian geographical map.
COVID-19 and Previous Coronavirus Outbreaks
The recent outbreak of COVID-19 in several countries is similar to the previous outbreaks of SARS and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) that emerged in 2003 and 2012 in China and Saudi Arabia, respectively ( 8 – 10 ). Coronavirus is responsible for both SARS and COVID-19 diseases; they affect the respiratory tract and cause major disease outbreaks worldwide. SARS is caused by SARS-CoV, whereas SARS-CoV-2 causes COVID-19. So far, there is no particular treatment available to treat SARS or COVID-19. In the current search for a COVID-19 cure, there is some evidence that point to SARS-CoV-2 being similar to human coronavirus HKU1 and 229E strains ( 11 , 12 ) even though they are new coronavirus family members. These reports suggest that humans do not have immunity to this virus, allowing its easy and rapid spread among human populations through contact with an infected person. SARS-CoV-2 is more transmissible than SARS-CoV. The two possible reasons could be (i) the viral load (quantity of virus) tends to be relatively higher in COVID-19-positive patients, especially in the nose and throat immediately after they develop symptoms, and (ii) the binding affinity of SARS-CoV-2 to host cell receptors is higher than that of SARS-CoV ( 13 , 14 ). The other comparisons between SARS and COVID-19 are tabulated in Table 2 , and references for the same are provided here ( 1 , 15 , 16 ).
Table 2 . Differences between coronavirus disease and severe acute respiratory syndrome.
Impact of COVID-19 in India and the Global Economy
As per the official government guidelines, India is making preparations against the COVID-19 outbreak, and avoiding specific crisis actions or not understating its importance will have extremely severe implications. All the neighboring countries of India have reported positive COVID-19 cases. To protect against the deadly virus, the Indian government have taken necessary and strict measures, including establishing health check posts between the national borders to test whether people entering the country have the virus ( 17 ). Different countries have introduced rescue efforts and surveillance measures for citizens wishing to return from China. The lesson learned from the SARS outbreak was first that the lack of clarity and information about SARS weakened China's global standing and hampered its economic growth ( 10 , 18 – 20 ). The outbreak of SARS in China was catastrophic and has led to changes in health care and medical systems ( 18 , 20 ). Compared with China, the ability of India to counter a pandemic seems to be much lower. A recent study reported that affected family members had not visit the Wuhan market in China, suggesting that SARS-CoV-2 may spread without manifesting symptoms ( 21 ). Researchers believe that this phenomenon is normal for many viruses. India, with a population of more than 1.34 billion—the second largest population in the world—will have difficulty treating severe COVID-19 cases because the country has only 49,000 ventilators, which is a minimal amount. If the number of COVID-19 cases increases in the nation, it would be a catastrophe for India ( 22 ). It would be difficult to identify sources of infection and those who come in contact with them. This would necessitate multiple strategies to handle the outbreak, including computational modeling as well as statistical and quantitative analyses, to rapidly develop new vaccines and drug treatments. With such a vast population, India's medical system is grossly inadequate. A study has shown that, owing to inadequate medical care systems, nearly 1 million people die every year in India ( 23 ). India is also engaged in trading with its nearby countries, such as Bangladesh, Bhutan, Pakistan, Myanmar, China, and Nepal. During the financial year 2017–18 (FY2017–18), Indian regional trade amounted to nearly $12 billion, accounting for only 1.56% of its total global trade value of $769 billion. The outbreak of such viruses and their transmission would significantly affect the Indian economy. The outbreak in China could profoundly affect the Indian economy, especially in the sectors of electronics, pharmaceuticals, and logistics operations, as trade ports with China are currently closed. This was further supported by the statement by Suyash Choudhary, Head—Fixed Income, IDFC AMC, stating that GDP might decrease owing to COVID-19 ( 24 ).
Economists assume that the impact of COVID-19 on the economy will be high and negative when compared with the SARS impact during 2003. For instance, it has been estimated that the number of tourists arriving in China was much higher than that of tourists who traveled during the season when SARS emerged in 2003. This shows that COVID-19 has an effect on the tourism industry. It has been estimated that, for SARS, there was a 57 and 45% decline in yearly rail passenger and road passenger traffic, respectively ( 25 ). Moreover, when compared with the world economy 15 years ago, world economies are currently much more inter-related. It has been estimated that COVID-19 will hurt emerging market currencies and also impact oil prices ( 26 – 28 ). From the retail industry's perspective, consumer savings seem to be high. This might have an adverse effect on consumption rates, as all supply chains are likely to be affected, which in turn would have its impact on supply when compared with the demand of various necessary product items ( 29 ). This clearly proves that, based on the estimated losses due to the effect of SARS on tourism (retail sales lost around USD 12–18 billion and USD 30–100 billion was lost at a global macroeconomic level), we cannot estimate the impact of COVID-19 at this point. This will be possible only when the spread of COVID-19 is fully controlled. Until that time, any estimates will be rather ambiguous and imprecise ( 19 ). The OECD Interim economic assessment has provided briefing reports highlighting the role of China in the global supply chain and commodity markets. Japan, South Korea, and Australia are the countries that are most susceptible to adverse effects, as they have close ties with China. It has been estimated that there has been a 20% decline in car sales, which was 10% of the monthly decline in China during January 2020. This shows that even industrial production has been affected by COVID-19. So far, several factors have thus been identified as having a major economic impact: labor mobility, lack of working hours, interruptions in the global supply chain, less consumption, and tourism, and less demand in the commodity market at a global level ( 30 ), which in turn need to be adequately analyzed by industry type. Corporate leaders need to prioritize the supply chain and product line economy trends via demand from the consumer end. Amidst several debates on sustainable economy before the COVID-19 impact, it has now been estimated that India's GDP by the International Monetary Fund has been cut down to 1.9% from 5.8% for the FY21. The financial crisis that has emerged owing to the worldwide lockdown reflects its adverse effect on several industries and the global supply chain, which has resulted in the GDP dropping to 4.2% for FY20, which was previously estimated at 4.8%. Nevertheless, it has been roughly estimated that India and China will be experiencing considerable positive growth among other major economies ( 31 ).
Preparations and Preventive Measures in India
An easy way to decrease SARS-CoV-2 infection rates is to avoid virus exposure. People from India should avoid traveling to countries highly affected with the virus, practice proper hygiene, and avoid consuming food that is not home cooked. Necessary preventive measures, such as wearing a mask, regular hand washing, and avoiding direct contact with infected persons, should also be practiced. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW), India, has raised awareness about the recent outbreak and taken necessary action to control COVID-19. Besides, the MOHFW has created a 24 h/7 days-a-week disease alert helpline (+91-11-23978046 and 1800-180-1104) and policy guidelines on surveillance, clinical management, infection prevention and control, sample collection, transportation, and discharging suspected or confirmed cases ( 3 , 5 ). Those who traveled from China, or other countries, and exhibited symptoms, including fever, difficulty in breathing, sore throat, cough, and breathlessness, were asked to visit the nearest hospital for a health check-up. Officials from seven different airports, including Chennai, Cochin, New Delhi, Kolkata, Hyderabad, and Bengaluru, have been ordered to screen and monitor Indian travelers from China and other affected countries. In addition, a travel advisory was released to request the cessation of travel to affected countries, and anyone with a travel history that has included China since January 15th, 2020, would be quarantined. A centralized control room has been set up by the Delhi government at the Directorate General of Health Services, and 11 other districts have done the same. India has implemented COVID-19 travel advisory for intra- and inter-passenger aircraft restrictions. More information on additional travel advisory can be accessed with the provided link ( https://www.mohfw.gov.in/pdf/Traveladvisory.pdf ).
India is known for its traditional medicines in the form of AYUSH (Ayurvedic, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy). The polyherbal powder NilavembuKudineer showed promising effects against dengue and chikungunya fevers in the past ( 32 ). With the outbreak of COVID-19, the ministry of AYUSH has released a press note “Advisory for Coronavirus,” mentioning useful medications to improve the immunity of the individuals ( 33 ). Currently, according to the ICMR guidelines, doctors prescribe a combination of Lopinavir and Ritonavir for severe COVID-19 cases and hydroxychloroquine for prophylaxis of SARS-CoV-2 infection ( 34 , 35 ). In collaboration with the WHO, ICMR will conduct a therapeutic trial for COVID-19 in India ( 3 ). The ICMR recommends using the US-FDA-approved closed real-time RT-PCR systems, such as GeneXpert and Roche COBAS-6800/8800, which are used to diagnose chronic myeloid leukemia and melanoma, respectively ( 36 ). In addition, the TruenatTM beta CoV test on the TruelabTM workstation validated by the ICMR is recommended as a screening test. All positive results obtained on this platform need to be confirmed by confirmatory assays for SARS-CoV-2. All negative results do not require further testing. Antibody-based rapid tests were validated at NIV, Pune, and found to be satisfactory; the rapid test kits are as follows: (i) SARS-CoV-2 Antibody test (Lateral flow method): Guangzhou Wondfo Biotech, Mylan Laboratories Limited (CE-IVD); (ii) COVID-19 IgM&IgG Rapid Test: BioMedomics (CE-IVD); (iii) COVID-19 IgM/IgG Antibody Rapid Test: Zhuhai Livzon Diagnostics (CEIVD); (iv) New coronavirus (COVID-19) IgG/IgM Rapid Test: Voxtur Bio Ltd, India; (v) COVID-19 IgM/IgG antibody detection card test: VANGUARD Diagnostics, India; (vi) MakesureCOVID-19 Rapid test: HLL Lifecare Limited, India; and (vii) YHLO SARS-CoV-2 IgM and IgG detection kit (additional equipment required): CPC, Diagnostics. As a step further, on the technological aspect, the Union Health Ministry has launched a mobile application called “AarogyaSetu” that works both on android and iOS mobile phones. This application constructs a user database for establishing an awareness network that can alert people and governments about possible COVID-19 victims ( 37 ).
Infections caused by these viruses are an enormous global health threat. They are a major cause of death and have adverse socio-economic effects that are continually exacerbated. Therefore, potential treatment initiatives and approaches need to be developed. First, India is taking necessary preventive measures to reduce viral transmission. Second, ICMR and the Ministry of AYUSH provided guidelines to use conventional preventive and treatment strategies to increase immunity against COVID-19 ( 3 , 38 ). These guidelines could help reduce the severity of the viral infection in elderly patients and increase life expectancy ( 39 ). The recent report from the director of ICMR mentioned that India would undergo randomized controlled trials using convalescent plasma of completely recovered COVID-19 patients. Convalescent plasma therapy is highly recommended, as it has provided moderate success with SARS and MERS ( 40 ); this has been rolled out in 20 health centers and will be increased this month (May 2020) ( 3 ). India has expertise in specialized medical/pharmaceutical industries with production facilities, and the government has established fast-tracking research to develop rapid diagnostic test kits and vaccines at low cost ( 41 ). In addition, the Serum Institute of India started developing a vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 infection ( 42 ). Until we obtain an appropriate vaccine, it is highly recommended that we screen the red zoned areas to stop further transmission of the virus. Medical college doctors in Kerala, India, implemented the low-cost WISK (Walk-in Sample Kiosk) to collect samples without direct exposure or contact ( 43 , 44 ). After Kerala, The Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) developed walk-in kiosks to collect COVID-19 samples and named these as COVID-19 Sample Collection Kiosk (COVSACK) ( 45 ). After the swab collection, the testing of SARS-CoV-2 can be achieved with the existing diagnostic facility in India. This facility can be used for massive screening or at least in the red zoned areas without the need for personal protective equipment kits ( 43 , 45 ). India has attempted to broaden its research facilities and shift toward testing the mass population, as recommended by medical experts in India and worldwide ( 46 ).
Data Availability Statement
Publicly available datasets were analyzed in this study. This data can be found here: https://www.mohfw.gov.in/ and https://www.icmr.gov.in/ .
SK, DK, and CD were involved in the design of the study and the acquisition, analysis, interpretation of the data, and drafting the manuscript. BC was involved in the interpretation of the data. CD supervised the entire study. The manuscript was reviewed and approved by all the authors.
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.
We acknowledge The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) and Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) for publicly providing the details of COVID-19. The authors would like to use this opportunity to thank the management of VIT for providing the necessary facilities and encouragement to carry out this work.
1. Situation report-109. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) . WHO (2020). Available online at: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/situation-reports (accessed May 09, 2020).
2. Wee SL Jr, McNeil DG Jr, Hernández JC. W.H.O. Declares Global Emergency as Wuhan Coronavirus Spreads . The New York Times (2020). Available online at: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/30/health/coronavirus-world-health-organization.html (accessed February 03, 2020).
3. COVID-19 ICMR. COVID-19 . Indian Council of Medical Research. Government of India. ICMR (2020). Available online at: https://main.icmr.nic.in/content/covid-19 (accessed May 09, 2020).
4. COVID-19 update. COVID-19 INDIA . Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. MOHFW (2020). Available online at: https://www.mohfw.gov.in/ (accessed May 09, 2020).
5. Novel coronavirus-MOHFW. Home . Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. GOI (2020). Available online at: http://www.mohfw.gov.in/ (accessed May 08, 2020).
6. Bureau O. PM Modi calls for ‘Janata curfew’ on March 22 from 7 AM-9 PM . @businessline (2020). Available online at: https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/pm-modi-calls-for-janta-curfew-on-march-22-from-7-am-9-pm/article31110155.ece (accessed April 05, 2020).
7. Sangeeta N. Coronavirus Hotspots in India: Full List of 130 COVID-19 Hotspot Districts, All Metro Cities Marked Red Zones . Jagranjosh.com (2020). Available online at: https://www.jagranjosh.com/current-affairs/coronavirus-hotspot-areas-in-india-what-are-hotspots-know-all-covid-hotspots-1586411869-1 (accessed May 03, 2020).
8. Smith RD. Responding to global infectious disease outbreaks: lessons from SARS on the role of risk perception, communication and management. Soc Sci Med. (2006) 63:3113–23. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.08.004
PubMed Abstract | CrossRef Full Text | Google Scholar
9. Mackay IM, Arden KE. MERS coronavirus: diagnostics, epidemiology and transmission. Virol J. (2015) 12:222. doi: 10.1186/s12985-015-0439-5
10. Peeri NC, Shrestha N, Rahman MS, Zaki R, Tan Z, Bibi S, et al. The SARS, MERS and novel coronavirus (COVID-19) epidemics, the newest and biggest global health threats: what lessons have we learned? Int J Epidemiol . (2020). doi: 10.1093/ije/dyaa033. [Epub ahead of print].
11. Broor S, Dawood FS, Pandey BG, Saha S, Gupta V, Krishnan A, et al. Rates of respiratory virus-associated hospitalization in children aged <5 years in rural northern India. J Infection. (2014) 68:281–9. doi: 10.1016/j.jinf.2013.11.005
12. Sonawane AA, Shastri J, Bavdekar SB. Respiratory pathogens in infants diagnosed with acute lower respiratory tract infection in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Western India Using Multiplex Real Time PCR. Indian J Pediatr. (2019) 86:433–8. doi: 10.1007/s12098-018-2840-8
13. Tai W, He L, Zhang X, Pu J, Voronin D, Jiang S, et al. Characterization of the receptor-binding domain (RBD) of 2019 novel coronavirus: implication for development of RBD protein as a viral attachment inhibitor and vaccine. Cell Mol Immunol. (2020). doi: 10.1038/s41423-020-0400-4. [Epub ahead of print].
14. Zou L, Ruan F, Huang M, Liang L, Huang H, Hong Z, et al. SARS-CoV-2 viral load in upper respiratory specimens of infected patients. N Engl J Med. (2020) 382:1177–9. doi: 10.1056/NEJMc2001737
15. Emergencies preparedness, response. WHO | Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)-multi-country outbreak - Update 55 . WHO (2003). Available online at: https://www.who.int/csr/don/2003_05_14a/en/ (accessed February 03, 2020).
16. CDC. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) – Symptoms . Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2020). Available online at: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/symptoms-testing/symptoms.html (accessed April 07, 2020).
17. Qayam. Coronavirus scare in east UP due to cases in Nepal . The Siasat Daily (2020). Available online at: https://www.siasat.com/coronavirus-scare-east-due-cases-nepal-1805965/ (accessed February 03, 2020).
18. Huang Y. The Sars Epidemic And Its Aftermath In China: A Political Perspective . National Academies Press (US) (2004). Available online at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK92479/ (accessed May 04, 2020).
19. Qiu W, Chu C, Mao A, Wu J. The impacts on health, society, and economy of SARS and H7N9 outbreaks in China: a case comparison study. J Environ Public Health. (2018) 2018:e2710185. doi: 10.1155/2018/2710185
20. McCloskey B, Heymann DL. SARS to novel coronavirus–old lessons and new lessons. Epidemiol Infect . (2020) 148:e22. doi: 10.1017/S0950268820000254
21. Chan JF-W, Yuan S, Kok K-H, To KK-W, Chu H, Yang J, et al. A familial cluster of pneumonia associated with the 2019 novel coronavirus indicating person-to-person transmission: a study of a family cluster. Lancet. (2020) 395:514–23. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30154-9
22. PIB Mubmai. Press Information Bureau . Press Information Bureau (2020). Available online at: https://pib.gov.in/indexd.aspx (accessed May 05, 2020).
23. Dandona L, Dandona R, Kumar GA, Shukla DK, Paul VK, Balakrishnan K, et al. Nations within a nation: variations in epidemiological transition across the states of India, 1990–2016 in the Global Burden of Disease Study. Lancet. (2017) 390:2437–60. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32804-0
24. Samrat S. Coronavirus may hit Sitharaman's 10% growth target; second case surfaces in India . The Financial Express (2020). Available online at: https://www.financialexpress.com/economy/coronavirus-may-hit-sitharamans-10-gdp-growth-target-second-case-surfaces-in-india/1852146/ (accessed February 03, 2020).
25. Cheng E, Tan W. Coronavirus cases in China overtake SARS — and the economic impact could be “more severe.” CNBC (2020). Available online at: https://www.cnbc.com/2020/01/29/coronavirus-cases-in-china-overtake-sars-and-impact-could-be-more-severe.html (accessed March 11, 2020).
26. Atsmon Y, Child P, Dobbs R, Narasimhan L. Winning the $30 Trillion Decathlon: Going for Gold in Emerging Markets . McKinsey (2012). Available online at: https://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/strategy-and-corporate-finance/our-insights/winning-the-30-trillion-decathlon-going-for-gold-in-emerging-markets (accessed May 04, 2020).
27. Sudhir K, Priester J, Shum M, Atkin D, Foster A, Iyer G, et al. Research opportunities in emerging markets: an inter-disciplinary perspective from marketing, economics, and psychology. Cust Need Solut. (2015) 2:264–76. doi: 10.1007/s40547-015-0044-1
CrossRef Full Text | Google Scholar
28. Albulescu C. Coronavirus and oil price crash. SSRN J. (2020) 1–13. doi: 10.2139/ssrn.3553452
29. Carlsson-Szlezak P, Reeves M, Swartz P. What Coronavirus Could Mean for the Global Economy . Harvard Business Review (2020). Available online at: https://hbr.org/2020/03/what-coronavirus-could-mean-for-the-global-economy (accessed March 11, 2020).
30. Coronavirus: The world economy at risk. (2020). OECD Economic Outlook . Available online at: http://www.oecd.org/economic-outlook/ (accessed March 11, 2020).
31. International Monetary Fund. (2020). “Chapter 1-policies to support people during the COVID-19 pandemic,” in FISCAL MONITOR (International Monetary Fund). Available online at: https://www.imf.org/en/Publications (accessed May 07, 2020).
32. Jain J, Kumar A, Narayanan V, Ramaswamy RS, Sathiyarajeswaran P, Shree Devi MS, et al. Antiviral activity of ethanolic extract of Nilavembu Kudineer against dengue and chikungunya virus through in vitro evaluation. J Ayurveda Integr Med . (2019). doi: 10.1016/j.jaim.2018.05.006. [Epub ahead of print].
33. Advisory for Corona virus, Homoeopathy for Prevention of Corona virus Infections, Unani Medicines useful in symptomatic management of Corona Virus infection. Press Information Bureau . Available online at: pib.gov.in/Pressreleaseshare.aspx?PRID=1600895 (accessed February 03, 2020).
34. Bhatnagar T, Murhekar MV, Soneja M, Gupta N, Giri S, Wig N, et al. Lopinavir/ritonavir combination therapy amongst symptomatic coronavirus disease 2019 patients in India: protocol for restricted public health emergency use. Indian J Med Res . (2020) 151:184–9. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_502_20
35. Rathi S, Ish P, Kalantri A, Kalantri S. Hydroxychloroquine prophylaxis for COVID-19 contacts in India. Lancet Infectious Dis. (2020). doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30313-3. [Epub ahead of print].
36. Health C. for D. and R. Nucleic Acid Based Tests . FDA (2020). Available online at: https://www.fda.gov/medical-devices/vitro-diagnostics/nucleic-acid-based-tests (accessed May 05, 2020).
37. Aarogya Setu Mobile App. MyGov.in . (2020). Available online at: https://mygov.in/aarogya-setu-app/ (accessed May 04, 2020).
38. Vasudha V. Coronavirus Outbreak: Ayush Pushes “Traditional Cure,” Med Council Backs Modern Drugs . The Economic Times (2020). Available online at: https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/ayush-pushes-traditional-cure-med-council-backs-modern-drugs/articleshow/74680699.cms (accessed May 02, 2020).
39. Elfiky AA. Anti-HCV, nucleotide inhibitors, repurposing against COVID-19. Life Sci. (2020) 248:117477. doi: 10.1016/j.lfs.2020.117477
40. Teixeira da Silva JA. Convalescent plasma: a possible treatment of COVID-19 in India. Med J Armed Forces India . (2020). doi: 10.1016/j.mjafi.2020.04.006. [Epub ahead of print].
41. Sinha DK. COVID-19: Vaccine Development and Therapeutic Strategies . IndiaBioscience (2020). Available online at: https://indiabioscience.org/columns/general-science/covid-19-vaccine-development-and-therapeutic-strategies (accessed May 06, 2020).
42. Varghese MG, Rijal S. How India Must Prepare for a Second Wave of COVID-19 . Nature India (2020). Available online at: https://www.natureasia.com/en/nindia/article/10.1038/nindia.2020.80 (accessed May 06, 2020).
43. Koshy SM. Inspired By South Korea, Walk-In COVID-19 Test Kiosks Built In Kerala . NDTV.com (2020). Available online at: https://www.ndtv.com/india-news/coronavirus-inspired-by-south-korea-walk-in-test-kiosks-built-in-keralas-ernakulam-2207119 (accessed May 06, 2020).
44. MK N. Covid-19: Kerala Hospital Installs South Korea-Like Kiosks to Collect Samples . Livemint (2020). Available online at: https://www.livemint.com/news/india/covid-19-kerala-hospital-installs-south-korea-like-kiosks-to-collect-samples-11586234679849.html (accessed May 09, 2020).
45. DRDO. Covid-19 Sample Collection Kiosk (COVSACK) . Defence Research and Development Organisation - DRDO|GoI (2020). Available online at: https://drdo.gov.in/covid-19-sample-collection-kiosk-covsack (accessed May 09, 2020).
46. Vaidyanathan G. People power: how India is attempting to slow the coronavirus. Nature. (2020) 580:442. doi: 10.1038/d41586-020-01058-5
Keywords: COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, India, economy, safety measures
Citation: Kumar SU, Kumar DT, Christopher BP and Doss CGP (2020) The Rise and Impact of COVID-19 in India. Front. Med. 7:250. doi: 10.3389/fmed.2020.00250
Received: 19 March 2020; Accepted: 11 May 2020; Published: 22 May 2020.
Copyright © 2020 Kumar, Kumar, Christopher and Doss. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) . The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
*Correspondence: C. George Priya Doss, email@example.com
This article is part of the Research Topic
Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19): Pathophysiology, Epidemiology, Clinical Management and Public Health Response
CBSE Digital Education
Beneficial for CBSE Students & Teachers
Essay on Coronavirus Pandemic | COVID-19 Essay in English 1000 Words
Hello, Welcome To CBSE Digital Edu. Today We Are Going To Discuss A Interesting Topic in an Essay on Coronavirus Pandemic 1000 Words. In this article, we discuss all the important information regarding the Essay on Coronavirus in English .
This long essay on Coronavirus is beneficial for School Students of Classes 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, Competition Aspirant (SSC CGL CHSL MTS), and UPSC Exam. Students must read the complete article for all important information about Coronavirus Essay.
Table of Contents
Essay on Coronavirus for SSC CGL, CHSL, MTS, UPSC Exam
Essay on Coronavirus Pandemic – From time to time, throughout history, the world has been tormented by newly emerging epidemics. Earlier it was believed that the intensity of destruction caused by such epidemics was largely due to the lack of better health facilities. But this current COVID-19 outbreak has proved that humans are still not fully capable of fighting the pandemics caused by the deadly virus.
The pandemic has happened even after high technological advances in healthcare infrastructure. The COVID-19 outbreak first occurred in late 2019 in Wuhan, Hubei province of China. Thereafter, it spread to other parts of the world. It was declared a pandemic by the WHO on 11 March 2020.
What is Coronavirus?
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that are common around the world and can cause respiratory illnesses in people and animals. There are several known Coronaviruses that infect humans and animals. Human coronavirus was first discovered in 1960. The Coronavirus that infect humans are:
- 229E (Alpha Coronavirus)
- NL63 (Alpha Coronavirus)
- OC43 (Beta Coronavirus)
- HKU1 (Beta Coronavirus)
- MERS-CoV(Beta Coronavirus)
- SARS-CoV(Beta Coronavirus)
The new coronavirus, also known as the novel coronavirus or SARS CoV-2, is a newly emerging coronavirus that has never been identified before. This virus is responsible for outbreaks of the COVID-19 disease that causes respiratory illnesses in humans. The new coronavirus is zoonotic in nature, which means it can easily spread from animals to humans.
People infected with the COVID-19 pandemic caused by the new coronavirus experience mild to moderate respiratory illnesses and recover without any special treatment.
But the COVID-19 disease badly affects the elderly vulnerable people, and people with other medical problems. People who have heart disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory diseases, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illnesses.
How Coronavirus Spreads?
The COVID-19 pandemic is mainly spread through saliva or droplets released from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The virus can also be spread by aerosol particles coming out of the mouth while speaking in closed spaces.
People who are infected with the COVID-19 disease can have either very few infections or a lot of infections. People who have been infected with a low infection load may develop very mild symptoms or no symptoms at all.
People infected with a high infection load develop severe symptoms that can be life-threatening. The virus seems to spread easily in the community and remains in the community for a long time as an asymptomatic infection is not easy to detect.
Common symptoms of COVID-19 disease include runny nose, fever, headache, cough, sore throat, red marks on the skin, loss of taste and smell, rashes, fatigue, diarrhea, etc. People with severe illness due to COVID-19 disease may not be able to breathe easily, feel chest pain and pressure, and may also have a loss of speech or movement.
Prevention of the Spread of Coronavirus
- The outbreak of this virus can be avoided only by following social distancing and hygiene.
- Try not to shake hands with anyone or go too close to anyone.
- Wear a good quality mask and hand gloves when you go out.
- Use sanitizer from time to time.
- Eat food items after cleaning them properly.
- Strictly follow the lockdown guidelines.
- Check your body temperature and respiratory symptoms regularly.
Effect of Covid-19 on India
Coronavirus Pandemic has exposed the vulnerabilities of the healthcare system. This virus has affected the primary health care provisions of the people. It has highlighted the lack of health infrastructure in terms of doctors, medical equipment, hospitals, and health workers, both in terms of availability and access.
The Covid-19 pandemic affected most of the workers in the unorganized sector who are daily wage laborers or those working in Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) and left them unemployed, and sharply increased the unemployment rate.
With inter-state transport services closed due to the lockdown, farmers are unable to sell their crops in the market. They suffered heavy losses and were forced to throw away their crops. The tourism sector’s revenue has come down due to strict restrictions on both domestic and international flights.
The economic growth of the country has declined due to the closure of industries. India entered the era of a technical recession. Most of schools and educational institutions have been closed due to the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic.
Learning has gone online which has exposed the digital divide in the country. Also, institutions are not equipped with digital technology and teachers also lack training in terms of using these tools.
Coronavirus affected the supply chains and production or manufacturing facilities of defence companies. As these companies have to depend on various components from different sources located in the affected countries and this reduces the demand for defence equipment.
Impact of COVID-19 on the Global Economy
Amid the Covid-19 pandemic, many countries around the world have adopted complete or partial lockdowns to reduce the infection curve. These lockdowns meant confining millions of citizens to their homes, shutting down businesses and almost all economic activity.
According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the global economy is expected to shrink by more than 3% in 2020, the sharpest recession since the Great Depression of the 1930s.
The outbreak of COVID-19 has had a profound impact on the Indian economy. A UN report estimated a trade impact of over USD 350 million on the Indian economy due to the Covid-19 outbreak, making India one of the worst-affected economies across the world.
Positive Impact on the Environment
Due to the nationwide lockdown, 1.3 billion people in the country stayed away from activities that pollute the environment. Due to this the environment was saved from getting polluted and the sky remained clear, pure air was obtained and river systems were also cleaned.
Ganga and Yamuna rivers whose cleanliness is always a concern, this pandemic has proved helpful in cleaning this system to a great extent. Not only this, according to the World Air Quality, the density of 2.5 Particulate Matter (PM-2.5) in the atmosphere has decreased by about 80 percent. In this way, it has proved helpful in cleaning the global environment.
WHO Report on Coronavirus
Declaring the Coronavirus a global pandemic, the WHO has warned the world that this pandemic is not going to end only with a lockdown, but only those who are suffering should be found and kept under observation, only then it is possible to stop it.
In view of the seriousness of this disease, WHO has also said that this virus may never end. WHO has also accepted the infection of this virus in the air.
With regard to the coronavirus, the WHO has expressed satisfaction with India’s position, saying that although cases are increasing in India, the death rate is lower than in other countries.
Important Term Related to Coronavirus
Asymptomatic – This is a type of symptom, in which people are infected, but do not show any symptoms. In this, the ability to smell is found less in the patients.
Contact Tracing – This is the process of identification of infected people and the people who came in contact with them. It is commonly used in infection containment zones.
Flattening the Curve – In this, the curve shows the spread of the virus. If the curve is high, it shows how many people the infection can affect if allowed to spread unchecked and how many hospitals will be needed.
Viral Shedding – When the virus is transmitted from an infected person to another person by coughing and sneezing, it is called viral shedding. In this, the virus comes out in droplets and spreads.
Ventilator – This is a machine that helps a patient to breathe. It injects oxygen into the lungs and removes carbon dioxide. It is also called a life-saving machine.
Quarantine – Isolating people from outside a particular area so that the virus infection can be prevented from growing. Therefore self-quarantine is resorted to.
Social Distancing – There is a high risk of spreading corona in crowded places. Therefore people have been instructed to maintain a certain distance.
- Essay on Education for All in English
- Essay on Black Money in India
- Essay on New National Education Policy 2020
I hope you like this article about Essay on Coronavirus. If you want to ask any queries regarding the Essay on Coronavirus , then message us in the comment section, and we will reply to you soon. Share this long essay on the Coronavirus article with your friends.
Leave a Comment Cancel reply
Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.
- Skip to main content
- Skip to secondary menu
- Skip to primary sidebar
- Skip to footer
RD Sharma Solutions , RS Aggarwal Solutions and NCERT Solutions
Article Writing Class 9 Format, Topics, Examples, Samples
September 17, 2020 by Prasanna Leave a Comment
To write an article the key points are:
- good heading with a byline
- good introduction
- develop cause-effect relationship
- comparison and contrast
This grammar section explains English Grammar in a clear and simple way. There are example sentences to show how the language is used.
Note that to write an article the above points should always be kept in mind.
Article Writing Solved Examples With Answers for Class 9 CBSE
Question 1. With the coining of the rains, there has been an outbreak of malaria in your locality. Write a newspaper article explaining the dangers caused by the outbreak and the preventive measures that need to be undertaken. Write the article in about 100-150 words. Answer:
Heavy Rains Result in Malaria Outbreak (your name)
The constant ram for the past few weeks has brought about an epidemic in the city. The coming of the rains marks not only a change in season and temperature but it also signifies the onset of a series of health issues. Public health officials have notified that because of the constant rain, mosquitoes have been found breeding in many parts of the city which has stagnant water and this has resulted in the outbreak of malaria.
Malaria is an infectious disease that is spread by mosquitoes. Symptoms include fever, fatigue, vomiting as well as headaches. Malaria can even lead to deaths. The city already has 27 confirmed cases of malaria victims and many patients have been kept under the provision.
Public health officials have notified the public to keep their surroundings clean and prevent water from stagnating in and around their homes. The public has also been advised to use mosquito repellents and if any one shows symptoms of malaria, they are requested to head straight to the hospital for treatment.
Question 2. While going through your old school magazine, you found an interesting article by Ravi Jatav about what it would be like 5 years from now. Complete the magazine article by using your own ideas and thoughts. Write the article in about 100-150 words. Answer:
Five years from now Ravi Jatav
We won’t be the same five years from now. Maybe you would have lost your Mohawk hairstyle and I, my love for guitar. Maybe five years from now I will have new friends or maybe I’ll still be with my old school friends. I keep thinking of what would happen after school and where will I be five years from now and this same thought is what makes us all anxious.
Being in school for all these years never prepares you for what’s next. Maybe it’s right to be anxious because one has to decide about what career to take up and where to go in life. By five years’ time, we would have made our choices and decisions.
Maybe five years from now I’ll be selected for an internship by a company I’ve always dreamed of working at and I would have never started pursuing this dream if I hadn’t been sleeping and dreaming in class.
Need for Green Housing Complex by: Anuj
Living in a concrete tower complex, much above ground level does not lead to environmental destruction if certain precautions are taken.
The buildings can be surrounded by ample green spaces like parks, walking tracks, water bodies, yoga, and related mind-body enhancement rooms. Terrace gardens on a few floors, a jogging track on the rooftop, and even tree plantings along boundary walls can help reduce noise pollution and provide oxygen.
Environmental measures of reduction, reuse, and recycle must be practised by adopting rainwater harvesting measures, as well as garbage collection for energy production, and the use of LED lights to serve the lighting needs. Green patches all over the place for people to walk bare-foot can also be considered as that provides as healing touch from mother earth.
Nearness to bus stops would reduce private car use while airy rooms and designed spaces inside homes, would create happy families so that living becomes healthy and energetic.
Question 4. A rally was organised by the women of ‘Welfare Organisation’. All the women were holding banners such as
- We are not weak
- don’t treat us like this
- reserve seats for women in colleges and parliament
- grant women their due
- stop harassment
Write an article on in 100-150 words on ‘The Sufferings of Indian Women’ for your school magazine. You are Suresh/Shivani of DAV Public School, New Delhi. Answer:
The Sufferings of Indian Women by: Suresh
In Indian society, women have customarily been kept subservient to men. The traditional mindset gives preference to sons over daughters. Sex determination and female infanticide are common practices, even among the educated classes. Though women have been emerging as eminent writers, political leaders, High Court and Supreme Court judges, yet their ratio in comparison to men is negligible.
Though the Constitution grants equal rights to women, most of them are ignorant of these rights.
Women are still abused and exploited. Even educated working women are not able to stand up to their rights. The need of the hour is to change the patriarchal mindset. Women must be brought into the social and political mainstream for their economic, social and political development. The gap between legal rights and the attitude of society needs to be bridged. Women of India need to be empowered for a strong and healthy society.
Question 5. Write a paragraph on each of the following: Electronic Waste and Environmental Pollution Answer: Electronic waste and Environmental Pollution!
Electronic waste or E-waste means old or discarded appliances using electricity. It may include computers, cell phones, refrigerators, etc. that have been disposed of. The processing of electronic waste in developing countries causes serious health and pollution problems.
Fast technology change, low initial cost and usage of old items have resulted in continuous growth of electronic waste around the world. Expensive electronics are extremely difficult and expensive to recycle. Electronic waste includes toxic substances that can prove hazardous if not processed properly. Informal processing of it can lead to serious effects on human health and environmental pollution.
E-waste threatens the future technology. But reusing old appliances is also not a choice since not all old computers can be used by a second consumer. Therefore, recycling and remanufacturing are the current solution to control E-waste. Proper disposal of e-waste is also mandatory to address the issue of environmental pollution.
Question 6. You are Mariam/Mayur. You see the following news item in a daily. Write an article in 100-150 words expressing your views on how to make the complex attractive for night tourism. Tall Makeover for Qutab In another month, the Qutab Minar complex will be opened to night tourism. Two months from then, a ? 50-lakh plan will transform the area. Answer:
Tall Makeover for Qutab Minar by: Mariam
The opening of Qutab Minar to night visitors is a popular and an imaginative move. This project to transform the complex, needs to be backed by a comprehensive plan of development.
For a start, the parking lot should be spruced to create a satisfactory green cover around the complex. Flood-lit by night, it would create an illusion of a fairyland.
Likewise, the existing green belt along the road, can be converted into a convenient parking lot. The changeover will look more serene.
Another place that needs to be made convenience-oriented, is the ticket counter. Currently, there is no other utility around it. Perhaps a bookstore and a cafeteria would be a useful addition. With these amenities, visitors will have no regrets. With such facilities, the tourism will also get a boost and the Qutab Minar that stands tall as the tallest building of Delhi today will still stand taller!
Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy such as heat, light etc. The emergence of great factories and consumption of coal gas give rise to unprecedented are pollution.
People of the city are also to be blamed for inviting this situation upon themselves. People living in the vicinity, should form carpools to reduce traffic pollution.
People should form action committees and get closed factories that release poisonous gases as well as chemicals into the water. Residents should launch afforestation drives to make the city green. It is a good sign that the awareness to pollution has already given rise to the “Save Our Environment Movement”.
Question 8. In 2010, the United Nations declared Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam’s birthday (15th October) as World Students’ Day. Write an article on the importance of the youth/young students in the making of a New India. (120-150 words) Answer:
Importance of the Youth/Young students in the making of a new India by: ABC
Youth are the building blocks of the society. They are the miraculous power of any country and current hope of a mankind. They are a strong base that is required to form a new and better India. Youths have energy, new motives with wide perspective along with the capability to bring a wave of change in the silent sea. No one can match with the level and aura that young students can get in to form a New India.
It’s high time all these oldies took a backseat and allow young ones to come into the power. We have new ideologies and constructive views with a better vision. If we desire for success, prosperity, peace and safety to be accomplished, active participation of youth is a must. They are the one who can contribute their best by giving their best. Given the opportunity, they can work wonders.
All the issues can be easily overcome provided the entire youth power and resources are utilized under the guidance of dedicated leaders. We, youth, are invincible. Try us and we will conquer the world with integrity.
Question 9. Your neighbour’s daughter has been selected as Miss India this time. The local daily has asked you to file an article for the Neighbourhood Times on the homecoming of Miss India. Write the article in 100-150 words. Answer:
A Grand Welcome for Miss India by: Varun
With the news of neighbour’s daughter’s selection as Miss India, welcome preparations had lasted throughout the night. The elders received her with flowers and the customary ritual, as she posed for photographs in her bejewelled Miss India crown and sash. It was a moment of pride not only for our neighbours but for the entire city. Speeches that were given in her honour talked of her hard work, will power and determination. She had won the hearts of billions across the nation and had now become a source of inspiration for many a teenager.
Flashlights and mobiles clicked scores of pictures in company with awestruck girls eager for pointers for the next contest. The boys, meanwhile, gave their Didi a pillion ride on their motorbikes to the nearest park, where a band played ‘Congratulations and Celebrations’ as they pushed her high up on a swing, drowning her cries for help with good-humoured laughter all around.
Question 10. This year during the coming summer vacations your parents have decided to skip the annual family holiday. To spend your time usefully, you decide to take up gardening as a hobby. Write an article in 100-150 words on what you perceive are the benefits of taking up such a hobby. Answer:
Benefits of Gardening as a hobby by: Rama
On seeing the bare patch below our ground-floor flat becoming a dump yard for the community, I felt I had the right opportunity awaiting for me to do gardening there during my annual holiday.
Buying myself a simple set of tools, I asked the local park gardener to help me with planting a neem tree which sprouted new leaves within a week.
A positive effect of this gardening exercise is that I have begun to rise early and be outdoors tending and watering the patch, which is now grassed and trimmed with a small hedge.
It conceived in me a sense of purpose and confidence and it helped me make new friends, as pedestrians and passersby invariably stop to compliment my efforts and exchange a friendly chat.
Question 11. In groups of four, discuss in favour of or against the topic: “New technology is common, New thinking is rare.” Answer:
New Technology is Common, New Thinking is Rare by: Rama
I fully agree with the view that ‘new technology is common but new thinking is rare. In today’s technological era, new technologies have indeed made the life easier but they come with their own side effects. For example, smart phones have made most of the work easier to do but it has his disadvantages too. People don’t have the logical thinking to reap maximum benefits out of it but are using it without thinking of its negative effects.
We must understand that technology is more than just entertainment. It affects the way we think, learn, and interact; and to materialize this thought we must think innovatively as to how to use the technology for our benefit only not to harm us. We must find some innovative ways to deal with challenges of life rather than developing newer devices, leading to more problems.
Slum Woes by: Nidhi
The Ujaala-Umeed Colony, adjacent to the market, belies its name. It is a cluster of raw leather, plastic sheets and tin sheds that announces its presence with foul smell and civic apathy.
The first impression is of a constricted space teeming with people. Engaging with them one finds that 60% residents are migrants and 12% families are related by kinship or through village ties. They prefer living here as incomes are low, making room renting a distant dream. The main bread earners work in the nearby factories, construction sites (about 8%) or on road repair work (30%) and commute to the workplace by foot.
Battling disease, water shortage (15%), poor sewerage with 20% open drains and ill-lit road is their daily routine. With indifferent local representatives, these people seem like a forgotten race.
Question 13. The debating society is preparing for a prestigious inter-school debate competition. As student-in-charge of the debating society, write an article in 100—150 words on the general guidelines that must be followed when speaking on the stage. Answer:
Presentation Perfect by: Gita
Symptoms like heart pounding, knees buckling and throats running dry, universally affect students speaking on stage. These problems can he allayed with a few remedial tips.
Besides rehearsing the written matter, familiarity with the equipment is essential. The mike should be tested before you start speaking, and the lap top keyed on, to ensure that the projections are symmetrical, and the right keys pressed to get the image on screen.
The pace of speaking must be rehearsed beforehand, with contents neither raced through, nor interrupted with dramatic questioning. Also, anticipating a few questions and preparing their answers, ensures that you do not fumble during the rebuttal round. A very important point to remember is to constantly maintain an eye-contact with the audience.
Then confidently walk to the stage with a spring in your step. The rest will follow smoothly.
Question 14. You have experienced a very hot summer this year. Taking ideas from the hints given, write an article in 100-150 words for your school magazine on ‘Why is it Warmer in the Cities and What can be done to Improve the Environment in the Cities’. Give a suitable heading to your article.
- buildings are a city’s wind brakes
- heat from the streets/vehicles
City Environment by: Vishwesh
City temperatures remain high for a number of reasons. The concentration of tall buildings disrupts the airflow while a Greenhouse Effect is created by the emissions of carbon dioxide and other gases. The vehicular exhausts, gases and fumes that hang over the city trap the heat in. Concrete buildings and roads absorb heat and release it at night. Smoke from factories, homes, vehicles, etc. also makes the atmosphere warm.
Since hot air is not able to rise, the temperature in the city soars high. In recent years, all possible efforts have been made to restore the normal environment in the cities. Conversion to CNG and phasing out of polluting vehicles are steps taken to sustain the congenial environment in the cities. Planting more trees, holding environmental awareness campaigns, barring the heavy vehicles such as trucks from entering the city are also some more measures taken up by the government to help the city environment.
Question 15. More and more people are now used to carrying mobile phones to their workplaces. However, the use of mobile phones can be dangerous at times. Write an article in 100-150 words on ‘Mobile Culture — The Ethics’. Take hints from the information given. Don’t use mobiles…
- while driving
- at petrol pumps
- inside an aircraft
- when in ICU
- if you are near a heart patient or someone who has a pacemaker
Mobile Culture — The Ethics by: Shailender
Like other gifts of science, the mobile phone is being misused. It has become a toy in the hands of people—a means to display their status.
One needs to understand that a mobile phone is essentially an object of utility or a necessity and not a plaything. Students ought not to carry the mobile phone in the classroom as it is a distraction. While driving, one needs to keep it switched off as it can make the driver lose his or her concentration. At public places, it should be kept on the vibration mode and one must be brief while talking.
Its overuse can be hazardous to health. There have been numerous cases of young deaths where the boys and girls have been walking on railway tracks with headphones on resulting in their deaths when not listening to the sounds of the approaching trains. One needs to clearly draw a line between the use and misuse of mobile phones.
Question 16. As President of the Tagore Society at school, you learned that this year marks the 90th anniversary of Tagore’s visit to Argentina. You have been invited by the Argentine Embassy to send in an article in 100-150 words on the topic for publication in the embassy newsletter. Answer:
Tagore in Argentina by Preet Singh
It was the 90th anniversary of Tagore’s visit to Argentina. Argentina Embassy in India was celebrating the anniversary to make the occasion. I would like to recall that ‘Gitanjali’ had just won the Nobel Prize, Tagore’s name was known in literary circles and one of his fans, Victoria Ocampo, immediately offered to house him at her villa. But Victoria’s parents were unwilling to pay for Tagore’s accommodation. Ultimately, Victoria sold her precious pearl necklace to buy a charming villa by the river Plate in the suburb of San Isidro.
During the two-month stay, Victoria discovered the essence of Tagore’s poetry and its connection to the mysterious human spirit in the mankind. Thus, Tagore got highly applauded in Argentina.
Question 17. There is a widespread craze for junk food among the youth. They are consuming junk food at an alarming rate which harms their health. Based on the clues given below, write an article in 100-150 words for your school magazine highlighting the harmful effects of junk food and how to avoid it.
- Unhealthy & unhygienic
- Cause of obesity & diseases
- Popular as cheap & tasty
- lacks in essential nutrients [CBSE 2014]
Harmful Effects of Junk Food by: Mithilesh
It is found that the youth today are crazy to consume junk foot at random. They hardly bother to think that junk food would take a toll on their health. In fact, they should understand that junk food like pizza, burger, chowmein, etc. are not healthy food, in spite of being cheap, tasty, and popular. According to many case studies, junk food consumers suffer from obesity and heart diseases. So, healthy eating habits should be developed among the youth to enjoy good health.
The parents have a great role to play in this case Unfortunately, they also encourage children to have junk food as it is convenient and popular. It is important to know how such food items lack in essential nutrients. If junk food is replaced by a healthy diet with rich nutrients, the youth can be healthy physically and mentally and can prove the old adage right that “A sound body has a sound mind”.
- Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)
- Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)
- Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
- Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window)
- Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window)
Leave a reply cancel reply.
Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *
Notify me of follow-up comments by email.
Notify me of new posts by email.
Sept. 10, 2023, 7:45 p.m.
Lesson plan: 9/11 — Ways to reflect on the day’s legacy
September 11th will remain a day that shaped the course of the nation’s — and the world’s — history. Students in high school and middle school who were not yet born on September 11, 2001, have still grown up in a cultural and political environment that owes much to the actions of the United States in response to 9/11.
The purpose of this lesson is to invite participants to generate and share their own questions about both the day of 9/11 and the larger context of the response that followed, including the U.S. occupation of Afghanistan that is just now ending after two decades.
You can see more stories from the NewsHour examining how this recent history has shaped the nation and the world. These NewsHour pieces will become optional components of the lesson.
Click here for a series of slides that can supplement this lesson (note: you will be prompted to make a copy).
- Understand the history and impact of the 9/11 attacks
- Construct critical questions around the anniversary of 9/11 and its present-day context
- Evaluate & reflect on personal understanding of 9/11 through critical questions
- GOOGLE DOC VERSION
- SUPPLEMENTAL SLIDES
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.9-10.1: Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.2: Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of how key events or ideas develop over the course of the text. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.7: Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., visually, quantitatively, as well as in words) in order to address a question or solve a problem. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.9: Compare and contrast treatments of the same topic in several primary and secondary sources.
Original lesson appeared Sept. 11, 2021.
Sun setting behind Twin Towers. (Photo by Robert Pirillo/Ovoworks/Time Life Pictures/Getty Images) For a Google version of this lesson click here . A note on teaching hard history: Most educators can recall exactly where they were and what they were doing when 9/11 unfolded. Today’s generation of students does not share this collective memory, with today’s high school seniors being born a few years after 2001.
Teaching 9/11 on its anniversary has its merits, as does teaching 9/11 within the curricular context of American and global history. We encourage educators to explore the wealth of resources provided in this lesson plan, to examine their own unanswered questions and biases, and to reflect on pedagogical practice before bringing in traumatic and provocative images of 9/11. Check out “Trauma-Informed Teaching Strategies” and consider how you might design lessons that engage with hard history with a trauma-informed lens. Read Learning for Justice's article “Debunking Stereotypes About Muslims and Islam” and incorporate media literacy education as you confront misinformation.
In addition, consider doing the following:
- Preview your expectations or reminding your class about norms
- Name clearly the topics; create time for participants to reflect and process
- Teach with a trauma-informed lens
- Consider the emotional response of your participants and yourself
Warm up activities (5-10 mins):
Note for instructors: Whether you’re teaching about 9/11 on the anniversary of the attacks or as a part of your broader curriculum, starting with the questions participants have can set up an anchor and circular flow (returning to those questions to close out or build upon them in the end). Remind participants to be and stay curious and to practice the skill of writing and developing strong questions.
- Generate: Participants write as many questions as they can about the September 11 attacks — without stopping to revise, edit, evaluate or answer their questions.
- Reflect: Then, participants circle or mark their three most important questions — and briefly reflect on why they selected these three.
- Turn & Talk: Participants turn and share their three questions, noting what may overlap or be different, and have partners share out questions to gauge what participants are curious about. This is also an opportunity to note any misinformation or incorrect assumptions participants may have to clarify & revisit. Read “Debunking Stereotypes About Muslims and Islam” by Learning for Justice to learn more.
Main activities (30-45 mins)
Directions: Choose one or more activity best suited to your class based on the many factors your role as a teacher requires you to know.
- Watch the 9/11 Memorial Museum’s short film (3 minutes): This video outlines the events on the morning of 9/11. As participants listen, instruct them to watch for any answers to the questions they just constructed. CONTENT WARNING : This video contains images of the Twin Towers and the Pentagon after they are hit.
- Optional: Take a detour into a robust timeline of the 9/11 attacks using this interactive guide at the 9/11 Memorial & Museum and pair it with this “Historical Timeline of Afghanistan” from PBS NewsHour . Focus on context-building, asking participants to investigate questions, connections and narratives they see represented.
- Clarify and reflect (5-10 mins): Turning to talk with their partners again (or return to their notebook to write), what did participants notice about the short clip or (timelines) that answered some of their questions?
- Together with their partner, what new questions can they create? Note: If a participant replies with “I don’t have any questions,” encourage them to practice the skill of questioning and examining what they think, why they think it and what they wonder. Encourage curiosity.
- Share this infographic with participants. After reviewing, ask participants: What surprises them? Does anything connect to the questions they crafted?
via slideshow — see link at top of lesson
- Ask participants: What stories do these numbers tell? What stories don’t these numbers tell? (Can invite participants to update their list of questions here, pushing into open-ended questions vs. closed questions.)
- Watch The 9/11 Memorial & Museum has a trailer (3 minutes) for one of their programs featuring some personal connections individuals have to 9/11.
- What did you notice, what surprised you, or what do you now wonder after hearing from some individuals who have a personal connection to that day?
- Now that you’ve reviewed or learned some of the historical context of 9/11, what do you know or wonder about the legacy of 9/11? What impact has the 9/11 terrorist attacks had on the United States? Other countries? Ordinary and everyday people in the United States?
- Turn & talk: Have participants share some of their ideas, questions and reflections with their partner.
- Whole group: Invite participants to share any ideas, encourage questions and discuss together.
Part 3 (Choose one or more of the following activities)
Each night this week, PBS NewsHour features stories that examine some of the ways 9/11 transformed the nation and world. Choose one or more of the following available stories to discuss.
- What do you notice?
- What do you wonder?
- Does your community share anything in common with the communities of the speakers? How so?
- How does (or did) 9/11 impact different communities? How so?
- What other connections or questions can you craft?
- NewsHour's Amna Nawaz says: “20 years later, there is now an entire generation of young American adults, including American Muslims, who don’t have firsthand memories of [9/11], who did not live through the trauma, as all of us did.”
- How do you think the impact of 9/11 varies from generation to generation? What similarities or differences do you notice among your generation versus your parent’s generation? And older generations?
- What are some of the ways these students' lives have been directly impacted by the legacy of 9/11?
- What are some ways these students sees their generation's experience as different from past generations?
- What is Middletown’s connection to the 9/11 attacks?
- What were the different perspectives shared on how families coped with the loss of loved ones in the attacks?
- How does this feature story expand or inform what you already know about 9/11?
- Why is it important to understand the emotional reaction of U.S. citizens on the day of 9/11, according to Graff?
- What is the connection that Graff makes between 9/11 and political polarization?
- What do you think Graff means when he says 9/11 is slipping “from memory into history”? What are your first memories of learning about 9/11 or understanding the day’s events and legacy?
- As a generation, what has shaped your view and understanding of 9/11? How so? How might this differ from other generations or communities?
- What perspectives and narratives are you seeing and hearing surrounding the 20th anniversary of 9/11?
- How do you think the legacy of 9/11 will continue to evolve?
- Whose stories are being told? Is anyone’s voice missing?
Closing (10-15 mins)
Circle back to warm up questions for clarifying and answering the unanswered questions. (Could be collected as an exit ticket or final turn and talk.)
- Look back over the questions you created at the start of class.
- What’s one question that has been answered today?
- What’s a new question you have or are thinking about? What’s left unanswered for you? What are you wondering about?
- What’s the impact of 9/11 on your generation? What do you predict will be the legacy of 9/11 for future generations?
Extension 1, Poetry Focus: Days before 9/11, poet Lucille Clifton welcomed a granddaughter into the world and remembers eating lunch on the day itself as she “watched on television the devastation of the Twin Towers.” In her poem “September’s Song: A Poem in Seven Days,” she examines “love and continuing and fear and hope.”
Share this excerpt of Tuesday and Sunday from the longer poem with students , reading aloud together or ask participants to annotate a copy of the poem (or digitally with a partner using this Google Doc). [Note: September 11, 2001 was a Tuesday]
Write in response:
- Ask participants to write their own day poem connecting to the themes of hope and fear, of love and continuing, mimicking some of Clifton’s style.
- Do not require participants to write specifically about 9/11. Instead leave the invitation open for them to write about what they choose.
- Or invite participants to identify vivid imagery, metaphors or symbols in the poem.
- Compare Clifton’s poem with excerpts from “ With Their Eyes: September 11th — The View From A High School at Ground Zero. ” What word choice evokes an emotional response in the reader? How does the physical structure of the poems impact the way it is read aloud? As writers, what writing moves might participants employ in their own writing?
Extension 2 : Just over a year ago, more than 123,000 Afghan refugees, many fearing for their lives, were evacuated from Afghanistan and were resettled all over the world, including the United States. Thousands of Afghans did not make it out of the country before the U.S. military's departure on Aug. 30. Explore who, what, when, where and how of the refugees arriving in the U.S., and what local community organizations are still working to provide assistance. Read this NewsHour article for more information.
- Inquire: What do trustworthy and credible charities and organizations look like?
- Explore: What is being done locally in your area or state?
- Understand: What don’t you know? What questions do you have?
- Apply: How could your class, school, or community support and welcome refugees?
- What are the latest updates as to the Afghan refugees welfare and status in the U.S. and around the world?
U.S. Air Force loadmasters and pilots assigned to the 816th Expeditionary Airlift Squadron, load passengers aboard a U.S. Air Force C-17 Globemaster III in support of the Afghanistan evacuation at Hamid Karzai International Airport in Kabul, Afghanistan, August 24, 2021. Picture taken August 24, 2021. U.S. Air Force/Master Sgt. Donald R. Allen/Handout via REUTERS
Kate Stevens, M.S. in Curriculum & Instruction, is an instructional coach and educator with more than a decade of experience in online, hybrid, and blended learning. In 2015, Kate was honored with Colorado Department of Education’s Online & Blended Teacher of the Year. Connect with Kate on Twitter @KateTeaching.
Fill out this form to share your thoughts on Classroom’s resources. Sign up for NewsHour Classroom’s ready-to-go Daily News Lessons delivered to your inbox each morning.
Recent Lesson Plans
Lesson plan: Teaching 9/11 through comics
Learn how comics can be a unique and powerful way to discuss history
6 facts about labor union history in the U.S.
Labor history is a key aspect of U.S. history — learn more about it here!
7 teaching resources for Labor Day
Help students understand the history of the labor movement and its relevance today.
Lesson plan: How the Amazon Labor Union was formed
Learn about the formation of the Amazon Labor Union this Labor Day
SUPPORTED BY VIEWERS LIKE YOU. ADDITIONAL SUPPORT PROVIDED BY:
Copyright © 2022 NewsHour Production LLC. All Rights Reserved
Illustrations by Annamaria Ward
U.S. teacher and TikTok star accused in Thailand of having sex with a teenager
BANGKOK, Thailand — An American teacher and TikTok star has been arrested in Thailand after allegedly having sex with a 16-year-old girl he met online, authorities said.
Luke Rockwell was arrested on Saturday in the Thai capital, Bangkok, according to police. He appeared in court on Monday night and was released on bail.
The girl's family said he passed on sexually transmitted diseases that caused her to become unwell. NBC News could not verify this allegation and police have not commented on it.
Police Col. Vajirakorn Wongboon of the Royal Thai Police confirmed Rockwell's arrest, that he was teaching English in Bangkok and the age of the complainant. Rockwell was charged with “taking away" a minor from the parent or legal guardian "for indecent purpose with the consent of such minor.”
It is unclear whether Rockwell has legal representation in Thailand. Rockwell has not commented publicly about the case. His Tiktok account, @English_with_teacherluke, has 1.3 million subscribers but has been set to private. He did not immediately respond to a request for comment via Facebook.
The girl's mother, who is 40, told NBC News that Rockwell met her daughter in March when she had just turned 16 and that the pair met at Rockwell's home because he didn't want to be seen in public with her.
NBC News is withholding the mother's name to protect the identity of the girl.
At first the pair had protected sex, but after Rockwell presented medical documents showing that he had a clean sexual health they had sex without protection, the mother said in an interview.
On Aug. 25 the girl suffered bleeding and pain and three days later she confessed the relationship to her, the mother said. She was taken to a hospital and to the police station to file a report.
On Thursday, Aug. 30 the hospital confirmed she had STIs and the next day the police took the family's statement and issued a warrant for Rockwell's arrest, the mother said.
"The police could not find him still on Friday so they asked if my daughter can lure him out for a meeting and we did that together with police presence while she texted him. And that’s how he was arrested on Saturday," the mother said.
The police told the family that Rockwell had photographed and filmed the couple's weekly sexual encounters without the girl's knowledge, she said. Police have not confirmed this to NBC News.
"I was so shocked and it gave me a big punch in the chest. I was filled with sorrow and anger when I found out what he did [the recordings] to my daughter," the mother said.
She added that she was upset to learn that Rockwell had been granted bail.
The Thai criminal code sets the age of consent at 15 — but it is a criminal offense to “take away” someone who is over 15 but under 18 and conduct “indecent acts” outside of marriage, including when the person gives consent. The offense carries a maximum sentence of five years in jail and a fine of 10,000 baht ($280).
Thailand has a longstanding history of sexual abuse of minors committed by foreign workers and tourists. In 2008, Canadian teacher Christopher Paul Neil , who taught in several Asian countries, was convicted after hundreds of photos were found of him allegedly engaging in sex acts with young boys.
In 2009, Wayne Nelson Corliss , also Canadian, was sentenced to almost 20 years in jail for his part in an international sex tourism ring that preyed on young boys in Thailand.
Nat Sumon reported from Bangkok and Patrick Smith from London.
Patrick Smith is a London-based editor and reporter for NBC News Digital.
- Report Writing On Covid 19 For Students
Report Writing on COVID-19 for Students
A report, as you know, is a detailed account of a particular event or something that happened. Writing a report on a pandemic such as COVID-19, which shook the whole world, requires a lot of research. You should have a thorough knowledge of the details that have to be included in the report before you start writing one. Check out the following sections to learn what they are and also go through the sample reports to see how to structure your report.
Table of Contents
What to include in a report on covid-19, sample report on covid-19 around the world, sample report on covid-19 in india for students, frequently asked questions on report writing on covid-19.
Before you start writing your report, make sure you understand what the term ‘COVID-19’ refers to and gather all the significant information about it. Since COVID-19 is a pandemic, you have to try and understand the causes, symptoms, difficulties caused by the virus, aftereffects, precautions, aftercure and so on. Once you do this, also explore information about the number of cases reported, number of deaths caused, number of people cured, advancements in the field of medicine, etc. Having a thorough knowledge of these factors can give you a clear idea of what to write and how to structure your report.
While plague, cholera and flu were pandemics of the past, the current COVID-19 pandemic has put the whole world in a fix. With the first case of COVID-19 reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China in December of 2019, life on Earth had changed forever. Since then, everybody was locked inside, asked to cover their noses and mouths, wash their hands, keep themselves clean, use sanitisers every time they step out and step back into their houses, eat protein-rich and hygienic food, inhale steam, drink hot water and so on. For many, everything changed with the outbreak of the pandemic. A huge number of people lost their loved ones, some their jobs and some were even disturbed mentally rather than just physically. Life simply switched to a new normal.
The commonly found symptoms were fatigue, severe headaches, common cold, breathing difficulties, reduced oxygen levels, loss of appetite, taste and smell and so on. The government and the medical community continuously asked people to be on their guard, stay indoors and report to the nearest hospitals in case they identify any of the above stated symptoms in themselves or in the people around them.
As of December 2021, around 1 million new cases and around 7500 deaths were reported and the daily moving average of cases rose to 390 in the first week of December. However, with the development of vaccinations by scientists and doctors, the number of cases as well as the number of deaths have been reduced. Still, people have been asked to take precautions even though vaccinations have been administered to most people around the world.
The spread of COVID-19 in India began with the first case being reported in Kerala on January 30, 2020. In a year’s time, more than twenty-eight million people were tested positive for COVID. Around five million people – the highest recorded number of diagnosed cases – were from Maharashtra; the next in line was Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu with more than two million cases each, followed by Andhra Pradesh with over one million cases.
Owing to the widespread increase in the number of deaths, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced a nationwide lockdown until further notice. All schools, colleges and offices were closed. Schools, colleges, community halls and convention centers were turned into isolation wards as hospitals were overflowing with patients. Healthcare professionals, along with many volunteers, worked day and night to treat patients and reduce the number of deaths.
After almost a year, vaccinations such as Covishield and Covaxin were launched in India. These vaccines were first administered to people above the age of sixty, followed by people from the age of forty to sixty, above eighteen and then younger kids. Vaccinations were given in two doses with an interval of one and a half to two months in between. With the government making vaccinations mandatory for travel and other purposes, almost all people had taken the vaccinations. A third dose of the vaccine (booster dose) also has been launched. The government has taken efforts to set up multiple vaccination booths in government schools and hospitals. With continuous efforts from the government, medical and police officials, and cooperation from the citizens, India has successfully seen a decrease in the number of cases and deaths, and an increase in the number of recoveries.
What is a report?
A report is an official document presented in writing or print about a particular event or happening.
What are the details to be included in a report on COVID-19?
The details to be included in a report on COVID-19 are as follows.
- Difficulties caused by the virus
- Number of cases reported
- Number of deaths caused
- Number of people cured
- Advancements in the field of medicine
- Share Share
Register with BYJU'S & Download Free PDFs
Register with byju's & watch live videos.